Ingqondo yengqondo

Isikhululo somlinganiso wePsychrometer

Namhlanje siza kuchaza ukusebenza kwesinye sezixhobo zokulinganisa kwi-meteorology. Siza kuthetha Ingqondo. Sisixhobo esisetyenziselwa ukulinganisa umxholo womphunga wamanzi kwikholamu yomoya. Ukwazi umphunga wamanzi kwiatmosfere kubalulekile ukumisela inqanaba lokufuma.

Ukuba ufuna ukufunda ukuphatha i-psychrometer, zonke iimpawu zayo kunye nokhathalelo oludingayo, le yiposti yakho.

Yintoni i-psychrometer

Icandelo le-psychrometer

Njengoko besitshilo kwintshayelelo, sisixhobo sokulinganisa umphunga wamanzi emoyeni. Ukwenza oku, iqulathe isibini Ithemometha yeglasi enekholamu yemekyuri (Njengeethemometha ezindala). Zibekwe kwipleyiti. Enye yazo ibizwa ngokuba yibhalbhu eyomileyo enye ibizwa ngokuba yibhalbhu emanzi. Kubizwa ngokuba kubekwe kwi-bulb ye-mercury isiciko okanye ulwelwesi lwelaphu yomqhaphu ebizwa ngokuba yi-muslin, efuna ukuba manzi ukufumana izikhombisi ezifunekayo.

Ibhalbhu emanzi igutyungelwe kwimislin ecocekileyo kwaye igcwele ngamanzi ngaphambi kokubona. Xa ibhalbhu ingenisa umoya, iya kubonisa ubushushu bebhalbhu emanzi ize enye ibhalbhu eyomileyo.

Uyisebenzisa njani i-psychrometer

Idyasi yemozulu

Ukufumana amaqondo obushushu alinganiswe ngazo zombini iibhalbhu, amanyathelo alandelayo kufuneka enziwe.

  1. Kuya kufuneka sifunde ithemometha yebhalbhu eyomileyo esondela kwinqanaba leshumi. Eli liqondo lobushushu libonisa ubushushu bendalo.
  2. Simanzisa umsipha wethemometha yebhalbhu emanzi ixesha elide okanye elininzi kangangexesha elifanelekileyo ngamanzi acocekileyo de kube yilahle ithontsi emazantsi alo.

Ukumanzisa i-muslin akufuneki sibe ne-psychrometer elungiswe ngaphakathi kwengubo yemozulu. Kufuneka isiwe kwisitya esinamanzi kwi-psychrometer ukuze ibhalbhu ene-muslin ifakwe emanzini.

Ngokubanzi, amanzi kufuneka agcinwe kwisikhongozeli seglasi esibekwe ngaphakathi kwindawo yokuhlala yemozulu. Siza kuyichaza idyasi kamva ukuze siyazi ngcono. Kuyimfuneko ukuzama ukugcina isikhongozeli sigutyungelwe ukuze amanzi ahlale ecocekile kwaye ukufuma ngaphakathi kwendawo yokuhlala yemozulu kungatshintshi.

Kukho amaxesha apho ukufuma kuphezulu kakhulu. Kule meko i-muslin inokubonakala imanzi, kodwa kuya kufuneka iphinde ibe manzi. Ukuba iqondo lobushushu kokuma liphezulu okanye ukufuma isihlobo iphantsi kakhulu, Uzakufuna ukumanzisa i-muslin ixesha elide ngokwaneleyo ukuba lome. Umntu oqwalaseleyo unokuqikelela ukuba iqondo lobushushu bebhalbhu liya kuba ngama-0 degrees okanye ngaphantsi kubanda obujikelezayo.

Ubushushu kunye nokufuma

I-Psychrometer yokufuma

Ukuba i-muslin yome ngaphambi kokuba ithemometha ibonakalise ubushushu be-bulb emanzi echanekileyo, senza umlinganiso ongalunganga.

Kukho imozulu ezininzi kunye namaqondo obushushu kwihlabathi liphela. Ke ngoko, kukho imimandla apho amaqondo obushushu aphezulu kwaye ukufuma kuphantsi. Zezi entlango okanye kwimimandla eyintlango. Ngezi zihlandlo kufuneka sisebenzise amanzi amatsha ukuthambisa imisipha kwaye siphephe ukumisa ngaphambi kwexesha.

Ukugcina amanzi epholile, anokugcinwa kwisitya esineentunja, kodwa uzama ukushiya isikhongozeli ngaphandle kwengubo ukunqanda ukutshintsha ukufuma okukuso.

