Amatye entaba-mlilo asebenza njengesichumiso sezityalo

isichumiso samatye sentaba-mlilo

Las amatye entaba-mlilo Zisebenza njengesichumiso sezityalo. Yaziwa njengegrabile yentaba-mlilo. Yi-substrate ene-porous kakhulu kunye ne-inert kwaye idla ngokuba phakathi kwe-5 kunye ne-15 ye-millimeters ububanzi. Ineenjongo ezininzi, ezisetyenziswa ngokuqhelekileyo njengento yokuhombisa kunye ne-mulch. Ukongeza, inokusebenza njenge-substrate efanelekileyo yezityalo.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela indlela amatye entaba-mlilo asebenza ngayo njengesichumiso sezityalo, iimpawu zazo kunye nendlela yokuzisebenzisa.

Amatye e-volcanic njenge-substrate

amatye entaba-mlilo

Ukugcina izityalo kwiimeko zempilo ezifanelekileyo kunye nokudala indawo yokuhlala efanelekileyo kubo kuxhomekeke kakhulu kwi-substrate. Egadini kukho uluhlu olubanzi lwezinto ezinokuthi zifakwe emhlabeni, kuquka igrabile yentaba-mlilo. Usenokuba sele uqhelene ne-tezontle, eluhlobo oluthile lwegrabile yentaba-mlilo. Ngokubanzi, Igrabile yentaba-mlilo ifumaneka ngobuninzi kwaye iyabiza.

Igrabile yentaba-mlilo isebenza njengenxalenye eluncedo ekukhuleni kwezityalo. Le grabile isuka kwimisebenzi yentaba-mlilo kwaye yenziwa yi amaqhekeza phakathi kwe-5 kunye ne-15 millimeters ngobukhulu. Yi-substrate eyodwa esebenza njengendawo engasebenziyo ekukhuleni kwezityalo.

Amatye entaba-mlilo aziwa ngokwejoloji njengelitye elitshisayo kwaye afumaneka kwindawo yeentaba-mlilo kwaye enziwe ngodaka lwentaba-mlilo oluphola ngokukhawuleza. Imvelaphi yayo yendalo kunye nenkqubo yayo yokuqina ngokukhawuleza emoyeni yenza ukuba ixhaphake kwimithambeka kunye nokudandatheka.

Uphawu olwahlukileyo lwale mveliso lukhona kubukho bemibhobho emininzi ejikeleze igranule nganye, enoxanduva lweempawu zayo ezizodwa. Ifumaneka kwiisayizi ezininzi zegranule, kunye neenketho ezincinci okanye ezinkulu.

Igrabile yentaba-mlilo iza ngeendlela ezimbini: mnyama nabomvu, le yokugqibela ibe yeyona toni ibalaseleyo. Ngokukodwa, inomgangatho wokukhanya okhethekileyo.

Nangona ingenawo umsebenzi webhayoloji kwaye ayithathi nxaxheba kutshintshiselwano lwe-cation, le nto i-inert yekhemikhali, i-inorganic kunye ne-aseptic. Ngaphandle kwezi mpawu, isabonelela ngeenzuzo ezininzi kwizityalo.

Zeziphi iingenelo amatye entaba-mlilo azinika izityalo?

igrabile yentaba-mlilo

IGravel ineenjongo ezininzi, kodwa enye yezona zinto zisetyenziswa rhoqo kukuhombisa iigadi kunye neembiza. Ayisebenzi nje njengesigqubuthelo esikhuselayo kodwa yongeza umtsalane wobuhle. Ngemibala yayo eyahlukeneyo, I-Gravel ivumela ukudala iipatheni ezikhangayo, okwenza kube yinto efanelekileyo yokuhlobisa iinjongo.

Ukwandisa isakhiwo se-substrate, kuyinto eqhelekileyo ukusebenzisa i-gravel encinci njengento yokuhlobisa. Ngokudibanisa le gravel kumxube, umhlaba uba nomoya kunye nokukhanya. Ukongeza, i-voids eyenziwe ngumbhobho ngamnye wokuncedisa i-granule, ukuthintela ukwakhiwa kwamanzi amileyo kwaye ekugqibeleni kuncitshiswe umngcipheko wokubola kweengcambu.

Igrabile yentaba-mlilo, eyaziwa ngokuba yi-porosity ekhethekileyo, inamandla okugcina amanzi. Ngokuyidibanisa kwi-substrate, amaxesha okunkcenkceshela anokwandiswa, ukuqinisekisa amanqanaba afanelekileyo okufuma kunye nokunciphisa amathuba okuba isityalo siphelelwe ngamanzi. Ukongeza, xa isetyenziswa njenge-mulch, igcina ngokufanelekileyo ukufuma ngaphantsi komphezulu wayo.

