Izibonelelo kwindalo eziziswa yinkanyamba

isaqhwithi senkanyamba lulwandle namafu

Njengoko siza kuba ngabantu, kunye noluntu lwethu, kufuneka kuthiwe asinakufumana zibonelelo zininzi kwinkanyamba. Ukongeza, ngumba onobuzaza kakhulu, ngakumbi kwabo bafumene iziphumo. Kodwa, ukugxila kwiplanethi yethu, ukusuka kwindawo yemozulu yokujonga, eyisihloko esijongana naso apha, akukubi kangako.

Kungenzeka ukuba i-priori, siqhubeke nokuchonga inkanyamba kunye nentshabalalo. Imithi ewileyo, iilwandle ezitshatyalalisiweyo, izilwanyana eziye zafumana iziphumo, njl. Ungayichazanga into yokuba uluntu luchaphazelekayo. Ukuphulukana noluntu, izakhiwo ezonakalisiweyo, imililo ngenxa yokusikwa kombane, izinambuzane ... ngokwembono yemozulu, kulungile. Ngaba unokucinga kwangaphambili ukuba kutheni ngaphambi kokufunda?

Ummiselo wobushushu

Amanyathelo enkanyamba afaka isandla ekupholiseni umhlaba. Into ephambili ekufuneka ithathelwe ingqalelo. Amanzi ashushu aselwandle, okona kuvuthuza kakhulu kuye kuye. Inkanyamba enkulu iIrma ibonakalise onke amaqondo obushushu aphezulu esiwafumanayo kumaxesha akutshanje. Kananjalo, iinkqwithela, kunye nomthamo wazo omkhulu kunye nobukhulu bazo, zihlala zithanda ukuphola, hayi kuphela kwizinga lendawo, kodwa oku kuguqulela kwihlabathi lonke. Enye yeendlela iplanethi yethu enendlela yokuzilawula ubushushu bayo.

Nangona ukwenziwa kwezaqhwithi yinto esafundwayo, zikhona izinto ezimbalwa ezaziwayo ngazo. Ukuthatha ingqalelo yokuba ubushushu bamanzi bunempembelelo, ikwaguqula nomoya oshushu. Ukuphakama kobushushu, kokukhona umoya uxinene, obangela ukuba unyuke. Ukwenza njalo kunciphisa uxinzelelo, kubangela ukungazinzi, kubangela ukuqala, inkanyamba kule meko. Ngokuchasene noko, ibiya kuba sisithintelo. Umoya obandayo nobushushu awuxubeki, yiyo loo nto uvelisa le misinga, yiyo loo nto ezi zinto zenzeka kwi-ikhweyitha. Ngomoya ofudumeleyo wokudibana nokubanda okuvela ezipalini.

Amakhorali

iintlobo zelwandle zekorale

Iicolare zixhamla kakhulu kwinkanyamba. Ngaphandle kokuba luhlobo lwaselwandle, Amakhorali avumela izigidi zeentlobo ukuba zisinde. Zikwenza ukufana kunye nezinye iintlobo. Umzekelo, enye yazo ulwelwe, oluthi "luncedo" lwazalwa kwiminyaka engama-210 yezigidi eyadlulayo.

Iingxaki ezivela kwiikorale ezinxulumene notshintsho lwemozulu, njengokunyibilika kwezibonda, ukunyuka kwamaqondo obushushu, njl.njl. Ngobushushu obuphezulu, iikorale zihlala zinexinzelelo, Oko kukuthi, zijika zibe mhlophe ngombala. Oku kuguquka umbala kwenzeka ngenxa yokuba iimeko eziyimfuneko ukugcina i-zooxanthealle azigcinwa, kwaye i-coral iyayigxotha. I-zooxanthealle yiprotozoan yesiqhelo.

Ekugqibeleni, ukuba iimeko ziyaqhubeka zisiba mbi, unokufikelela kwinqanaba le ukufa kwekorale. Xa oko kusenzeka, eyona nto yenzekayo yile Inkqubo yendalo iphela iyanyamalala, kwaye ayinakuphinda ifumaneke. Yiyo loo nto, ukudlula kwenkanyamba, kunciphisa amaqondo obushushu, kulawula iimeko ukuba baphile. Le yindlela inkanyamba edlala ngayo "ukuvuselela" indima phantsi kwamanzi, ukunceda ukugcina yonke loo biodiversity ilinganayo.

Izibonelelo ezingaphezulu

Uhlaza lwehlathi

Ayisiyiyo le ikhankanywe ngasentla, iinkanyamba nazo banegalelo kuhlaziyo lwamanzi aphantsi komhlaba. Kananjalo iindawo apho bekukho amanzi amileyo kwaye kunokwenzeka ukuba banokuba ngabavelisi beengcongconi bayacocwa.

Olunye uphawu oluziswa ngumoya onamandla kukuncothula imithi. Abona babuthathaka badla ngokwaphula, ngaloo ndlela bekhuthaza oko amahlathi anokuhlaziywa ngokugcina eyona mithi yomeleleyo. Njengamanzi amileyo, ikwasebenza njengokulawula ukuthintela ukugcwala kweentlobo ezithile zezinambuzane.

Iyahlekisa into yokuba ngamanye amaxesha, kubonakala ngathi ayilawuleki kwindalo, inezizathu zobukho bayo kwaye ishiya ngasemva ilifa lokulingana. Ukuba ibingezizo iinkanyamba, into ibiya kwenzeka kwi-ikhweyitha kukuba ibiya kushushu kakhulu. Apho siya kuthi ekugqibeleni sifumane i- uqhwithela, i-hypercan, ebesithetha ngayo kutshanje.


Shiya uluvo lwakho

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
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