Sesiphi esona silwanyana sinamandla ehlabathini

Sesiphi esona silwanyana sinamandla ehlabathini jikelele?

Indalo ayiyeki ukumangalisa. Kukho zonke iintlobo zezilwanyana ukusuka kwezincinci ukuya kwezinkulu kakhulu. Amandla ukwaluphawu olulinganiswa ngokubanzi zizazinzulu ukuze zifunde ngakumbi ngezilwanyana. Kule meko, makhe sibone sesiphi esona silwanyana sinamandla ehlabathini kunye neempawu zabo.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela ukuba yeyiphi isilwanyana esinamandla emhlabeni.

Sesiphi esona silwanyana sinamandla ehlabathini

Njengoko kunzima ukutsho ukuba amandla anokulinganiswa kuthathelwa ingqalelo iinkalo ezininzi, makhe sibone uluhlu lwezilwanyana ezomeleleyo emhlabeni.

Indlovu yaseAfrika

Sesiphi esona silwanyana sinamandla ehlabathini?

Indlovu yaseAfrika esesavanna sisidalwa esikhulu nesikrelekrele esihlala kumathafa engca aseAfrika. Iimpawu zayo ezikhethekileyo ziquka iimpondo zendlovu ezimangalisayo, iindlebe ezinkulu ezidadayo, nomboko omde onezihlunu owusebenzisayo ukulawula izinto nokunxibelelana nezinye iindlovu. Ezi zigebenga zithambileyo ziyinxalenye ebalulekileyo ye-ecosystem yazo kwaye zinempembelelo enkulu kwizityalo nakwizilwanyana zasendle ze-savannah.

Ukutyhubela imbali, iindlovu bezisetyenziswa ngamandla azo amangalisayo okwenza imisebenzi eyahlukahlukeneyo enzima ngokwasemzimbeni. Ziyakwazi ukubonakalisa la mandla ngokugawula imithi ngaphandle komgudu, nto leyo ebiya kungenakwenzeka kwezinye izilwanyana ezininzi. kwaye nakubantu ngaphandle koncedo lwezixhobo. Kuyafaneleka ukuba uqaphele ukuba indlovu eyindoda endala iyakwazi ukuphakamisa ukuya kuma-300 kg ubunzima.

Kuzo zonke izidalwa ezoyikekayo emhlabeni, indlovu yase-Afrika ye-savanna yenye yezona zinamandla. Ngobunzima obuqhelekileyo obungaphezulu kwe-12,000 yeeponti, Ezi zigebenga zidume ngamandla azo amangalisayo nokunyamezela kwazo. Bayakwazi ukuthwala imithwalo enzima, ukuncothula yonke imithi ngokulula, kunye nokuwisa izakhiwo xa becatshukiswa.

umkhombe omhlophe

Ezi zidalwa zinobude obumalunga neemitha ezi-4 ubude, zibe ziimitha ezi-2 ukuphakama kwaye zinobunzima obumalunga neetoni ezi-4, nto leyo eyenza ukuba zibe zezona zikhulu kulo lonke uhlobo lwazo. Imikhombe ikwindawo ethile kwaye iya kujongana nayo nayiphi na ingozi ebonwayo, ngakumbi xa ibandakanya iimazi namathole. Ngaphandle nje kwabantu, ezi zidalwa phantse azinawo amarhamncwa yaye ziyakwazi ukusebenzisa amandla azo amakhulu ukuphakamisa izilwanyana, ukuwisa imithi, nokubhukuqa izithuthi ezinobunzima obuyitoni ngokulula.

Kwakhona, Ulusu lwazo olungqindilili lusebenza njengesikrweqe, luzikhusela kwizilwanyana ezinokuzihlasela.. Imilenze yazo enamandla ikwanegalelo ekomeleleni kwazo, ivumela ukuba zihlawule ngesantya esifikelela kuma-30 eekhilomitha ngeyure. Enyanisweni, baye baziwa ngokubhukuqa iinqwelo ezincinci ngamandla abo. Nangona zinamandla awoyikisayo, zizilwanyana ezitya utyani kwaye ziphila ngokutya ingca namagqabi.

Ingwe yeBengal

Ezi zidalwa zintle kwaye ziyoyikeka kwaye zinamandla akhethekileyo abonakaliswa lihlosi laseBengal (Panthera tigris tigris). Iyakwazi ukulinganisa ukuya kuthi ga kwi-300 kg, olu hlobo lunokurhuqa ixhoba ngokuphindwe kabini ubukhulu bayo. Ukongezelela, amahlosi asele ekhulile akanazo iintshaba zendalo kwindawo ahlala kuyo, ngaphandle kokuba asengozini ngenxa yokugula okanye ukwenzakala.

