Ukuqwalasela umsi kunokusinika ulwazi malunga nemozulu

kutshintsha kwe mozulu

Ngokuhlolisisa ngokusondeleyo umsi ophuma kwiitshimini, sinokufumana ulwazi oluxabisekileyo malunga nemeko yangoku yomoya ojikeleze umhlaba. Ukuziphatha komsi, nokuba kuphuma kwiitshimini zokuhlala okanye kwimizi-mveliso, okanye uveliswa ziziganeko zendalo ezifana nokutsha kwehlathi okanye ugqabhuko-dubulo lwentaba-mlilo, kuphenjelelwa kakhulu ziimeko zemozulu. I Ukujonga umsi kunokusinika ulwazi oluninzi ngemozulu.

Kweli nqaku leecology eluhlaza siza kukuxelela ukuba ukujonga umsi kunokusinika njani ulwazi oluninzi malunga nemozulu.

Ukujongwa komsi

Umsi nongcoliseko

Xa kuphuhliswa imifuziselo yokusasazwa kongcoliseko, kubalulekile ukuba ungaqwalaseli iipateni zomoya kuphela kodwa kunye nenqanaba lozinzo lwe-atmosfere. Olu uzinzo ludlala indima ebalulekileyo ekunqumeni ukuxinwa kwezinto ezingcolileyo kwindawo ethile ngexesha elithile.

Umsi, owenziwe ngeegesi kunye namasuntswana, uba yinxalenye yomoya kubushushu obuphezulu kakhulu kunendawo eyingqongileyo. Kwiimeko eziqhelekileyo, I-plume inyuka ngokwendalo kwi-atmosfera, ngaphandle kokuba kuvuthuza umoya onamandla. viento kwindawo yokukhutshwa (njenge-chimney outlet), ibangela ukuba ikholamu yolule ngokuthe tye kwimigama emide. Ngokuphonononga i-plume ebonisa ezi mpawu, sinokubona ngokukhawuleza zombini icala kunye namandla omoya.

Umoya ongazinzanga kunye nomsi

uhambo lomsi

Xa iatmosfera ayizinzile, umsi ophuma kwitshimini unotyekelo olukhulu lokusasazeka, usasazeka ngokubanzi kuzo zombini iindlela ezithe tye nezithe nkqo. Kwimeko yomoya engazinzanga, Umsi unyuka ngokukhawuleza kwaye uyanda njengoko isantya somoya sinyuka kwiindawo eziphezulu. Ukuba iimeko ezivumayo zemvula zikho phakathi kwezi meko-bume zesinoptic ezingazinzanga, ezinye zezinto ezingcolisayo ziye zidityaniswe namathontsi emvula njengoko esihla. Enyanisweni, ungcoliseko oluthile lunokuququzelela ngokuthe ngqo ukubunjwa kwee-nuclei ezisebenza njengesiseko sokukhula kwamaconsi.

Xa kubonwa uzinzo lomoya, ngakumbi ebusika, ukusasazwa komsi kuba ngumngeni kakhulu. Oku kuzinza kubonakala kubukho boxinzelelo oluphezulu kunye nokuguqulwa kwe-thermal, apho umoya obandayo ufumaneka kufutshane nomphezulu woMhlaba ngelixa umoya oshushu uhlala ngaphezulu. Kwimimandla apho umoya uthande ukudodobala ngokwendalo, njengeentlambo okanye amathafa angqongwe ziintaba, ubukho beefektri okanye imimandla yasezidolophini ihlala ibangela ukwanda okubonakalayo kokungcoliseka komoya. La manqanaba aphezulu ongcoliseko angamela izoyikiso ezibalulekileyo kokusingqongileyo nakwimpilo yabantu.

Ubukho be-thermal inversions bunokubonwa ngokubonakalayo ngokusebenzisa iiplum ezikhutshwa yi-chimneys. Ekuqaleni, Umsi unyuka ngokuthe nkqo, kodwa xa ufika kumaleko oguquguqukayo apho umoya ofudumeleyo uphumle khona, uyanda ngokuthe tye kuwo onke amacala. Oku kwandiswa kunika inkangeleko eyahlukileyo, njengoko kubonisiwe kwifoto eqhotyoshelweyo. Xa iimeko ze-anticyclonic zibangela ukubunjwa kwezi ziguquko ziqhubeka kwaye kukho imithombo emininzi yokukhupha, njengeendawo zoshishino ezinemiphunga emininzi okanye izixeko ezixineneyo ezinezinga eliphezulu lokuhamba kunye nezakhiwo, ungcoliseko lomoya olubangelwayo luba yingxaki eyingozi. Ayiphakamisi nje inkxalabo yokusingqongileyo kodwa ikwasongela impilo yoluntu.

