I-axolotl yaseMexico eSpain

I-axolotl yaseMexico eSpain

I-axolotl yaseMexico luhlobo oluthile oluhlala luhlala emanzini emilambo yaseMexico. Nangona kunjalo, kufunyenwe a I-axolotl yaseMexico eSpain ngenxa yokuthengwa kunye nokuthengiswa kwesi silwanyana ukuze usigcine njengesilwanyana ekhaya. Le meko ithetha ukuba esi silwanyana sisiba luhlobo oluhlaselayo olunokuthi lususe iintlobo zomthonyama zaseSpain.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela ukuba zeziphi iingozi ze-axolotl yaseMexico eSpain.

Iimpawu eziphambili

Ngaba i-axolotl yaseMexico isemthethweni eSpain?

I-axolotl yaseMexico, igama layo lezenzululwazi yi-Ambystoma mexicanum, luhlobo lwe-salamander ehlala eMexico ebalaseleyo ngeempawu zayo ezizodwa kunye nokubaluleka kwayo kwibhayoloji.

Sisilwanyana sasemanzini ekhangeleka intulo kunye gill zangaphandle, nto leyo eyahlula ukusuka salamanders ezininzi, eziphuhlisa imiphunga ngexesha lomjikelo wabo wobomi. Umzimba wayo mde kwaye uhlala ulinganisa phakathi kwe-15 kunye ne-45 yeesentimitha ubude., nangona abanye abantu banokufikelela kubukhulu obukhulu.

Enye yezona zinto zibalaseleyo ze-axolotl yaseMexico yi-gill yayo yangaphandle, evumela ukuba ifumane i-oksijini emanzini endaweni yokuxhomekeka kwimiphunga. Ezi gill zinde kwaye zinentsiba, nto leyo eyenza kube lula ukubanjwa kweoksijini enyibilikisiweyo emanzini.

Umbala we-axolotl uyahluka ngokubanzi, kodwa ngokubanzi iithoni ezimnyama, ezinjengomdaka, oluhlaza okanye ongwevu. Idla ngokuba namabala okanye iipateni esikhumbeni. I-axolotl ixhaphake kumachibi anamanzi acocekileyo kunye nemijelo kwiNtlambo yaseMexico., ikakhulu kwinkqubo yechibi laseXochimilco. Iyaziwa ngokukwazi ukuphila kumanzi ashushu, nangekho nzulu, nto leyo eyenza ibe ngummi oqhelekileyo wamanzi anezityalo ezininzi.

i axolotl Idume ngamandla ayo okuhlaziya kwakhona. Iyakwazi ukuvuselela amalungu, izicubu zentliziyo, umnqonqo kunye namalungu obuchopho. Oku kuyenza ibe sisifundo esixabisekileyo sokuhlaziywa kwezicubu kuphando lwezonyango kunye nesayensi.

Ukutya kwabo kuqulathe ikakhulu izilwanyana ezincinci zasemanzini ezingenamqolo, ezifana nezinambuzane, iicrustaceans kunye neentshulube. Zizizilwanyana ezizingelayo kwaye zisebenzisa iingqondo zazo ezikhule kakuhle ukubona amaxhoba.

Esi silwanyana sijongene nezoyikiso ezimandla ngenxa yokulahleka kwendawo yaso yokuhlala yendalo, ungcoliseko lwamanzi kunye nokungeniswa kweentlobo zezilwanyana ezihlaselayo. Ihlelwa njengeentlobo ezisengozini yokuphela ngokweManyano yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoLondolozo lweNdalo (IUCN).

I-axolotl yaseMexico eSpain

ISpain kunye ne-axolotl

I-axolotl yaseMexico ayiyongozi nje yokuphela; Ikwanalo nophawu olukhethekileyo lokugcina iimpawu zayo zobutsha ukuya ebuntwini obukhulu. Olu hlobo, lwenzeka eXochimilco, kufutshane neSixeko saseMexico, lufunyenwe eSpain, lubangela inkxalabo. Ii-albino axolotls zixhaphake kakhulu, ngakumbi ekuthinjweni, kodwa zinokufunyanwa zimnyama okanye zimdaka ngeepateni ezinamabala. Ezi zidalwa zithandwa kangangokuba zinemini yazo yesizwe ngoFebruwari 1.

Imbonakalo yobuso bayo ithandeka kakhulu, ifana neyesidalwa esidala. Nangona kunjalo, oku kufana kuye kwenza esi sidalwa sigqalwa njengesidlo esixabisekileyo eMexico, nto leyo ebangele ukuhla okuphawulekayo kwabantu. Ngenxa yoko, inkqubo yolondolozo ebizwa ngokuba siSicwangciso sokuSebenza seSizwe soLawulo noLondolozo lwe-Axolotl eXochimilco yasekwa ngaphakathi kwe-Xochimilco Ecological Park. Eli nyathelo belikhokelwa yi-Darwin Initiative Project e-United Kingdom kwaye kulindeleke ukuba lisebenze ngempumelelo ekulondolozeni iintlobo.

