amafu e-cumulonimbus

uphuhliso lwamafu cumulonimbus

Esibhakabhakeni kukho iindidi ezahlukeneyo zamafu ngokuxhomekeke kwiimeko zemozulu ngelo xesha. Olu hlobo lwamafu lunokuveza ulwazi oluthile malunga nemozulu. Enye yezona zinto zaziwa ngokuba ngamafu esiphango amafu e-cumulonimbus. La ngamafu anophuhliso oluthe nkqo ngawona abangela imvula.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela ukuba zeziphi iimpawu ezahlukeneyo zamafu e-cumulonimbus, ukuba zivela njani kwaye zithini iziphumo zazo.

Yintoni amafu e-cumulonimbus

amafu e-cumulonimbus

Lilifu elishinyeneyo nelinamandla elinomlinganiselo omkhulu othe nkqo ngokohlobo lwentaba okanye inqaba enkulu. Ubuncinci inxalenye ye ummandla wayo ongasentla udla ngokuba mtyibilizi, uneentsinga, okanye unemigca, kwaye usoloko usicaba. Le nxalenye idla ngokudlulela ngendlela yeanvil okanye i-wide plume.

Amafu eCumulonimbus ngamafu amanzi ashinyeneyo anokwanda okuthe nkqo kunye nophuhliso. Babonisa izakhiwo ezikhangelekayo ezinkulu kunye neengcebiso ezihlala zifana ne-mushroom. Zinokukhula zide zibe mde kangangokuba umkhenkce ongaphezulu unokubumba.

Inxalenye yayo esezantsi idla ngokuba ngaphantsi kweekhilomitha ezi-2 ukusuka emhlabeni, ngelixa inxalenye ephezulu inokufikelela kubude be-10 ukuya kwiikhilomitha ezingama-20. La mafu ahlala evelisa imvula enkulu kunye neendudumo, ngakumbi xa zikhule ngokupheleleyo. Ekudalweni kwayo, ubukho ngaxeshanye bezinto ezintathu ziyafuneka:

  • Ukufuma kwendawo kuphezulu.
  • Ubunzima bomoya oshushu obungazinzanga.
  • Umthombo wamandla ophakamisa ngokukhawuleza loo nto ishushu, imanzi.

Iimpawu ze-cumulonimbus clouds

Amafu esichotho

Zingabakwi-stratum esezantsi, kodwa ukukhula kwazo ngokuthe nkqo kukhulu kangangokuba ixesha elininzi zisigquma ngokupheleleyo isitramu esiphakathi kwaye zifikelele kumqolo ongasentla.

ziqulunqwe ngamathontsi amanzi kwaye ikakhulu iikristale zomkhenkce kwimimandla yabo ephezulu. Ikwanayo namathontsi amakhulu amanzi, ngokuqhelekileyo amahlwantsi ekhephu, amasuntswana omkhenkce, okanye isichotho. Amaxesha amaninzi imilinganiselo yayo ethe nkqo nethe tye iba mikhulu kangangokuba ubume bayo bubonakala kuphela xa ukude kakhulu.

Umahluko obalulekileyo phakathi kwe-cumulonimbus kunye namanye amafu:

Phakathi kwamafu e-Cumulonimbus kunye nee-Nimbuses: Xa amafu e-cumulonimbus egubungele ubuninzi besibhakabhaka, ngokulula angaphazama njengeNimbuses. Kule meko, ukuba imvula iluhlobo lweshawari okanye ihamba kunye nombane, iindudumo okanye isichotho, ilifu elijongwayo yi-cumulonimbus.

Phakathi kwe-cumulonimbus kunye ne-cumulus: ukuba ubuncinane inxalenye yommandla ongasentla welifu iphulukene nolwandlalo olucacileyo, kufuneka ichongwe njenge cumulonimbus. Ukuba ihamba kunye nombane, iindudumo kunye nesichotho, ikwayi-cumulonimbus.

Ngokuqhelekileyo zenziwe ngamafu amakhulu aphuhliswe kakhulu e-cumulus (Cumulus congestus) inkqubo yayo yokuguqulwa nokukhula iyaqhubeka. Ngamanye amaxesha banokuphuhla ukusuka kwi-altocumulus okanye kwi-stratocumulus clouds, leyo ziqulathe amaqhuqhuva amancinci kwindawo ephezulu. Inokuba nemvelaphi yayo ekuguqulweni nasekuphuhliseni inxalenye ye-altostratus okanye i-nimbus layer.