Iindidi zomsi ezixhomekeke emoyeni

Ezi ziindidi ezahlukeneyo zemiphunga yomsi eyenziwa ngokuxhomekeke kumoya ngelo xesha:

Umsi othe nkqo

Xa umoya uzolile okanye unempepho encinci, umsi womsi udla ngokunyuka ngokuthe nkqo. Olu hlobo lwe-plume luphawu kwiimeko ezizinzileyo ze-atmospheric, apho kungekho mpembelelo ibalulekileyo ye-crosswinds. Umsi womsi unyuka ngokufanayo, ugcina imilo e-cylindrical okanye i-conical kancinane njengoko isasazeka kwi-atmosfera.

Umsi ongezantsi

Xa umoya ubhudla kwicala elikhulu, umsi womlilo unokuphethukela kude nomoya. Isiphumo sawo siphawuleka kakhulu kwiimeko zomoya ophakathi ukuya kowomeleleyo, apho amandla omoya agqithisa utyekelo lwendalo lomsi lokunyuka ngokuthe nkqo. Umsi womsi unokuthatha ukumila okude, okugobileyo, isasazeka kwicala lomoya kwaye ishiya umzila obonakalayo njengoko usasazeka emoyeni.

Umsi othe saa

Xa kukho imimoya eguqukayo okanye enesiphithiphithi, umsi womsi unokusasazeka kwiindlela ezininzi, wenze ilifu lamasuntswana ahamba emoyeni. Iqhelekile kwiindawo apho kukho imiqobo efana nezakhiwo, imithi okanye umhlaba ongalinganiyo oguqula ukuhamba komoya. Umsi uyaqhekeka ube yimijelo emincinci ehamba kumacala ahlukeneyo, idala ipateni yokusasazwa kwesiphithiphithi kwaye yenza kube nzima ukuqikelela umkhondo wayo.

Umsi we-laminar

Ngaphantsi kweemeko zomoya ozinzileyo kunye nofanayo, umsi womsi unokuthatha i-laminar shape, apho iileyile zomoya zihamba ngendlela ehlelekile kwaye zihambelana nomnye. Ikholisa ukwenzeka rhoqo kwiindawo ezivulekileyo, ezithe tyaba, apho kukho umoya ayidibani nemiqobo ebalulekileyo eguqula ukuhamba kwayo. Umsi usasazeka kwinqanaba elincinci, elifanayo, ligcina ulwalathiso oluqhubekayo kunye nesantya njengoko lusasazeka kwindawo.

Nomsi womlilo wehlathi?

umsi womlilo

Umsi oveliswa yimililo yasendle awuchaphazeli nje kuphela umgangatho womoya wendawo, kodwa unokuba nempembelelo ebalulekileyo kwimozulu kwizikali zengingqi kunye nehlabathi jikelele. Le mpembelelo ibangelwa ukukhutshwa kweegesi ezahlukeneyo kunye namasuntswana kwi-atmosphere, edibana nemitha yelanga, iguqule iipateni zokujikeleza kwe-atmospheric kwaye inokuchaphazela ubushushu kunye nemvula.

Ihlathi liyatsha Zikhupha izixa ezikhulu zecarbon dioxide (CO2) kunye nezinye iigesi zegreenhouse emoyeni. Ezi gesi zibamba ubushushu belanga kwiatmosfera, nto leyo enegalelo kubushushu behlabathi kunye nokutshintsha kwemozulu yexesha elide.

Umsi womlilo wendle ukwaneentlobo ngeentlobo ze-aerosols kunye namasuntswana amahle, afana nekhabhoni emnyama kunye neesulfates. La masuntswana anokuthi asebenze njenge-condensation nuclei yokwakheka kwamafu kwaye achaphazele ukukhanya kwe-atmosfera, nto leyo enokuthi ibe nefuthe kubungakanani bokukhanya kwelanga okufikelela kumhlaba woMhlaba.

Ubushushu obukhutshwa yimililo yasendle bunokwenza uhlaziyo lomoya oshushu, wona ke wona uvelise uhlengahlengiso Ziphembelela iipateni ezinkulu zokujikeleza kwe-atmospheric. Olu tshintsho kujikelezo lwe-atmospheri lungachaphazela ukuhanjiswa kwemvula kunye nemimoya kwimimandla ekufutshane, enefuthe elibalulekileyo kwimozulu yengingqi.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nobungakanani bolwazi esinokulufumana ngokuqwalasela iintsiba zomsi.


Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa. ezidingekayo ziphawulwe *

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.