Thambo lodzala ndi nyenyezi

Tikukhala padziko lapansi lokongola kwambiri, momwe mitundu yambiri yazomera ndi nyama zimakhalira limodzi zomwe zimachita zonse zotheka kuti zikhale ndi moyo mdziko lomwe amayenera kukumana ndi zovuta zambiri tsiku lililonse. Koma, ngati masana titha kuwona mitundu yambiri yamitundu ndi zamoyo, usiku chiwonetserochi chikupitilira, nthawi ino ndiye protagonist ndiye thambo lodzala nyenyezi.

Nthawi zochepa timazindikira, osati pachabe, ndikosavuta kuiwala kuti kuli maiko ena kunja uko komwe, mwina, kuli moyo. Madontho owala mamiliyoni onse omwe nthawi zina timawawona kwenikweni ndi nyenyezi, mapulaneti, ma comet ndi ma nebulae omwe analipo mamiliyoni a zaka zapitazo.

Mbiri yachidule yokhudza zakuthambo

Ndimakonda usiku. Bata lomwe limapumidwa ndilabwino, ndipo kumwamba kukamveka bwino ndipo mutha kuwona kachigawo kakang'ono kwambiri kachilengedwe, ndichinthu chosangalatsa. Zachidziwikire zomvekera ndikumverera komwe onse okonda zakuthambo kapena, mophweka, kuyang'ana kumwamba alinso ndi akatswiri azakuthambo oyamba.

Sayansi ya zakuthambo, mwa njira, ndi sayansi yakale kwambiri. Zitukuko zonse zaumunthu zomwe zidalipo ndipo mwina - zaperekedwa kuti ziwone kuthambo. Chitsanzo ndi Stonehenge, zomangamanga zomangidwa mozungulira 2800 BC. C. chomwe, ngati chikuwonedwa kuchokera pakatikati pake, chikuwonetsa kulunjika komwe kutuluka kwa dzuwa nthawi yayitali.

Ku Egypt, omanga mapiramidi a Giza, Cheops, Khafre ndi Menkaure (ma farao a mzera wa IV) adapanga ntchito zawo mozungulira 2570 BC. C. kotero kuti adalumikizidwa ndi lamba wa Orion. Ngakhale pakadali pano nyenyezi zitatu za Orion zimapanga ngodya yosiyana ndi madigiri angapo kuchokera kuma piramidi.

Komabe, sizinachitike mpaka patadutsa zaka zambiri, mu Meyi 1609, pamene waluso Galileo Galilei adapanga telescope yomwe ingathandize kuphunzira, mwatsatanetsatane, zinthu zakumwamba. Panthawiyo, ku Holland, imodzi idapangidwa kale yomwe idatilola kuti tiwone zinthu zakutali, koma chifukwa cha a Galilei omwe adalola kuti chithunzichi chikule kuchokera kasanu ndi kamodzi mpaka kasanu ndi kawiri, zinthu zina zambiri zimawoneka, kuti chilichonse chomwe chitha kuwonedwa chitha kuwerengedwa ndikusanthula. zitha kuwoneka kumwamba.

Chifukwa chake, pang'ono ndi pang'ono anthu anatha kuzindikira kuti linali Dzuwa osati Dziko lapansi lomwe linali pakatikati pa zonse, zomwe zinali kusintha kwakukulu poganizira kuti, kufikira nthawi imeneyo, masomphenya a geocentric anali atakhala wa chilengedwe chonse.

Lero tili ndi ma telescope ndi ma binoculars omwe amatilola kuti tiwone zambiri. Kuchulukirachulukira ndi iwo omwe sakhutitsidwa ndi kuwona zinthu zomwe maso a munthu angathe kuzijambula ndi maso, koma omwe ali ndi zosavuta kuposa kale kuwona comets, nebulae, ndipo ngakhale, ngati nyengo ili yabwino, milalang'amba yoyandikira kwambiri. Koma pali vuto lomwe silinakhaleko kale: kuipitsa pang'ono.

Kodi kuwononga kuwala ndi chiyani?

Kuwononga kuwala amatanthauzidwa ngati kunyezimira kwa thambo usiku lopangidwa ndi kuwunikira koyipa kwamatawuni. Magetsi a nyali zapamsewu, zamagalimoto, zamanyumbazi, ndi zina zambiri. ndizolepheretsa kusangalala ndi nyenyezi. Ndipo zinthu zikuipiraipira pamene kuchuluka kwa anthu padziko lapansi kukuwonjezeka.

Zili ndi zotsatira zambiri, kuphatikizapo zotsatirazi:

  • Mphamvu ndi ndalama zimawonongeka.
  • Oyendetsa bwino.
  • Amathandizira pakusintha kwanyengo.
  • Amasintha kusintha kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya nyama, komanso zomera.
  • Kuwoneka kwa thambo usiku kwatayika.

Kodi pali mayankho?

Kumene inde. Kuyatsa magetsi akunja kwa maola ochepa okha, kugwiritsa ntchito mababu opulumutsa magetsi, kuyatsa nyali zapamsewu popewera zopinga (monga nthambi zamitengo), ndi / kapena kugwiritsa ntchito mapangidwe okhala ndi zowonetsera zomwe zimapewa kufalikira kwa kuwala ndi zina mwazinthu zomwe iwo amatha kuchita kuti achepetse kuwonongeka kwa kuwala.

