Gomo Kosciuszko

gomo rine sinou shoma

Iyo Great Dividing Range ndiyo imba kune iyo Gomo reKosciuszko, nhamba yepamusoro-soro pakondinendi yeAustralia. Iri mukati meKosciuszko National Park, gomo guru iri rinokwira kusvika pakakwirira zvinokatyamadza zve2228 metres. Muna 1840, muongorori wePolish ane mukurumbira Paul Strzelecki akaritumidza kuti Mount Kosciuszko, mukuremekedza gamba rinoremekedzwa rePolish, General Tadeusz Kościuszko.

Muchikamu chino tichakuudza zvose zvaunoda kuziva pamusoro peGomo reKosciuszko, maitiro ayo, geology nezvimwe zvakawanda.

Geology yeGomo Kosciuszko

snowiest gomo

Kubva pamateru eGomo reKosciuszko unogona kuona chiono chinoyevedza chinofukidza chikamu chebani rakakoromoka rakapoteredzwa nepamusoro pepamusoro. Panguva yeOrdovician, Makore angangoita mamiriyoni 450 apfuura, nzvimbo yakapoteredza Gomo reKosciuszko yakanyudzwa pasi pegungwa guru. Sediments kubva munzvimbo yekare yegungwa yakazopedzisira yashandurwa kuita matombo emetamorphic, senge slates, phyllites, quartzites uye schists, izvo zvichiri kuonekwa nhasi pakati peRawson Pass neWatson's Crags.

Munguva yese yeSilurian neDevonian, dunhu rakasangana nenguva dzekupeta, kusimudza uye kudonha. Kukwirira kwenzvimbo kwakawedzera kukanganiswa nekupindirwa kwegranite makore 390 miriyoni apfuura. Chimwe chinhanho chakagadzikana chakabva chagadzirwa pamusoro pemamiriyoni emakore akawanda, zvichitungamira mukukukurwa zvishoma nezvishoma uye kugadzira peneplain. Matombo chete anoramba kuramba akasara, zvichiita kuti pave nenhongonya dzinokwira pamusoro peavhareji yakatenderedza urefu, kusanganisira gomo rinoyevedza reKosciuszko.

Ichi chikamu Yakatora nguva yeCarboniferous, Permian, Triassic, Jurassic uye Cretaceous, ichipera makore angangoita mamirioni makumi matanhatu neshanu apfuura.. Munguva iyi, kumabvazuva kweAustralia kwakasangana nekukwira kukuru, zvichiita kuti Makomo eSnowy asvike pakakwirira. Kusimudzwa uku kwakaramba kuchienderera kusvika makore angangoita miriyoni apfuura, zvichikonzera kukanganisa kuumba uye kusikwa kwemigero yakadzika umo nzizi zvino dzinoyerera nesimba rakawanda.

Anenge mamiriyoni maviri emakore apfuura, panguva yePleistocene, Pakave nekudonha kwekamwe kamwe kwekushisa uye glaciation yakaitika munzvimbo yakapoteredza Mount Kosciuszko. Iyi nzira yaidzongonyedzwa nguva nenguva nepakati pechando, zvichiita kuti pave nekuumbwa kwemaraini anotevedzana, kuvezwa kwe cirques, kuvapo kwezvivharo zvisina kujeka uye kusikwa kwemadziva echando.

Kukwira Gomo reKosciuszko

Gomo reKosciuszko

Nzira inoenda kuCharlotte Pass inosanganisira nzira inoenda ku7 km kukwira kumusoro. Gore ra1976 risati rasvika, mugwagwa mukuru waibvumira kufamba kwemotokari. Thredbo inopa imwe nzira yekukwira kumusoro, zvishoma asi inowanikwa zvakaenzana, pamwe nekuwedzera nyore kwechairlift inosiya pedyo nepamusoro.

Thredbo nePerisher Blue ski resorts, iri muKosciuszko National Park, inopa makomo ari padyo ski kuCanberra neSydney.

Pane chitendero chekuti maAboriginal Australia angave atoziva mukurumbira weKosciuszko Range vasati vasvika veEurope. Kuzivikanwa uku kungadai kwakatambanudzirwa kune mhuka nemaruva akasiyana-siyana anowanikwa munzvimbo iyi.

Flora nemhuka

Gomo Kosciuszko

Charlotte Pass Station, iri pedyo ne1.700 metres pamusoro pegungwa, inopa nzvimbo inoyevedza yakakomberedzwa nemiti yechando (Eucalyptus pauciflora). Mukona yepamusoro yekurudyi iwe unogona kuona iyo yakanakisa summit yeStillwell Ridge.