Usebenza njengomaleko okhuselayo, I-mulch ikhusela ukuguquguquka kwamaqondo obushushu, ikhusela iingxaki ezinokubakho ezifana nokuphelelwa ngamanzi emzimbeni, ukhukuliseko okanye ukuthotywa kobume bomhlaba. Ukwanciphisa ngokufanelekileyo ukhukuliseko olubangwa ngumoya okanye ukuhlanjwa okugqithisileyo, okunokususa umhlaba. Ukongeza, isigcina-kufuma segrabile sisebenza njengesithintelo esisebenzayo ngokuchasene nokukhula kokhula olungafunekiyo, siqinisekisa ukucoceka kunye nokugcinwa kwegadi yethu.

Ukuhlangabezana neemfuno zezityalo ezithile ezikhula kakuhle kumhlaba oneasidi encinci, kuyacetyiswa ukuba ungenise igravel ye-volcanic kwi-substrate, njengoko iya kunceda ukwenza umhlaba ube neasidi. I-Azaleas, i-hydrangeas, imithi yepine, kunye neemephu zaseJapan ziphakathi kweentlobo zezityalo eziwela kolu didi. Ikhuthaza ukukhula kweengcambu kunye iququzelela ukusekwa kweengcambu ezomeleleyo kwaye ikhuthaze ukukhula kwenkqubo ehlumayo yeengcambu.

Iingcebiso zokusebenzisa igrabile yentaba-mlilo

ipumice

Ngaphambi kokusebenzisa i-gravel okokuqala, kubalulekile ukuyihlamba ngokucokisekileyo ukususa naluphi na uthuli oluqokelelweyo okanye ukungcola, ukuqinisekisa ukucoceka kwayo kunye nomgangatho. Kufuneka simisele injongo esizimisele ukuyiphumeza ngesi sixhobo. Ukusebenzisa igrabile enkulu yentaba-mlilo njengomaleko okhuselayo kwiimbiza akwanelisi nje imbonakalo yobuhle kodwa kukwasebenza injongo ebonakalayo. Kwelinye icala, Ukufakwa kwegrabile encinci yentaba-mlilo kwimixube yesubstrate kubalulekile ukulungiselela.

Ukugubungela iimbiza, umaleko usetyenziswe kumxube we-substrate apho isityalo siya kuhlala khona. Xa isetyenziswe njengesigqubuthelo somhlaba kwiindawo ezinkulu, kunenzuzo kakhulu njengoko iphelisa imfuno yengca okanye ezinye izityalo eziphezulu zokugcina. Ngaphandle koko, Ingasetyenziswa kwipaveyinge evulekileyo okanye ukwahlula iindlela phakathi koyilo lwegadi.

I-substrate yendalo yonke ifanelekile kwizityalo ezininzi, ngakumbi ezo ezingenazo iimfuno ezithile. Ukwenza lo mxube, dibanisa inani elilinganayo le-worm castings kunye ne-peat moss, emva koko ugxobhoze kwi-gravel encinci ye-volcanic. Xuba onke amacandelo kakuhle ukuze udityaniswe kakuhle.

Ukuthintela ukubola kweengcambu kwiimbiza ezingenamingxunya yokuhambisa amanzi, kuyacetyiswa ukuba ubeke umaleko wegrabile yentaba-mlilo emazantsi embiza. Lo maleko awuyi kuqokelela amanzi angaphezulu nje kuphela kodwa uya kusebenza njengendawo yokugcina amanzi, evumela amanzi ukuba abe ngumphunga abuyele emhlabeni xa efuneka.

Ukudala indawo efanelekileyo yezityalo ezikhula kwiimeko zokufuma okuphezulu, ungasebenzisa i-tray egcwele igravel ye-volcanic. Ngokugalela amanzi kwitreyi nokubeka imbiza yeentyatyambo ngaphezulu, Amanzi aya kuba ngumphunga kufutshane nesityalo, enyusa ngokufanelekileyo amanqanaba okufuma.

Abathandi be-Aquarium bahlala bekhetha igrabile yentaba-mlilo njengenxalenye yezityalo zasemanzini ngenxa yokukwazi ukubambelela ngokukhuselekileyo izityalo endaweni, zithintele ukuba zingadada kwaye ziphazamise uyilo olufunekayo. Ukongezelela, olu hlobo lwegrabile lukhuthaza ukusekwa kweengcambu ezomeleleyo, zinika uzinzo kuhlaza olutsha. Kubalulekile ukukhomba oko Igrabile ye-volcanic ayibangeli bungozi kwintlanzi kwaye ayiphazamisi iiparamitha eziqhelekileyo ze-aquarium.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nendlela amatye entaba-mlilo asebenza ngayo njengesichumiso sezityalo.


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