Nyanja yapinki

lake retba

Tikudziwa kuti chilengedwe chimatidabwitsa kwambiri. Padziko lapansili pali malo okhala ndi mikhalidwe yapadera yomwe ingawoneke ngati yongopeka chabe. Chimodzi mwa zinthu izi ndi pinki lake. Ndi imodzi mwa nyanja zochititsa chidwi kwambiri osati ku Africa kokha komanso padziko lonse lapansi. Ichi ndi chimodzi mwazinthu zofunika kwambiri zokopa alendo ku Senegal, makamaka chifukwa cha mitundu yake yodabwitsa. Pakati pa milu, mitengo ya kanjedza ndi baobab, mukhoza kuona zodabwitsa zachilengedwe chifukwa cha madzi ake okhala ndi mchere wambiri.

M'nkhaniyi tikufotokozerani makhalidwe onse, chiyambi, zomera ndi zinyama za nyanja ya pinki.

Chiyambi cha nyanja ya pinki

pinki lake

Zili ngati gulu la mbalame zotchedwa flamingo zinaima n’kupumula m’mbali imeneyi ya gombe lakumadzulo kwa Australia, lomwe lazimiririka, n’kusiya nthenga zake zapinki pansi pa nyanjayi. Iyi ndi nyanja ya pinki. Kuwona kuchokera pamwamba, zodabwitsa zachilengedwezi zimasiyana ndi malo obiriwira a zomera za m'mphepete mwa nyanja ndi buluu wakuya wa Indian Ocean, pamtunda wa mamita ochepa chabe. Ngakhale ndizosowa, mtundu wake umabwera chifukwa cha bakiteriya yomwe imakhala m'matumbo amchere. Tizilombo tating'onoting'ono timene timatulutsa timadzi tambiri timene timatulutsa timadzi tambiri tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tambirimbiri tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timapanga tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timapanga tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timapanga tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timapanga tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timapanga tomwe timapanga tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Nyanja zingapo padziko lonse lapansi zimatsegula mitundu yobiriwira ya phosphorescent, yobiriwira yamkaka komanso ngakhale yofiyira.

Mbiri ya nyanjayi imadalira kwambiri mtundu wa madzi ake, omwe ali ndi mchere wopitilira 40% m'malo ena. Malinga ndi oyandikana nawo, nthawi zakale nyanjayi inkapha nsomba, koma m'zaka za m'ma 1970 panali chilala chofunikira chomwe chinayambitsa mavuto a zachuma, kotero anthu okhala m'dera la nyanjayi anayamba kutolera ndi kugulitsa ku Madzi. Mchere wopezedwa umawonjezera ndalama za banjalo.

Makhalidwe apamwamba

Hiller lake

Makhalidwe akuluakulu omwe amatha kuwonedwa m'nyanjayi ndi awa:

  • Mbali yake yayikulu ndi mtundu wake wa pinki.
  • Ndi yayikulu, koma ndi yozama nthawi yomweyo.
  • Madzi ake ndi ofunda komanso amchere kwambiri moti pafupifupi chilichonse chimayandama mmenemo.
  • Nthawi yabwino yowonera mtundu uwu ndi dzuwa likamalowa kapena kutuluka, chifukwa cha kuyanjana komwe kumachitika ndi kuwala kwa dzuwa.
  • Yazunguliridwa ndi nkhalango za baobab komanso malo achikhalidwe.
  • Ndi utali wa makilomita pafupifupi 5.
  • Mtundu wapadera wa madzi ake ndi chifukwa cha ndere zotchedwa Dunaliella salina, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti pigment yofiira itenge kuwala kwa dzuwa.
  • Kuchuluka kwake mchere kumapangitsa anthu kuyandama m'madzi ake mosavutikira.

Nyanja ya pinki ndi anthu

Mzinda waukulu pafupi ndi Pinki Lake ndi Dakar, makilomita 30 kumpoto chakum'mawa kwa Cape Verde. Mu Nyanja ya Pinki adakula pakapita nthawi mndandanda wa zoopsa zachilengedwe ndi nyengo zomwe zimakhudza madzi ake. Kukokoloka kwa nthaka, kusintha kwa nyengo, ndi kudyetserako chuma mopambanitsa m’nyanjayi zawononga kwambiri nyanjayi. Kuchepa kwa mvula kwakhudzanso madzi ake, pomwe makampani a zaulimi aipitsidwa kwambiri ndi kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala ophera tizilombo.

