Lehoatata la Sonoran

Lehoatata la Sonora

El Lehoatata la Sonoran ke karolo ea sebaka se seholo sa tikoloho e omeletseng Amerika Leboea se tlohang boroa-bochabela ho setereke sa Washington ho ea seterekeng sa Hidalgo se lihlabeng tse bohareng tsa Mexico, le ho tloha bohareng ba Texas ho ea lebopong la leoatle. Baja California Peninsula.

Sehloohong sena re tla u bolella ntho e 'ngoe le e' ngoe eo u hlokang ho e tseba ka lehoatata la Sonoran, hore na litšoaneleho le bohlokoa ba lona ke life.

Litšobotsi tse ka sehloohong

cacti e kholo

Sebaka sena se omeletseng sa lisekoere-kilomitara tse ka bang milione se arotsoe ka mahoatata a mane a maholo:

  • Motse o Moholo.
  • Lehoatata la Mojave.
  • Lehoatata la Sonoran.
  • Lehoatata la Chihuahuan.

Lehoatata le leholo la Chihuahuan le na le letoto la libaka tse tlaase tse potolohileng Kou ea California kapa Leoatle la Cortez. Le hoja e le mokhatlo o le mong United States, ha e kena Mexico e kenella ka makhetlo a mabeli sebakeng se omeletseng sa k'honthinente, se tsejoang ka hore ke Lehoatata la Sonoran, le lehoatata le lebōpong la leoatle le nang le hloahloa ea Baja California. E tsejoa e le Lehoatata la Baja California.

Lehoatata lena le rarahaneng la Sonora-Baja California, joalo ka ha re le hlalosa mona, e kenyeletsa 101,291 square kilometers tsa lehoatata la Baja California le 223,009 square kilometers tsa lehoatata la 'nete la Sonoran. Ka kakaretso, karolo ea 29 lekholong (lik'hilomithara tse 93,665) ea sebaka sena sa lehoatata e United States, 'me karolo ea 71 lekholong e setseng (230,635 square kilometers) e Mexico. Re hakanya hore ho fihla ho 80% ea sebaka sa lefeella se ntse se le teng

Ha ho bapisoa le sebaka se potolohileng, lithaba tse Lehoatateng la Sonoran ha li phahame, ka karolelano, hoo e ka bang limithara tse 305. Lithaba tse tummeng ka ho fetisisa ke lithaba tsa Chocolate le Chaquewara tse California, lithaba tsa Cofa le Haquajara tse Arizona, le lithaba tsa Pinacote tse Mexico.

Tlelaemete ea Lehoatata la Sonoran

Libaka tsa lehoatata tsa Sonoran

Sebaka sena ke se seng sa libaka tse omeletseng le tse chesang ka ho fetisisa Amerika Leboea. ka mocheso oa lehlabula o fetang 38°C. Mariha a bobebe, mocheso oa Pherekhong o pakeng tsa 10ºC le 16ºC. Mahoatata a mangata a fumana pula e ka tlase ho 250 mm ka selemo. Ka lebaka lena, hoo e batlang e le metsi ohle a sebelisoang a tsoa mobung o ka tlaase kapa linōkeng tse fapa-fapaneng, tse kang Colorado, Gila, Letsoai, Yaqui, Fuerte le Sinaloa, tse tšelang lehoatata ho tloha lithabeng le libakeng tse potolohileng.

Temo e nosetsoang ke karolo ea bohlokoa ea moruo oa sebaka seo, 'me tafole ea metsi e theohile haholo ho tloha lilemong tsa bo-1960. Central Arizona Project ke mokhoa o moholo oa ho iketsetsa metsi o fanang ka limilione tsa lilithara tsa metsi letsatsi le leng le le leng. ho tloha Nokeng ea Colorado ho ea lehoatateng le ka bochabela, haholo-holo libaka tsa Phoenix le Tucson.

Flora

Sebakeng sena se seholo, limela li feta likarolong tse peli, nako e nonneng le nako ea komello, e leng eona e thata ka ho fetisisa ho liphoofolo tse lulang ho eona. Joaloka mahoatata 'ohle a maholo a Amerika Leboea, Lehoatata la Sonoran le khetholloa ke cacti e kholo, mofuta oa cacti o hlahang hangata lifiliming tsa cowboy. Li-cacti tsena tse khahlisang li fapana ka boholo ho tloha ka boholo ba monoana o motona ho isa ho 15 m, ha li na mahlaku, li na le meutloa e ka itšireletsang ho liphoofolo tse nyoriloeng, li na le kutu e monate e monate, metso ea tsona e etselitsoe ho tšoara metsi a mangata kamoo ho ka khonehang. E ka fihla ho lithane tse 10, 'me karolo ea bone ho tse hlano kapa ho feta ke metsi. Li ka boela tsa phela lilemo tse 200 'me tsa hola butle, li hola mithara lilemo tse ling le tse ling tse 20 ho isa ho tse 50.

