Mhuka dziri mungozi yekutsakatika muMadrid

Mhuka dziri mungozi yekutsakatika muMadrid

Kuwana mufananidzo weDziviriro Fauna yeNharaunda yeMadrid kwakafanana nekuuya nepamusoro pechishongo chakanaka chechisikigo. Mukati memiganho yeNharaunda yeMadrid kune gumi nembiri akasiyana ecosystems, imwe neimwe yakazadzwa nekuwanda kwekusiyana kwezvipenyu. Muchiitiko ichi, tinotarisa pamusoro peDziviriro Dzakachengetedzwa dzeNharaunda yeMadrid, sezvo ichishanda sehuchapupu kune iyi inocherekedza zvipenyu, nekudaro ichipa kukosha kukuru kune zvese zvipenyu nekuedza kwayo kuchengetedza. Uye kune akawanda mhuka dziri mungozi yekutsakatika muMadrid.

Naizvozvo, tichakuudza kuti ndedzipi mhuka huru dziri munjodzi yekutsakatika muMadrid uye kuti imwe neimwe yadzo iri mumamiriro api.

Mhuka dziri mungozi yekutsakatika muMadrid

Zvipfuwo

Iberian Desman

Iberian desman

Iberian Desman, nesainzi inozivikanwa seGalemys pyrenaicus, imhando inogona kuwanikwa muIberian Peninsula. Ndeyechikamu che mhuka dziri mungozi. Mukati memhuri Talpidae, iyo inosanganisira ese mamoles uye gophers, inogara mhuka diki ine zita reKuparara muNharaunda yeMadrid uye Inotambura muNational Catalog.. Mhuka iyi inokura munzvimbo dzinogara mumvura, kunyanya mumisoro yenzizi inoratidzwa nemvura yakachena, inogara ichiyerera. Kuraramiswa kwechipuka ichi chidiki kunosanganisira zvikuru zvisikwa zvemumvura, kunyanya nhunzi dzinonzi caddis.

Iberian lynx

Iberian lynx, inozivikanwa nesainzi seLynx pardina, mucherechedzo wemhuka iri mungozi yekutsakatika yanga iri nyaya yekuedza kwakakosha kuchengetedza, zvichikonzera nzira inovimbisa yekurarama kwayo uye mukana wezvizvarwa zvinotevera zvelynx. Mukati memakore makumi maviri chete, chiverengero chavagari vapasi chakawana wedzero zvinozivikanwa kubva kuvanhu makumi mapfumbamwe chete muna 90 kusvika vangangoita chiuru nemazana mana nhasi.

European otter

IEuropean otter, nesayenzi inozivikanwa seLutra lutra, ndiyo chete nhengo yemhuri ye mustelid inowanikwa muEurope. Mukati meNharaunda yeMadrid, mhuka iyi inoiswa munjodzi uye inosanganisirwa muLESRPE padanho renyika. Mumakore achangopfuura, vagari varo vakaratidza muitiro unovimbisa. Pakutanga, Paingova nevanhu makumi maviri nevashanu vaive vakavharirwa kumabheseni epamusoro enzizi dzeJarama neLozoya.. Zvisinei, zvino vakakwanisa kuwedzera kuparadzirwa kwavo munharaunda yose yeMadrid, kusanganisira nzizi dzakadai seGuadarrama neManzanares.

bird

El Kuchinja kwemamiriro ekunze kunokanganisa shiri dzinotama uye inokosha zvikuru pakuchengetedzwa kwayo.

Iberian Imperial Eagle

Iberian Imperial Eagle

Iberian Peninsula imusha waAquila adalberti, shiri ine mukurumbira inodya inowanzozivikanwa seIberian imperial gondo. Ichi chisikwa chakanakisa, chinoonekwa seimwe yeshiri dzinonyanya kuzivikanwa uye dziri mungozi yekutsakatika muEurope, chine nzvimbo yakakosha mumakatalogi nemagungano akati wandei ematunhu, enyika nepasirese, kusanganisira Birds Directive, Berne Convention, Bonn Conventions neCITES. Nharaunda yeMadrid yakaona kuwedzera kukuru kwenhamba yezvinyorwa zvegondo zvakanyoreswa, zvichikwira kubva ku32 mu2009 kusvika kune inoshamisa 83 mukutanga kwe2023. Mhiri kweIberian Peninsula, Parizvino kune mazana masere nemakumi mana nemaviri maviri emakondo akanyorwa muna 841.

Bonelli's Gondo

Gondo reBonelli, rinozivikanwa nesainzi seHieraetus fasciatus, ishiri huru inodya nyama. Imhando inozivikanwa ye raptor inogara munharaunda yeMediterranean. Shiri inoyevedza iyi ndeyemhuri yeAccipitridae uye ine hunhu hwakasiyana.

Gora reEgipita

Gora reEgipita, rinozivikanwa nesainzi seNeofron percnopterus, ishiri inovhima mhuka inogona kuonekwa munzvimbo dzakasiyana dzeSpain. Nezvimiro zvayo zvinokatyamadza, zvinosanganisira minhenga michena yakawanda, musoro usina minhenga uye muromo wakakombama yeyero. Gora iri rine chitarisiko chakasiyana uye chinoonekwa zviri nyore.

Black Gora

Gora rinonzi Aegypus monachus, rinowanzozivikanwa segora dema, rinowanikwa mune dzimwe nzvimbo dzeSpain uye ishiri yakanaka kwazvo inodya nyama. Neminhenga yaro yakasviba nemusoro une minhenga, gora iri rinomira seimwe yemarudzi makuru muEurope.

Black Stork

MuSpain unogona kuwana shuramurove nhema, rudzi rweshiri dzinotama dzinogara munzvimbo dzakasiyana-siyana. Shiri iyi inoyevedza yakatanhamara nokuda kwekukura kwayo kunoshamisa, ine a mapapiro anogona kudarika 2 metres. Kusiyana neshuramurove, shuramurove ine minhenga mitema yakawanda, yakashongedzwa nemakwapa machena padumbu nemapapiro.

kestrel shoma

Iyo diki kestrel, nesainzi inonzi Falco naumanni, imhando yediki falcon inogona kucherechedzwa munzvimbo dzakasiyana dzeSpain. Hunhu hwayo hwakasiyana hunosanganisira humiro hwayo hudiki uye ruvara rwayo rwebrown uye grey ine minhenga, yakashongedzwa nemavara echestnut pachipfuva.

Reptiles

European Galapagos kamba

The European Galapagos tortoise, inozivikanwawo seEuropean river turtle, imhando ye turtle yemumvura inotarisana nekutyisidzira kwekutsakatika muCommunity of Madrid. Mukuedza kuchengetedza chisikwa ichi chinoshamisa, National Catalog yatora danho rakasimba nekusimudzira chimiro chayo chekudzivirira kuenda kuVulnerable kuburikidza neOrder TED/339/2023, yakapihwa Kurume 30. Inozivikanwa nekuda kwechimiro chayo chakasiyana uye kugona kunoshamisa kubudirira munzvimbo dzinogara mumvura, Kamba iyi chiratidzo chezvinoshamisa zvekugadzirisa.

nyoka yemombe

Mhou yekumavirira, inozivikanwawo seMacroprotodon brevis, inyoka ine mwero, inokwana masendimita makumi matanhatu pakureba. Muviri wayo mutete uye wakareba, wakashongedzwa nezvikero zvakapfava uye zvinopenya mumavara ebrown kana grey. Chinhu chakasiyana chenyoka iyi kuvepo kwerima "cogull" -kufanana nekumaka kuri kuseri kwemusoro wayo.

Amphibians

alpine newt

alpine newt

Mesotriton alpestris, inowanzozivikanwa sealpine newt, rudzi rwerutsva runogara munzvimbo dzakasiyana-siyana dzeEurope. Inogona kuwanikwa muSpain, kunyangwe kuvepo kwayo muNharaunda yeMadrid inongogumira munzvimbo diki mukati mePeñalara Massif. Uku kuparadzirwa kwakaganhurirwa zvimwe mugumisiro wesumo yakaitika mukuvamba kwezana ramakore rechi20.

Muti weEurope datya

Datya remuEurope remuti, iro rinozivikanwawo seSan Antonio datya kana Rana de San Antón, idiki kusvika pakati nepakati datya. Inoda kureba 2 kusvika ku3 centimita. Hyla molleri yaimbofungidzirwa kuti imhando yeHyla arborea, asi zvichangobva kuongororwa zvefilogeny zvakaratidza kuti mhuka diki diki inowanikwa paIberian Peninsula ndeye Hyla molleri.

Ndinovimba kuti neruzivo urwu unogona kudzidza zvakawanda nezve mhuka dziri munjodzi yekutsakatika muMadrid uye chimiro chadzo chazvino.


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako