ISpain inokuphelelwa ngamathandabuzo omkhenkce ngenxa yokufudumala komhlaba

ILaladeta Glacier

ILaladeta Glacier (iPyrenees)

Njengoko iplanethi ifudumala iintaba zaseSpain ziphelelwa likhephu. Imimandla apho ukuphakama kuphezulu kwaye imisebenzi yabantu iphantsi, ibe lelinye lamangqina aphambili obushushu kwilizwe lethu.

Kwinkulungwane yokugqibela phantse i-90% yolwandiso inyamalale, kwaye oku kubuyela mva komkhenkce kuye kwanda ngokukhawuleza ukusukela ngo-1980. Ukuba imeko iyaqhubeka ngokufanayo, kwiminyaka engama-40 bekungasayi kubakho mkhenkce ushiyekileyo.

Iziphumo zobushushu bomhlaba zivakala nakwiintaba eziphakamileyo zelizwe. Umkhenkce waseLa Maladeta, obekwe kwiiPyrenees, ulahlekelwe yimitha kubukhulu kule nkulungwane iphelileyo. Ngeli xesha, ihambe kwindawo eyi-50 eehektare ukuya kwi-23,3. Ubungakanani beqhwa lomkhenkce liphulukene neenyawo ezisibhozo kwezinye iindawo. Kuphela ngumkhenkce ohleli ngaphezulu kweemitha ezingama-3000 zobude.

Kodwa kutheni? Ngoba Ikhephu liyancipha kumantla eSpain. Ngokophononongo olwenziwe yi Iqela laseCantabria Meteorology (UC), yenza njalo ngama-60% ngaphantsi kwasebusika -iintsuku ezisibhozo- kunye ne-50% ngaphantsi kwentwasahlobo -phantse kwaba zine kunasekuqaleni kwenkulungwane. Ke, ukuba phakathi kweelitha ezintlanu nezigidi ezisibhozo zekhephu zawa kwi-60s nakwi-70s, kwiminyaka elishumi iye yehliswa yaya kwi-2,65.

Iipyrenees

Kwakhona, iqondo lobushushu eliqhelekileyo liphume kwi-5 degrees celcius ukuya ngaphezulu kwe-8. Kubekho ukuncipha kwemvula, ukuya kuthi ga kwiipesenti ezingama-25, ukusuka ekuweni kwe-16 yeebhiliyoni zeelitha ukuya kwi-12, ke ngoko kuye kwakho ukwehla ukuya kuthi ga kuma-50% ekhephu eliqokelelweyo ngokokuvavanya ukuba I-Ebro Hydrographic Confederation (CHE) yenziwa phakathi kuka-1984 no-2014 nge Inkqubo ye-Erhin.

Ngeli nqanaba, ngonyaka wama-2060 akunakubakho mkhenkce eSpeyin.


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
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