Wotchi yakuthambo

wotchi yakuthambo

El wotchi yakuthambo ya mzinda ndi imodzi mwa malo ochititsa chidwi kwambiri okopa alendo chifukwa ili ndi mbiri yabwino komanso magwiridwe antchito. Mwachitsanzo, kwa alendo ku Prague, wotchi ya zakuthambo ndi amodzi mwamalo omwe amapezeka kwambiri. Mwa nkhani zomwe zimanenedwa pali zina zosaneneka.

Chifukwa chake, tipereka nkhaniyi kukuwuzani mbiri yonse ndi mawonekedwe a wotchi yakuthambo.

Wotchi yakuthambo yomwe imatha kuwonetsa nthawi

Ukadaulo wakale

Mbiri ya wotchi yakuthambo ku Prague ili ndi zambiri zomwe ndizodabwitsa kwambiri. Mwachitsanzo, chimodzi mwazinthu zake ndikuti adabwera kwa mbuye yemwe adapanga wotchi iyi kuti sangapangire ina yonga imeneyo. Pali omwe amakhulupirira kuti ndi chithumwa chomwe chimathandiza kuti nzika zonse zikhale zotetezeka. Pomwe kupita patsogolo kwaukadaulo komanso zenizeni zikupezeka pazinthu zina zakale, timasiya nkhanizi kuti tiwunikire momwe zimagwirira ntchito. Ndikudutsa zaka, zidutswa za wotchi yakuthambo zimakhalabe zosangalatsa kwa aliyense wokonda machitidwe a analog.

Ndipo ndiwotchi yomwe imatha kuwonetsa nthawi m'njira zambiri. Mapangidwe ake ndi a kutuloji ndipo imakhala ndi magiya atatu omwe amatha kulemba nthawi 3 nthawi yomweyo. Ngati titayang'ana kumtunda timawona malo ochitira zidole omwe ali pakati pa akhungu awiri momwe atumwi 5 adakopedwera. Aliyense wa iwo amasiya mphindi 60 zilizonse kuti afotokoze kuti ndi nthawi yanji. Ziwerengerozi ndi zamakono kwambiri kuposa wotchi, ngakhale kuti ndi ya m'zaka za zana la XNUMX. Izi zikutanthauza kuti ziwerengerozi zidayambitsidwa atapangidwa kale.

Pansipa tili ndi kalendala yomwe ili ndi zithunzi za miyezi ndi nyengo. Komanso, onetsani yemwe ali Woyera wa tsiku lililonse la chaka. Magulu onsewa ali ndi chidwi chojambula chomwe chimakopa alendo zikwizikwi ku Prague chaka ndi chaka. Mwala wamtengo wapatali wa wotchi iyi ndi thupi lapakati popeza chinali chidutswa choyambirira chomwe chidapangidwa mu 1410.

Kutalika kwa wotchi yakuthambo

wotchi yovuta

Ndikuti wotchi iyi ndiyopatsa chidwi kwambiri chifukwa imatha kuwonetsa nthawiyo m'njira zisanu. Zigawo zake ndizachidwi. Tifotokozera mwatsatanetsatane aliyense wa iwo. Kumbali imodzi, tili ndi dzuwa lagolide lomwe limayenda mozungulira zodiacal. Chidutswa ichi chimatha kutiwonetsa maola atatu nthawi imodzi. Chizindikiro choyamba ndi pomwe panali dzanja lagolide. Ili pamanambala achiroma ndipo akutiuza nthawi ku Prague. Dzanja likamadutsa mu mizera yagolide limasonyeza nthawiyo ngati maola osalingana. Pomaliza, akamadutsa mphete yakunja, amalemba maola kutuluka kwa dzuwa malinga ndi nthawi ya Bohemian.

