Iplanethi yeMercury

IPlanethi yeMercury

Ukubuyela kwi Inkqubo yesola, Sidibana neeplanethi ezisibhozo kunye neesathelayithi zazo kunye neenkwenkwezi zethu iLanga. Namhlanje siza kuthetha ngeplanethi encinci ejikeleze iLanga. IPlanethi yeMercury. Ukongeza, yeyona ikufutshane kuzo zonke. Igama layo livela kumthunywa wezithixo kwaye akucaci ukuba yafunyanwa nini. Yenye yeeplanethi ezintlanu ezinokubonwa kakuhle eMhlabeni. Ngokuchasene ne- iplanethi iJupiter yeyona incinane kunazo zonke.

Ukuba ufuna ukwazi nzulu ngale planethi inomdla, kule post siza kukuxelela yonke into

IPlanethi yeMercury

Mercury

Kumaxesha akudala kwakucingelwa ukuba iplanethi iMercury yayihlala ijongene nelanga. Ngendlela efanayo neNyanga noMhlaba, ixesha layo lokujikeleza lalifana nexesha lokuguqulela. Kuthatha kuphela iintsuku ezingama-88 ukujikeleza ilanga. Nangona kunjalo, ngo-1965 iimpembelelo zathunyelwa kwiradar apho kwakunokwenzeka ukuba kufumaniseke ukuba ixesha lokujikeleza kwayo ziintsuku ezingama-58. Oku kwenza isibini kwisithathu sexesha lakhe lokuguqulela. Le meko ibizwa ngokuba yi-orbital resonance.

Njengoko yiplanethi ene-orbit encinci kakhulu kunaleyo yoMhlaba, iyenza isondele kakhulu eLangeni. Ifumene udidi lweyona planethi incinci yesibhozo kwinkqubo yelanga. Ngaphambili, uPluto wayengoyena mncinci, kodwa emva kokuyijonga njengesixhobo seplanethi, iMercury ithathe indawo yayo.

Ngaphandle kobukhulu bayo obuncinci, Ingabonakala ngaphandle kweteleskopu evela eMhlabeni ngenxa yokusondela kwayo kwiLanga. Kunzima ukuyichaza ngokuqaqamba kwayo, kodwa inokubonakala kakuhle ngorhatya ukutshona kwelanga entshona kwaye ibonakala ngokulula esiphelweni.

Iimpawu eziphambili

Ukusondela kwelanga

Yeqela leeplanethi zangaphakathi. Yenziwe ngezinto eziguqukayo kunye namatye, ngokudityaniswa kwangaphakathi okungafaniyo. Ubungakanani beekhompawundi zonke ziyafana. Inempawu ezifanelekileyo ngakumbi njengeplanethi yeVenus. Kwaye yiplanethi engenaso isathelayithi yendalo ejikeleza kwindlela yayo.

Umphezulu wayo uphela wenziwe lilitye eliqinileyo. Ke, kunye noMhlaba uyinxalenye yeeplanethi ezine ezinamatye kwisixokelelwano selanga. Ngokwenzululwazi, le planethi ibihleli ingenamsebenzi kwizigidi zeminyaka. Umphezulu wayo uyafana noweNyanga. Inezinto ezininzi ezenziwa yimingxunya eyenzeka ngenxa yokungqubana kweemeteorite kunye neekometshi.

Kwelinye icala, ineendawo ezigudileyo kunye nemigca ezinesakhiwo esifana nesamawa. Bayakwazi ukolula amakhulu kunye nekhulu leekhilomitha kunye nokufikelela kubude beemayile. Isiseko sale planethi Isinyithi kwaye ineradiyo emalunga neekhilomitha ezingama-2.000 XNUMX. Olunye uphononongo luqinisekisa ukuba iziko lalo lenziwe ngentsimbi efana naleyo iplanethi yethu.

Tamaño

Imercury kwinkqubo yelanga

Ngokubukhulu beMercury, inkulu kancinci kuneNyanga. Inguqulelo yayo ikhawuleza kakhulu kwinkqubo yonke yelanga ngenxa yokusondela kwayo kwiLanga.

