Iintaba zeAppalachian

Ukuwela iAppalachians

Namhlanje siza nesihloko se-geology esinomdla kwaye sinomdla. Makhe sithethe nge Iintaba zeAppalachian. Uluhlu olubaluleke kakhulu olubekwe phakathi kweNyakatho Carolina ne-United States. Igama lesiNgesi ngesiNgesi ziintaba zeAppalachian kwaye luluhlu lweentaba olunexabiso elikhulu lejoloji kunye negeomorphological. Ineenkqubo ezininzi ezineencopho ezingaphezu kweemitha ezili-1000 ngaphezulu komphakamo wolwandle.

Ngaba uyafuna ukwazi zonke ezona zinto zibalulekileyo kunye neemfihlelo malunga neeNtaba zeAppalachian? Kule posi unokufumana yonke into. Kufuneka uqhubeke ufunda 🙂

Iimpawu eziphambili

Iintaba zeAppalachian

Nangona zonke iincopho zalo zimalunga neemitha ezili-1.000 XNUMX ngaphezu komphakamo wolwandle, kukho enye incopho evelele ngaphezu kwazo zonke ezinye. Imalunga neMount Mitchell kwaye ibekwe eMantla Carolina. Ilinganisa i-2037 yeemitha kwaye yeyona ndawo iphakamileyo kuyo yonke iNyakatho Melika.

Imvelaphi yayo yenzeka ekupheleni kwexesha lamaPaleozoic ngexesha lokusekwa kwePangea. I-Pangea ayikho enye into ngaphandle kwe-supercontinent eyenziwe kwiplanethi yoMhlaba kwaye yayikade ibe phantse umhlaba wonke okhoyo ngelo xesha. Oku kwaziwa ngumbulelo ku ithiyori yokukhukulana kwilizwekazi de UAlfred Wegener.

Ekubeni uMntla Melika wawudibaniswa neYurophu kunye noMntla Afrika, intaba eyayineeAppalachi yayiyinxalenye yentaba efanayo nento Kule mihla eSpain yaziwa ngokuba yi-las Villuercas kunye neeAtlas eMorocco.

Njengoko ixesha liqhubela phambili kwaye amazwekazi etshintshile emva kokuqhekeka kwePangea, nayo yaqhekeka yaza ke yabumba noluhlu lwentaba langoku. Kubonakala kungakholeki ukuba kumazwekazi amathathu ahlukeneyo kukho intaba eneempawu ezifanayo, ezakheke xa ilizwekazi elikhulu iPangea limanyanisa umhlaba wonke.

Uqoqosho lweAppalachian

ukukhwela mitchell

Olu luhlu lweentaba luphawu oluphambili lwezixhobo zendalo kwaye, ke, ngezixhobo zoqoqosho kuluntu. Ezi iidipozithi ezinkulu amalahle anthracite kunye namalahle bituminous. Abemi basePennsylvania banoxanduva lokukhupha nokuxhaphaza amalahle. Amasimi abekwe ngasentshona phakathi kweMaryland, iOhio, iKentucky neVirginia. Zonke ezi ndawo zizele ziidipozithi zamalahle.

Kukho indlela yokukhupha amalahle leyo kubeka esichengeni iincopho zeentaba zeAppalachian. Kwaye kukho indlela yokuphelisa encotsheni yentaba kwimigodi yamalahle ebangela ukutshatyalaliswa kweendawo ezinkulu kunye neendawo eziphilayo ezibalulekileyo zommandla weentaba. Into eyenziwa yile ndlela kukususa incopho yale ntaba inomthamo omkhulu wekhabhoni ukunciphisa umngcipheko wokumbiwa mgodini kunye nokuphucula iimeko zabasebenzi.

Ukufunyanwa kwezi dipozithi zamalahle kwenzeka ngo-1859 kwaye ke ishishini langoku laqala ukuthengiswa kwaye lafikelela kwezi ndawo. Iindawo zerhasi yendalo yorhwebo zisandula ukufunyanwa, ke imboni yeoyile ibuyisele amehlo ayo kwiAppalachia.

Inyani yile yokuba kubuhlungu ukuba indawo enexabiso lendalo kunye nelembali kuMhlaba ngale ndlela yonakaliswe sisandla somntu. Kuya kufuneka ucinge ukuba olu hlobo lweentaba lubambe indawo ebaluleke kakhulu kufundo loMhlaba.

Ngaphezulu kweentaba ezingama-500 ezikhuhliweyo zithathwa zibeka amachiza kwaye zixhaphaze amalahle ngokupheleleyo. Le misebenzi ibangela ukuba ubume bendalo bangabinakufunyanwa. Inani elikhulu lodilizo olwenzeke kwezi ndawo likhuphe izixa ezikhulu zezinto ezinetyhefu ezinje nge-ion kunye nesinyithi esinzima esidale umonakalo omkhulu kukwahluka kwezilwanyana emilanjeni nakwiintlambo zeentaba.

I-Geology, i-flora kunye nezilwanyana

Ubungangamsha boAppalachian

Iintaba zeAppalachian zahlulwe zangababini: ama-Appalachians aseMazantsi kunye naseMantla. Kwimeko nganye imeko zemozulu ezahlukileyo kunye neenkqubo zejoloji zikhokelela. Kokuqala, ukuphakama okuphantsi kukho inani elikhulu lemilambo engena kuLwandlekazi lweAtlantic kwaye yenza imisinga emininzi. Imozulu iyaqheleka kunxweme kunye nokufuma. Kukho iintlobo ezintathu zokukhukuliseka komhlaba: umoya, i-glacial kunye nomlambo.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, sinama-Appalachians aseMntla apho nathi Kukho ukukhukuliseka komhlaba okukhoyo, okomkhenkce kunye nomoya, nangona imozulu ifumile kwaye ineentaba.

Imilambo efumaneka kwiintaba zeAppalachian ineempawu ezizodwa. Kwaye kukuba zihamba ngesantya esikhulu kwaye zivelisa iingxangxasi ezintle. Eyona ibalulekileyo Ziyi-Hudson, iDelaware kunye nePotomac. Le milambo ayikho mide kakhulu kodwa inomsinga omkhulu obangela ukwenziwa kweengxangxasi. Kukho ithafa elisembindini apho imilambo emininzi yenza khona igalelo kwaye ikwanazo neentlambo ezinzulu ezibonakala ngathi ziinkonkxa. Sifumana iTennessee neOhio. Ezi zinto zimbini zibalulekileyo zibalulekile kwimilambo eMississippi. Ukongeza, amanzi ayo akumgangatho ophezulu kwaye ayakwazi ukuchumisa yonke imihlaba yengingqi.

Ngokubhekisele kwizityalo sinemithi enjenge fir, beech, birch, cypress, cedar, larch, redwood, white and yellow pine, oki, chestnut, ash, maple, elm, poplar, linden, njl. Kwindawo ekumantla eAppalachian kukho iintlobo ngeentlobo ezikhoyo ezithi zikhule kwiindawo zokufukamela ezinjenge ziimpungutye, i-marten kunye ne-mink. Umntla uneentlobo ezininzi ezifana neelk, i-reindeer, i-elk, ibhere, i-antelope, i-lynx, ingcuka, njl.

Iindawo ezifakiwe

Amahlathi eAppalachian

Nangona iiNtaba zeAppalachian zisisikhumbuzo sendalo, zimi kwiindawo ezifanelekileyo zokutyelela. Eyokuqala yile IMyuziyam yaseAppalachian. Kulemyuziyam ungafunda banzi ngezixhobo, iithoyi, izinto ezenziwe ngodongwe, njl. Yintoni eyayikhona ngelo xesha.

Emva koko sinezinye iindawo ezinje:

  • Ilali yaseShaker. Yindawo enehektare ezingama-3000 zomhlaba kwaye inemyuziyam, iihotele zokuhlala, iindawo zepikiniki kunye neevenkile.
  • Imigodi yeLuay. Olu luhlobo oluhle lwecalcite apho amachibi abekwe ngaphakathi emiqolombeni.

Njengoko ubona, iiNtaba zeAppalachian ziyimimangaliso yendalo ekufanele ukuba uyibone. Wakhe waba okanye ungathanda ukuya?


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Izimvo, shiya eyakho

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   Mike sitsho

    IMount Mitchel AYIYONA eyona ncopho iphakamileyo kuMntla Merika, ezona ncopho zininzi kwilizwekazi zidlula i-5000 yeemitha, ngelixa iMitchel idlula kancinci kwi-2000….

    Xa besithi iphakathi kweNorth Carolina kunye ne-United States, yinto engaqondakaliyo kwaye ingenangqondo kuba iNorth Carolina ingaphakathi e-United States….