Iimpazamo zemfundo malunga notshintsho lwemozulu

amagagasi abandayo

Utshintsho lwemozulu yinto echaphazela iplanethi yonke ngandlela thile, yomelele okanye ibuthathaka, kodwa iziphumo zayo zibonwa rhoqo mihla le.

Nangona kunjalo, uninzi lwabathandabuzayo abakholelwa kutshintsho lwemozulu abanalo uluvo lwenzululwazi lokuyilahla le nto. Bayabukhanyela ubukho benguquko kwi Isimo sezulu sehlabathi ngenxa yokungazi, uloyiko lokwamkela inyani, ukungabi namdla, ukungakhathali, ubuqili okanye ukudideka. Kutheni le nto abantu bebukhanyela ubukho botshintsho lwemozulu ngelixa iziphumo zalo zicacile?

Ukukhanyela utshintsho lwemozulu

imbalela ngenxa yotshintsho lwemozulu

Ngokutsho kophando olwenziwe ngu IZiko loPhando lwePew ngo-2016, I-31% yabantu abadala eUnited States abakholelwa ukuba umntu ubangela utshintsho lwemozulu kwaye i-20% ikholelwa ekubeni abukho ubungqina obaneleyo bokubonisa ubukho bale nto. Kwenzeka into efanayo kuwo onke amazwe ehlabathi.

Nangona kunjalo, namhlanje kunokujongwa ukuba, unyaka nonyaka, iimpembelelo zotshintsho lwemozulu ziqiniswa njani. Iziphumo ezinje ngokuqina kunye nexesha lembalela ngenxa yokuncipha kwemvula, ukwanda kwezaqhwithi zetropiki kunye neenkanyamba kunye neyona ibonakalayo kwihlabathi liphela: ukwanda kwamaqondo obushushu aphakathi.

Kukho abantu abacela intlonipho yezimvo zabo xa bephika ubukho benguquko kwimozulu yehlabathi. Nangona kunjalo, oku kubonakala kungenakuqondakala, xa i-97% yoluntu lwenzululwazi ezivela kwihlabathi liphela iqinisekisa ukuba impembelelo yemisebenzi yabantu ichaphazela imeko yenkqubo yemozulu kuzo zonke iindawo zehlabathi.

Utshintsho lwemozulu aluchaphazeli yonke imimandla ngokulinganayo, kodwa luchaphazela wonke umntu. Kuyinyani ukuba oku kubangelwa ziingxaki kwimbono yentlalo yeengxaki zokusingqongileyo. Iingxaki zokusingqongileyo zivakala mihla le kwiindaba kwiindawo ekunokwenzeka ukuba zikude kumbukeli. Ngesi sizathu, umbono wengxaki yokusingqongileyo awuchaphazeli ngendlela ethe ngqo isazela sabantu ngokungayichaphazeli ngqo ingxaki.

Kunzima ukuvuma ukuba ubomi njengoko sibazi namhlanje eMhlabeni bunokutshintsha kakhulu kwisithuba samashumi eminyaka. Utshintsho lwemozulu yinto entsonkothileyo kwaye ekusasazeni apho siphela sisenza iimpazamo. Kubantu abadala abaneendlela zokuphila ezendeleyo, yinto engenakwenzeka okanye ubuqhawe ukucinga ukuba ungabenza bakholelwe kubukho botshintsho lwemozulu lwehlabathi.

Iimpazamo ekudluliseni utshintsho lwemozulu

izikhukula ngenxa yokutshintsha kwemozulu

Xa sizama ukuphakamisa ulwazi malunga notshintsho lwemozulu kukho iingxaki ezininzi esijamelana nazo nesithanda ukuphambuka kuzo. Into yokuqala kukuba sisebenzise ulwimi oluntsonkothileyo nolunobunkunkqele, ngamanye amaxesha lubhalwe ngokufihlakeleyo ukuze lube lodwa. Imigaqo efana ukuthomalalisa, ukuziqhelanisa, ukomelela, iasidi, ukusebenza kwendlu eluhlaza, ikharbhon diokside, njl. Zisetyenziswa ngoososayensi kunye nabezendalo ngokwendalo. Nangona kunjalo, ngaphandle kwale niche, ababaninzi abantu abayiqondayo into eyiyo. Sikwasebenzisa amagama amaninzi kwisigama sethu, ngamanye amaxesha, sikufumanisa kunzima ukubiza. Izifinyezo ezinje nge-IPCC, UNFCCC, COP.

Amanye amanani kuthi ngathi abonakala emisa imeko, kwabanye abantu abathethi nto. Umzekelo, ubungakanani bebenmarkmark ye ukwanda kubushushu obuqhelekileyo bomhlaba ngamaqondo ama-2, Siyazi ukuba ngumda apho utshintsho kwiplanethi luza kubuya lungahlehli kwaye lungaqikelelwa. Nangona kunjalo, kubantu abaninzi oku akubonisi nto.

Kunqabile ukuba sichaze ukuba, ngolu nyuko lweqondo lobushushu, ii-moor ziyakunyamalala, amanzi okusela emhlabeni aya kuncipha, iminqwazi ye-polar iyanyibilika kwaye nenqanaba lolwandle liya kunyuka, njl. Kwabaninzi, ukwanda kwee-2 degrees kumaqondo obushushu kunokuthetha kuphela utshintsho lwe-wardrobe.

Sukuyila inkxalabo

Xa uphakamisa ulwazi malunga notshintsho lwemozulu kubalulekile ukuba ungawi kwimilayezo ye-alarmist. Imiyalezo exela kwangaphambili isiphelo sehlabathi okanye i-apocalypse, kuba iyaphikisana. I-interlocutor inokucinga ukuba ukuba akukho kwanto eshiyekileyo ukuba siyenze ukuyilungisa, kuya kufuneka sonwabe ngelixa okuhle kuhleli.

Utshintsho lwemozulu yinto esele iqhubeka kwaye idlulisa kwaye iphakamisa ulwazi ngayo kubaluleke kakhulu.


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  1.   UTito Erazo sitsho

    Inqaku libaluleke kakhulu kwaye lifike ngexesha, kuba lisitsho kakuhle, amaxesha amaninzi siyalibala ukuba kumaxesha amaninzi sithetha nabantu abangafaniyo, oko kukuthi, abafundileyo, abafundileyo ngokuphakathi kunye nenqanaba eliphantsi lemfundo, kwaye ngenxa yesi sizathu, Kufuneka siziphendule ngolwimi oluqondakalayo, ngakumbi ukuba siziphendulela kumajelo eendaba, kodwa kukwayinyani ukuba amacandelo anomdla kuwo awachazwanga ngendlela eqondakalayo, ebusweni benyani eqhubeka rhoqo, kuba Ndatsho futhi ukuba umhlaba usisidalwa esinamandla (sishukuma ngokusisigxina), ukwenza iimeko zokuphila ezingcono, kodwa ukusukela oko sakuhoya oku, olo tshintsho lwendalo, xa umntu ephule ibhalansi, iba yintlekele, yeyona nto inobungozi abo banemithombo encinci, uninzi lwabo. Yiyo loo nto i-UNESCO icebisa "IMFUNDO ESESIKWENI ESINGOKUSESIKWENI NOKUNGESESEKWENI", oko kukuthi, ngolwimi lobuchwephesha kwabo kuthi banethamsanqa lokuba bafundisiwe, nangolwimi lwabo kwabo bangakhange balifumane elo thuba, kodwa babe namava Ubomi bubanika ubulumko. Ngale ndlela, olu tshintsho olwenzeka ngokwendalo nakwimpilo-ntle yethu alunakubaxwa.