I-AI ebhaqa ii-asteroids eziyingozi

Lowo ubhaqa ii-asteroids eziyingozi

Isihloko sobukrelekrele bokufakelwa (i-AI) siye saba yinto ephambili yempikiswano kuluntu lwanamhlanje, kunye neengxoxo ezininzi kunye neengxoxo ezijikelezayo. Uninzi lwabantu abasebenzisa i-AI bayavuma ukuba izicelo zayo ezininzi kufuneka zilawulwe. Nangona kunjalo, akunakuphikwa ukuba iminikelo yabo ibaluleke ngakumbi. Ukuya kwinqanaba lokuba kukho a I-AI ebhaqa ii-asteroids eziyingozi.

Kweli nqaku siza kuchaza yonke into ofuna ukuyazi malunga ne-AI efumanisa ii-asteroids eziyingozi.

yintoni iasteroid

asteroids kunye nomhlaba

Ngethamsanqa, ubukrelekrele bokwenziwa abuzange bufake naziphi na iingxaki kwiindlela zethu zemihla ngemihla. Enyanisweni, izazinzulu ziye zayisebenzisa ukukhusela ubomi eMhlabeni. Kutsha nje, I-algorithm ikwazile ukuchonga okokuqala i-asteroid ethathwa njengeyingozi kwiplanethi yethu.

I-asteroid luhlobo lwento yasezulwini efumaneka emajukujukwini, ikholisa ukujikeleza iLanga.Ezi zinto zincinci kuneeplanethi, kodwa zikhulu kune meteoroids, ezingamaqhekeza amancinci. Ii-asteroids zenziwa ikakhulu ngamatye kunye nesinyithi, kwaye zihluka ngobukhulu ukusuka kwiimitha ezimbalwa ukuya kwiikhilomitha ezingamakhulu aliqela ububanzi.

Zifumaneka ikakhulu kwibhanti ye-asteroid, leyo Ngummandla wesijikelezi-langa esiphakathi kwemijikelo yeMars neJupiter. Nangona kunjalo, ii-asteroids zikwanokufumaneka kwezinye iindawo zesixokelelwano selanga, kubandakanywa neendlela ezikufutshane ne-Earth. Ezi asteroids ezikufuphi-Earth zinomdla ngakumbi kwizazinzulu kunye nezazi ngeenkwenkwezi njengoko zimele umngcipheko wokungqubana nesijikelezi-langa sethu kwixesha elizayo.

Uninzi lwe-asteroids luyintsalela yokusekwa kwangaphambili kwenkqubo yelanga, kunye Uphononongo lwabo lunokunika inkcazelo ebalulekileyo malunga nendlela iiplanethi nezinye izinto ezisesibhakabhakeni ezakheka ngayo.. Ukongeza, ezinye zineeminerali ezixabisekileyo kunye neentsimbi, ezikhokelele ekuphononongweni kwamathuba okusebenzisa ii-asteroids kwixesha elizayo ukufumana izixhobo zoluntu.

I-AI ebhaqa ii-asteroids eziyingozi

I-AI kunye ne-asteroids

Xa uthetha ngee-asteroids ezisondele kakhulu kuMhlaba, kubalulekile ukuba uqaphele ukuba abo banomgama omncinci we-orbital intersection ye-0,05 AU okanye ngaphantsi, kunye nobukhulu obupheleleyo be-22 okanye ngaphezulu, bahlelwa njenge-asteroids enokuba yingozi (PHA).

Okwangoku, zonke ii-PHAs ezaziwayo, kunye nezinye izinto ezinobungozi, zibekwe esweni yi-American Sentry surveillance system. I-DiRAC Institute kwiYunivesithi yaseWashington, kunye nomphuhlisi okhokelayo u-Ari Heinze, wayila i-algorithm ye-HelioLinc3D.

Le nkqubo yenziwa ngokukodwa ukuba isebenze ngokubambisana neVera C. Rubin Observatory, okwangoku isakhiwa enyakatho yeChile. Ibonakalise ukuba iyakwazi ukubona ii-asteroids ngokuqaphela okumbalwa kunezinye iindlela zokubona amatye asesithubeni. Ezi ziindaba ezimnandi, kuba I-AI sele ifumene i-asteroid enokuba yingozi, ebizwa ngokuba yi-2022 SF289, ebixelwe kwiiPlanethi eziNcinci ze-Electronic Circular MPEC 2023-O26 ye-International Astronomical Union.

