Utshintsho lwemozulu luya kwandisa ukusweleka kumaqondo obushushu aphezulu eCatalonia

ubushushu ubushushu Catalonia

Njengoko benditshilo kumanqaku angaphambili imo iyatshintsha kunye neziphumo zayo zisongela iCatalonia. Phakathi kwazo sifumana ukunyuka kwenqanaba lolwandle kunye nokuhlengahlengiswa kwamanxweme. Ezi zezona ziya kuchaphazela iCatalonia kule minyaka izayo.

ikhutshiwe ingxelo ngotshintsho lwemozulu eCatalonia kwaye inikezelwe e-Barcelona. Olu xwebhu lunamaphepha angama-624 kwaye lulungiswe ziingcali ezili-141 ezivela kwiiyunivesithi nakumaziko ophando. Utshintsho lwemozulu luya kuyichaphazela njani iCatalonia?

Ingxelo yesithathu ngoTshintsho lwemozulu eCatalonia

Ingxelo ilumkisa ukunyuka okungaqhelekanga kumaqondo obushushu kwaye inokunyusa ukusweleka kubushushu baminyaka le. Enye yeziphumo zotshintsho lwemozulu kukwanda kobushushu kunye namaza abandayo kunye nokuqina kwawo. Yiyo loo nto ukusweleka kwamaza obushushu kunokunyuka njengoko kushushu amaza obushushu.

Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, ukusweleka kwaminyaka le kumaza obushushu eCatalonia kujikeleze ama-300. Nangona kunjalo, ngokwengxelo epapashiweyo, banokufikelela ngama-2.500 2050 ngowama-XNUMX. Inxalenye yabemi abachaphazeleka kakhulu ngamaza obushushu iya kuba ngabantu abadala kunye nabantu abanezifo ezingapheliyo ezingaphambili.

abadala abadala

Ngokwengxelo, ubushushu obuqhelekileyo baseCatalonia bonyuke ngo Iidigri eziyi-1,55 ukusuka kwiminyaka yama-50. Njengokuba iziphumo zotshintsho lwemozulu zisonyuka ngenxa yokunyuka kweegreenhouse gases kwiatmosfera, ubushushu kunye nobushushu bonyusa iimeko ziya kuba nzima. Kuqikelelwa ukuba ngo-2050 iqondo lobushushu eliphakathi liza kunyuka nge-1,4 degrees ngaphezulu.

Ukongeza, sithetha ngokusweleka kumaza obushushu, kodwa koku kufuneka songeze ukuba ukwanda kongcoliseko kuya kwenziwa mandundu ngamaqondo obushushu aphezulu kwaye okwangoku kuqikelelwa ukuba kubangela ukusweleka kwabantu abangama-3.500 XNUMX ngaphambi kwexesha ngenxa yokuchaphazeleka minyaka le.

Okwangoku, yonke imiqondiso yokutshintsha kwemozulu eyenzekayo yalatha kukunyuka kwamaqondo obushushu aphezulu, la ingamaza obushushu, ubusuku beetropiki, njl. Ukuza nobusuku apho ayiwi ngaphantsi kweedigri ezingama-25.

Iziphumo zotshintsho lwemozulu eCatalonia

Isiphumo sokuqala yimbalela. Ngu-2051, ngokwengxelo, ukuncitshiswa okuphakathi kobutyebi bamanzi izakuba malunga ne-10% kwizitya zasePyrenean kunye ne-22% ephezulu kwizitya zonxweme.

Ngokucacileyo imbalela ibangela imvula encinci. Kude kube ngoku, utshintsho lwemozulu alukayichaphazeli imeko yemvula, nangona kunjalo, ngo-2050 kuqikelelwa ukunciphisa imvula -10% entwasahlobo, ehlotyeni nasekwindla.

amaza obushushu

Ngenxa yokunyuka kwamaqondo obushushu kunye nomndilili, kuya kubakho imvula encinci ngendlela yekhephu. Ukuwa kwekhephu kuya kuya kunqabe. Ingxelo icebisa ukuba kwandiswe umthamo wokuveliswa kwekhephu ukuze iiholide zokutyibilika kwiskimu zikuncede ukunqongophala.

Njengazo zonke iidolophu eziselunxwemeni, ukunyuka kwamanqanaba olwandle yingxaki enkulu. Ulwandle lwaseCatalan lukhula malunga neesentimitha ezine kwishumi ngalinye. Olu tshintsho, ingxelo iyaqokelela, Ikhatshwa kukwanda kwezaqhwithi zasekwindla kunye nokufa okukhulu kweentlobo ezinje ngeekorale okanye i-posidonia.

Iimpendulo zoku

Awusenakho ukukhuthaza a ukukhanyela Phambi kwento eyenzekayo nezayo. Kukho abantu Abaphikayo ubukho botshintsho lwemozulu kwaye batyhola oorhulumente kunye nososayensi ngokwenza uloyiko. Nangona kunjalo, ubungqina bukhona: ukwanda ngokubanzi kwamaqondo obushushu, ukufuduswa kunye notshintsho kubude bamaxesha onyaka kuya kuba neziphumo kuhlaselo lwesifuba kunye neempawu zokugula (okwangoku phakathi kwe-20% kunye ne-25% yabemi ineengxaki ezithile).

amaqondo obushushu aphezulu

Kukwakho nomngcipheko wokuhlaselwa zizifo ezinje nge-dengue, isifo seengcongconi okanye i-chikungunya, ezinokongezwa kwezinye izifo ezidluliswa kukudodobala kwamanzi, ngenxa yimbalela. Ngo-2100, ngokwengxelo ngokwayo, iCatalonia inokuhla ukuya nge-13% yobutyebi bamanzi.


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