Yintoni uxinzelelo lomoya kwaye lusebenza njani?

Uxinzelelo lomoya

Kwimozulu, Uxinzelelo lomoya Yinto ebaluleke kakhulu ukuba uyithathele ingqalelo xa uqikelela kwaye ufunda indlela yokuziphatha kwimozulu. Amafu, iinkanyamba, izaqhwithi, imimoya, njl. Zixhomekeke ikakhulu kutshintsho kuxinzelelo lomoya.

Nangona kunjalo, uxinzelelo lomoya asiyonto ibambekayo, into enokubonwa ngamehlo, ke baninzi abantu abayiqondayo le nto, kodwa abayazi ncam ukuba iyintoni.

Yintoni uxinzelelo lomoya?

Nokuba kubonakala ngathi akukho umoya unzima. Asibazi ubunzima bomoya okoko sifakwe kuwo. Umoya unika ukumelana xa sihamba, sibaleka okanye sihamba kwisithuthi, kuba, njengamanzi, sisiphakathi esihamba ngaso. Ubuninzi bamanzi buphakame kakhulu kunobo bomoya, yiyo loo nto emanzini kubiza ngaphezulu ukuhamba.

Ngandlela thile, umoya unamandla kuthi nakuyo yonke into. Ke ngoko, Singaluchaza uxinzelelo lomoya njengamandla afunyanwa ngumoya womhlaba osemhlabeni. Ukuphakama kobume bomhlaba xa kuthelekiswa nenqanaba lolwandle, kokukhona uxinzelelo lomoya lusezantsi.

Uxinzelelo lweatmosferi lulinganiswa kweziphi iiyunithi?

Kusengqiqweni ukucinga ukuba xa uxinzelelo lomoya lubangelwa bubunzima bomoya ngaphezulu kwenqaku elithile kumphezulu womhlaba, kufuneka sicinge ukuba indawo ekuyo iphezulu, kokukhona uxinzelelo luya kuba, kuba isixa somoya kwiyunithi naso sisezantsi. ngentla. Uxinzelelo lomoya lulinganiswa nesantya, ubunzima, njl. Ilinganiswa nge i-atmospheres, i-millibars, okanye i-mm Hg (iimilimitha ze-mercury). Ngokwesiqhelo uxinzelelo lweatmosferi olukhona kwinqanaba lolwandle luthathwa njengereferensi. Apho kuthatha ixabiso le-1 atmosfera, i-1013 millibars okanye i-760 mm Hg kunye nelitha lomoya linobunzima be-1,293 gram. Eyona yunithi isetyenziswa kakhulu ziimeteorologists yile yee-millibars.

Ukulingana kwemilinganiselo yoxinzelelo lomoya

Ulinganisa njani umoya osesibhakabhakeni?

Ukuze ukwazi ukulinganisa uxinzelelo lolwelo, izilinganisi zoxinzelelo. Eyona nto isetyenziswa kakhulu kwaye kulula ukuyisebenzisa yityhubhu yomatshini evulekileyo. Isisiseko sombhobho omile u-U oqukethe ulwelo. Isiphelo setyhubhu sinoxinzelelo lokulinganiswa kwaye elinye linxibelelana nomoya.

ukuba Ukulinganisa umoya okanye uxinzelelo lomoya, kusetyenziswa ii-barometers. Kukho ii-barometers zeentlobo ezahlukeneyo. Okona kwaziwayo ngu i-barometer ye-mercury eyenziwe nguTorricelli. Yityhubhu emile okwe-U kunye nesebe elivaliweyo ekutsalwe khona i-vacuum, ukuze uxinzelelo kwelona candelo liphezulu linguziro. Ngale ndlela amandla anyanzeliswa ngumoya kwikholamu engamanzi anokulinganiswa kunye noxinzelelo lomoya olinganiselweyo.

Le yindlela umlinganiso womoya ojongwa ngayo

Njengoko besesitshilo ngaphambili, uxinzelelo lomoya lubangelwa bubunzima bomoya ngaphezulu kwenqanaba elithile lomphezulu womhlaba, ke ngoko, okukhona le ndawo iphakama, uxinzelelo olusezantsi, kuba kuncinci isixa somoya okhoyo. Sinokuthi uxinzelelo lomoya luyehla kubude. Umzekelo, entabeni, isixa somoya esikwindawo ephezulu singaphantsi kunaselwandle, ngenxa yomehluko wobude.

Omnye umzekelo ochanekileyo ngulo ulandelayo:

Inqanaba lolwandle lithathwa njengereferensi, apho Uxinzelelo lomoya lunexabiso le-760 mm Hg. Ukujonga ukuba uxinzelelo lweatmosferi luyancipha kubude, siya kwintaba ephakame kakhulu malunga neemitha ezili-1.500 ngaphezulu komphakamo wolwandle. Senza umlinganiso kwaye kuyavela ukuba kubude obunjalo, uxinzelelo lomoya ngu-635 mm Hg. Ngolu linge lincinci, sijonga ukuba ubungakanani bomoya kwincopho yentaba bungaphantsi kunolo lwelwandle kwaye, ke, amandla afakwa ngumoya phezu komhlaba nathi mancinci.

