IMIFANEKISO: Inkqubo yophando lwendawo kaJuno isibonisa ubuhle beepali zeJupiter

Iipali ezimbini zeJupiter

Iipali ezimbini zeJupiter ezithathwe ngophando »Juno».
Umfanekiso - iNASA

Ngethuba lokuqala kwimbali yoluntu, sinokubona kwigumbi lokuhlala lezindlu zethu iipali zeJupiter, iplanethi enegesi ekumgama omalunga, hayi ngaphezulu kwaye hayi ngaphantsi, kuneekhilomitha ezingama-588 ezigidi. Kwaye sonke siyabulela kwi-NASA, ngakumbi ngakumbi kwindawo yayo yophando "Juno".

Kwimifanekiso ayithathileyo ungabona isibetho sokwenyani se-ovval-cyclone ezinokuziphatha kunye nokwakheka okungazange kubonwe ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kuyo nayiphi na iplanethi kwiNkqubo yeLanga. KwiNdawo ekuMantla Izaqhwithi ezinkulu, i-1.400 yeekhilomitha ububanzi, ziye zafunyanwa.

Amehlo kaJupiter

Umfanekiso-uCraig Sparks

Nangona kungekho kuphela izaqhwithi ezintle, zikwabonile indlela ilifu elilinganisa malunga neekhilomitha ezingama-7.000 ububanzi elingaphezulu lee kokunye okusePole Pole. Okwangoku, akwaziwa ukuba zinokwenzeka njani izinto ezimangalisayo; Nangona kunjalo, ngokufunda idatha kumaqondo obushushu beengqimba zangaphakathi zemozulu kuye kwakho ukufumanisa oko Amanani amakhulu e-ammonia avela kwiindawo ezinzulu anegalelo ekwakhiweni kwawo.

Uphenyo lwesithuba »Juno» ibe yeyokuqala ukukwazi ukubona ishawa yee-elektroni eziwela emoyeni, Eyila izibane ezisemantla zeplanethi. Kwiminyaka elishumi eyadlulayo i-NASA Pioneer 11 probe yadlula kwi-43.000 yeemayile ngaphezulu kwamafu, kodwa "uJuno" usondele kalishumi, izazinzulu azikufumani kunzima ukulinganisa ubungakanani bamazibuthe. Iziphumo ziye I-7.766 gauss, iphindwe kabini lento ibaliweyo kude kube ngoku. Ukufumana umbono wento eyenzekayo kwiplanethi enegesi, kufuneka sazi ukuba amandla omhlaba womazibuthe yi-100 gauss, engaphezulu okanye engaphantsi elingana nokutsala umazibuthe otyekele kwiidigri ezili-11 ngokubhekisele kwi-axis Ukujikeleza komhlaba.

UJuno, ubungakanani benkundla yebhasikithi, sisiphekepheke Sebenzisa amandla elanga kuphela ifakwe kwiipaneli ezinkulu. Iikhamera kunye nezinye izixhobo zenzululwazi zikhuselwe nge-titanium ukuze zikhuseleke kakuhle kwimitha ekhutshwa yiJupiter. Kodwa "ukuzibulala" kwakhe kucwangcisiwe: iya kuba nge-20 kaFebruwari, 2018, xa engena kumaleko angaphandle omoya ukufumanisa ukuba kukho isiseko esinamatye njengoko bekukholelwa ixesha elide. Ukuba kunjalo, kwaye ekubeni iJupiter yayiyiplanethi yokuqala yokwenza, ingacacisela oososayensi ukuba zeziphi iintlobo zezinto ezazikho ngaphambili kwiNkqubo yeLanga.

Ukuba ufuna ukubona eminye imifanekiso, nqakraza apha.


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