Ukubaluleka kwemozulu yamafu e-cumulonimbus

Eli lilifu eliqhelekileyo lesiphango. Ebusika inxulunyaniswa nokudlula kwindawo ebandayo, ngelixa ehlotyeni iba sisiphumo sokuvumelana kwezinto ezininzi: ubushushu, ukufuma kunye nokuhamba okuqinileyo, okubangela ukuba umphunga wamanzi unyuke uye kumaleko aphezulu womoya. , apho iphola kwaye ijike ngenxa yobushushu obuphantsi.

Ukuna kwemvula ngohlobo lwemvula, isichotho, ikhephu kunye nesichotho kulindeleke. Ezinye izinto ezikhaphayo kukubethwa ngumoya kunye nenkanyamba xa i-convection inamandla kakhulu.

Ngethamsanqa, ngetekhnoloji yanamhlanje, ngoncedo lweradar yemozulu, amafu anjalo anokubonwa ngokukhawuleza kwaye ukusuka apho kufakwe inqwelomoya kunye nezixhobo zokhuseleko loluntu.

Ilifu lenzeka njani

Ukuba kukho amafu esibhakabhakeni, kufuneka kubekho ukupholisa umoya. "Umjikelo" uqala ngelanga. Njengoko imitha yelanga itshisa umphezulu woMhlaba, ikwafudumeza umoya ongqongileyo. Umoya ofudumeleyo uyancipha ukuxinana, ngoko uye uthande ukuphakama kwaye uthatyathelwe indawo ngumoya opholileyo, oxineneyo. Njengoko i-altitude ikhula, iimitha zobushushu ezisingqongileyo zibangela ukuba amaqondo obushushu ehle. Ngoko ke, umoya uyaphola.

Xa ifika kumaleko opholileyo womoya, ijika ibe ngumphunga wamanzi. Lo mphunga wamanzi awubonakali ngeliso lenyama kuba wenziwe ngamathontsi amanzi kunye namasuntswana omkhenkce. La masuntswana amancinane kangangokuba anokubanjwa emoyeni ngokuqukuqela okuthe nkqo komoya.

Umahluko phakathi kokubunjwa kweentlobo ezahlukeneyo zamafu kungenxa yobushushu bobushushu. Amanye amafu enziwa kumaqondo obushushu aphezulu kwaye amanye kumaqondo obushushu asezantsi. Iqondo eliphantsi lokushisa lokubunjwa, "ilifu" liya kuba lilifu. Kukwakho nezinye iindidi zamafu ezivelisa imvula, ngelixa ezinye zingaveli.

Ukuba amaqondo obushushu asezantsi kakhulu, ilifu elenzayo liya kuba neekristale zomkhenkce.

Enye into echaphazela ukwenziwa kwamafu kukuhamba komoya. Amafu, adalwe xa umoya umile, athanda ukubonakala ngokwemigangatho okanye ukumila. Kwelinye icala, ezo zinemisinga enamandla ethe nkqo eyenziwe phakathi komoya okanye umoya zibonelela ngophuhliso olukhulu oluthe nkqo. Ngokubanzi, le yokugqibela yimbangela yemvula kunye nezivunguvungu.

Amanye amafu ophuhliso oluthe nkqo

iintlobo zamafu

i-cumulus humilis

Zinenkangeleko exineneyo kwaye zinezithunzi eziphawuleka kakhulu, ukusa kwinqanaba lokugubungela ilanga. Bangamafu angwevu. Isiseko sayo sithe tyaba, kodwa indawo yayo ephezulu inamaqhuqhuva amakhulu. Amafu eCumulus ahambelana nemozulu entle xa kukho ukufuma okuncinci kunye nentshukumo encinci yomoya ethe nkqo. Ziyakwazi ukubangela izantyalantyala zemvula kunye nezaqhwithi.

i-cumulus congestus

Lilifu eliphuhliswe ngakumbi le-cumulus humilis kwaye liyaqala ukubonakala lingcono kakhulu linezithunzi ezigqume ilanga phantse ngokupheleleyo. Emazantsi ngokuqhelekileyo bajike umbala omnyama ongwevu ngenxa yoxinaniso abanalo. Zizo ezivelisa iimvula ezinobunzulu obuqhelekileyo.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga namafu e-cumulonimbus kunye neempawu zabo.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.