Yintoni i-cenote

iindawo zendalo ezinamanzi

I-cenotes yeyona nto ibaluleke kakhulu kubakhenkethi kwiPeninsula yaseYucatan eMexico kwaye ekuhambeni kwexesha batyelelwa rhoqo, beba nedumela ngakumbi kwaye bathandwa ngabo bonke ababatyelelayo. Nangona kunjalo, abantu abaninzi basaphunyezwa ngala machibi amahle endalo. Abanye abazi Yintoni i-cenote.

Ngenxa yesi sizathu, siza kunikezela eli nqaku ukukuxelela ukuba yintoni i-cenote, iimpawu zayo kunye nobuhle.

Yintoni i-cenote

Yintoni i-cenote

Igama layo livela kwi-Mayan "tz'onot" elithetha umqolomba onamanzi. Kuthiwa i-cenotes yenziwe ngokuyinxenye ngenxa yeemeteorites ezabulala iidinosaur., ekubeni xa bebetha benza uthotho lwemiqolomba engenanto, nto leyo ehambelana nexesha lokugqibela lomkhenkce.

Xa iYucatan Peninsula yayiyi-coral reef egutyungelwe lulwandle, inqanaba lolwandle lehla kakhulu kangangokuba labonisa yonke i-reef, ibangela ukuba ife, inikezela kwihlathi elinemvula ngokuhamba kwexesha.

Ngexesha lokufika kwemvula, iqalisa ukuxubana nesixa esikhulu se<em>carbon dioxide eyayisemoyeni ngelo xesha, yenze i<em>carbonic acid, etshintsha ubumuncu bayo xa idibana nomhlaba. Xa amanzi ahlambulukileyo exutywa netyuwa yolwandle, aqala ukubetha i-limestone, ngokuthe ngcembe ayinyibilikise kwaye enze imingxuma kuyo. Ngokuhamba kwexesha, imingxuma yaqala ukwandisa intsimi yabo, yenza iitonela kunye neendlela zamanzi, ezifana nemilambo phezu komhlaba.

Igama elithi cenotes okanye i-Xenotes livela kwi-dzonot yaseMayan, oku kuthetha umngxuma wamanzi. KumaMayans, ezi ndawo zazingcwele kuba yayikuphela komthombo wamanzi acocekileyo ehlathini. Kwi-Yucatan Peninsula kucingelwa ukuba kukho ngaphezu kwe-15,000 evulekileyo nevaliweyo. Kwelinye icala, ePuerto Morelos, imizuzu engama-20 ukusuka kwisixeko saseCancun kuhola wendlela ukuya eRiviera Maya, yiRuta de los Cenotes edumileyo, enemisebenzi emininzi eyahlukeneyo ngokuxhomekeke kuhlobo lwayo. Kwezinye iindawo uyakwazi ukuhamba nge-snorkel okanye i-kayak kwaye umangaliswe yimbonakalo entle ezibonelelwa ngamanzi ekristale, ngelixa kwiivaults ungaziqhelanisa nokwehla okanye ukutsiba simahla kwabo bafuna ukhenketho lokukhenketha.

I-cenotes yavela njani kwiRiviera Maya?

Umlambo waseMayan uphakathi

Ngokwenyani ayisiyiyo imvelaphi, i-cenote sele ikhona, umbuzo ochanekileyo ngowokuba, yafunyanwa nini i-cenote? I-cenote encinci yaziwa ngokhukuliseko lwendalo, i-cenote enomnyango ovulekileyo ithetha ukuba indala, iye yafumana ukhukuliseko olukhulu kwaye iye yawa.

Ngokuqhelekileyo, i-cenotes e-Riviera Maya yenziwa ngumthi obizwa ngokuba yi-banyan, umthi "we-parasitic" ofuna ubuninzi bamanzi njengoko iingcambu zawo zikhula, ngoko iingcambu zawo zitshona edwaleni kwaye umthi uqala ukukhula kwaye iqala ukuba nzima kakhulu ide idilike kwaye loo mngxuma wenziwa kwaye yindlela i-cenote eyaqala ngayo.

