Utshintsho lwemozulu lubangela iluphu engalunganga kwiAmazon

kunciphisa imvula eAmazon

Utshintsho lwemozulu lutshintsha zonke iipateni kwimozulu zehlabathi. Zombini kumaqondo obushushu, njengakwimeko yemvula nabanye. Ayizizo zonke i-ecosystems zehlabathi ezisengozini efanayo kwiziphumo zotshintsho lwemozulu, kwaye azichaphazeleki ngendlela efanayo.

Kule meko, siza kuthetha iziphumo zokutshixa ezibangelwe kukuhla kwemvula kwihlathi elinemvula laseAmazon. Yintoni ebangela utshintsho lwemozulu eAmazon?

Ukuncipha kwemvula

Iziphumo zokuqala zokuhla kwemvula eAmazon kukwanda kokufa kwamahlathi. Ihlathi lemvula laseAmazon belisoloko linemvula eninzi kunye nokufuma okuphezulu. Nangona kunjalo, ngenxa yokutshintsha kwemozulu, indlela yemvula iphantsi.

Imifuno iphantse yabanoxanduva lwama-30% obume belifu kwaye, njengoko isixa sobunzima behlathi eAmazon sincipha, siyaphambuka. Imvula ina kancinci, ininzi imithi iyafa, iyana nangaphantsi kuba kukho imithi embalwa, kwaye imithi emininzi iyafa kuba iyana. Ukongeza, ukwehla kwenani lemithi ephilayo kubeka mandundu amaxesha embalela, ethi yona inyuse izinga lokufa kotyani.

Ihlathi lemvula laseAmazon liyinto ebalulekileyo kwinkqubo yemozulu yehlabathi. Ukuba indawo yayo iqhubeka nokuncipha kwinqanaba elifanayo njengakwiminyaka engamashumi edlulileyo, oku kungakhokelela kutshintsho olukhulu kwimozulu yoMhlaba. Izifundo zenziwe ngendlela eli hlathi elijongana ngayo namaxesha embalela ekulindeleke ukuba axhaphake kwaye aqine ngenxa yokufudumala kwehlabathi.

Ewe izenzo zabantu ehlathini ziyenza mandundu le meko, kuba ingoyena nobangela wokutshatyalaliswa kwamahlathi eAmazon. Emva kwexesha elomileyo apho imvula inesiqingatha esiqhelekileyo, ukuya kuthi ga kwi-10% yehlathi inokulahleka. Isenokubonakala ngathi incinci, kodwa ukuba ihlathi liyaqhubeka nokunyamalala, kunjalo ke nangomhlaba ochumileyo, kuba zonke izondlo zeAmazon zigcinwa kwizityalo. Ukuncipha kwabo kuya kuba nefuthe elibi ekufunxweni yi-CO2, kubangele utshintsho olukhulu kwimozulu yehlabathi.


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