I-Phenology

Utshintsho lwezifo

Zombini kwizimo zezulu nakwibhayoloji kuyafundwa UPhenology zezinto eziphilayo. Ayiyonto ngaphandle kokujongwa kokuvela kwezinto eziphilayo kumjikelo wobomi bazo. Oko kukuthi, ukwahluka kweempawu zayo kunye nomjikelo wobomi ngokuxhomekeke kwiimpawu zokusingqongileyo ezikhoyo ngelo xesha. Zombini imozulu kunye nomhlaba kunye nemiba ye-biotic inento yokwenza ne-phenology yezinto eziphilayo. Utshintsho lwemozulu luguqula ngokungagungqiyo i-phenology yezinto ezininzi eziphilayo, isenza ukuba kungabikho mpumelelo ebomini.

Kule nqaku siza kuhlalutya ngokunzulu iimpawu ze-phenology yezinto eziphilayo kunye nendlela utshintsho lwemozulu oluchaphazela ngayo ubomi babo. Ngaba uyafuna ukwazi ukuba izilwanyana nezityalo zihlala njani? Kufuneka uqhubeke ufunda 🙂

Injongo yefenology

I-phenology yezityalo

I-Phenology funda imihla eziqala ngayo izigaba ezahlukeneyo zophuhliso lwezityalo. Ngale ndlela, zirekhodwe ngokulandelelana kwazo kwaye ukuqatshelwa kwenzelwa ukuhlalutya unxibelelwano nezinye izinto eziphilayo. Umzekelo, kwimeko yamaphiko ebhabhathane, ixesha lokuba yimibungu lisondele kwixesha apho amantshontsho entlobo ezithile zeentaka efuna ukutya kwawo ukuze akhule. Ewe, elo xesha libalulekile ukuba lenze ngaxeshanye ukuze amantshontsho akhule. Ukuba i-phenology ye-larvae iguqulwe, amantshontsho awayi kubakho kutya.

Ukuqwalaselwa kuyenziwa unyaka wonke kwaye kubhalwa ukuba kube nenkumbulo ethembekileyo yomjikelo wobomi bezinto eziphandiweyo. Idatha yobungakanani enxulumene nokukhula kwezityalo nayo iyafundwa. Oku kubhekisa kuthelekiso lokwanda kobukhulu obuye babonwa sisityalo ekuthethwa ngaso, ubunzima baso, umthamo waso, ukusebenza kwefotosinthesisi nokwenziwa kweekhemikhali.

Nje ukuba yonke idatha ifunyenwe, unako bazi indlela yokuziphatha kwezinto ezininzi eziphilayo kuxhomekeke kwixesha lonyaka esikulo.

Iingxaki zeentaka

I-Phenology kwiintaka

Kubalulekile ukwazi i-phenology ukuze wakhe, umzekelo, iindawo apho iintaka zinokuhlala khona kwaye ziqinisekise impumelelo yazo yokuzala. Zininzi iintlobo zeentaka ezisemngciphekweni wokuphela ngenxa yokwanda kwabantu ezidolophini.

Iintaka ezifudukayo banengxaki enkulu yokwenza iihambo zabo zamaxesha onyaka kwezinye iindawo ezinamaqondo obushushu amnandi ngakumbi. Kungenxa yokuba iimpembelelo zabantu zithetha ukuba iintaka azinandawo zikhuselekileyo zokuphumla emva kohambo olude kunye nendlwane. Abaselula bafuna ukhathalelo olufanelekileyo kunye nokutya ekufuneka bekunikwe ngabazali. Nangona kunjalo, kukho ibhalansi yendalo eyonakaliswe ngabantu.

ISwallows kunye nokufuduka kwazo

Ngokuchaphazela uhlobo oluthile, zonke iintlobo zezilwanyana ezixhomekeke kuzo ngendlela ethile ziyachaphazeleka. Ukuba uhlobo lwesityalo esitya umvundla lufa kwindawo, imivundla iya kwehla, kwaye ke ezizilwanyana zitya imivundla. Oku kwaziwa njengekhonkco lokutya.

Ke ngoko, intaka yeentaka ifundwe ngenyameko. Koko kukuthi, Imijikelezo yabo yokuzala, ukuzala, ukuthandana, ukufuduka, njl.. Njengoko siza kubona kamva, utshintsho lwemozulu luchaphazela kakubi ukulingana kwezi ntlobo kunye nempumelelo yokuphila kwazo.