Umahluko woxinzelelo lomoya ekuphakameni

Uxinzelelo lomoya kunye nokuphakama

Inqaku elibalulekileyo lokugcina engqondweni kukuba uxinzelelo lomoya ayinciphisi ngokulinganayo kubude kuba umoya ulwelo olunokucinezelwa kakhulu. Oku kuchaza ukuba umoya osondeleyo kumphezulu womhlaba ucinezelwe bubunzima bomoya. Oko kukuthi, iileya zokuqala zomoya kufutshane emhlabeni iqulethe umoya ongaphezulu njengoko icinezelwe ngumoya ophezulu (umoya ongaphezulu uxinene, kuba kukho umoya omninzi ngeyunithi yevolthi), ke ngoko uxinzelelo luphezulu ngaphezulu kwaye alwehli ngokulinganayo ukusukela kwisixa se Umoya awunciphisi ngokuthe ngcembe kubude.

Ngale ndlela sinokuthi ukusondela kwinqanaba lolwandle, ukwenza inyuko encinci kubude kubangela ukwehla okukhulu koxinzeleloNgelixa sisiya sinyuka, kufuneka sinyuke kakhulu ukuya kumava okuhla koxinzelelo lwomoya ukuya kwinqanaba elifanayo.

Ukuxinana komoya kubude

Ukuxinana komoya kubude

Luyintoni uxinzelelo elwandle?

Uxinzelelo lweatmosfera kwinqanaba lolwandle kunjalo I-760 mm Hg, elingana ne-1013 millibars. Ukuphakama kokuphakama, koxinzelelo olusezantsi; phofu iyancitshiswa nge1mb kwimitha nganye esonyukayo.

Uxinzelelo lomoya luchaphazela njani umzimba wethu?

Ngokwesiqhelo kukho utshintsho kuxinzelelo lomoya xa kukho izaqhwithi, ukungazinzi komoya okanye imimoya enamandla. Ukunyuka kobude kuchaphazela nomzimba. Abanyuli beentaba ngabantu abahlupheka kakhulu kwezi ntlobo zeempawu ngenxa yotshintsho kuxinzelelo njengoko benyuka iintaba.

Ezona mpawu zixhaphakileyo zezi intloko ebuhlungu, iimpawu zesisu, ubuthathaka okanye ukudinwa, ukungazinzi okanye isiyezi, ukuphazamiseka kokulala, phakathi kwabanye. Elona nyathelo lisebenzayo ngokuchasene nokubonakala kweempawu zokugula kwentaba kukuhla kweendawo eziphantsi, nokuba zikumakhulu ambalwa eemitha.

Iimpawu zoxinzelelo lomoya

Abantu abaninzi abanyuka iintaba baphathwa yintloko ebuhlungu xa benyuka kakhulu.

Uxinzelelo kunye nokungazinzi komoya okanye uzinzo

Umoya unamandla athile alula kwaye unxulumene noxinano kunye nobushushu. Umoya oshushu ufudumele kwaye umoya obandayo uyajiya. Kungenxa yoko le nto xa umoya ubanda kakhulu uyehla uye phezulu kwaye ngokuchaseneyo xa kushushu. Le dynamics yomoya ibangela utshintsho kuxinzelelo lomoya obangela ukungazinzi okanye uzinzo kwindalo esingqongileyo.

Uzinzo okanye iAnticyclone

Xa umoya ubanda kwaye wehla, uxinzelelo lomoya luyanda njengoko kukho umoya omninzi ngaphezulu kwaye ke, unamandla amakhulu. Oku kubangela uzinzo lomoya okanye ubizwa ngokuba yi-anticyclone. Imeko ye anticyclone Iphawulwa ngokuba yindawo ezolileyo, engenamoya okokoko kubanda kwaye kunomoya owoyikayo usihla ngokuthe chu kwicala lesetyhula. Umoya ujikeleza ngokungacacanga ngendlela ejikelezayo kwi-hemisphere esemantla kwaye ujikeleze ngasekhohlo kwi-hemisphere esemazantsi.

I-anticyclone kwimephu yoxinzelelo lomoya

I-anticyclone kwimephu yoxinzelelo lomoya

Inkanyamba okanye squall

Ngokuchasene noko, xa kuphuma umoya oshushu, unciphisa uxinzelelo lomoya kwaye kubangele ukungazinzi. Ibizwa njalo inkanyamba okanye isaqhwithi. Umoya usoloko usiya kwicala elikhethekileyo usiya kwezo ndawo zinengcinezelo esezantsi kwimozulu. Oko kukuthi, nanini na xa kukho indawo enesaqhwithi, umoya uya kuba mkhulu, kuba kuba yindawo yoxinzelelo oluncinci, umoya uya apho.

