Isiqithi sasePhitkhayin

iziqithi zepacific

Iplanethi yethu isafihla iimfihlakalo ezinkulu, iindawo ezintle kunye neendawo ezincinci, iindawo ezikude apho abantu abanomdla kuphela abanobuganga bokundwendwela okanye ukufumanisa, oku kwenzeke amaxesha amaninzi ngaphambili. Omnye wabo ngu Isiqithi sasePhitkhayin. Ngokusemthethweni nguMmandla waseBhritane waphesheya kwePitcairn, iHenderson, iDucie kunye neZiqithi zeOeno. Yenza ichwebakazi elibekwe ePolynesia, eOceania.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela ngembali, iimpawu kunye neentyatyambo kunye nezilwanyana zeZiqithi zasePitcairn.

Historia

iimpawu zeziqithi ze-pitcairn

Imbali yeZiqithi zasePitcairn yaqala malunga no-800 AD. Kukholelwa ukuba abemi bokuqala bafika kwezi ziqithi kulo nyaka, kwaye abanye bakholelwa ukuba basuka ePolynesia. Aba baphambukeli bahlala kwiZiqithi iPitcairn neHenderson, becinga ukuba lonke elo chwebakazi alifanelekanga ukuhlala, okanye bakholelwa ukuba kunjalo.

Kukho urhwebo oluqhubekayo phakathi Isiqithi sasePitcairn kunye neSiqithi saseHenderson, kunye norhwebo kunye neSiqithi saseMangareva, esithe qelele kancinane kunezinye iziqithi, sivumela abahlali ukuba babe nemithombo yobutyebi abangenayo ngokwendalo ukuze bazixhase.

Malunga ne-1500, abantu baseHenderson kunye nePitcairn Islands baqala ukunyamalala. Kuqikelelwa ukuba intlekele yendalo yenzeke kwiSiqithi saseMangareva, esinokuthi sibangele ukutshabalala kweentlobo ezininzi zeentlobo kunye nabemi, iphelisa zonke iziqithi ezintathu.

Emva koko, njengoko kwakungekho rhwebo phakathi kweziqithi, abahlali baseHenderrose nasePitcairn babengenazo izixhobo zobomi eziyimfuneko, bachaphazeleka ngokuthe ngqo kwaye banyamalala ngokuthe ngcembe. Kangangenkulungwane, iSiqithi saseHenderson, iSiqithi saseDusi, neSiqithi sasePitcairn azizange zibonwe mntu de zafunyanwa liphulo laseSpeyin elalikhokelwa ngumatiloshe wamaPhuthukezi uPedro Fernández de Quirós neqela lakhe. Oku kwenzeka ngoJanuwari 26, 1606, kodwa abazange bahlale

Kwinkulungwane enesiqingatha kamva, ezi ziqithi zaphinda zafunyanwa kwakhona, kodwa ngesi sihlandlo zafunyanwa ngoomatiloshe baseBritani, abafumana iSiqithi iPitcairn ngowe-1767, iSiqithi iDusey ngowe-1791, neSiqithi saseHenderson ngowe-1819. ISiqithi saseOeno safunyanwa ngowe-1824. ezi ziqithi zidume ngabavukeli abavela kwinqanawa ye-bounty, abaye bahlala kwesi siqithi kwaye ngaloo ndlela baba ngabahlali bokuqala abasisigxina kwiinkulungwane. Oku kwenzeka ngo-1790, kwaye inzala yaba bavukeli isahlala kuyo.

Uninzi lwabantu abahlala ePitcairn yinzala yabavukeli benqanawa iBounty kunye namaqabane abo asuka eTahiti. Bahle kakhulu, yaye amanye amaBritani ade asale eTahiti nomnye wawo. Bahlala eAdamstown Village kuphela. Ziyimihlanganisela yaseYurophu nasePolynesia. Kukho iqondo eliphezulu lobudlelwane bentsapho phakathi kwabemi, ngaphandle koko abayi kukwazi ukushiya inzala. Zikwazalana ngokusondeleyo neSiqithi saseNorfolk. Ngowe-19337, esi siqithi sasinabemi abangama-233, kodwa ukufudukela kwelinye ilizwe, ngokukodwa abasuka eNew Zealand, kwabanciphisa baya kutsho kuma-59 kuphela.

UQoqosho lweZiqithi zasePitcairn

Isiqithi sasePhitkhayin

Iintlambo zeSiqithi sasePitcairn zinomhlaba ochume kakhulu yaye ngenxa yoko zivelisa iintlobo ngeentlobo zeziqhamo nemifuno, kuquka iibhanana, iivatala, iiyam neembotyi. Abemi besi siqithi sincinane baxhomekeke ekulobeni, kwezolimo nakwimisebenzi yezandla ukuze baphile.