Zikhulupiriro zabodza zokhudza nyenyezi

Chipululu

Nyenyezi nthawi zonse zimakhala chinthu chazikhulupiriro zomwe munthu adapanga nazo nthano zongopeka. Chitsanzo ndi Pleiades (mawu omwe amatanthauza "nkhunda" mu Chi Greek). Ku Greece wakale Nkhaniyi adauzidwa kuti mlenje Orion adakondana ndi Pleione ndi ana ake aakazi, omwe adayesa kuthawa kwa iye koma adangopambana pomwe Zeus, patapita zaka, adawasandutsa nkhunda yomwe idawulukira mlengalenga ndikukhala gulu la nyenyezi zomwe tikudziwabe lero kuti Pleiades.

Tirawa

Malinga ndi a Pawnee, fuko lachilengedwe ku North America, mulungu Tirawa adatumiza nyenyezi kuti zithandizire kumwamba. Ena amasamalira mitambo, mphepo ndi mvula, zomwe zimatsimikizira chonde Padziko Lapansi; komabe, panali ena omwe adakumana ndi thumba la mkuntho wakupha, womwe udabweretsa imfa padziko lapansi.

njira yamkaka

A Mayan amakhulupirira izi Milky Way inali njira yomwe mizimu imayenda kupita kumanda. Nkhani zofotokozedwa ndi anthu awa, omwe adapanga chimodzi mwazinthu zotsogola kwambiri munthawi yawo, zimachokera pa ubale wa kayendedwe ka nyenyezi. Kwa iwo, gulu loyimirira la Milky Way lomwe limawonekerabe lero ngati thambo likhala lowala bwino, lidayimira nthawi yolenga.

Krttika asanu ndi awiri

Ku India amakhulupirira kuti nyenyezi za Big Dipper anali otchedwa Rishis: anzeru asanu ndi awiri omwe adakwatirana ndi alongo asanu ndi awiri a Krttika omwe amakhala nawo kumpoto chakumtunda mpaka Agni, mulungu wamoto, adakondana ndi alongo a Krrtika. Pofuna kuiwala chikondi chomwe anali nacho, Agni adapita kunkhalango komwe adakumana ndi Svaha, nyenyezi Zeta Tauri.

Svaha adakondana ndi Agni, ndipo kuti amugonjetse zomwe adachita adadzibisa ngati m'modzi mwa alongo a Krrtika. Agni amakhulupirira kuti pamapeto pake agonjetsa akazi a Rishis. Posakhalitsa, Svaha adakhala ndi mwana wamwamuna, motero mphekesera zidayamba kufalikira kuti akazi asanu ndi m'modzi achi Rishi anali amayi ake, zomwe zidapangitsa kuti amuna asanu ndi m'modzi mwa asanu ndi awiriwo athetse akazi awo.

Arundhati ndiye yekhayo amene adakhala ndi amuna awo otchedwa nyenyezi Alcor. Ena asanu ndi mmodzi adachoka ndikukhala Pleiades.

Malo abwino kwambiri owonera nyenyezi

Poyang'anizana ndi kuipitsa pang'ono, chinthu chabwino kwambiri kuchita ndikufika kutali momwe mungathere kuchokera m'mizinda kapena, koposa pamenepo, pitani ku umodzi wa malowa:

Nkhalango ya Monfragüe (Cáceres)

Chithunzi - Juan Carlos Casado

Mauna Kea Observatory (ku Hawaii)

Chithunzi - Wally Pacholka

The Cañadas del Teide (Tenerife)

Chithunzi - Juan Carlos Casado

Chipululu cha Sinai (Egypt)

Chithunzi - Stefan Seip

Koma… ndipo ngati sindingathe kuyenda, ndimatani? Zikatero, chinthu chabwino kwambiri ndikadakhala kugula telescope yotsutsa. Ndizosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito ndipo pamafunika kukonza pang'ono (kupatula kuti muzisunga bwino). Kuyendetsa kwa telesikopu iyi kumadalira pa kukonzanso kwa kuwala komwe kumatulutsa. Chowunikira chimadutsa m'nkhalangocho, chimasintha njira yake ndikupangitsa chithunzi chokulirapo cha chinthu chomwe chikuwonedwa panthawiyo.

Mtengo wa telescope yoyambitsa ukadaulo ndiwosangalatsa, ndipo ukhoza kukhala wokwanira ma 99 euros.

Zithunzi zambiri zakumwamba komwe kuli nyenyezi

Kuti timalize timakusiyirani ndi zithunzi zochepa zakumwamba. Sangalalani.


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  1.   Uriel osquivel anati

    Ndife dziko lokhalo lokhala ndi zabwino zathu (mpweya, madzi, moto, dziko lapansi) ndi… zopanda pake.
    Kukongola kwa Kumwamba Kwakukulu, Kosatha; Mphamvu ya nyenyezi yathu yamfumu imatiponyera "zothetheka" za mphatso zake ndikutiphimba ndi polar auroras yamphamvu yake pamwamba pa magnetosphere yathu kuti tidzaze ana athu modabwitsa ndikutipatsa Ether, kumbuyo, kuwonjezera pokhala ndi maluso apamwamba ngakhale kuti tingathe kuzindikira pang'ono za Kufunikaku, zikomo Mulungu.