Matombo anoputika anoshanda sefetiraiza yezvirimwa

volcanic stone fertilizer

ari matombo anoputika Vanoshanda sefetireza yezvirimwa. Inozivikanwa se volcanic gravel. Iyo ine porous uye inert substrate uye kazhinji iri pakati pe5 uye 15 millimeters mudhayamita. Iyo ine zvinangwa zvakawanda, inowanzoshandiswa sechinhu chekushongedza uye semulch. Mukuwedzera, inogonawo kushanda seyakakodzera substrate yemiti.

Muchinyorwa chino tichakuudza kuti matombo anoputika anoshanda sei sefetereza yezvirimwa, maitiro azvo uye mashandisirwo azvo.

Volcanic matombo se substrate

matombo anoputika

Kuchengeta zvirimwa muhutano hwakanyanya mamiriro uye kugadzira nzvimbo yakanaka kwavari kunoenderana zvakanyanya neiyo substrate. Mukurima gadheni kune huwandu hwakawanda hwezvinhu zvinogona kuiswa muvhu, kusanganisira matombo anoputika. Iwe unogona kunge uchitoziva nezve tezontle, inova mhando yematombo anoputika. Muchidimbu, Volcanic gravel inowanikwa yakawanda uye inodhura.

Volcanic gravel inoshanda sechikamu chinobatsira chekukura kwechirimwa. Iri guva rinobva mukuputika kwegomo uye rinoumbwa ne zvimedu zviri pakati pe5 ne15 millimeters muhukuru. Iyo yakasarudzika substrate inoshanda senge inert yepakati yekukura kwechirimwa.

Matombo evolcanic anozivikanwa nechimiro che geologically se igneous rock uye anowanikwa munzvimbo ine makomo anoputika uye anoumbwa kubva mugomo rinoputika rinotonhora nekukurumidza. Mabviro ayo echisikigo uye kukurumidza kuomeswa kwemaitiro mumhepo anoita kuti zvive zvakajairika pamateru uye kuora mwoyo.

Chinhu chinosiyanisa chechinhu ichi chiri muhupo hwemapores akawanda akatenderedza yega yega granule, iyo inotarisira kune yayo yakasarudzika zvimiro. Inowanikwa mune akati wandei granule saizi, ine diki kana hombe saizi sarudzo.

Volcanic gravel inouya mumhando mbiri: dema uye dzvuku, iyo yekupedzisira iri iyo inotungamira toni. Kunyanya, ine chiedza chakasarudzika.

Kunyange zvazvo isina biological chiitiko uye isingabatanidzi mukutsinhanisa cation, chinhu ichi chine kemikari inert, inorganic uye aseptic. Pasinei nehunhu uhu, ichiri kupa akawanda mabhenefiti ezvirimwa.

Ndezvipi zvakanakira izvo matombo anoputika anopa zvirimwa?

matombo anoputika

Gravel inoshandisa zvakawanda zvezvinangwa, asi imwe yeanonyanya kushandiswa ndeyekushongedza magadheni nemapoto. Iyo haingoite sechivharo chekudzivirira chete asiwo inowedzera kubata kwekunakisa kukwezva. Nekusiyana kwayo kwemavara, Gravel inobvumira kugadzirwa kweanokwezva mapatani, zvichiita kuti ive sarudzo yakanakira yekushongedza.

Kuti uwedzere kuumbwa kwe substrate, zvinowanzoitika kushandisa madiki-grained gravel sechinhu chekushongedza. Nekubatanidza matombo aya mumusanganiswa, ivhu rinova nemhepo uye chiedza. Pamusoro pezvo, ma voids akagadzirwa neyega yega granule aid drainage, kudzivirira kuwanda kwemvura yakamira uye pakupedzisira kuderedza njodzi yekuora midzi.

matombo anoputika, anozivikanwa nekunaka kwawo, ine simba rekuchengeta mvura. Nekuibatanidza mu substrate, nguva dzekudiridza dzinogona kuwedzerwa, kuve nechokwadi chekunyorova kwemazinga uye kuderedza mikana yekuti chirimwa chipere mvura. Pamusoro pezvo, kana ichishandiswa semulch, inochengetedza hunyoro pasi pepamusoro payo.