Ifunyenwe phi eSpain?

isilwanyana esihlala sikhona

Ukufumana uhlobo olusengozini yokuphela kummandla wethu kufanele kuvuse ulonwabo kunye nesiqabu. Yafunyanwa kwinyanga edluleyo eMarçà, esePriorat (Catalonia). Nangona kukho amangqina amaninzi athi abone uhlobo ngaphambili kule ndawo.

Emva kokubamba ngempumelelo isilwanyana sokuqala, umntwana oneminyaka eyi-7 waziva enyanzelekile ukuba abuyele emlanjeni ukuze abone ukuba unokufumana okungakumbi, kwaye ngokumangalisayo, wenza. Ii-Agents zasemaphandleni ezivela kwiSebe le-Interior zaziphethe ukuhanjiswa kwezilwanyana zombini kwiziko elikhethekileyo, apho Baye baqhuba iimviwo zokuqala.

Kuyabonakala ukuba ubukho besi sidalwa esithile kwimilambo yaseCatalonia bubangelwa kuphela kukungenelela kwabantu. Umbuzo usamile: inokwenzeka njani le nto? Impendulo ilula, kuba ungasifumana esi sidalwa ngee-euro ezingama-30 kuphela.

Imiphumo emibi ye-axolotl yaseMexico eSpain

Indlela ekhulayo yokuthenga izilwanyana ezingaqhelekanga kwi-intanethi njengezilwanyana zasekhaya kukhokelele kubukho be-axolotl kwindawo yokuhlala yendalo yaseCatalonia. Nangona kunjalo, kubalulekile ukukhumbula ukuba ukulahla ezi zilwanyana kwindawo yazo yendalo Akukho mthethweni nje kuphela kodwa ikwabonisa isoyikiso esibalulekileyo.

Nangona ukuthandeka kolu didi kunokuxhokonxa inkuthazo yokuyigona, ukukwazi kwayo ukuvelisa kwakhona eSpain kubonisa isoyikiso esibalulekileyo kwizinto eziphilayo. Izilwanyana zemilambo eziwela iPeninsula yase-Iberia zijongene nomonakalo owandayo ovela kwizinto ezihlaselayo, ezibangela umonakalo omkhulu kubemi bomthonyama, kuquka nokufa. Ezi ntlobo azisakhuphisani nje indawo, kodwa zisasaza izifo kwaye zikhuphisana ngemithombo efanayo yokutya.

Ngaba kusemthethweni ukuthenga i-axolotl yaseMexico eSpain?

ESpain, Ukuthengwa kunye nokuthengiswa kwee-axolotl kulawulwa nguMthetho we-4/1989, ngokuKhuselwa kwezilwanyana ze-Vertebrate.. Umthetho umisela ukuba ukuthengwa nokuthengiswa kwee-axolotl kusemthethweni ukuba nje izilwanyana zigcinwe kwindawo efanelekileyo kwaye zihlangabezana neemfuno eziyimfuneko zokuqinisekisa impilo yazo. Ii-axolotl kufuneka zibe sempilweni xa zithengiwe kwaye kufuneka zifumane ukhathalelo olufanelekileyo. Ukongezelela, ukuthengwa kwee-axolotl kuxhomekeke kulawulo lwamagunya afanelekileyo. Ukuthenga nokuthengisa i-axolotl yinto eqhelekileyo eSpeyin kwaye abaninzi bacinga ukuba i-axolotls ibe ngumthombo wokutya ozinzileyo kunye nonempilo.

Ukuthengwa kunye nokuthengiswa kwee-axolotl kusemthethweni eSpain, ukuba nje iimfuno ezimiselwe ngumthetho zifezekisiwe. Ezi zilwanyana zithathwa njengomthombo wokutya okunempilo nozinzileyo kubantu abaninzi.

  • Ukususela ngo-2020, i-axolotls ikhuselwe yimimiselo yaseSpain kwaye ngoko ayikwazi ukuthengwa okanye ithengiswe.
  • I-Axolotls zizilwanyana ezisengozini, ngoko Kuyacetyiswa ukuba ungazithengi kodwa uzise kwiziko lokubuyisela ukuze uzibuyisele kwindawo yazo.
  • I-Salamanders zii-amphibians ezimaxabiso azo ahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwiminyaka kunye nobukhulu, kodwa azithengiswa njengezilwanyana zasekhaya eSpain.
  • Kukho ezinye iinkampani ezijongene nokuthengisa ii-axolotl, kodwa ezi nkampani zithengisa kuphela ngeenjongo zesayensi kwaye azikwazi ukuzisebenzisa kwiinjongo zorhwebo.
  • Salamanders zizilwanyana ezisesichengeni kakhulu kunye nemithetho yolondolozo lwezilwanyana zasendle kufuneka ziqwalaselwe ukuthintela ukuphela ezi ntlobo.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga ne-axolotl yaseMexico eSpain kunye nemiphumo yayo.


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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