Chilengedwe

zachilengedwe

Dziko lathuli ndi chilengedwe chomwe chimapangidwa ndi zamoyo komanso malo omwe amalumikizana ndikukhala. Lingaliro la zachilengedwe imaphatikizira zinthu zonse ngati kuti zili mkati mwachilengedwe. Tikudziwa kuti chilengedwechi chili ngati nyumba yamoyo yomwe imakhala mkatikati mwa chilengedwe ndipo imapereka zinthu zonse zofunika kuti zizitha kukhala, kudyetsa ndi kuberekana.

Munkhaniyi tikukuwuzani zonse zomwe muyenera kudziwa za chilengedwe ndi mawonekedwe ake.

Kodi chilengedwe ndi chiyani?

mpweya

Lingaliro lachilengedwe ndi lotukuka konse, chifukwa chake limaphatikizapo zinthu zingapo. Ndilo liwu lomwe limatanthawuza chilengedwe mwanjira yomwe nthawi zambiri imafikiridwa kuchokera kumalo owonera mapulaneti. Mwachitsanzo, zachilengedwe zimapangidwa ndimlengalenga, geosphere, hydrosphere, ndi biosphere. Tidzawononga gawo lililonse ndi mawonekedwe ake:

  • Zachilengedwe: ndi dera lomwe limaphatikiza gawo lonse la abiological, monga miyala ndi nthaka. Gawo lonseli ndilopanda moyo wake ndipo zamoyo limazigwiritsa ntchito ngati chakudya.
  • Hydrosphere: imaphatikizapo madzi onse omwe alipo m'chilengedwe. Pali mitundu yambiri yamadzi apano ngakhale atakhala abwino kapena amchere. Mu hydrosphere timapeza mitsinje, nyanja, mitsinje, mitsinje, nyanja ndi nyanja. Ngati titenga chitsanzo cha chilengedwe cha m'nkhalango timawona kuti hydrosphere ndi gawo la mtsinje womwe umadutsa m'nkhalango.
  • Chilengedwe: zachilengedwe zonse padziko lapansi zili ndimlengalenga mwake. Ndiye kuti, ndi mpweya woyandikana nawo womwe umasinthana ndi mpweya wopangidwa ndi zochitika zamoyo. Zomera zimapanga photosynthesis ndipo zimatulutsa mpweya pomwaza carbon dioxide. Kusinthana kwa gasi uku kumachitika m'mlengalenga.
  • Zamoyo: zitha kunenedwa kuti ndi danga lomwe lachepetsedwa chifukwa chakupezeka kwa zamoyo. Mwanjira ina, kubwerera ku chitsanzo cha chilengedwe cha m'nkhalango, titha kunena kuti chilengedwe ndi dera lazachilengedwe momwe zamoyo zimakhala. Imatha kufikira pansi panthaka mpaka kumwamba pomwe mbalame zimauluka.

Zachilengedwe ndi biomes

zamoyo zapadziko lapansi komanso zam'madzi

Zachilengedwe zazikulu zomwe zimaphatikizana ndi zachilengedwe zitha kugawidwa m'magulu ang'onoang'ono angapo omwe ndiosavuta kuphunzira ndipo zikhalidwe zawo zimapezeka zomwe zimawapangitsa kukhala apadera. Ngakhale onse ali gawo la mayunitsi apamwamba omwe amatchedwa biomes, chilengedwe chimatha kugawidwa kukhala gawo limodzi. Ndiye kuti, chilengedwe chomwecho chimakhala ndi zofunikira zonse kuti zitha kukhala ndi moyo komanso kuti pali kulumikizana pakati pa zamoyo ndi chilengedwe. Biome ndi magulu azachilengedwe omwe amalumikizana mofananamo ndipo amatha kukhala am'madzi komanso apadziko lapansi.

Tiyeni titenge chitsanzo cha ma biomes angapo: mwachitsanzo titha kupeza madambo, mitsinje, nkhalango, mapepala, madera akunyanja, ndi zina zambiri. Ngati timalankhula zachilengedwe titha kukambirana za mbali imodzi, nkhalango, ndi zina zambiri. Komabe, ma biomes ndiwo magulu azachilengedwe omwe mitundu yofananira imatha kukhalamo.

