Umlambo weRin

Umlambo weRin

Namhlanje siza kuthetha ngowona mlambo mde uwela iJamani. Imalunga nayo Umlambo weRin. Nangona incinci ngobukhulu xa ithelekiswa neminye imilambo eyaziwayo emhlabeni njengeNayile kunye neAmazon, iyinxalenye yeyona mijelo yamanzi ibalulekileyo kuyo yonke iNtshona Yurophu. Ngomnye wemilambo ebambelele ngokupheleleyo kwinkcubeko yaseJamani kuba kukho amabali, iintsomi, iintsomi kunye nezinye iingoma apho uMlambo iRhine ungundoqo.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela ngazo zonke iimpawu, ukubunjwa, ijiology, izilwanyana kunye nezilwanyana zoMlambo iRhine.

Iimpawu eziphambili

umlambo kunye nokubaluleka

Ngumzimba wamanzi okhoyo kummandla waseYurophu kwaye udlula ikakhulu eJamani. Ukuzalwa kwayo kwenzeka kummandla weCanton of Grisons, e-Swiss Alps. Umlomo wayo uphelela kuLwandle lwaseMantla kwaye inobude beekhilomitha ezingama-1230. Amanzi ayo ahamba kwicala elisuka emantla ukuya emantla ntshona kwaye kungenxa yesitya sehydrographic esimalunga neekhilomitha ezili-185.000. Batyekele ekubeni babe nokuhamba okuphezulu okuphezulu, nge-avareji ejikeleze i-2900 yee-cubic metres ngomzuzwana.

Yondliwa ngamanzi eminye imilambo emincinci esebenza njengemifula kwaye ilandelayo: iTamina, iRein da Medel, iNeckar, iMoselle, iRuhr kunye neLahn. UMlambo iToma uthathwa njengowona mlambo uphambili woMlambo iRhine, kodwa awubizwa ngeli gama, kodwa kude kube yindawo apho uMlambo iVorderrhein kunye neHinterrhein udibana khona, awufumani eli gama. Nje ukuba bayigqithe le milambo indlela eya phambili igqitha kwintili yealpine engummandla owaziwa ngokuba yiRhine Valley.

Njengoko ikhosi yayo iqhubeka, inkangeleko yomhlaba iqala ukuba tyaba kwaye amanzi agalela kwiLake Constance kwaye emva koko uye ngasentshona. Xa ifika emantla eSwitzerland kukho uhlobo oluthile lwengxangxasi kuba iwela kubude obumalunga ne-23 yeemitha.

Azikho kangako kangako okanye zinomtsalane ukuwa kodwa zintle kakhulu ukuzibona. Nje ukuba ifikelele kwinqanaba lempompo, iyaqhubeka nendlela yayo eya elwandle. Xa isondele emlonyeni wayo, imilambo iMeuse kunye neScheldt iyajoyina kwaye phakathi kwezifundo zenza i-delta ngobuninzi bamajelo.

Ukuyilwa komkhombe womlambo

izimvo zomlambo weRhine

Sifanele siyayazi loo nto Akusekho mvumelwano echaza ukuba ngowuphi kanye lo mlambo. Kukho ezinye izifundo eziye zasilela ukumisela idatha eqinisekileyo kubudala bomlambo. Kuyaziwa ukuba ukuyilwa kwalo mlambo kungenxa yesiphumo sendalo esiveliswe kukuphakama komhlaba kunye nokwenziwa kweentaba. Ngexesha le Ixesha elifanelekileyo, i-orogeny ekugqibeleni yabangela ukuqhekeka okwakusuka emantla kuye emazantsi kwaye oko kwenza imizimba emininzi yamanzi eyayikho ngelo xesha yehla.

Nje ukuba le orogeny ikhokelele kwiindawo ezinokuba yimizimba yamanzi, umsinga omncinci waqala ukwenza. Oku kuye kwafundwa ngokujonga ezona zidalwa zindala zeRhine River ukuza kuthi ga ngoku. Zonke ezi ntlenga zivela Miocene.

