Utshintsho lwemozulu luya kuvelisa abantu abazizigidi ezili-100 abangamahlwempu

indlala ngenxa yokutshintsha kwemozulu

Utshintsho lwemozulu aluchaphazeli kuphela i-ecosystem yasemhlabeni kunye nolwandle kwihlabathi liphela. Ineziphumo ezibi kuqoqosho lwabantu. Ngenxa yeempembelelo ezinazo kummandla nakwimisebenzi yoluntu (ngokungaqhelekanga, kwimisebenzi efanayo eyenzayo), iBhanki yeHlabathi ilumkise ukuba utshintsho lwemozulu iya kuvelisa abantu abazizigidi ezili-100 abangathathi ntweni ngonyaka wama-2030.

Oku kunokuncitshiswa ukuba iindlela zangoku zokusetyenziswa zitshintshiwe kwaye amanyathelo athatyathwa ukuya kutshintsho lwamandla ngokusekwe kumandla ahlaziyekayo njengomthombo wamandla, ukongeza ekuphumezeni iinjongo ezibekwe sisiVumelwano saseParis.

Ihlwempuzekileyo

imbalela inyuke ngokutshintsha kwemozulu

Kudliwanondlebe olupapashwe namhlanje liphephandaba laseFrance "Le Figaro", umlawuli jikelele weBhanki yeHlabathi, uKristalina Georgieva, uqaqambisa ukuba nangona ukufudumala kwehlabathi kuchaphazela umhlaba wonke, umngcipheko ubaluleke kakhulu kumazwe ahluphekayo, yiyo loo nto kufuneka sibancede ngokunyanzelwa kwaye "kwangoko" ukulungelelanisa iziseko zophuhliso nokwenza ulimo lwabo luguquke.

Ezolimo, zona, zingunobangela wokuxhaphaka kakhulu kwamanzi kunye nongcoliseko lwemithombo yamanzi. Ukongeza, ngunobangela wokugawulwa kwamahlathi ezigidi zehektare ngonyaka, ngenxa yoko ayisosisombululo ngokupheleleyo. Nangona kunjalo, kubalulekile, kuba kukho imilomo engakumbi yokutya kwiplanethi, kwaye ezolimo zikwanceda ukufunxwa kwe-CO2 yifotosinthesisi eyenziwa zizityalo.

Iingxabano

izikhukula zonakalisa izixeko

Kukho abantu abazizigidi ezingama-500 abakwimo ethe-ethe kakhulu kumazwe afana neHaiti, i-Iraq, iSyria okanye i-Libya kunye ne-Afrika. Ezi ndawo zinengxaki yokungqubana okunxulumene nezixhobo kunye neemfazwe ezikhokelela kwintlupheko ebalulekileyo, kodwa ziyachaphazeleka, nazo, kukutshintsha kwemozulu.

Ukwenza umzekelo, kwaqhambuka ungquzulwano eSyria oluhambelana nembalela ebangele ukuba abantu basemaphandleni bafudukele ezixekweni. Xa ngexeshana elincinci abantu behambela kwisiseko sedolophu, ibango lezixhobo liyenyuka. Ukuba imbalela ayenzi ukuba kufumaneke amanzi kuwo wonke umntu, imfazwe yezixhobo iyaqala.

Omnye umzekelo ungquzulwano ngezixhobo kunye notshintsho lwemozulu zinxulumene ngokusondeleyo kukuba emantla Mali imveliso esezantsi yomhlaba ineziphumo ebezingalunganga kubemi abathanda ukungazinzi kwezopolitiko.

Iimeko zokuphelelwa lithemba

Ukunyuka kwamaqondo olwandle

Ukujongana nezi meko apho izibonelelo zisanda ukunciphisa abantu, ukudala ukungazinzi, iimfazwe kunye nokwanda kwezifo kunye nokusweleka, kunokwenzeka ukuba inani lokufudukela kwabantu kwezinye iindawo ngokuchasene nentando yabo liya kwanda. Ukufuduka kuphela kwendlela yokubaleka kwiintsapho ezininzi ezingakwaziyo ukuqhubeka nomsebenzi wazo ngenxa yokunqongophala kwezixhobo okanye uloyiko lwemfazwe.

Ngokwe-UN, kukho izigidi ezingama-65 ngoku, ezingama-21 ezigidi ziimbacu zezopolitiko, esenza ingxelo yembali yokufuduswa kwabantu baye kwiindawo ezikhuselekileyo. IBhanki yeHlabathi, njengoko kubonisiwe ngulo wayesakuba nguMkomishinala waseYurophu woNcedo lwaBantu kunye noHlahlo-lwabiwo mali, unikele umndilili we-10.000 lamawaka ezigidi zeedola ngonyaka kumlo wokulwa nokutshintsha kwemozulu kule minyaka idlulileyo.

Ukuqala ngo-2020, izicwangciso ziya kwenziwa eziza kunikezelwa I-28% yeendlela zakho zemali ukunciphisa ifuthe lotshintsho lwemozulu kwezona ndawo zisemngciphekweni kwaye zibuthathaka. Oku kuyakunceda ukuthintela ukungavisisani kwezopolitiko malunga nomdla kunye nokusilela kwezixhobo ezinjengamanzi.

Ukutshintsha kwemeko

Akufuneki silibale ukuba iimeko esiphila kuzo zizakutshintsha notshintsho lwemozulu. Ngokwenyuka kwamazinga olwandle, izixeko eziselunxwemeni ziya kufuduka kunye nokulungiswa. Kwelinye icala, oorhulumente kuyakufuneka babele inxenye enkulu ye-GDP yamazwe ekufuneka bewenzile izicwangciso zokuziqhelanisa notshintsho lwemozulu.

Isimo esisilindeleyo asithembisi kakhulu, ke zonke izinto esizenzayo ngoku zimbalwa.


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