I-asteroid esandul' ukufunyanwa enokuba yiHazardous (PHA) inomlinganiselo oqikelelweyo omalunga neemitha ezili-180 kwaye kulindeleke ukuba idlule kwiikhilomitha ezingama-225.000 zoMhlaba. Oku kufunyaniswe kubalulekile kuba kuvula indlela yokusetyenziswa kobukrelekrele bokwenziwa (AI) ekuchongeni ii-asteroids eziyingozi. Enyanisweni, inokuba yinto yokuguquka kwesi sifundo. Inkqubo ye-AI yayiphethe ukufumanisa i-asteroid, ebizwa ngokuba yi-2022 SF289 kwaye ihlelwe njenge-PHA. Noko ke, oku akuthethi ukuba kubangela isisongelo esikhawulezileyo kwisijikelezi-langa sethu. Izazinzulu zithi iasteroid akulindelekanga ukuba ingqubane noMhlaba nanini na kungekudala.

Ukufunyanwa

I-AI ebhaqa ii-asteroids eziyingozi

Nangona kunjalo, ukufunyaniswa kuyaphawuleka kuba kubonisa ukuba i-algorithm inokubona kufuphi ne-Earth asteroids ngokuqwalasela okumbalwa kunye okumbalwa kuneendlela zemveli ezifunekayo ngoku. Ukusetyenziswa kobukrelekrele bokwenziwa (AI) ivumele ulwazi ngeenkwenkwezi ukuba lufunyanwe ngedatha encinci, nto leyo eluncedo kuba inciphisa ixesha elifunekayo ukuze kufunyanwe izinto ezibalulekileyo.

Obu buchule bunokubaluleka ngakumbi ukuba kufunyaniswe iasteroid ejolise ngqo kuMhlaba kwaye inobukhulu obubalulekileyo. Kwimeko enjalo yokucingela, izazinzulu zinokusebenzisa ngokukhawuleza indlela yokukhusela iplanethi, njengenkqubo ye-DART asteroid deflection. "Oku kukungcamla nje oko i-Rubin Observatory iya kunikela ngayo ngaphantsi kweminyaka emibini, kunye ne-HelioLinc3D ifumana into entsha rhoqo ebusuku," utshilo usosayensi uMario Jurić, oyinxalenye yeqela le-HelioLinc3D.

Eli qela lezazinzulu liqikelela ukuba i-astronomy elandelayo yolwazi ngeenkwenkwezi iya kubumba ikamva lophononongo. Ukusuka kwi-HelioLinc3D ukuya kwii-algorithms ezincediswa yi-AI, "iminyaka elishumi ezayo yokufunyanwa iya kubonisa inkqubela phambili kwi-algorithms nakuphuhliso lweeteleskopu ezintsha nezinkulu"utshilo uMario Juric.

Kutheni kubalulekile ukubafanisa?

Makhe sibone ukuba zeziphi izizathu zokuba kubalulekile ukuchonga ii-asteroids ukwazi ukuba ziyingozi okanye hayi:

  • Umngcipheko wempembelelo: Ezinye ii-asteroids zinezijikelezo ezizisondeza ngokuyingozi eMhlabeni. Ukuchonga ezi asteroids nokubala iitrajectories zazo kubalulekile ekuvavanyeni nasekuthinteleni iimpembelelo ezinokubakho zentlekele. Nangona amathuba okuba i-asteroid ingqubane noMhlaba nangaliphi na ixesha iphantsi, iziphumo zempembelelo zinokuba yingozi.
  • Imvelaphi yesixokelelwano selanga: Ii-asteroids ziifosili eziphilayo ezivela kwisixokelelwano selanga sakuqala. Ngokufunda ukubunjwa kwazo kunye neempawu zazo, izazinzulu zinokufumana ulwazi oluxabisekileyo malunga nendlela iiplanethi kunye nezinye izidalwa ezisesibhakabhakeni ezakheka ngayo. Oku kukhanyisa imbali kunye nendalo yethu yesixokelelwano sezijikelezi-langa.
  • Izixhobo zesithuba: Ezinye ii<em>asteroids zinezinto ezixabisekileyo, njengesinyithi esixabisekileyo, iiminerali, namanzi. Uphononongo kunye nokumbiwa kwe-asteroids okunokwenzeka kunokubonelela ngezixhobo eziyimfuneko kwimishini yexesha elizayo kunye nokwandiswa kwemisebenzi yabantu esithubeni.
  • Inkqubela phambili yezenzululwazi: Uphononongo lweeasteroids lukwasinika ithuba elikhethekileyo lokwandisa ulwazi lwethu malunga nokwakheka kunye nokuvela kwezinto ezisesibhakabhakeni.
  • Ukuphononongwa kwendawo: Ukuchongwa kunye nokubonakaliswa kwee-asteroids ezikufutshane-Earth zikwabalulekile kucwangciso kunye nokwenziwa kothumo lwasemkhathini oluqhutywa ngumntu nolungaqhutywayo.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga ne-AI efumanisa ii-asteroids eziyingozi.


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