Ukutshintsha komjelo omncinci kwathatha enye iminyaka eliwaka ukutshintsha ikhondo lawo kuba inqanaba lolwandle lalinyuka kwingingqi yeNetherlands. Ngenxa yoko, umlambo iRhine watshintsha ikhondo lawo ngexesha Ixesha leholocene.

Iintyatyambo kunye nezilwanyana zomlambo iRhin

umkhombe uwa

Makhe sibone ukuba zeziphi izityalo nezilwanyana zalo mlambo. Gcina ukhumbula ukuba iyakwazi ukuhlala iintlobo ezininzi zezilwanyana kunye neentlobo ezingaphezu kwe-50 zeentyatyambo. Ezinye zeentlanzi ezininzi ezifumaneka kuwo wonke umlambo zii-trout eziqhelekileyo, i-brook lamprey, i-barbel, i-lamprey ye-river, i-carp yegolide, i-rutile, i-eel eqhelekileyo kunye ne-carp yengca.

Ukuba sibala kuphela zingaphaya kwama-50 iintlobo zeentlanzi ezifumanekayo ezingama-37 kuzo ezizezemveli kwaye ezinye ziye zaziswa ngabantu ixesha elidlulele. Ayipheleli nje ekubeni nezilwanyana ezinxulunyaniswe namanzi, kodwa ikwanazo nezinye iintlobo zezilwanyana ezijikeleze yonke indalo. Sibona iintlobo ezininzi zeentaka ezihlala kwindawo yakho. Bachitha bonke ubusika apho ukuze bakwazi ukuphumla kwimfuduko. Umzekelo, sibona iintlobo zeentaka ezinje nge-mallard, i-face goose, i-poodle yase-Europe, i-tufted poodle, i-coot eqhelekileyo, i-grest enkulu, i-osprey kunye ne-cormorant enkulu. Kukho ezinye ii-swans eziyinxalenye yezilwanyana zeentaka ezikulo mlambo.

Iintlobo ngeentlobo zezilwanyana eziphila emanzini nasemanzini kunye nezirhubuluzi zikwafumaneka kuwo wonke lo mlambo iRhine. Agqamile phakathi kwabo isele elibomvu, ulusu oluqhelekileyo kunye nenyoka edityanisiweyo.

Ngokubhekisele kwizityalo, zenziwe zizityalo zasemanzini ezinjengeengcongolo ezifumaneka ngendlela ejikelezayo kunxweme lomlambo. Kukho ezinye izinto ezingapheliyo ezineentyatyambo eziwunyamezelayo umhlaba omanzi. Ezi zityalo ziinyibiba. Ezinye iintyatyambo zingafumaneka ngokujikeleza umlambo ezenza ingca kunye neendawo ezinengca emifutshane. Kweminye imimandla apho izityalo zinokukhula zide, amahlathi amancinci anokubakho.

Ukubaluleka kwezoqoqosho

Kufuneka ithathelwe ingqalelo ukuba lo mlambo yindlela yokuhamba ngenqanawa ngaphakathi kweYurophu kwaye ngenxa yayo ibaluleke kakhulu kwezoqoqosho kumazwe angqongileyo. Yeyona nto ibaluleke kakhulu kwintshona yelizwekazi. Ubude bebonke bomlambo, Iikhilomitha ezingama-880 ziyahamba kwaye idibanisa iDanube ngamajelo. Kufutshane neebhanki kukho iindlela kunye noololiwe abaninzi abadlula ukusuka kwenye indawo ukuya kwenye.

Ukubaluleka kwezoqoqosho kwalo mlambo kukuba iimpahla zorhwebo nabantu banokuthuthwa ngamanzi alo. Enkosi kwindawo yayo ekucwangciswe ngayo, ibibandakanyeka kuyo yonke imbali kwimbambano zopolitiko.

Ndiyathemba ukuba olu lwazi ungafunda ngakumbi malunga nomlambo iRhine kunye neempawu zayo.


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