Ngokwakheka kwayo kwezihlunu kunye namandla amakhulu, le kati inkulu izenzele igama njengerhamncwa elikhohlakeleyo kunye nenkosi yendawo yayo. Ngaphandle kobukhulu namandla alo, ihlosi laseBengal lijongene nenani lezoyikiso kwihlabathi lanamhlanje, kubandakanya ukulahleka kwendawo yokuhlala, ukuzingela ngaphandle kwemvume kunye nokungena kwabantu. Noko ke, esi sidalwa sibalaseleyo sisengumfuziselo wamandla nokomelela xa sijamelene nobunzima.

Igrizzly

Inamandla okuzingela ixhoba elikhulu, njenge iinkomo, i-elk, i-caribou, iinkomo kunye neebhere ezimnyama, kwaye zinokurhuqa ukuya kuma-500kg xa zikhule ngokupheleleyo.. IiUrsid zinemilenze eyomeleleyo kunye neenzipho ezibukhali, ezizisebenzisa ngobuchule ekuzingeleni nasekukhuseleni.

Esi silwanyana siyakwazi ukwenza izinto ezinamandla amangalisayo, njengokuphakamisa izinto ezinzima, ukunyuka emithini ngokulula, nokuqubha kumanzi amaninzi. Ukwakheka kwayo ngezihlunu kunye neenzipho ezibukhali ziyenza ibe lirhamncwa elinobuchule, elikwaziyo ukuwisa ixhoba lalo ngokulula.

inaconda eluhlaza

inaconda eluhlaza

Iyaziwa ngobukhulu bayo kunye namandla ayo amakhulu, ithathwa njengenye yeenyoka ezinkulu emhlabeni. Umbala wayo ubukhulu becala buluhlaza omnquma, inamachokoza amnyama ombhoxo agquma umzimba wayo wonke. lI-anaconda eluhlaza yi-apex predator kwaye ukutya kwayo kudla ngokuba nezinye izilwanyana ezirhubuluzayo, iintlanzi, iintaka kunye nezilwanyana ezincancisayo.. Ngaphandle kodumo lwayo oloyikisayo, esi sityalo siyinxalenye ebalulekileyo ye-ecosystem kwaye idlala indima ebalulekileyo ekugcineni ibhalansi yekhonkco lokutya kwindawo yayo yokuhlala.

Eyona anaconda inkulu inobunzima obuya kuthi ga kwi-250 kg kwaye iyakwazi ukoyisa ixhoba elinobunzima be-14 ukuya kwi-50% yobunzima bomzimba wayo. Ukongezelela, imihlathi yeenhlwathi eluhlaza iyakwazi ukuvuleka kakhulu, nto leyo evumela ukuba itye amaxhoba amakhulu kuneentloko zawo.

Ukhozi oluvuzayo

Le ntaka iyakwazi ukuzingela ixhoba elikhulu njengeenkawu kunye nesloth. Nangona ubukhulu bayo kunye namandla ayo, Ukhozi lujongwa njengezilwanyana ezisesichengeni ngenxa yokulahleka kwendawo yokuhlala kunye nokuzingela. Amandla okubamba ukhozi anamandla kangangokuba luyakwazi ukubamba ixhoba elikhulu kunalo, njengeenkawu nesloth, kanye emithini. Umlomo wayo onamandla unokugqobhoza ulusu oluqinileyo kwaye wophule amathambo ngokulula.

Iigorila

Iigorila eziyindoda, ezaziwa ngokuba zii-silverbacks, zomelele ngakumbi njengoko zizinkokeli zamaqela osapho lwabo. Zinobunzima obuphakathi kwe-150 ukuya kwi-180 kg kwaye zibe nobude obuyi-1,85 yeemitha. Amandla abo ayamangalisa kwaye igorila enye eyindoda inokuba namandla njengabantu abaliqela ukususela ngoko Bangakwazi ukuphakamisa ngokukhawuleza malunga ne-800 kg yobunzima.

IHercules Beetle

i-hercules beetle

Nangona engenakufaniswa nezinye izilwanyana ezikhankanyiweyo, lo qongqothwane unokuphakamisa ubunzima obuchukumisayo xa buthelekiswa nobukhulu bawo, nto leyo emenza abe yinxalenye ebalulekileyo kolu ludwe. Phezu kwazo nje izinto ezibaxayo, iyaziwa loo nto Uqongqothwane uyakwazi ukubuphakamisa malunga ne-100 ubunzima bakhe. I-Hercules beetle ithathwa ngokubanzi njengesidalwa esinamandla emhlabeni.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nesilwanyana esinamandla kwihlabathi kunye neempawu zalo.


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