  • Elinye inyathelo lokuthatha i-psychrometer ukuba isebenze kukuqhuba ifeni ukubonelela ngokuhamba komoya rhoqo. Lo moya kufuneka udlule kwiibhalbhu zeethemometha kumlinganiso ochanekileyo. Kwimeko apho imilinganiselo yenziwa ebusuku, kufuneka kusetyenziswe ukukhanya. Ukuba i-psychrometer esiyisebenzisayo sisilingi, kufuneka siyiguqule ngesantya seenguqu ezine ngomzuzwana. Esi santya sokujikeleza sisetyenziselwa ukuthatha ukufunda ngokukhawuleza. Kulapho ke kuya kufuneka uphakame ngobunono kwaye uthathe ukufunda emthunzini.
  • Kuya kufuneka siphe umoya ngokwaneleyo imizuzu emithathu. I-mercury kwi-thermometer kufuneka imise ukuhla kwayo kwaye ifinyelele ubuncinci bekholamu ubude. Ukufunda kufuneka kuthathwe ngokusondeza amaxabiso ukuya kwishumi. Ixabiso esiza kulifumana iya kuba lelo lobushushu bebhalbhu emanzi.
  • Siza kuyicima ifeni kwaye ukuba sijonga ubusuku, siza kucima ukugxila.
  • Ukuba ubushushu bomoya bungaphantsi okanye bulingana nama-3, Kuyimfuneko ukumanzisa umsipha ngamanzi kubushushu obuphezulu. Oku kuyanyibilika ngokupheleleyo nakweyiphi na i-ice-build kwi-bulb ye-thermometer okanye kwi-muslin uqobo.

Izilumkiso ekufuneka zithathiwe ukuze kufundwe kakuhle

Ufundo

Ukuba sifuna ukuthatha idatha inokuthenjwa ngangokunokwenzeka, kufuneka siqwalasele imiba ethile:

  • Xa sifunda iithemometha, kufuneka sime kumgama ofanelekileyo malunga ne-30 cm okanye ngaphezulu ukunqanda ukuba ubushushu bomzimba wethu bunempembelelo kumaqondo obushushu ebushushu. Ngale ndlela siya kufumana ufundo olufanelekileyo
  • Kwangelo xesha, qiniseka ukuba umgca wokubona ubambekile kwi-meniscus ye-liquid kunye ne-perpendicular to the thermometers. Ngale ndlela siya kuba siphepha iimpazamo zeparallax.
  • Ukuba ukufundwa kweethemometha kwenziwa ebusuku, kufuneka sigcine isibane sombane okwexeshana kwaye singasizisi kufutshane nesixhobo. Ngaphandle koko iya kuchaphazela ukuthathwa kwamaqondo obushushu.
  • Ukuba kusetyenziswa i-psychrometer yesilingi, kuncinci ukukwenza oko ngaphandle nangaphandle komthunzi kufutshane nendawo yokujonga.

Ulondolozo luyafuneka

Indawo yokuhlala yemozulu sisixhobo esibonisiweyo sisona salathiso sibalaseleyo sokhathalelo analo umntu obukele isikhululo sakhe. Zombini zidinga unonophelo ukuzikhusela. Nazi iinkxalabo:

  1. Ukucoca iingubo ubuncinci kube kanye ngemini susa ukungcola nothuli ezinokuhlala.
  2. Ipeyinti kufuneka ikwimeko entle. Kwanele ukupeyinta rhoqo kwiinyanga ezintandathu. Ukuba isikhululo sikufutshane nonxweme kungcono ukusipenda rhoqo ngeenyanga ezintathu.
  3. Emva kokugqiba ukujongwa kokugqibela kosuku, tshintsha amanzi asetyenziselwa ukumanzisa umsipha Ithemometha yebhalbhu emanzi. Siza kuhlamba isitya esiqulethe oko.
  4. Kanye ngeveki tshintsha i-muslin.

Ngolu lwazi unokufunda ukusebenzisa i-psychrometer.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Izimvo, shiya eyakho

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Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   Diego sitsho

    Sawubona,

    Inqaku elilunge kakhulu, ngokuthelekisa nokunye endikufumeneyo, le icwangciswe kakuhle. Ndinombuzo malunga nomsebenzi ekufuneka ndiwenzile. Ndidinga ukulinganisa ubushushu bebhalbhu emanzi kwibhoyila elonaqondo lobushushu liphezulu likuluhlu lwe-100-120ºC. Ngale nto, bendikhangela i-psychrometer ehambelana noluhlu lwamaqondo obushushu phakathi kwabanikezeli abohlukeneyo, kodwa andiyifumani. Ngaba ukhona owaziyo? Kwelinye icala, ukwenza isixhobo ngokwam, bendikhangela amalaphu ahlukeneyo anokumelana neemeko ezinomswakama kumaqondo obushushu aphezulu, ngaba kungonele ukuba amanzi okumanzisa ilaphu ebepholile?

    Enkosi lonke.