I-phenology yesityalo kunye nokuqwalaselwa kwe-phenological

I-phenology yesityalo

Ekulimeni, i-phenology nayo ihlaziywa. Ikhonza ekuphuculeni isivuno sezityalo, njengoko kusaziwa njalo elona xesha lilungileyo lokuchumisa, unkcenkceshele ngaphezulu okanye kancinci, okanye ukuthena ukuze ikhule kwaye ikhule ngokugqibeleleyo. Ukongeza, kufuneka kuthintelwe izinambuzane nezifo. Kukho amaxesha onyaka apho izinambuzane ezitshabalalisayo zisebenza kakhulu kwaye zivelisa ngokukhawuleza. Ukwazi oku, iindlela zothintelo zingaqalwa xa kufika ixesha lomsebenzi omkhulu wezinambuzane.

Kukwanjalo ke nangezifo. Ebusika, xa unikwa iimeko ezingalunganga rhoqo kunye nemvula, kukho ukufuma okungaphezulu. Ukufuma okugqithisileyo kuhlala kukhokelela kwizifo kwizityalo.

Ulwazi olusisiseko lwemozulu lubalulekile ekuphuculeni isivuno sesityalo. Yazi malunga amaqondo obushushu, umoya oxhaphakileyo, iintlobo zamafunjl. Inokukunceda kakhulu ekunyamekeleni izityalo.

Hayi kwezolimo kuphela, kodwa nakwimizi-mveliso evela kuyo idatha ethembekileyo ye-phenological ibalulekile. Umzekelo, kuya kufuneka wazi umhla ophakathi apho uninzi lwezityalo ezityalileyo ziqhakaza, iziqhamo kunye nokukhula. Ezi datha zibalulekile kucwangciso lwezolimo kunye noshishino.

Ukuba impembelelo enayo imeko yokusingqongileyo kwisigaba ngasinye sophuhliso lwesityalo iyaziwa, ukuqhubela phambili okanye ukulibaziseka ekubonakalisweni kwazo kunokuxelwa kwangaphambili.

Ukuqwalaselwa kwe-phenological okwenziwa ixesha elide, kuvumela ukufikelela kwizigqibo kwicandelo lophando lwenzululwazi. Kwakhona, iluncedo kakhulu kwezolimo nakwimizi-mveliso. Iluthanda kakhulu ulwazi lwentsuku ezinokubakho zezigaba ezahlukeneyo zophuhliso, ixesha lamaxesha ahlukeneyo, amaxesha amiselweyo kunye nokuphindaphinda kweziganeko zebhayiloji.

Vine phenology

Isidiliya sithi

Siza kuthiya izigaba zomdiliya phenology ukunika umzekelo wokusebenziseka kwayo.

  • Ubusika bud
  • Ukulila umdiliya
  • Isikhupha esidumbileyo
  • Iingcebiso eziluhlaza
  • Amagqabi okuqala avela (amagqabi angeniswayo)
  • Ukwandiswa kwamagqabi
  • Iibhantshi zokuqala
  • AmaRacemes aqhubeka ngokwahlukeneyo (zii-inflorescence)
  • Iintyatyambo zeentyatyambo (izihloko zikhule ngokupheleleyo)
  • Ukuwa kwamatye abunileyo (kubizwa ngokuba kukujija)
  • Ukuvalwa kweklasta (ukwanda kubungakanani beziqhamo)
  • Ukuqala kwe-veraison (ilahleko yeklorophyll)
  • Ukuqola
  • Ukuwa kwegqabi

Kwinqanaba ngalinye lomdiliya onako siyazi ukusebenza nokuphuhliswa kwamalungu ayo. Kubalulekile ukuzazi ukuthintela ezinye izitshabalalisi kunye nezifo kunye nokwandisa isichumiso kunye nokunkcenkceshela. Ngexesha ngalinye lonyaka lifuna inkathalo eyahlukeneyo kwaye, ke, kuya kufuneka ubagcine bekhathalelwe kakuhle.

Ngolu lwazi ungafunda ngakumbi malunga nefenology yezinto eziphilayo.


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