IHYPERCAN: Yeyona nkanyamba inamandla ikhoyo!

inkanyamba evela emajukujukwini

I-Hypercan, lelo ligama izazinzulu elizibize ngokuba yeyiphi eyona nkanyamba inokubakho eMhlabeni, Ukucola udidi lwesi-5 olubonisa ubukhulu bokuhlelwa kwenkanyamba ngokwesikali sikaSaffir-Simpson. Ayikaze yenzeke, kodwa ubukho bayo abunakukhutshelwa ngaphandle, nangona oku, kufanele ukuba siphambi kweemeko ezichanekileyo. Ithiyori ibonisa ukuba ukuba iimeko ezinjalo bezikhona, iHypercan inokuveliswa, kwaye hayi, asizilungelanga.

IHypercan sisiqwengana seMega Imimoya engama-800km / h, isantya esisondele kakhulu kwisantya sesandi ye-1235km / h. Ukufumana uluvo, singanemimoya ebobhu efanayo ekhutshwa yibhombu yeatom, kufutshane nendawo yayo yokuqhushumba. Le mimoya iya kuqhubeka itshabalalisa yonke into esemendweni wabo, ngenqanaba lobushushu obungazange babonwa ngaphambili. Ingakhangeleka ngathi ikude kakhulu ukuba ungacinga ngayo. Ewe kunjalo, kodwa kukho iimeko ezininzi ezinokwenzeka ezinokubakho.

Iimeko zeHypercan ukuba zenzeke

inkanyamba esixekweni

Le nkanyamba iphezulu inokuzalwa ngokudityaniswa kobushushu bomhlaba kwiilwandle ezingama-48ºC. Kuya kufuneka kushushu kakhulu kwiplanethi yethu ukuze iilwandle kunye neelwandle zibhalise la maqondo obushushu. Kodwa kuphela kuqhuma intaba-mlilo enkulu phantsi kolwandle, Okubangela ukuba amanzi ashushu, iya kuba sesinye sezizathu ezinokubangela ukuba amaqondo obushushu afanelekileyo ekubunjweni kwawo.

Olunye ukhetho luya kuba ukufudumala ngokuwa kwemeteorite enkulu emanzini, leyo yenye into enokubangela ukuba amaqondo obushushu anyuke. Nangona oko kunokwenzeka kude kakhulu. Oko kurekhodwayo yivolvano ephezulu eqhume emanzini aphantsi kwamanzi malunga neminyaka engama-250 yezigidi eyadlulayo. Uninzi lwezinto ezazikho ngelo xesha zatshatyalaliswa.

Ukufudumala ngokuthe ngcembe nokuqhubekayo kwamanzi ngenxa yokutshintsha kwemozulu. Nangona amaqondo obushushu aphezulu abhalisiweyo angama-35ºC emanzini ayi-13ºC ukusuka kuma-48ºC anokufuneka, ukufudumala okuqhubekayo kwawo kunokuba ngomnye umphumo. Amanzi ashushu ngakumbi, ubuninzi beenkanyamba nobundlobongela obuninzi.

Imingcipheko enokubakho ye-Hypercan

iliso lenkanyamba

Ayizukuza kwicala elinye kuphela, iHypercan yinto enokuba neziphumo ezizodwa kubungakanani bayo. Ngaphandle kokucacileyo, inokuguqula iimeko ezininzi zemozulu. Oku kulandelayo ngokungathandabuzekiyo kuya kuba yeyona nto ibalulekileyo.

Imimoya

Njengoko besesitshilo, enye yazo yimimoya yempepho eya kubakho. Umoya omde we-800km / h uya kuba kwinqanaba le-Fujita-Pearson, kwinqanaba le-F9. Ngokwenqanaba layo, ngoku kukho la manqanaba:

  • Inqanaba F0 (umoya we-60/117 km / h): Ubumnene. Amasebe emithi ayaphuka, inkunkuma ephaphazelayo.
  • F1 (117/181 km / h): Iphakathi Bangazophula iithayile, baqhekeze i-awni, bahambise iimoto, babhukuqe iitreyila, bazike iinqanawa, baphule imithi.
  • F2 (181/250 km / h): Inokwenzeka. Uphahla lwezinye izindlu luphakanyisiwe, iitreyila, iibhasi, kunye nezinye izakhiwo ezibuthathaka zinokudilizwa. Kolu hlobo lomoya, iimoto zikaloliwe zinokuhamba ngendlela.
  • F3 (251/320 km / h): Ingcwaba. Imithi incothulwe neengcambu, iindonga nophahla lwezakhiwo ezomeleleyo nazo zingancothulwa.
  • F4 (321/420 km / h): Ukutshabalalisa. Oololiwe, iilori ngaphezulu kweetoni ezingama-40, zinokujulwa emoyeni.
  • F5 (421/510 km / h): Yonakalisa kakhulu. Ngomoya ofana namandla atshabalalisa ngawo ibhombu yeatom. Zonke izakhiwo zikrazukile emhlabeni zaza zaqhushumba.
  • F6 (511/612 km / h): Umonakalo phantse ungakholeleki. Inkanyamba yabhalwa e-Oklahoma ngo-1999 ngexesha lesiphango esine-512km / h ebhaliweyo.

Akufuneki kutsho, I-F9 ishiya indawo ephanzileyo, esingenakuyichaza okanye siyazi.

Ubungakanani kunye nenkqubo yomoya

Imitha yelanga

Nangona ibinokuba nendawo encinci yesaqhwithi sama-25km ^ 2, imisinga yayo yomoya ingafikelela phezulu kakhulu kwi-atmosfera kunezaqhwithi eziqhelekileyo. Inkqubo yomoya iya kuba bubungakanani be-United States. Iliso lenkanyamba lalingalinganisa i-300km ububanzi.

Amanzi ashushu apho i-Hypercan yaqala khona, ithathela ingqalelo loo nto Utshintsho lwamaqondo obushushu emanzini yinkqubo ecothayo kwaye nangakumbi kulwandiso olukhulu, banokubangela ii-hypercanes ezingaphezulu.

Ukongeza, amafu e-hypercan anokufikelela kwi-30km ukuphakama. Oku kungadala ukuphazamiseka kweleya ye-ozone, kuba iimolekyuli zamanzi ziya kudibana nayo kwaye zidale impendulo apho zinokubola ziye kwiimolekyuli ze-O2, zidale ukuhluza okuncinci kokukhanya kwe-ultraviolet.


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