Saturn ili ndi ma satellite angati?

saturn ili ndi ma satellite angati

Saturn ili ndi miyezi yambiri, ndipo imabwera m'mitundu yambiri. Kukula kwake, tili ndi miyezi yoyambira pa mita imodzi yokha kupita ku Titan yayikulu kwambiri, yomwe imawerengera 96% ya zinthu zonse zomwe zimazungulira Dziko lapansi. anthu ambiri amadabwa saturn ili ndi ma satellite angati.

Pachifukwa ichi, tikupatulira nkhaniyi kuti tikuuzeni pamene Saturn ili ndi ma satelayiti, makhalidwe a aliyense ndi momwe atulukira chifukwa cha sayansi ya sayansi.

makhalidwe a dziko

ndi ma satellite angati padziko lapansi omwe ali ndi saturn

Tiyeni tikumbukire kuti Saturn ndi pulaneti lachisanu ndi chimodzi lomwe lili pafupi kwambiri ndi dzuwa mu dongosolo la dzuwa, lili pakati pa Jupiter ndi Uranus. Ndilo dziko lachiwiri lalikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi. Ili ndi m'mimba mwake ma kilomita 120.536 ku equator.

Ponena za mawonekedwe ake, amaphwanyidwa ndi mitengo. Kuphwanyidwa uku kumachitika chifukwa cha liwiro lake lozungulira mwachangu. Mphete ikuwoneka kuchokera ku Earth. Ndilo dziko limene lili ndi ma asteroids ochuluka kwambiri kulizungulira. Chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ake a mpweya komanso kuchuluka kwake kwa helium ndi haidrojeni, imatchedwa chimphona cha gasi. Chifukwa cha chidwi, dzina lake limachokera kwa mulungu wachiroma Saturn.

Pulaneti ili ndi ma asteroids omwe amazungulira ilo kupyolera mu mphamvu yokoka. Pamene pulaneti lili lalikulu, m’pamenenso limakoka ndi mphamvu yokoka yowonjezereka ndipo m’pamenenso ma asteroids amene amalizungulira amatha kukhalamo. Dziko lathuli lili ndi satelayiti imodzi yomwe imatizungulira, koma lilinso ndi tizidutswa tamiyala tambirimbiri tokopeka ndi mphamvu yokoka yathu.

Saturn ili ndi ma satellite angati?

mwezi wa saturn

Miyezi ya Saturn imagawidwa m'magulu osiyanasiyana malinga ndi momwe amazungulira dziko lapansi (mtunda umene amayenda, mayendedwe, mayendedwe, etc.). Pali miyezi yaing'ono yopitilira 150 yomizidwa m'mphete zake. (otchedwa circummollites), pamodzi ndi njere za thanthwe ndi fumbi zomwe zimapanga izo, pamene miyezi ina imazungulira kunja kwake ndi patali zosiyanasiyana.

Kudziwa ndendende ma satellite omwe Saturn ali nawo pakadali pano ndizovuta. Akuti ili ndi miyezi yoposa 200, komabe 83 mwa iyo tingathe kuiwona kuti ndi mwezi chifukwa imadziwa mayendedwe ndipo ili kunja kwa mphete. Mwa awa 83, 13 okha ndi omwe ali ndi mainchesi akulu (kuposa makilomita 50).

Miyezi yowonjezereka ingapezeke m’kupita kwa zaka. Chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe zapezedwa zaposachedwa kwambiri mu 2019 chinali kuwonjezera kwa ma satelayiti osachepera 20 pamndandandawu. Miyezi yambiri ya Saturn imakhala ndi malo osiyana kwambiri ndi omwe tili nawo pano Padziko Lapansi, ngakhale kuti ena amatha kukhala ndi moyo wamtundu wina. Pansipa, tikutengerani mozama pang'ono mu zina mwazodziwika kwambiri.

Titan

Titan ndi mwezi waukulu, wokhala ndi madzi oundana omwe pamwamba pake amabisika ndi mlengalenga wokhuthala, wagolide.. Ndi yayikulu kwambiri kuposa mwezi kapena Mercury. Ndi mwezi wachiwiri waukulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi pambuyo pa mwezi wa Jupiter, wotchedwa Ganymede.

Kuphatikiza pa kukula kwake, imadziwikanso kuti ndi dziko lokhalo lakumwamba (kupatula Dziko Lapansi) lomwe lili ndi madzi ambiri osatha pamwamba pake. Titan ili ndi mitsinje, nyanja, nyanja, ndi mitambo komwe methane ndi ethane zimatuluka, zomwe zimapanga kuzungulira kofanana ndi kwamadzi padziko lapansi.

