Leliphi elona xesha lemvula eSpain?

Leliphi ixesha lemvula eSpain

Ngelixa ingxelo esemthethweni evela kwi-Arhente yeMeteorological Agency ingekaziwa, kuyabonakala ukuba obu busika buye baphambuka kumazinga emvula aqhelekileyo kwilizwe liphela. Kwiindawo ezininzi zelizwe, le meko ikhokelela kubusika obunemvula encinci, nangona unxweme lweAtlantiki ludla ngokuba namava elona xesha lonyaka elineemvula ngeli xesha. Ixesha lonyaka libonakaliswa ngowona mlinganiselo mkhulu wemvula. Abantu abaninzi bayazibuza leliphi ixesha lemvula eSpain.

Ke ngoko, kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela ukuba leliphi ixesha lemvula eSpain kwaye zeziphi iindawo ezinemvula kakhulu.

Leliphi elona xesha lemvula eSpain?

iindawo ezinemvula kakhulu

Ubusika bemozulu yemozulu bufumana eyona mvula inkulu kumantla e-peninsula, kunye nakwiindawo ezithile zentlabathi esemazantsi, i-Extremadura, i-Andalusia kunye ne-Canary Islands. Oku ikakhulu kugubungela icala leAtlantiki losingasiqithi. Ngokuchasene noko, kunxweme lweMeditera, ikwindla lelona xesha linemvula eninzi kakhulu. Ngokubhekiselele kuthotho lwemozulu yereferensi ukusuka kwi-1981 ukuya ku-2010, imimandla apho intwasahlobo lelona xesha lemvula incinci.

Ngaba kukho utshintsho kwipatheni yemozulu, ngakumbi kwingingqi yasePyrenean yaseCerdanya nakwiindawo ezithile zeSistim ye-Iberia, apho ihlobo, ngokwesiko elaziwa ngokomileyo, ngoku lifumana imvula eninzi ebangelwa ikakhulu zizivunguvungu zasehlotyeni?

Ngaba sibona utshintsho kwipatheni? Ngumbuzo ovela ngokwemvelo xa sicinga ngexesha elidlulileyo. Kwiminyaka elishumi elinesibini edlulileyo, ngakumbi ukusukela ngo-2006, Ilizwe lonke liye lafumana ubusika obunemvula engaphaya kobuqhelekileyo kwizihlandlo ezihlanu kuphela.. Ngokwahlukileyo koko, kwangelo xesha linye, kuye kwakho iminyaka esixhenxe apho imvula yasentlakohlaza ibingaphezu komndilili. Lilonke, kubonakala ngathi imithombo ibonise ukuthambekela kokuba manzi, xa kuthelekiswa nesiqhelo sonyaka, xa kuthelekiswa nobusika.

Ngokuchasene noko, iincopho eziqhelekileyo zemvula yasekwindla kunxweme lweMeditera ziye zandisa ukufikelela kwazo ukuya kwimimandla engaphakathi kwi-peninsula. Ngelo xesha, imozulu yemozulu yasentwasahlobo eyayikade ibonakalisa iMeseta esenyakatho, i-Ebro Valley kunye nenxalenye esempuma yeMeseta esezantsi iyancipha. Kumashumi eminyaka adlulileyo Kubekho utshintsho oluqaphelekayo kwisixa, ubunzulu kunye nokusasazwa kwemvula unyaka wonke.

Kwiminyaka embalwa edlulileyo sazifumana sikwimeko efana nale yangoku: ubusika buza kuphela kwaye imvula yayincinci, ngaphandle kwendawo esenyakatho yepeninsula. Nangona kunjalo, ngokungafaniyo nonyaka odlulileyo, ulawulo lwe-anticyclone lwachithwa ngaphambi kokuphela kukaFebruwari. Olu tshintsho kwiindlela zemozulu lukhokelele ekufikeni kwezaqhwithi, nto leyo eyenza intwasahlobo yowama-2018 ibe lelona xesha lineemvula ezininzi kwilizwe lethu ukusukela ngo-1965.

Ukutshintsha iipateni kunye noqikelelo

umntu oneambrela

I-IPCC ibonise ukuba kukho ukungaqiniseki malunga nokutshintsha kweepateni zemvula kuwo onke amaxesha onyaka. Ngelixa imvula iyonke kulindeleke ukuba yehle unyaka wonke, ukusasazwa kwemvula kusenokungahlali kufana nanamhlanje. Ukujonga phambili kwintsalela yenkulungwane, ukwehla kwemvula kulindeleke entwasahlobo, ehlotyeni nasekwindla. Nangona kunjalo, izinga lokungaqiniseki liphezulu kakhulu ebusika xa kuthelekiswa nentwasahlobo nasekwindla, nangona kubonakala ngathi ubusika buya kubona ukuhla okuncinci kwimvula.

Kokubini kwilizwe lethu nakwiindawo ezithile zaseYurophu, uFebruwari uthi ndlela-ntle ngeerekhodi ezininzi zobushushu. Le nyanga ayiphelelanga nje ngokuba yi-atypical ngokwemiqathango yamaqondo obushushu ngaphakathi kwemida yethu, kodwa ikwayi-atypical eFransi, eBelgium, eSwitzerland, eDenmark, eUnited Kingdom naseNorway.

Ngaba ukwindla yeyona mvula?

imvula eSpain

Lakuba liphelile ihlobo, imvula ekudala ilindelwe iyavela. Kwiindawo ezininzi, Imvula yasekwindla yeyona ibalulekileyo kwaye imele inxalenye enkulu yemvula yonyaka.

Ikwindla, kwimimandla eyahlukeneyo efana neZiqithi zeBalearic, i-peninsula esempuma, impuma yeCastilla-La Mancha, iNtlalo yaseMadrid, emantla eAragon, kumbindi weCastilla y León kunye nemimandla eselunxwemeni yoLwandle lwaseCantabrian, ibonakaliswa yimvula eninzi, eyenza kube njalo. ixesha lonyaka elinemvula enkulu. Lo mzekelo uyinyaniso kwinxalenye esempuma yelizwe, apho iimvula zasekwindla zigqama njengezona ziganeko zibalulekileyo zemvula yonyaka. Isizathu emva kwesi siganeko sihlala sisihloko esinomdla. Zimbini iindlela ezahlukeneyo ekunokuthi kubekho ngazo imvula.

ESpain kukho iindidi ezimbini ezahlukeneyo zemvula ezinokwahlulwa: Imvula engaphambili kunye nemvula ehamba phambili. Iibhanti zamafu ezinxulumene nesaqhwithi zikhapha ukufika kweenkqubo zangaphambili, eziqhele ukunxulunyaniswa nohlobo lokuqala lwenzeka yemozulu. Kuqhelekile ukuba izaqhwithi zisondele kwilizwe lethu ukusuka entshona, zisuka eAtlantiki.

I-Galicia ngokuqhelekileyo ifumana imvula yokuqala yolu hlobo, kodwa njengoko ihamba ngaphesheya kwe-peninsula, ubukhulu buya kuncipha kwaye kunqabile ukuba bufike kwimimandla esempuma, kwaye ukuba yenzeka, buhlala bubuthathaka. Okuphikisanayo, Ummandla weMeditera ufumana izixa ezikhulu zamanzi kwizandyondyo zemvula okanye izaqhwithi.

Ubukho be-DANA (eyayibizwa ngokuba ngamaconsi abandayo) kunye nokuhamba komoya wasempumalanga ogcwele ukufuma zizinto eziphambili ezikhuthaza imvula kwindawo esempuma yelizwe, ngokukodwa kwiinyanga zasekwindla, okwenza kube yimvula enkulu kulo mmandla. Ukuhlalutya umyinge wenani leentsuku zemvula ekwindla, kuyacaca ukuba iGalicia kunye nengingqi yaseCantabrian imvula rhoqo (malunga nesiqingatha seentsuku), ngelixa umzantsi-mpuma kunye neZiqithi zaseCanary zihlala zineentsuku ezingaphantsi kwama-20 zemvula, ngokuxhomekeke kwiimeko zemozulu ezikhoyo. Uhambo luqala kwimozulu enesaqhwithi kwaye luphele phantsi kweemeko ezimaxongo.

Kwimimandla apho ukwindla luphawulwa kukuna kwemvula eninzi, ezona nyanga zimanzi zexesha lonyaka zikholisa ukubakho ngoSeptemba okanye ngo-Okthobha, ngokuhambelana nokuxhaphaka kwemvula eguqukayo ngeli xesha. Ngokuchaseneyo, kwiindawo apho imvula yangaphambili idlala indima ebalulekileyo, ngoNovemba, inyanga yokugqibela yokuwa, amava awona manqanaba aphezulu emvula, ephawula ukuqala kweemeko zasebusika.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nokuba leliphi ixesha lemvula eSpain kunye nalapho kunetha khona kakhulu.


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