Meteorological zviridzwa uye nebasa razvo

Nyanzvi yemamiriro ekunze chiteshi, chimwe chezvinhu zvinoshandiswa zvemeteorological zviridzwa

Kana iwe uchishuva nezve meteorology, iwe uri chokwadi kufunga kwekuwana imwe yeakawanda emamiriro ekunze zviridzwa zviripo Mamiriro ekunze, chokwadi? Kune akawanda mamodheru, asi kune mamwe akazara kupfuura mamwe, zvinoenderana pamusoro pezvose pamutengo wavo. Muchokwadi, dzinodhura zvakanyanya ndidzo dzinogona kuyera misiyano yakawanda yemamiriro ekunze uye, nekudaro, inonyanya kukodzera kune avo vanoda kuziva zvakadzama mamiriro ekunze munharaunda mavo, nepo zvakachipa zvakanyanya zviri kune avo vanoenderana. nekuziva tembiricha iyo yakanyorwa mukati mezuva uye pamwe nekuziva iyo ambient mwando.

Zvichienderana nezvamuchazoshandisa, zvichave zvinonakidza kuziva ndeapi marudzi emamiriro ekunze emamiriro ekunze aripo uye nderipi basa rine rimwe nerimwe rawo. Nekudaro, zvichave zviri nyore kwazvo kwauri kuti usarudze yakanyanya kukodzera modhi iwe.

Thermometer, chimwe chezvinhu zvemeteorological izvo isu tese tine 

Mercury thermometer

Kana isu tichifanira kusarudza imwe yemeteorological zviridzwa par kugona, isu tese tinotora iyo thermometer. Ndicho chiridzwa chinonyanya kushandiswa nekuti nekuda kwayo tinogona kuziva iko tembiricha yakanyorwa patinoitarisa. Kunyangwe zvakadaro, zvinokwanisika kuti iwe uchawana mamwe anoyera chete kudziya kwakanyanya (pakati -31'5ºC uye 51'5ºC) uye nevamwe vanoyera hushoma (pakati -44'5ºC uye 40'5ºC), kunyange chakanyanya kuzivikanwa ndechekuti ese ari maviri anoonekwa pane imwecheteyo chiteshi skrini.

Kune akawanda marudzi ema thermometers: gasi, kuramba, kiriniki… asi mercury nedhijitari ndiwo anoshandiswa mumamiriro ekunze.

Mercury thermometer

Iyo yakavharidzirwa girazi chubhu ine mercury mukati. Vhoriyamu yayo inochinja sezvo tembiricha ichichinjawo. Ichi chimbo chakagadzirwa naGabriel Fahrenheit muna 1714.

Digital thermometer

Chazvino uno. Ivo vanoshandisa transducer zvishandiso (senge mercury) izvo zvinobva zvashandiswa nemagetsi masekete kushandura iwo madiki emagetsi misiyano akawanikwa kuita manhamba. Nenzira iyi, tembiricha yakanyorwa ichaonekwa pachiratidziro.

Meteorological mvura inonaya

Meteorological mvura inonaya

Izvi zviridzwa zvemamiriro ekunze inoyera huwandu hwemvura yadonhera munzvimbo iyo yaiswa. Mamilimita imwe inomiririra litre imwe chete, uye pamazuva apo mvura isingamiri kunaya, zvinokurudzirwa kuti uiongorore nguva dzese dze4-6 (zvinoenderana nesimba rayo uye nekukwanisa kwero redu remvura) kuitira kuti rekodhi yacho ive yechokwadi. zvinogoneka.

Mhando dzemamiriro ekunze emvura

Kune maviri mamodheru emamiriro ekunze emvura gauges: emanyorerwo nematanho.

  • manyuwari: ndiwo akachipa zvikuru. Ivo vanongova mudziyo wechi cylindrical wakagadzirwa wepurasitiki kazhinji girini muvara nechiyero chakapedza kudzidza chinoyerwa mumamilimita.
  • Total: kuenzanisa mamiriro ekunze emvura nemamiriro ekunze anonatsiridza kunyatso, sezvo achiumbwa nefanera uye Anoshanda anorekodha mvura inodonha maawa gumi nemaviri.

Hygrometer

Hygrometer

Iyo hygrometer ichabatsira kwazvo kuziva iyo huwandu hwehukama hunyoro mumhepo zviri munzvimbo medu. Mhedzisiro yacho inoratidzwa pakati pe0 ne100%. Huwandu uhwu hunomiririra chikamu cheuwandu hwemhute yemvura irimo mumhepo.

Mhando dzema hygrometer

Izvi zviridzwa zvemamiriro ekunze zvakarongedzwa zvichienderana nekuti zviri analogu kana dijitari.