Tsopano ndipamene tiyenera kuyambitsa munthu mu equationn. Anthu amagawa ndikugawa zachilengedwe kuti amvetsetse bwino. Muthanso kugwiritsa ntchito mwanzeru ndikuwasunga mwakufuna kwanu. Chinthu chimodzi ndichachidziwikire, chilengedwe ndichokwanira ndipo pamakhala kulumikizana kosalephereka, kosasintha komanso kovuta pakati pa zamoyo ndi chilengedwe chomwe chimapanga chilengedwe.

Kufotokozera kwachilengedwe kwa ana

Mwanjira yosavuta, tifotokozera zachilengedwe. Zitha kutengedwa ngati chilengedwe cha padziko lonse momwe zamoyo zonse zimalumikizana mwachindunji kapena m'njira zina. Tiyeni titenge chitsanzo cha zamoyo za photosynthetic. Zamoyozi ndi zomwe zimayambitsa kutulutsa mpweya mumlengalenga ndipo zimathandiza zamoyo zina kuti zizidzidyetsa zokha. Kuthamanga kwa hydrological ndichimodzi mwazinthu zachilengedwe zomwe zimagwirizana padziko lonse lapansi. Zamoyo zonse zimagwiritsa ntchito madzi popeza timawafuna kuti tikhale ndi moyo.

Njira yomwe imayendetsa madzi kunyanja ndi nthaka ndichinthu chofunikira kwambiri pamoyo ndipo imachitika pamapulaneti. Uku ndi kuzungulira kwama hydrological. Kusamalira dziko lapansi tiyenera kusamalira zachilengedwe ndikudzisamalira tokha.

Chilengedwe ndi zoyesera

chilengedwe ndi chilengedwe

Imadziwikanso kuti ecosphere kuyesera yotchuka yochitidwa ndi NASA ndi lingaliro lopanga zachilengedwe zomwe zingakhale mtundu wa pulaneti yaying'ono. Kuyesera kunapangidwa kuti kuyese maubale onse pakati pa zamoyo ndi zopanda moyo kuti ayerekezere dziko lapansi laling'ono.

Mkati mwake dzira la kristalo lidayambitsidwa gawo lamadzi am'nyanja, okhala ndi shrimp, algae, gorgonia, miyala ndi mabakiteriya. Zochita zachilengedwe zimachitika m'njira yokhayokha popeza chidebecho chatsekedwa mwanzeru. Chokhacho chomwe chimalandira kuchokera kunja ndi kuwala kwakunja kuti kuthe kusinthasintha kwachilengedwe ndikubisa kupezeka kwa dzuŵa padziko lathuli.

Kuyesa kwachilengedwe uku kudawonedwa ngati dziko langwiro pomwe nkhanu zimatha kukhala zaka zingapo chifukwa chakukwanira kwachilengedwe. Kuphatikiza apo, palibe mtundu uliwonse wa zodetsa zachilengedwe chifukwa chake safuna kuyeretsa kwamtundu uliwonse ndikukonzanso kwake kumakhala kochepa. Uwu ndi mtundu woyeserera woyesera kuti mumvetse izi, bola Kusamalira zachilengedwe kumalemekezedwa, chilichonse chimatha kukhala mogwirizana.

Titha kuyerekezera zina ndi zomwe zikuchitika masiku ano kuti timvetsetse ndikudziŵa kufunikira koti tichite zinthu zina kuti tikwaniritse ndikusunganso chilengedwe. Ndiukadaulo wapano titha kupanga mphamvu zambiri zowononga zomwe ikuchititsa kuti zachilengedwe zisawonongeke padziko lapansi. Tikuwononganso malo okhala ndi mitundu yambiri ya zamoyo, ndikuwatsogolera kuti awonongeke kangapo.

Ngakhale chilengedwe cham'mlengalenga chimakhala chovuta kwambiri kuposa choyeserera, zamoyo zimapanganso chimodzimodzi. Pali zinthu zina zofunika zomwe zimalowererapo ngati ndi mpweya, dziko lapansi, kuwala, madzi ndi moyo ndipo chilichonse chimafanana. Ena amati chilengedwechi chimapangidwa kuchokera kuzinthu zomwe zimabweretsa zovuta komanso zosokoneza.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za chilengedwe ndi mawonekedwe ake.


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