Isaqhwithi kwimephu yoxinzelelo lomoya

Isaqhwithi kwimephu yoxinzelelo lomoya

Enye into ekufuneka uyikhumbule kukuba umoya obandayo kunye nomoya oshushu awuxubeki kwangoko ngenxa yokuxinana kwawo. Xa ezi zikumphezulu, umoya obandayo utyhala umoya ofudumeleyo phezulu ubangele ukuhla koxinzelelo kunye nokungazinzi. Uqhwithela emva koko lwenziwa apho indawo yonxibelelwano phakathi kwomoya oshushu nobandayo ubizwa ngaphambili.

Iimephu zemozulu kunye noxinzelelo lomoya

Los iimephu zemozulu zenziwe ziimeteorologists. Ukwenza oku, basebenzisa ulwazi abaluqokelelayo kwizikhululo zemozulu, iinqwelomoya, iibhaluni ezivakalayo kunye neesathelayithi ezingezizo ezokwenziwa. Iimephu ezivelisiweyo zibonisa iimeko zemozulu kumazwe ahlukeneyo kunye neendawo ezifundwe. Ixabiso lezinto ezithile zemozulu ezinje ngoxinzelelo, umoya, imvula, njl.

Iimephu zemozulu esinomdla kuzo ngeli xesha zezo zisibonisa uxinzelelo lomoya. Kwimephu yoxinzelelo imigca yoxinzelelo lwasemoyeni olulinganayo ibizwa ngokuba ziisobars. Oko kukuthi, njengoko uxinzelelo lomoya luguquka, imigca engaphezulu yesobar iya kuvela kwimephu. Imida ikwabonakaliswa kwiimephu zoxinzelelo. Enkosi kwezi ntlobo zeemephu, kunokwenzeka ukumisela ukuba iyintoni na imozulu kwaye iza kuvela njani kwezi yure zimbalwa zilandelayo ngenqanaba eliphezulu kakhulu lokuthembeka, ukuya kuthi ga kumda weentsuku ezintathu.

Imephu ye-Isobar

Imephu ye-Isobar

Kwezi mephu, iindawo ezinolona xinzelelo lomoya liphezulu zibonisa imeko ye-anticyclone kwaye iindawo ezinexinzelelo oluncinci zibonisa uqhwithela. Imigca eshushu nebandayo imiselwa ziimpawu kwaye iqikelela imeko esiya kuba nayo imini yonke.

Imida ebandayo

Los imilo ebandayo zezo apho ubunzima obandayo buthatha indawo yomoya oshushu. Zomelele kwaye zinokubangela ukuphazamiseka emoyeni njengendudumo, imvula, iinkanyamba, umoya omkhulu, kunye neenkqwithela ezimfutshane zekhephu ngaphambi kokuba kudlule umphambili obandayo, uhamba neemeko ezomileyo njengoko umphambili uhamba phambili. Kuxhomekeka kwixesha lonyaka kunye nendawo ekuyo, imimandla ebandayo inokuza ngokulandelelana kweentsuku ezi-5 ukuya kwezi-7.

Ingqele engaphambili

Ingqele engaphambili

Imida eshushu

Los imiphakathi eshushu zezo apho ubunzima bomoya ofudumeleyo buthatha indawo yomoya obandayo. Ngokubanzi, ngokuhamba kobushushu obufudumeleyo, ubushushu kunye nokufuma kuyanda, uxinzelelo luyehla kwaye nangona umoya utshintsha, ayichazwanga njengaxa kudlula umphambili obandayo. Imvula enjengemvula, ikhephu, okanye imvula iyafunyanwa ekuqaleni kobuso bangaphambili, kunye nemvula ehambisa kunye neenkqwithela.

Ukufudumala kwangaphambili

Ukufudumala kwangaphambili

Ngale miba isisiseko yemeteorology ungazi kakuhle ukuba yintoni uxinzelelo lwemozulu kwaye isebenza njani kwiplanethi yethu. Ukuze ukwazi ukwazi kakuhle ukuba ziphi na izazi zemozulu ezisixelela kuqikelelo lwemozulu kwaye sikwazi ukuhlalutya nokuqonda imeko-bume yethu ngakumbi.

Fumana konke malunga ne-barometer, isixhobo ekulinganiswa ngaso uxinzelelo lweatmosferi:

Ibarometer engafumaneki
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
IBarometer

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Izimvo ezi-3, shiya ezakho

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   URodolfo uGabriel David sitsho

    Luluphi uxinzelelo olukhoyo kubude bokuhamba ngenqwelomoya?

    Ngaba ikhona okanye uyayazi igrafu ebonisa ukwahluka koxinzelelo ukusuka elwandle ukuya ekuphumeni komoya?

    Gracias
    Rodolfo

  2.   USawule leyva sitsho

    Inqaku elilunge kakhulu ndiyavuyisana nani.Ndiphendula umbuzo wam.

  3.   Aries sitsho

    Enkosi kakhulu. Imibuliso evela eChile.