Phezulu kwayo kukho ezinye iifomati ezinemiphetho ebonakala kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zolondolozo. Eminye imingxuma mincinci kwaye imiphetho emijikojane ichazwa ngakumbi ziimpembelelo zeemeteorites. Inezitya ezinkulu ezinamakhonkco aliqela kunye nenani elikhulu lemilambo yedaka.

Phakathi kwazo zonke iikhratshi kukho enye ebonakalayo ngaphandle kwayo ubukhulu obubizwa ngokuba yiCarlori Basins. Ububanzi bayo ziikhilomitha ezili-1.300. Umngxunya wobukhulu obu bekufanele ukuba ubangele iiprojekhthi ukuya kwiikhilomitha ezili-100. Ngenxa yeempembelelo ezomeleleyo nezingagungqiyo zeemeteorites kunye neekometshi, amakhonkco eentaba aphakame kangangeekhilomitha ezintathu sele enziwe. Ukuba yiplanethi encinci kangako, ukungqubana kweemeteorites kubangele amaza enyikima ahamba aye kwelinye icala lomhlaba, enza indawo edideke ngokupheleleyo yomhlaba. Nje ukuba oku kwenzekile, ifuthe lenze imilambo ye lava.

Inamawa amakhulu aveliswa kukupholisa nangokuncipha ngobungakanani beekhilomitha ezininzi. Ngesi sizathu, iqweqwe elishwabeneyo lenziwa ngamawa eekhilomitha ezininzi ukuphakama nokude. Inxalenye elungileyo yomphezulu wale planethi igqunywe ngamathafa. Oku kubizwa ngokuba zizazinzulu indawo ye-intercrater. Kufuneka zenziwe xa iindawo zamandulo zazingcwatywa yimilambo yedaka.

temperatura

Ngokubhekisele kubushushu, kucingelwa ukuba ukusondela eLangeni yeyona nto ifudumeleyo. Nangona kunjalo, oku akunjalo. Ubushushu bayo bunokufikelela kuma-400 degrees kwezona ndawo zishushu. Ngokujikeleza kancinci kakhulu, kubangela ukuba imimandla emininzi yeplanethi icinywe yimitha yelanga.Kwezi ndawo zibandayo, amaqondo obushushu angaphantsi kwe -100 degrees.

Amaqondo abo obushushu ahluka kakhulu, banokuhamba phakathi kwe -183 degrees celsius ebusuku kunye nama-467 degrees celcius ngosuku, Oku kwenza iMercury yenye yeeplanethi ezishushu kakhulu kwiNkqubo yeSola.

Iminqweno yeplanethi yeMercury

Iikreyiti zemercury

  • Imercury ithathwa njengeplanethi eneyona mingxunya kwiNkqubo yeSola. Oku kubangelwe kukudibana okungabalekiyo kunye nokudibana neekometshi ezingenakubalwa kunye neeasteroids kwaye oko kube nefuthe kumphezulu wayo. Uninzi lweziganeko zejoloji zithiywe ngamagcisa adumileyo kunye nababhali abaziwayo.
  • Eyona crater inkulu iMercury ibizwa ngokuba yiCaloris Planitia, le crater ingalinganisa malunga ne-1.400 yeekhilomitha ububanzi.
  • Ezinye iindawo kumphezulu weMercury zinokubonwa ngenkangeleko eshwabeneyo, oku kungenxa yokuncipha okwenziwe yiplanethi xa ipholile. Iziphumo zokuncipha kweplanethi njengeyona nto ipholileyo.
  • Ukuze ukwazi ukugcina iMercury eMhlabeni, kufuneka kube ngongcwalazi, oko kukuthi, ngaphambi kokuphuma kwelanga okanye kwangoko emva kokutshona kwelanga.
  • KwiMercury ungabona ukuphuma kwelanga okubini: Umbonisi kwiindawo ezithile wayenokuyibona le nto intle kangaka apho iLanga livela phezulu, lize lime, libuye kwakhona apho lishiye khona, liphinde liphume esibhakabhakeni liqhubeke nohambo lwalo.

Ngolu lwazi ungafunda okuninzi ngale planethi imnandi.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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