Kushanda sechidziviriro layer, Mulch inodzivirira kushanduka kwetembiricha, kudzivirira matambudziko anogona kuitika sekupera mvura mumuviri, kukukurwa kwevhu kana kushatisa chimiro chevhu. Inodzikamisawo kukukurwa kunobva kumhepo kana kuwachisa zvakanyanya, izvo zvinogona kubvisa ivhu. Pamusoro pezvo, mulch yematombo inoshanda sechidziviriro chinoshanda pakukura kwemasora asingadiwe, kuve nechokwadi chehutsanana uye kuchengetedzwa kwebindu redu.

Kuzadzisa zvinodiwa zvezvimwe zvirimwa zvinokura muivhu rine acidic zvishoma, zvinokurudzirwa kuunza matombo anoputika musubstrate, sezvo zvichabatsira kuita acidify ivhu. Azaleas, hydrangeas, pine miti, uye mamepu eJapan ndeimwe yemhando yemiti inowira muchikamu ichi. Inosimudzira kukura kwemidzi uye inofambisa kugadzwa kwemidzi yakasimba uye inokurudzira kukura kweiyo inobudirira midzi.

Mazano ekushandisa matombo anoputika

pumice

Usati washandisa marara kwekutanga, zvakakosha kuti uisuke zvakakwana kubvisa chero guruva rakaunganidzwa kana tsvina, kuve nechokwadi chekuchena kwayo uye hutano. Tinofanira kumisa chinangwa chatinoda kuzadzisa nechinhu ichi. Kushandisa matombo makuru egomo rinoputika sechidziviriro chehari hachingowedzeri chinhu chinoyevedza asi chinoitawo chinangwa chinoshanda. Pane rimwe divi, Kuiswa kwematombo madiki anoputika mumusanganiswa we substrate kwakakosha pakugadzirira.

Kuvhara mapoto, chigadziko chinoshandiswa kune substrate musanganiswa apo chirimwa chichagara. Kana ichishandiswa sechifukidziro chevhu pamusoro penzvimbo huru, inobatsira zvikuru sezvo inobvisa kudiwa kweuswa kana zvimwe zvinomera zvekuchengetedza zvakanyanya. Uyezve, Inogona kushandiswa pane yakasununguka paving kana kuona kusiyanisa nzira mukati megadheni dhizaini.

A universal substrate inokodzera zvidyarwa zvakawanda, kunyanya izvo zvisina zvinodiwa chaizvo. Kuti ugadzire musanganiswa uyu, sanganisa huwandu hwakaenzana hwekukanda makonye uye peat moss, wobva wasimudzira mudiki hushoma hwematombo anoputika. Sakanidza zvikamu zvose zvakanaka kuti zvive zvakanyatsobatanidzwa.

Kuti udzivise kuora kwemidzi muhari dzisina maburi emvura, zvinokurudzirwa kuisa runyoro rwematombo anoputika pasi pehari. Chitubu ichi hachingounganidzi mvura yakawandisa chete asi chinoshandawo sechidziva, chichibvumira mvura kuti inyunguduke ichidzokera muvhu kana ichidiwa.

Kuti ugadzire nzvimbo yakanaka yezvirimwa zvinobudirira mumamiriro ehunyoro hwepamusoro, unogona kushandisa tireyi izere nematombo anoputika. Nekudira mvura mutireyi nekuisa hari yemaruva pamusoro, Mvura inoputika pedyo nechirimwa, ichiwedzera kuwedzera hunyoro.

Aquarium vanofarira vanowanzo sarudza matombo anoputika sechikamu chezvirimwa zvemumvura nekuda kwekugona kwayo kuchengetedza zvakachengetedzeka zvidyarwa panzvimbo, zvichidzivirira kuti zvisayangarara uye kukanganisa dhizaini yaunoda. Pamusoro pezvo, rudzi urwu rwematombo runokurudzira kugadzwa kwemidzi yakasimba, ichipa kugadzikana kune zvinomera zvitsva. Zvakakosha kunongedzera izvozvo Volcanic gravel haikonzere kukuvadza hove uye haipindire neyakajairwa paramita ye aquarium.

Ndinovimba kuti neruzivo urwu unogona kudzidza zvakawanda pamusoro pekuti matombo anoputika anoshanda sei sefetireza yezvirimwa.


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
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  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
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