M'nyanja zikuluzikulu, pakhoza kukhala zamoyo zomwe zimagwiritsa ntchito zinthu zosiyanasiyana zamakhemikolo kuposa zomwe tidazolowera. Chachiwiri, Pansi pa chipolopolo chachikulu cha Titan, tidapeza nyanja yam'madzi yambiri yomwe imatha kukhalanso ndi zamoyo zazing'ono zazing'ono zofanana ndi zapadziko lapansi.

Enceladus

Chodziwika kwambiri cha Enceladus ndikuti titha kupeza mizati ikuluikulu yamadzi amchere otuluka mkati mwa nyanja ya pansi pa nyanja pansi pa chigoba chake chozizira kwambiri kudzera m'ming'alu.

Mitsinje imeneyi imasiya kanjira ka tizidutswa ta madzi oundana timene tinkafika m’njira, n’kupanga imodzi mwa mphete za Saturn. Zina zonse zimagwera pansi ngati matalala., zomwe zimapangitsa kuti mwezi uno ukhale woyera kwambiri, wonyezimira kwambiri, kapena wowala kwambiri (albedo) m'dongosolo lonse la dzuŵa.

Kuchokera pazitsanzo za ma plume awa, tinganene kuti, kuwonjezera pa kukhalapo kwa zinthu zofunika pa moyo, pangakhale mpweya wotentha wa hydrothermal wofanana ndi womwe uli pansi pa nyanja pa Dziko Lapansi, zomwe zimalavulanso madzi otentha. Chifukwa chake, Enceladus ndiwotheka kwambiri kuthandizira moyo.

Rhea, Dione ndi Thetis

mwezi wozungulira saturn

Rhea, Dione, ndi Tethys ndi ofanana kwambiri m'mapangidwe ndi maonekedwe: ndi ang'onoang'ono, ozizira (mpaka -220ºC m'madera amthunzi), komanso opanda mpweya (kupatula Rhea), omwe ali ndi matupi owoneka ngati a snowball.

Miyezi itatu ya alongo iyi imazungulira pa liwiro lofanana ndi Saturn ndipo nthawi zonse imawonetsa Saturn nkhope yomweyo. Amakhalanso owala kwambiri ngakhale osati monga Enceladus. Amakhulupirira kuti amapangidwa makamaka ndi madzi oundana.

Monga tanenera kale, Rhea alibe mpweya: ali ndi mpweya wozungulira, wodzaza ndi mpweya ndi carbon dioxide (CO2). Rhea ndi mwezi wachiwiri waukulu kwambiri wa Saturn.

Iapetus

Iapetus ndi wachitatu pakati pa mwezi wa Saturn. Amagawidwa m'magulu awiri osiyana: chimodzi chowala ndi china chakuda, ndi chimodzi mwa zinsinsi zazikulu za dongosolo la dzuwa. Ndiwodziwikanso chifukwa cha "equatorial ridge" yomwe ili ndi mapiri otalika 10 km ozungulira equator.

Mimas

Pamwamba pa Mimas pamakhala ziboliboli zazikulu. Yaikulu kwambiri, yomwe ili pamtunda wa makilomita 130 m'mimba mwake, imakhala pafupifupi gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu a mwezi umodzi, zomwe zimapatsa mawonekedwe ofanana kwambiri ndi Death Star kuchokera ku Star Wars. Komanso nthawi zonse imakhala ndi nkhope yofanana ndi Saturn ndipo ndi yaying'ono kwambiri. (198 km m'mimba mwake). Ili pafupi ndi Enceladus kuposa Enceladus.

Phoebe

Mosiyana ndi miyezi yambiri ya Saturn, Phoebe ndi mwezi wamdima womwe umagwirizana ndi dzuwa loyambirira. Ndi umodzi mwa mwezi wakutali kwambiri wa Saturn, pafupifupi makilomita 13 miliyoni kuchokera ku Saturn, pafupifupi kuwirikiza kanayi kuposa mnansi wake wapafupi, Iapetus.

Zimazungulira Saturn mosiyana ndi miyezi ina yambiri (ndipo nthawi zambiri ku matupi ena a dzuwa). Chifukwa chake, njira yake imatchedwa retrograde.

Ndikuyembekeza kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za ma satelayiti angati Saturn ndi makhalidwe awo.


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