Njira yayikulu yopezera ndalama m'derali iyenera kukhala kutulutsa mchere kunyanja. Ndipotu ogwira ntchito m’mayiko osiyanasiyana anaganiza zosamukira kumalo amenewa kuti adzipereke pa ntchitoyo. Kuchotsa mcherewu kwakhala imodzi mwazofunikira magwero akuluakulu a ndalama kuyambira 1970 ndipo akhala akuwonjezeka chaka chilichonse pakapita nthawi.

Ndipotu, ngati mwaganiza zopita kunyanjayi, mudzawona osonkhanitsa mchere akugwira ntchito nthawi zonse mkati ndi kuzungulira nyanjayi. Anthu akumeneko amachotsa mcherewo pansi pa nyanjayo ndi manja, kenako amauika m’madengu n’kupita nawo kumtunda, makamaka kuti nsomba zisamawonongeke. Anthu a m’derali amene amachotsa mcherewu m’nyanjayi amagwiritsa ntchito batala wa shea wotengedwa mumtengowo kuti adziteteze ku mcherewo.

Ambiri mwa ogwira ntchito ndi odzilemba okha. Kuchepa kwa phindu ndi kupanga mchere wochepa kumatanthauza kuti palibe ndalama zokwanira kukopa makampani akuluakulu. Komabe, ochita migodiwa pamodzi amatulutsa pafupifupi matani 60,000 a mchere chaka chilichonse. Kuphatikiza apo, kukongola kokongola kuno kwakhala chimodzi mwazinthu zazikulu zokopa alendo m'derali, zomwe zasintha kwambiri mkhalidwe wachuma m'derali.

Ndondomeko zomwe zimayang'anira malowa zimachokera ku ndondomeko zokhazikitsidwa ndi maboma a Africa. Zina mwa izo zimayang'ana pa chitetezo cha nyanjayi ndi ndondomeko zina zomwe zimapindulitsa madzi ndi antchito ake.

Flora ndi zinyama

mchere wa pinki nyanja

Chifukwa cha mchere wambiri wa m’nyanjayi. ndi nyama zochepa zomwe zimatha kukhala m'madzi a m'nyanja. Mitundu ina ya mabakiteriya, algae, ndi crustaceans yaing'ono imapezeka, koma ndizochepa. Kunja kwa nyanjayi, kulibe nyama zambiri chifukwa madziwo samwedwa, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zamoyo zizitha kusamukira kumalo ena kukafunafuna chakudya.

Chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa mchere, zomera za m'nyanjayi ndizosowa kwambiri, pafupifupi palibe. M’mphepete mwa nyanjayi mungapeze zomera za m’derali komanso nyengo.

Nyanjayi ndi yofunika kwambiri pa chuma cha anthu okhalamo. popeza ambiri a iwo ndi odzipereka pakukumba mchere, yomwe m’kupita kwa nthawi yakhala imodzi mwa njira zopezera ndalama kwa mabanja awo ambiri amene amakhala pafupi ndi nyanjayi.

Zosangalatsa za nyanja ya pinki

Zina mwazosangalatsa zomwe zimapangitsa nyanjayi kukhala yapadera padziko lapansi zatchulidwa pansipa:

  • Mpikisano wotchuka wa Dakar usanayambe ku South America, Nyanja ya Pinki inali yomaliza kangapo.
  • Mabakiteriya amene amapanga mtundu wa pinki wa nyanjayi alibe vuto lililonse kwa anthu, choncho kusambira m’madzi ake n’kololedwa.
  • Kuchotsa mchere m'madzi, anthu amagwiritsa ntchito batala wa shea.
  • Mtundu wake makamaka chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa mchere m'madzi ake.

Muyenera kudziwa kuti Dunaliella salina, yomwe imapatsa nyanjayi mtundu wake wapadera, ilibe vuto lililonse kwa anthu komanso yotetezeka kwambiri kusambira m'nyanjayi. M'malo mwake, kodi mumadziwa kuti algae awa ali olemera kwambiri mu antioxidants? Moti amagwiritsidwa ntchito kupanga zodzoladzola ndi zakudya zowonjezera.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitso ichi mungaphunzire zambiri za nyanja ya pinki ndi makhalidwe ake.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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