Ithuba lokubethwa ngumbane

Ithuba lokubethwa ngumbane

Nangona kungenakwenzeka kakhulu, kodwa kungaphumi ngokupheleleyo kwindawo enokwenzeka, ukuba umbane ubethe umntu, kukho iimeko ezibhaliweyo zokulimala kunye nokufa okubangelwa iziganeko ezinjalo ngexesha lokuduma kwezulu. Umzekelo, ngo-2020, umqhubi wesithuthuthu kabuhlungu waphulukana nobomi bakhe eValencia ngenxa yokothuka kombane ngenxa yombane ngelixa eqhuba. Ngo-2015 isiganeko senzeka kumnyhadala waseJamani, apho abantu abangama-33 benzakala ngenxa yokubethwa ngumbane. Abantu abaninzi bayazibuza ukuba yintoni na amathuba okuba ubethwe ngumbane.

Ke ngoko, kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela ukuba yintoni na enokwenzeka ukuba umbane ukubetha kwaye kwenzeke ntoni.

Ithuba lokubethwa ngumbane

isivunguvungu sombane

Amathuba okuba ubethwe ngumbane asezantsi kakhulu: Iingcali zifumanisa ukuba izinto ezingathandekiyo zi-1 kwi-3.000.000. Ngokubhekiselele ekuchaphazelekeni kwezi ziganeko zemozulu, amadoda angama-5 ekhulwini kunabasetyhini. Okumangalisayo kukuba, uninzi lwabantu abachatshazelwa zezi ziganeko zemeteorology bangaphakathi Ubudala obuphakathi kwe-15 ukuya kuma-35 yeminyaka, amadoda elelona qela libalaseleyo labantu.

Ukuqwalasela ukuba inxalenye ebalulekileyo yabantu ababethwa ngumbane babandakanyeka kwimisebenzi yokwakha okanye yezolimo, kunengqiqo ukugqiba ukuba kukho ukuhambelana kwezi zinto. Ngoku, makhe sijonge kumbuzo wexesha apho umntu echaphazeleka kakhulu ngumbane.

Nangona ukhuseleko olupheleleyo luyinjongo enzima ukuyifikelela, amaxesha athile athwala imingcipheko emikhulu, ehambelana namaxesha onyaka apho izaqhwithi zixhaphake kakhulu. Iinyanga zasehlotyeni, ngakumbi uJulayi, kunye neeyure zasemva kwemini zingqina eyona mpembelelo inkulu yombane ebantwini.

Yeyiphi indawo ekunokwenzeka ukuba yenzeke kuyo kakhulu?

ukubetha umbane

Kwimeko yesiphango esingalindelekanga, kuyacetyiswa ukuba wazi iindawo eziqhelekileyo apho umbane udla ngokubetha. Olu lwazi luya kukuvumela ukuba ufune indawo yokuhlala ngexesha elifanelekileyo. Iindawo ezinamaqondo aphezulu okufuma, ezinje ngolwandle, amachibi, kunye nemimandla enamahlathi, isesichengeni sokubetha kwemibane. Ubukho bamanzi buphucula ukuhanjiswa kombane, okwenza ezi ndawo zibe zilungele ukukhutshwa kombane.

Ngokwahlukileyo kwinkolelo eqhelekileyo, ingcamango yokuba abantu abaninzi ababethwa ngumbane bayafa ngokwenene ayinasihlahla. Ngokwenyani, li-10% kuphela elinikezelayo kwesi siganeko sibi, ikakhulu ngenxa yokuhlaselwa sisifo sentliziyo. Ukwenzakala okuphambili kubandakanya ukutshisa, ukwenzakala, iingxaki zemithambo-luvo, kwakunye nezihlunu, ulusu okanye iimeko zamehlo.

Izinga lokufa kwabantu abethwe ngumbane linqabile i-10%, yaye uninzi lwabantu abafayo lubangelwa sisifo sentliziyo.

Yintoni onokuyenza xa kukho isiphango?

umbane

Umsebenzi wethu wokuqala kukufumana indawo yokusabela. Ngokungabikho kokhetho olufanelekileyo, kuyacetyiswa ukuba ugweme ukufuna indawo yokuhlala phantsi komthi. Eyona ndawo ifanelekileyo yokhuseleko ibandakanya ukuhlala neenyawo zombini kunye, ngelixa uphumle intloko yakho esifubeni sakho okanye uyibeke phakathi kwamadolo akho.