Amandla amakhulu ezoqoqosho kwesi siqithi avela ekuthengiseni izitampu kunye neengqekembe zemali kubaqokeleli, kunye nokuthengiswa kobusi kunye nezinye izinto zobugcisa, ezithengiswa kwiinqanawa kwindlela yase-Anglo-New Zealand ngePanama Canal. Ngenxa yokuma kwesiqithi, akukho zibuko likhulu okanye indawo yokumisa, ngoko urhwebo kufuneka lwenzeke ngeenqanawa ezityelela iinqanawa.

Abakhweli bohambo okanye abahamba ngenqanawa bahlala bendwendwela isiqithi amaxesha ngamaxesha kwaye, imozulu ivuma, banokuhla usuku. Kukho amadoda nabafazi abali-15 kuphela kubasebenzi besiqithi.

Emanzini kufutshane neSiqithi sasePitcairn kukho inani elikhulu leentlanzi, iilobster kunye neentlobo ngeentlobo zeentlanzi, ezibanjiswa ukusinda kwabemi besi siqithi kwaye zithuthwe njengokutya kwizikhephe ezibambe esi siqithi.

Abahlali baloba yonke imihla, nokuba kukuloba amatye, ukuloba kwisikhephe sokuloba, okanye ukuntywila ngompu wehapuni. Ngenxa yokuba zininzi iintlobo zeentlanzi, njengeNanwee, iWhitefish, iMoi, neOpapa zibanjiswa kumanzi angekho nzulu, iSnapper, iBig Eye, neCod zibanjiswa kumanzi anzulu, yaye iYellowtail neWahoo zibanjiswa kumaphenyane akhukulisekayo. Ukutya okanye ukuthengisa.

Iintyatyambo kunye nezilwanyana zeziqithi zasePitcairn

izityalo nezilwanyana zaseziqithini

Malunga nezityalo ezisithoba ziye zafunyanwa kwiSiqithi sasePitcairn; Phakathi kwazo, iintlobo zezityalo yitapa, eyayingumthombo obalulekileyo womthi kumaxesha amandulo kwaye ikwayi-nehe fern enkulu (Angiopteris chauliodonta). Ezinye, ezifana namaqunube (Coprosma rapensis var benefica), zisengozini. Iziqithi zasePitcairn zingenye yeendawo ezimbini kwihlabathi apho izityalo zeGlochidion pitcairnense zifumaneka, kwaye enye yiMangareva.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, sinezilwanyana zesiqithi, apho sifumana umboniso onqabileyo kunye nonomdla, i-tortoise enkulu yeZiqithi zaseGalapagos. Ekuphela kofudo olusindileyo lelinye kwezintlanu Bafika ePitcairn phakathi ko-1937 no-1951. Kukholelwa ukuba baziswe kwesi siqithi ngukapteni we-Yankee brig eneenyawo ezingama-96.

UNkskz. T, okwabizwa ngokuba yiTurpen, lufudo lwaselwandle oluhlala eTedside eWestport. Umyalelo wokhuseleko umisela ukuba lulwaphulo-mthetho ukuba nawuphi na umntu abulale, enzekalisa, abambe, enzekalisa okanye enze ukwenzakala okanye uxinzelelo kumafudo olwandle. Kwesi siqithi unokufumana iindidi ngeendidi zeentaka, ezingamaqela ahlukeneyo. Ezi zisuka kwiintaka zasemanzini kunye nezilwanyana ezihlala emanzini ukuya kutsho kwezinye iintlobo ezingezizo ezamanzi. Phakathi kweentlobo ezingama-20 zeentaka, kukho iindidi ezili-16 kwiSiqithi saseHenderson, kuquka iHenderson Chick neLandbirds.

Phakathi kweentaka ezihlala ePitcairn, ezona zidumileyo yiAustralian tern (Sternula nereis), iSaint Felix tern (Anous stolidus) kunye nered-tailed tern (Phaethon rubricauda). I-Pitcairn parrot (i-Acrocephalus vaughani), eyaziwa ngokuba "ngungqatyana" ngabahlali, ixhaphake kwiZiqithi zasePitcairn, yayixhaphake kakhulu, kodwa ukususela ngo-2008 iye yabhengezwa njengezilwanyana ezisengozini.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga neZiqithi zasePitcairn kunye neempawu zazo.


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