Iintyatyambo kunye nezilwanyana

yintoni i-cenote yendalo

Iintyatyambo kunye nezilwanyana ze-cenote zizodwa. kunye necenote ngokwayo. Ngenxa yokuba izityalo kunye neentlobo ezihlala kuzo zenza indawo engqongileyo ibe yindawo ye-oasis yokwenyani kwihlathi laseMayan. I-Guppies kunye ne-catfish zezona ntlanzi zibonwa kakhulu kwi-cenotes.

Kukholelwa ukuba i-guppies inokuthi ihanjiswe kumanzi ommandla ngenxa yenkanyamba, apho zixhaphake khona, kubandakanywa ezinye iimazi ezinamaqanda, kwaye iintlobo zihlala cenotes ezininzi. Ukufika kwe-catfish kuyamangalisa: kukholelwa ukuba zivela elwandle, ngokusebenzisa imisinga engaphantsi komhlaba enxibelelana namanye ama-cenotes, kunye namanye ama-crustaceans olwandle.

Ngokubhekiselele kwizityalo ze-cenotes, ziyahluka ngokuxhomekeka ekubeni zikude kangakanani ukusuka elunxwemeni. I-cenotes yonxweme ijikelezwe ngama-mangrove, imithi yesundu kunye ne-ferns, ngelixa kwezinye i-cenotes i-guaya, i-coconut, i-cocoa kunye nemithi yerubha ixhaphake kakhulu. Kwimiqolomba, kuqhelekile ukuba iingcambu ezinde zale mithi zidibanise kunye ne-landscape ye-stalactites kunye ne-stalagmites. Ezi zihla zisuka kwisilingi egqunyiweyo de zifike emanzini.

iintlobo zeecenotes

Njengoko amaqondo olwandle etshintsha, eminye imiqolomba iba nanto, nto leyo ebangela ukuba uphahla ludilike, yindlela evuleka ngayo iicenotes. Ke sinokuthi kukho iintlobo ezintathu zeecenotes:

Vula

Ngamanye amaxesha, iindonga zayo zi-cylindrical ukuze zivumele ilanga, nangona akuyomfuneko ukuba zibe cylindrical. Kukho ezinye iicenotes ezivulekileyo ezikhangeleka njengamachibi angenazo iindonga zalo naluphi na uhlobo, nje amanzi acwengileyo.

Uninzi lwezi Cenotes zinobuhle bendalo njengoko zingqongwe zizilwanyana ezizinika umbala wasendle kakhulu. I-Cenote Azul ngumzekelo ocacileyo we-cenote evulekileyo, kuba ibonakaliswe ngokupheleleyo kumphezulu kwaye imitha yelanga ingena emanzini ngokupheleleyo.

Kuvaliwe

Ezi cenotes "zezona zincinci" kuba amanzi agqunywe yimiqolomba. Oko akuthethi ukuba amanzi alo aluhlaza okanye aluhlaza, unokubona ukuba kukho naluphi na uhlobo lokukhanya, okwendalo okanye umbane. Enyanisweni, uluntu lukwazile ukufaka izibane ngaphakathi kwezi cenotes ukuze abakhenkethi kunye nabahlali bazive bekhuselekile kwaye bezolile. Umzekelo wolu hlobo lwe-cenote yiCenote Choo Ha enhle, etyelelwe kakhulu kwaye ithandwa ngamawaka abakhenkethi.

ivula isiqingatha

Abasebatsha okanye badala kakhulu ngenxa yokuba amanzi akakabonakali kwimozulu, kodwa inxalenye yawo vumela ukukhanya kungene ngqo kwi-cenote kwaye mhlawumbi ujonge ubuhle bayoEzinye zazo zide zibe namanzi acwengileyo kangangokuba unokuzibona izityalo nezilwanyana ezihlala kuzo. Ngokomzekelo, i-Cenote Ik kil, imilo yayo iyamangalisa, ukusuka ekungeneni ungabona indlela enhle ngayo le ndawo.

Njengoko ubona, nje ukuba uyazi ukuba yintoni i-cenote, ngokuqinisekileyo yayihamba entlokweni yakho kwaye isiya kwezi ndawo zimangalisayo. Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nokuba yintoni i-cenote, iimpawu zayo kunye nemvelaphi.


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