Chinthu chinanso chimene wotchi imeneyi imachita ndi kusonyeza nthawi pakati pa kutuluka ndi kulowa kwa dzuwa. Makina owonetsa nthawi ino agawika "maola" 12. Kuti muchite izi, gwiritsani ntchito mtunda pakati pa dzuwa ndi pakati pa gulumo. Kumbukirani kuti muyeso uwu umasintha chaka chonse, chifukwa masiku onse si ofanana. Pamene tikuyandikira nyengo yachilimwe, masiku amakhala aatali ndipo nthawi yapakati pa kutuluka ndi kulowa kwa dzuwa ndiyotalikirapo. M'malo mwake, tikakhala m'nyengo yachisanu timakhala ndi kutalika kwakanthawi pakati pa kutuluka ndi kulowa kwa dzuwa.

Chachitatu, mbali yakunja ya wotchi ya zakuthambo ili ndi manambala olembedwa pamtundu wa Schwabacher wagolide. Manambalawa ali ndi udindo wowonetsa ntchito momwe zimachitikira ku Bohemia ndipo zimayamba kuyambira 1 madzulo. Kuti igwirizane ndi nthawi ya dzuwa, mphetezo zimayenda chaka chonse kuti athe kuyeza molondola.

Mbali inayi, tili ndi mphete ya zodiac. Ili ndi udindo wosonyeza komwe dzuwa lili komwe kuli kadamsanayu. Phirilo silimangokhala mphindikati pamene dziko limayenda mozungulira dzuwa. Ndiwo mzere womwe kumasulira kwapadziko lapansi kumachitika. Dongosolo la mphete ya zodiacal limafotokozedwa ngati maziko a ndege yozungulira. Chofala kwambiri kuchipeza munthawi iliyonse yazakuthambo. Kusunthaku kumadalira disk yomwe imasuntha mphete ya zodiacal.

Zidwi zina

mawonekedwe a wotchi yakuthambo

Dongosolo la mphete iyi limachitika chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito chitetezo cha ndege cha kadamsana. North Pole imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati maziko a ndegeyi. Chitha kuwoneka ngati chachilendo, koma ndi makonzedwe omwe amapezeka m'mawotchi ambiri azakuthambo. Pomaliza, chimodzi mwazosangalatsa ndizo pali gawo loyendera mwezi lomwe limationetsa magawo a satellite yathu. Mayendedwe apa ndi ofanana ndi wotchi yayikulu koma mwachangu. Chodziwika kwambiri kuti mawotchi amapambana nthawi inali pakatikati.

Chidwi china ndikuti imapangidwa ndi chimbale chokhazikika pakatikati ndi ma disc angapo ozungulira omwe amagwira ntchito mosadalira. Mwachidule, tikuwona kuti ili ndi mphete ya zodiacal ndi m'mbali mwake zomwe zalembedwa ndi Schwabacher typography. Ilinso ndi singano zitatu: imodzi mwayo ndi dzanja, dzanja lachiwiri ndi dzuwa lomwe limadutsamo kuchokera pamwamba mpaka pansi ndi lachitatu nyenyezi yomwe imalumikizidwa ndi mphete ya zodiacal.

Lero ikhoza kukhala njira yosavuta kuwoneka, koma m'masiku ake inali luso laukadaulo. Tikulankhula kuti chidutswa choyamba chidamangidwa mchaka cha 1410 ndipo palibenso china chofanizira ukadaulo wapanthawiyo ndi wamakono. Tiyenera kuzindikira kuti makina amachitidwe pang'onopang'ono kotero kuti ndizosatheka kuyamikira mayendedwe ndi diso la munthu munthawi yeniyeni. Ngati tikufuna kuwona kuyenda kwa ola lakuthambo tiyenera kujambula ndikupita patsogolo. Palinso mitundu ina yamakompyuta pomwe titha kuyesa zosiyanasiyana kuti tiwone momwe zimayendera komanso momwe zimagwirira ntchito.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za wotchi yakuthambo ku Prague ndi mawonekedwe ake.

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