  • Analog: vanomira pakuve vakanyatso nyatso, nekuti ivo vanoona shanduko muhunyoro mumhoteredzo nekukasira. Asi dzimwe nguva iwe unofanirwa kudzikamisa, saka havawanzo tengesa zvakawanda.
  • digitaalinen: manhamba ari zvakare akarurama, kunyangwe zvishoma zvishoma. Ivo havadi chero mhando yekuchengetedza, uye zvakare vakagadzirira kushandisa kana vangotenga.
Nyaya inoenderana:
Zvese zvaunoda kuti uzive nezve hygrometer

Bharometer

Bharometer

Iyo barometer ndeye iyo anoyera huremu hwemhepo pamusoro peguruva repasi, iyo inozivikanwa nezita remhepo yekumanikidza. Yekutanga yakagadzirwa nefizikisi Torricelli muna 1643 mushure mekuita yakapusa kuyedza:

Chinhu chekutanga chaakaita kwaive kuzadza girazi chubhu nemekiyuri iyo yakavharwa kune rumwe rutivi, ndokuichinjisa pamusoro pebhakiti iro rakanga rakazadzwawo nemekiyuri. Sezvineiwo, chikamu che mercury chakadonhedza masentimita mashoma, yakamira yakamira ingangoita 76cm (760mm) kureba. Saka pakamuka millimeter yemekiyuri kana mmHg.

Asi pachine chimwe chinhuzve: zvakajairika mhepo kumanikidza pagungwa chikamu 760mmHg, saka iwe unogona kuve neiyi data data kuti uzive kana mamiriro ekunze achange akanaka kana kwete. Akazviita sei? Zviri nyore kwazvo. Kana ikadonha zvine mutsindo unozoziva kuti dutu rave kusvika; Pane kupokana, kana ikakwira zvishoma, iwe unogona kuchengeta amburera mukuchengetedza kwemazuva mashoma.

Anemometer

Anemometer

Kutenda kune izvi zvirimo zvemamiriro ekunze isu tinogona kuziva iyo kumhanya kwemhepo. Inonyanya kushandiswa ndiyo inonzi windlass. Ivo vanoyera kumhanya mu km / h.

Kana mhepo 'ikarova' hwindo, inotenderera. Iwo madzokero aanopa anoverengwa nekambani kana kurekodwa pabepa repepa kana iri anemograph.

Heliogirafi

Heliogirafi

Iyo heliograph imwe yemidziyo yemamiriro ekunze iyo inotibvumidza kuyera nguva yekunyorwa. Inofanirwa kugadziriswa zvinoenderana nenzvimbo yenharaunda uye zvinoenderana nemwaka wegore rauri, nekuti zuva rinosiyana pakukwirira sekufamba kwegore.

Inonyanya kuzivikanwa ndeye Campbell-Stokes heliograph, iyo ine girazi bhora rinoita kunge lens inoshanduka. Kana mwaranzi yezuva ichipfuura, kadhi rekurekodha 'rakatsva' uye tinogona kuziva maawa ekupenya kwezuva anga ari iwo zuva irori.

Nivometer

Nivometer kuziva huwandu hwesinou

Iyo nivometer inoshandiswa kuyera huwandu hwechando chadonha panguva yakapihwa. Kune mhando mbiri: laser, iyo inofanirwa kuendeswa muvhu kuitira kuti inyore, uye acoustic iyo, nekuda kweiyo ultrasonic wave transmitter-inogamuchira, haidi kuve inosangana nechando.

Pakati pese, iyo inodhura chiteshi chezvemamiriro ekunze iri, inonyanya kuve yakajeka. Zvichienderana nekushandisa kwaunoda kuipa, zvinogona kunge zvisina basa kushandisa mari yakawanda nekuti pamwe neimwe inodhura unozogadzirisa. Uye, pane kudaro, kana iwe uchiziva kuti iwe uchazoda kuziva zvimwe, usazeze kuenda kunotenga imwe, iyo inogona kuve nemutengo wepamusoro, asi zvirokwazvo unogona kunakidzwa nazvo zvakanyanya.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Makomendi gumi, siya zvako

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa. Raida minda anozivikanwa ne *

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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako

  1.   sofia yakajeka gonzales akadaro

    Izvi zviri kundifambira chaizvo nekuti kuchikoro tiri kuzvipa.Ndatenda

    1.    mariangel akadaro

      Ndiri kuita zvakanaka chose futi. ndatenda

      1.    Monica sanchez akadaro

        Ndiri kufara kuti zvinobatsirawo iwe, mariangel 🙂.

  2.   mariangel akadaro

    Ndinoda mamiriro ekunze.

  3.   HANA akadaro

    UNOZIVA HERE KUSIMBISA KUNYANYA KUSHANDISWA KUYEDZA MUDZIMAIRO WEMWEYA

    1.    Monica sanchez akadaro

      Mhoro Hana.
      Chishandiso chinoshandiswa kuyera mafambiro emhepo ndiyo vane vane mamiriro ekunze
      Thanks.

  4.   chinja ini kana kuti raive mwenje wemotokari akadaro

    tsananguro yakanakisa yakandishandira zvakanyanya

    1.    Monica sanchez akadaro

      Ndiri kufara kuti zvaibatsira kwauri. Kwaziso 🙂

  5.   hector_duran akadaro

    fenzi iro ruzivo rwakanaka rwandinoda 😀

  6.   hector_duran akadaro

    nenzira iyo ndiyo endometer ndiyo iyo HELP ME !!!

