ikhampasi kaRose

Ikhampasi uRose

La Ikhampasi uRose Isimboli esisetyenziswe ukususela kumaxesha amandulo ukumela iingongoma zekhadinali kunye nezalathiso kwikhampasi. Esi simboli senziwe sisangqa ngaphakathi apho kukho inkwenkwezi enecala elisibhozo emele iingongoma ezine zekhadinali (emantla, emazantsi, empuma nasentshona) kunye neendawo eziphakathi (kumntla-mpuma, kumntla-ntshona, kumzantsi-mpuma nakumazantsi-ntshona). Ukusukela kumaxesha amandulo ibibaluleka kakhulu ekuhambeni.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela ukuba yintoni i-wind rose, iimpawu zayo, ukubaluleka kunye nokunye okuninzi.

Iimpawu eziphambili

umoya wavuka uphawu

I-compass rose yayisetyenziswa njengesixhobo sokuhamba ngenqanawa kumaxesha amandulo, ngakumbi kuhambo lwaselwandle. Oomatiloshe babewusebenzisa ukuze baqonde icala oya ngakulo umoya kwakubenza bakwazi ukuceba iindlela baze bagcine ikhondo ababelifuna.

Ukongeza kusetyenziso olusebenzayo, i-wind rose nayo yafumana intsingiselo yokomfuziselo. Yayigqalwa njengomfuziselo wenkuselo nethamsanqa koomatiloshe, njengoko yayibanceda bafumane indlela yokunqumla elwandle baze babuyele ezibukweni ngokukhuselekileyo.

Namhlanje, Irozi yekhampasi isasetyenziswa ekuhambeni kwaye ikwayinto edumileyo yokuhombisa kwiimephu., iikhampasi kunye nezinye izinto ezinxulumene nokuhlola kunye nohambo. Uyilo lwayo olunomtsalane kunye nembali etyebileyo iyenza ibe ngumqondiso owaziwayo kwihlabathi jikelele kunye nomboniso obonakalayo wesalathiso kunye nesikhokelo.

Imbali ethile

Imfuno yokujolisa okuchanekileyo iye yavela ikakhulu kumxholo wokukhangela. Kumhlaba, iimpawu zomhlaba ezifana neentaba okanye imilambo zisebenza njengeziphawuli eziluncedo zokuqhelaniswa. Nangona kunjalo, xa kufikwa kwisibhakabhaka esikhulu solwandle, ezi ziphawuli azikho ubukhulu becala. Oku kwabangela ucelomngeni koomatiloshe ababehamba imigama emide, njengoko kwakufuneka baqonde ukuba imimoya iya ngakulo liphi na icala ukuze bachaze indlela abaya kuhamba ngayo.

Ngamnye kwimimoya ekhoyo yayinegama layo elahlukileyo, kwaye isalathiso seendlela ezahlukeneyo samiselwa ngokusekelwe kwindawo yemvelaphi. Ngokomzekelo, amaGrike ayebhekisela kumoya ovela eMantla njengeAparctias, ngoxa amaHispanics ewuchaza njengeTramontano, yaye amaRoma awuthiya ngokuthi yiSeptentrio.

Umoya womntla-ntshona-ntshona ubizwa ngokuba yiThrascias ngamaGrike namaRoma, kwaye iCerzo yi-Hispanics. Ukumela iindlela ezahlukeneyo zomoya, isimboli esinamanqaku amaninzi sadalwa, nto leyo ifana namagqabi erozi. Olu phawu lubonwa ngokuqhelekileyo njengoko umoya unyuka.

Kwi-1375, umoya wavuka wenziwa esidlangalaleni okokuqala kwimephu yehlabathi eyenziwe ngu-Majorcan Jew Abraham Cresques. Le khampasi yaphakama inamagama emimoya esibhozo ephambili yeMeditera kunye nezalathiso ezingama-32. Kufanele kuphawulwe ukuba uPliny Omdala wayesele eyinike ingxelo yoku kwiNcwadi II yeNatural History yakhe, esusela kunyaka wama-74 AD.

I-Compass yavuka kunye namanqaku ekhadinali

ukuqhelaniswa namanqaku ekhadinali

Izalathiso ezine ezisisiseko kwiplanethi yomhlaba zaziwa njengeengongoma eziphambili. Ukuba sima embindini wethafa elikhulu size sihlolisise izinto ezisingqongileyo, siya kube sijonge kwinqwelo-moya eselundini, umgca owahlula isibhakabhaka emhlabeni. Ngaphandle koko, i-horizon inokujongwa kwiliso lenyama kumbindi wesibhakabhaka solwandle.