Ukuqinisekisa ukhuseleko lwakho ngexesha loqhwithela, kubalulekile ukunqanda ukungqengqa phantsi, njengoko oku kuya kwandisa ukuba sesichengeni sakho kumbane. Endaweni yoko, Thatha amanyathelo okhuseleko ayimfuneko ngokuvala iindlebe zakho nokuvala amehlo akho ukuze uzikhusele kwiingozi ezinokubakho zombane. Yiba nomonde kwaye ulindele ukudamba kwesaqhwithi.

Abantu abaninzi bayazibuza enoba kukhuselekile kusini na ukubamba umntu obethwe ngumbane. Impendulo nguewe, Ufanele ukwazi ukuba abantu abethwe ngumbane ababanjwa ngumbane.. Nangona okufanelekileyo kukulinda ugqirha ukuba aphathe umntu ochaphazelekayo, uncedo lokuqala lunokubonelelwa ukuba usendaweni ekude kakhulu kwaye unolwazi.

Ngaba kunokwenzeka ukuba ubethwe ngumbane kunokuba ubethwe nguMatyeba?

Masiqale ngokucinga ukuba sidlale inombolo yelotto enye kuphela. Emva koko, Amathuba okuphumelela iJackpot yeKrisimesi namhlanje yi-1 kwi-100.000, elingana ne-0,001%. Nangona kunjalo, ukuba sithenga amanani amaninzi, amathuba aya kwanda ngokufanelekileyo. Umzekelo, ngamanani amabini, amathuba yi-1 kuma-50.000. Kwaye ukuba sinamanani alishumi, amathuba axhumela kwi-0,01%.

Ngoku, makhe sithelekise ukuba nokwenzeka kokuphumelela ilotho kunye namathuba okuba ubethwe ngumbane. Kufanelekile ukuqwalasela amathuba okuphumelela ilotho kubomi bethu bonke. Ukuba sidlala inani minyaka le iminyaka engama-80, Amathuba ethu okuphumelela jackpot abe 1 ngo 1250, nto leyo malunga 0,08%.

Yintoni enokwenzeka ukuba ubethwe ngumbane? Ukuphendula lo mbuzo sinokujika kwizibalo ezibonelelwe yi-US National Weather Service (NWS), eqokelele idatha ebanzi kwiingozi ezibangelwa ngumbane phakathi kwe-2009 kunye ne-2018. ngombane phakathi konyaka yi-1 kwi-1.222.000, okanye i-0,0001%. Okothusayo kukuba, ukuphumelela ilotho kunamathuba aphindwe kalishumi ngaphezu kokubethwa ngumbane.

Ebudeni beminyaka engama-80 yobomi, i-NWS iqikelela ukuba amathuba okubethwa ngumbane ngomnye kwi-15.300 kubantu baseMelika. Ngamanye amazwi, ngokutsho kolu qikelelo, umntu omnye kwabangama-15.300 XNUMX eUnited States uya kubethwa ngumbane ebudeni bexesha lokuphila kwakhe. Noko ke, kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuba ukubethwa ngumbane akuqinisekisi ukufa. Ngumbane omnye kuphela kwabalishumi obangela ukufa. Ukuhlaselwa okuseleyo kunokuba nemiphumo emininzi, kuquka iingxaki zentliziyo, ukutshisa, ukukhubazeka, ukulahlekelwa ngumbono, ukudandatheka, ukulahlekelwa yinkumbulo, kunye nokungcangcazela.

Ukuchaneka kwezi nkcukacha-manani kuxhomekeke ubukhulu becala kwindawo esikuyo, ukulumka kobuqu, kwanangokwesini sethu, njengoko iNkonzo yeMozulu yeSizwe (i-NWS) inikela ingxelo yokuba abantu aba-4 kwaba-5 ababethwa ngumbane ngamadoda. Ukucokiseka kokuqokelelwa kwedatha eUnited States kusivumela ukuba sichonge ukuloba njengowona msebenzi wangaphandle owayanyaniswa neengozi zombane, kunye neziganeko ezingama-40 ezibandakanya abalobi kwiminyaka yakutshanje. Ukongezelela, kwakukho iziganeko ezingama-25 kwiilwandle, ezingama-20 kwiindawo zokumisa iintente nezili-18 kwizikhephe. Uphononongo olwenziwe yiMeteocat ukuya Ixesha le-2004-2013 libonisa umyinge we-65.300 ukubetha kombane okwenzeka ngonyaka eCatalonia. Ngaphezu koko, ngokweenkcukacha zeSebe lezeMpilo ukususela ngo-2011, phakathi kwe-1975 kunye ne-2008 kwakukho abantu ababuleweyo abangama-20 eCatalonia ngenxa yokubetha kwemibane.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga namathuba okuba ubethwe ngumbane.


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