    1.    Monica sanchez akadaro

      Mhoro Hector.
      Ndiri kufara kuti yanga iri yekufarira iwe.
      Iyo endometer handizive kuti chii, ndine hurombo. Ndanga ndichitsvaga internet kuti ndione kana ndawana chinhu uye hapana chinoratidza; izwi rekuti endometrium chete, iro risinginei nemamiriro ekunze (iri mucosa inovhara nzvimbo ine chibereko).
      Thanks.

  7.   hector_duran akadaro

    ok ndatenda monica sanchez ndakawanawo endrometrium kana kuti zvinofanirwa kunge zvichiruma zvakaipa asi zvakanaka ndatenda nekwaziso futi

    1.    Monica sanchez akadaro

      Kwazisai 🙂

  8.   isai burgos akadaro

    Mhoroi, ndiregererei, ini ndoda kuziva nezve anemocinemographer ????

    1.    Monica sanchez akadaro

      Mhoro Isai.
      Icho chinhu chinobatanidza mamiriro ekunze (kuyera mafambiro emhepo), anemometer (kuyera kumhanya kwemhepo), ine chinhu chepakati chinogadzirisa uye chinonyora data.
      Kwaziso 🙂.

  9.   Juan Manuel akadaro

    mhoro wakadii Ndine mubvunzo wekubvunza. Ichokwadi here kuti mahedhijitari edhijitari akaenzanisirwa nzvimbo dzakakwirira pagungwa? Semuenzaniso, kana ndiri pamamita mazana mashanu pamusoro pegungwa, iko kuverenga uko iyo hygrometer inogona kundipa iko chaiko?

    Ndatenda zvikuru pamberi!

    1.    Monica sanchez akadaro

      Mhoro Juan Manuel.
      Hongu, zvirokwazvo: dijitometri yedhijitari anoyera kumanikidza kwemhepo.
      Thanks.

  10. hello monica aida kuziva mamiriro ekunze akakosha nei ??

    1.    Monica sanchez akadaro

      Mhoro José Manuel.
      Meteorology yakakosha sezvo ichitibvumidza kuziva misiyano yetembiricha, mafambiro uye kumhanya kwemhepo, akasiyana mamiriro ezvemamiriro ekunze, nezvimwewo, uye kuti izvi zvese zvinokanganisa sei zvakasikwa zvakasiyana siyana.
      Thanks.

  11.   chinyarwo akadaro

    Mhoroi, chii icho chigadzirwa chemamiriro ekunze chiri pamusoro penzvimbo dzebhero

  12.   nekorari akadaro

    ruzivo rwakanyanya, rwevakomana, ko mamwe mavhidhiyo, zvingave zvinonakidza

  13.   Camila damian akadaro

    Ndakaida, maita basa kwazvo, zvakanaka kwazvo zvinhu zvakandibatsira zvakanyanya

  14.   CARLOS akadaro

    Mhoro Zita RANGU NDINONZI CARLOS NDINOBVA KUPERU NDINODA KUZIVA KANA UNOGONA KundIBATSIRA PAKUVAKA METEOROLOGY INSTRUMENT YENZVIMBO YANDINOGARA, NDINODA ZVAKAWANDA KUZIVA NEZVENYAYA.

    1.    najesu akadaro

      pus ini ndinobva kuPeru zvakare, kwaziso kana ndichigona kukubatsira

  15.   Franco akadaro

    Ndatenda zvikuru neruzivo

  16.   Victor M Lopez B akadaro

    Iwe unofanirwa kudoma kuti 1 (one) mm yemvura inodonha inomiririra huwandu hwe1 (one) litre yemvura munzvimbo yeimwe mita mita (m2)

  17.   francis alejandra lameda molleda akadaro

    Mhoro nhasi ndadzidza nevana vangu zvese zvine chekuita nemeteorology vazhinji

    Ndinokutendai, isu tatova nezvatinoshandiswa tembiricha yega yega

  18.   Analia Ramos akadaro

    Mhoro Monica, yakanaka kwazvo posvo, chokwadi chave chekanguva kuverenga chinyorwa chako pane ino webhusaiti uye ruzivo irworwo chaizvo iwe uchaona. Kudzora kwemamiriro ekunze kwakakosha kwazvo kunzvimbo dzakasiyana: hutano, kuchengetedzeka, chikamu chekurima uye zvimwe zvakawanda. Kuna ani http://instrumentosdemedicion.org/meteorologica/ Iko zvakare kune rwakanaka kwazvo ruzivo rwekuwedzera pane izvi zviridzwa kuyera meteorological misiyano

  19.   Carlos Daniel akadaro

    Ndatenda kwazvo zvakandishandira zvakanyanya uye zvakanyanya nekuti tiri kuzviona muchikoro changu

  20.   Celtuky akadaro

    Zviri kundifambira chaizvo nekuti tiri kuzvipa kuchikoro chesekondari uye handitakure kadhi redigital pane IPad yasekuru (iyi) uye makadhi anopiwa mangwana saka handikwanise kuzvitarisa nhasi.
    Ndatenda kwazvo uye nekwaziso kune chero akaisa.