Amanqaku aphambili abalulekile kuhambo lokuhamba, njengoko kukho iindlela ezine eziphambili ezinokuthatyathwa: emantla, emazantsi, empuma nasentshona. Isalathiso ngasinye sikhokelela kwindawo yentelekelelo kumda obizwa ngokuba yi-cardinal point.

Indawo ehambelana nepoleni yamagnetic yomhlaba, kwaye ke itsala inaliti yekhampasi, yaziwa ngokuba yiNyakatho. Okuphikisanayo, indawo enxamnye nayo ibizwa ngokuba nguMzantsi. Xa ujonge emantla, incam esekunene ibhalwe impuma, ngoxa incam esekhohlo ibhalwe entshona.

Ukuze sidlulisele ulwalathiso esiya kulo komnye umntu, kufuneka isalathiso kwiingongoma ezine eziyintloko. Le ndawo yereferensi nguMntla wemagnethi woMhlaba, okufuphi neNcam yoMntla. IMagnetic North ivelisa indawo enemagnethi enamandla etsala inaliti enemagnethi.

Uziqhelanisa njani ne-wind rose

iimephu zokuhamba

Inqaku eliphambili lekhadinali nguMntla, osebenza njengesalathiso samanye amanqaku amathathu ekhadinali. Ngokujolisa ngakuyo, sinokuwabona ngokulula amanye alathiso. UMzantsi umi kwelinye icala, ngasemva kwethu, ngelixa iMpuma ikwicala lethu lasekunene kunye neNtshona ngasekhohlo.

Ukuswela ikhampasi oko inokumisela ulwalathiso lwamanqaku ekhadinali, iLanga linokusebenza njengesikhokelo. Oku kungenxa yokuba iLanga liphuma eMpuma lize litshone eNtshona.

Ukuziqhelanisa kumanqaku ekhadinali, isenzo esilula siya kukwanela. Vula iingalo zakho ngendlela yomnqamlezo, wolule isandla sakho sasekunene kwindawo apho ilanga liphuma khona kunye nesandla sakho sasekhohlo ukuya apho litshona khona. Oku kuya kubeka entla phambi kwakho, ezantsi ngasemva kwakho, empumalanga uye ekunene kwakho, nasentshona ngasekhohlo kwakho.

Izalathiso ezingama-32 ezibonakaliswe kukuvuka komoya zimiselwe ukuqala I-4 amanqaku ekhadinali kunye nokuqhubeka nokongeza izikhokelo ezongezelelweyo. Ukuma kwezi zalathiso kunokumiselwa ngokujonga indlela yeenkwenkwezi ezahlukeneyo esibhakabhakeni. Ukwahlula i-circumference yekhampasi yenyuka ibe yi-360 degrees yenza kube lula ukuseta nayiphi na ikhosi.

Yenzelwe ntoni?

I-wind rose sisixhobo esiphumeza imisebenzi emibini engundoqo: ukusinceda siqonde indawo esikuyo emajukujukwini kunye nokumisela indlela, okanye indlela, ehambelana nenqwelo-moya esemhlabeni. Esi sixhobo sikhona kuzo zonke iimephu zekhatografi kwaye Isebenza ekuboniseni ulwalathiso lwekhadinali yaseNyakatho ngokumalunga nokwakheka kwemephu.

I-compass rose isebenza ngeenjongo ezahlukeneyo, ukusuka ekuncedeni ukuhamba ukuya ekuqinisekiseni indawo echanekileyo yesakhiwo emhlabeni. Ekuqaleni, ukuvuka komoya kwakunenjongo ethile: ukunceda ekumiseleni iikhosi zokuhamba ngolwandle kubahambi ngolwandle kulwandle oluvulekileyo. Esi sixhobo sokuhamba saziwa ngokuba yirozi yaselwandle.

Ngokufika kwekhampasi kunye nokudityaniswa kwayo nenkqubo yokunyuka komoya, ukuhambahamba kube lula kwaye kuchaneke ngakumbi. Njengoko ubugcisa buhambela phambili, iradar, iisathelayithi, kunye nezixhobo zeGPS ziye zathabathel’ indawo imfuneko yokunyuka komoya.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nokunyuka komoya kunye nokusebenziseka kwayo.


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