Le hoja lehoatata e le lefatše le ka thōko ’me ho bonahala le le letsoatlara nakong ea komello, ha pula ea pele e na, bophelo bo boetse bo hlaha e le paradeise. Ntho e 'ngoe le e 'ngoe e tletse mebala cacti e thunyang ka boputsoa, ​​bokhubelu, bosehla le bosoeu, lihohoana tse tsoang libetheng tse omeletseng ho tloha matšeng ho ea ikatisa, peō ea dandelion e robetseng e thunya le ho hlahisa peō e eketsehileng ho tiisa hore ha e shoe.

Ntho e 'ngoe le e' ngoe e fetoha lefatše le letala le le mebala-bala. Lifate tse kang palo blanco, palo iron, toote, palo verde, le mesquite li na le mekhoa e meng ea ho ikamahanya le maemo, e kang ho hōla mabōpong a melapo le maralla, e khutšoanyane ho feta moea o lefellang, le li na le lehong le thata haholo le metso e melelele e ka senyehang. Hlakola lefatšeng ho fihlela u fumana letamo. Ka mohlala, sefate sa mesquite se batla se metse ka metso ha se sa le monyenyane, empa hang ha se fumane metsi sea mela.

Liphoofolo Tse Hlaha tsa Lehoatata la Sonoran

lehoatata le leholo ka ho fetisisa Amerika Leboea

Ka lehlakoreng le leng, liphoofolo tsa lehoatateng la Sonoran li sebelisa mokhoa oa tsona oa ho iphelisa, ’me likokoanyana tse kang likho le liphepheng li ithutile ho phela hamonate lefatšeng lena le fapaneng. Mahe a mang a li-shrimp a robala ka har’a matangoana a omileng, ’me ha a tlala, liphoofolo tsena lia phela. E makatsang joalo ka ha e ka utloahala, ho na le mefuta e ka bang 20 ea litlhapi mahoatateng a United States le Sonora, 'me e mong le e mong oa bona o boetse o fumane mokhoa oa ho phela sebakeng se khahlanong le tlhaho ea bona. Ka lehlakoreng le leng, ho boetse ho na le palo e kholo ea lihahabi tse kang mekholutsoane, li-iguana, mekholutsoane, linoha, likolopata le linoha tse etsang mahae a tsona lehoatateng.

Linonyana le tsona li teng, 'me motšehare oa mantsiboea Aguayes u ka bona lirobele, lirobele, maeba, likoekoe le baeti ba tlang ho tla noa, le tsena tse peli tsa ho qetela li ka bonoa li matha har'a lihlahla. Ho boetse ho na le linonyana tse jang nama, tse kang serobele, tse jang linonyana tse nyenyane le likhoto tse kang khoto ea kangaroo kapa kancito.

Liphoofolo tse ling tsa Lehoatata la Sonoran li entsoe ka liphoofolo tse anyesang, tseo bongata ba tsona, tse kang liqoapi, liphokojoe, litoeba, mebutla le mebutlanyana, li lula mekoting e ka tlas'a lefatše e arohaneng hantle le lefatše le kantle, mocheso le letsatsi, serame le komello. , ba tla ipokellela lijo matlung ana hore ba phele. Leha ho le joalo, li-cougars li lula mahaheng le mafika.

Liphoofolo tse ling tsa lehoatata joaloka linku tse linaka tse khōlō le likhama tsa limmoulo tse phelang mafikeng le lithabeng tseo ho seng bonolo ho fihla ho tsonaKe likhau tsa bohlokoa tsa ho tsoma ka lebaka la manaka a tsona a matle, ke kahoo masholu a lulang a li batla le ho li beha makhatheng a ho timela.

Ke tšepa hore ka boitsebiso bona u ka ithuta ho eketsehileng ka lehoatata la Sonoran le litšobotsi tsa lona.


Litaba tsa sengoloa sena li latela melao-motheo ea rona ea melao ea boitšoaro ea bongoli. Ho tlaleha phoso tlanya mona.

E-ba oa pele ho fana ka maikutlo

Siea maikutlo a hau

aterese ya hao ya imeile ke ke ho phatlalatswa.

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  1. E ikarabella bakeng sa data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Morero oa data: Laola SPAM, tsamaiso ea maikutlo.
  3. Molao: Tumello ea hau
  4. Puisano ea data: Lintlha li ke ke tsa tsebisoa batho ba boraro ntle le ka tlamo ea molao.
  5. Polokelo ea data: Database e hapiloeng ke Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Litokelo: Nako efe kapa efe o ka fokotsa, oa hlaphoheloa mme oa hlakola tlhaiso-leseling ea hau.