Miti yakasiyana-siyana yealpine uye subalpine inokura pamusoro pegomo, inobatanidza marudzi anosvika mazana maviri emishonga nemaruva. Pakati pavo, marudzi angangoita makumi maviri anongowanikwa munzvimbo iyi, nepo anopfuura makumi matatu achirondedzerwa seasingawanzo. Nharaunda yealpine yeGomo reKosciuszko inosvika 200 km² chete, uye mutsetse wemuti unowanzo pakakwirira mamita 100. Mhuri dzezvirimwa dzakakura dzinosanganisira Asteraceae, Poaceae, Cyperaceae, Apiaceae, Ranunculaceae, Juncaceae uye Epacridaceae, kunyangwe pasina chinodarika mita imwe pakureba. Nechepazasi, kunyanya pedyo nemadziva echando, chirimwa chine herbaceous Carex gaudichaudiana chinokura.

Kusiyana-siyana kwemarudzi emiti anowanikwa munzvimbo iyi kunogona kukonzerwa nekusiyana kwenzvimbo uye mamiriro ekunze, izvo zvinokonzerwa nekukwirira. Izvi zvinomera zvakajairana nemamiriro ekunze enzvimbo dzavanogara, senge heath, machakwi nemachakwi. Dzimwe mhando, akadai saVeronica densifolia naKelleria dieffenbachii, vakagadzira maitiro akasiyana ekukura kwemasango.

Vamwe, vakadai seCoprosma niphophila neColobanthus nivicola, vane hunhu pakati pemuriwo nemakwenzi, ane mvere kana kuti padded zvimiro zvinovadzivirira kubva kuchando. Mhuka dzakadai sePodocarpus lawrencei, Phebalium ovatifolium, Pentachondra pumila, Grevillea australis uye Kunzea tumbari dzakajairana nenzvimbo dzine matombo uye dzinowanzobudirira pamateru ezuva. Ivhu reAcidic rinoiswa nesorrel (Rumex acetosella), richivapa ruvara rutsvuku.

Kududzwa kwemwaka wemamiriro ekunze ekunze kweAlpine kunoda kuti zvirimwa zvikwanise kumira munguva yechando inotonhora zvakanyanya uye kuona kukura nekukurumidza mukati memwedzi inodziya. Kutumbuka kunowanzoitika kubva mukupera kwaNdira kusvika kutanga kwaFebruary uye kunoratidzira mhando dzakadai Celmisia costiniana, Celmisia pugioniformis, Craspedia sp uye Euphrasia collina subsp.

Munguva yezhizha reAustral, iro rinogona kugara kusvika Kurume, kusvika kwaPodocarpus lawrencei, Ranunculus anemoneus neCaltha introloba dzimwe nguva kunononoka kusvika chando chanyunguduka. Kukura kunononoka kwemakwenzi panguva ino ndiyo mhedzisiro yesimba shoma rakaunganidzwa. Paavhareji, dhayamita yemadzinde ePodocarpus lawrencei inongowedzera 0,25 mm pagore. Pasinei nekukura kunononoka, zvirimwa izvi zvinofanirwa kudzima kupisa nekuda kwekupisa kwezuva rezhizha, zvichikonzera mashizha mashoma ane mafomu akafanana netsono.

Pakati pezana remakore rechi20, mhando dzakawanda dzakaunzwa nemaune kuitira kuchengetedza ivhu uye kukura kwemvura. Zvisinei, dzakawanda zvezvipenyu izvi hazvigoni kumira nemamiriro ekunze eMount Kosciuszko. Pasinei neizvi, vamwe vakakwanisa kuzvisimbisa ivo pachavo. Nhamba yezvipenyu zvemarudzi akasiyana-siyana yakanyorwa muna 1899 yaingova imwe chete, asi pakazosvika 1986, nhamba iyoyo yakanga yawedzera kusvika pa20.

Mhuka, senge maruva, yakagadziridzwa kune zvakatipoteredza uye ine mhando dzakasiyana dzezvipenyu. Kunyanya, iyo iri mungozi yegomo dwarf opossum inogona kuwanikwa mukati meiyi ecosystem. Pamusoro pezvo, paki iyi ine marudzi anopfuura mazana maviri eshiri, anomiririra makumi mana muzana emarudzi anozivikanwa muNew South Wales. Pakati pawo pane gondo guru rokuAustralia uye gondo rokuAustralia rinomhanya mhanya. Mukuwedzera, gomo racho rinopupurira kutama kwegore negore kwe<em>bogong ( Agrotis infusa ), rudzi rwechipfukuto runopotera mumikaha yematombo.

Ndinovimba kuti neruzivo urwu unogona kudzidza zvakawanda nezveMount Kosciuszko uye maitiro ayo.


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako