Mpweya wa madzi

mitambo ndi mpweya wowonjezera kutentha

El nthunzi yamadzi sichinthu china koma mkhalidwe wamadzi m'mene ukadutsa kuchokera kumadzi kupita kumalo ampweya. Kuti nthunzi yamadzi ichitike, iyenera kukhala ndi kutentha pafupi ndi malo otentha. Mpweya uwu ndiwofunikira pakuzungulira kwa hydrological, mapangidwe amoyo ndi kutentha kwanyengo.

Chifukwa chake, tikambirana mozama kuti nthunzi yamadzi, mawonekedwe ake ndi kufunikira kwake.

Makhalidwe apamwamba

nthunzi yamadzi

Sichinthu china koma gawo lamadzi pomwe limasinthiratu kuchoka pagawo lamadzimadzi kupita kumalo amadzimadzi. Mpweyawu ulibe mtundu komanso wopanda fungo, ngakhale nthawi zambiri umakhala wowoneka woyera komanso wamtambo ukalowa mkati ndi madontho ang'onoang'ono amadzi omwe amakhala amadzimadzi. Mpweya wamadzi nawonso imatha kuchepetsa kuwonekera kutengera kuchuluka kwake ndi komwe uli. Mwachitsanzo, timawona kuti nthunzi yamadzi imatha kuwonedwa bwino tikamatuluka kusamba ndikutseka mawindo a bafa. Apa ndipomwe nthunzi yamadzi imadziunjikira ndikusintha madzi ikamamatira pamakoma.

Mwachilengedwe, nthunzi imapangidwa pamene madzi apansi amatenthedwa chifukwa cha mapiri. Kuphulika kumeneku kumabweretsa akasupe otentha, ma geys, fumaroles, ndi mitundu ina ya mapiri. Geysers ndi mtundu wapadera wa kasupe wotentha. Nthunzi imatha kupangidwanso mwanzeru kudzera pamaukadaulo monga zopangira mafuta ndi zida za nyukiliya. Mwanjira iyi, timadziwa izi nthunzi yamadzi ndi gwero lofunikira lamphamvu pamakampani. Ndipo ndikuti njira zambiri zopangira magetsi zimaganizira za mphamvu ya nthunzi yamadzi yosunthira makina amagetsi.

Zitha kuzindikiridwa patsiku la chinyezi chambiri, mu chifunga chomwe chimakhalapo m'mawa kapena nthawi yomwe kuzizira kumakhala mpweya ndipo wachisanu ndi chimodzi kudzera pakamwa. Mpweya wokhala pakamwa uli ndi chinyezi ndi madzi omwe amalipidwa polumikizana ndi mpweya wozizira.

Kapangidwe ka nthunzi yamadzi

kufunika kwa nthunzi yamadzi

Tiyeni tiwone momwe njira yopangira nthunzi yamadzi imagwirira ntchito. Kutentha kwa madzi ndimachitidwe omwe mchitidwewu umasinthira kuchoka pamadzi kupita kumalo amadzimadzi chifukwa chakutha kutentha kwakanthawi. Kutentha kwamadzi kotentha ndi madigiri 100. Ndikutentha kumene kumene madzi amayamba kuwira. Komabe, madzi sayenera kukhala amoyo kuti nthunzi yamadzi ikhalepo.

Madzi akafika potentha, amatenga kutentha kuti kusandutse madzi kukhala nthunzi, koma kutentha kwake sikumakulanso. Madzi onse amadzimadzi amasintha kukhala nthunzi mpaka misa yonse yamadzi ithe. Timawona njirayi mosavuta tikaphika madzi mumphika. Tiyeneranso kudziwa kuti kutentha kwa madzi otentha kumadalira kukakamizidwa kwa zinthu zomwe zanenedwa. Mwachitsanzo, pophika chakudya kuphika kumachitika mwachangu potengera kupanikizika komwe kumachitika ndi mphika womwewo, kutentha kwamadzi kumakhala kotsika.

Kugwiritsa ntchito nthunzi yamadzi

geyser wachilengedwe

Monga momwe mungayembekezere, nthunzi yamadzi imagwiritsa ntchito kosiyanasiyana m'malo ambiri. Tiyeni tiwone ntchito zonsezi:

  • Samatenthetsa chakudya: nthunzi yamadzi imagwiritsidwa ntchito kuthetsa tizilombo topezeka m'zakudya. Tizilombo tambiri tambiri timafa tikakhala pamalo otentha kwambiri. Pachifukwa ichi, nthunzi imagwiritsidwa ntchito kutseketsa madzi kapena zinthu zina monga nyumba zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kubisa zomwe zawonongeka.
  • Ntchito ya injini: Pali ma injini ambiri omwe amagwira ntchito ndi kuyaka kwamafuta amafuta omwe amasintha mphamvu yamadzi enaake kukhala yamagetsi. Umu ndi momwe injini zamagetsi zimagwirira ntchito.
  • Atomize: atomizing sichingokhala kupatula magawo ena ang'onoang'ono. Ndi njira yomwe imalola kuti chinthu chidzigawidwe m'magawo ang'onoang'ono kwambiri. Muthanso kugwiritsa ntchito chinthu chomwe chimalola kuti madzi afalikire povumbulutsa madontho ang'onoang'ono monga kutsitsi.
  • Woyera: madzi ndiye chosungunulira chilengedwe chonse. Ndi madzi mutha kuyeretsa zinthu zamtundu uliwonse. Nthunzi ingagwiritsidwenso ntchito poyeretsa. Pogwiritsa ntchito zida zomwe zimagwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo wa nthunzi, zimathandizira kukulitsa mphamvu ndikuyeretsa zodetsa zonse monga zomwe zimadzipezera pamakapeti, mipando kapena zovala.
  • Kutsekemera: Njira yophikira nthunzi imalimbikitsidwa kwambiri pazakudya zonse zathanzi chifukwa imathandizira kusunga mavitamini, michere komanso madzi a chakudyacho.
  • Chotsani: zida zambiri zopangira chinyezi zimatha kukonza zachilengedwe powonjezera chinyezi. Pali mitundu yambiri yazodzikongoletsera kutengera ngati amasanduka nthunzi yamadzi a ultrasound kapena omwe amachita kutentha. Zomalizazi ndizosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito nthawi yachisanu chifukwa zimawonjezeranso kutentha kozungulira pang'ono.

Kufunika

Monga tafotokozera kumayambiriro kwa nkhaniyi, nthunzi yamadzi ndiyofunikira kwambiri m'chilengedwe. Kukhalapo kwake mumlengalenga ndi chimodzi mwazofunikira kwambiri. Ndipo ndikuti gawo lofunikira lazoyendera ma hydrological limapezeka mosiyanasiyana. Kuchuluka kwapakati pamlengalenga kumakhala pafupifupi 3%. M'madera ouma kwambiri kapena ozizira kwambiri monga mitengo, ndendeyo ndiyotsika.

Ngakhale sichitha kuwoneka ndi maso, patsiku loyera pamakhala nthunzi yamadzi. Kupatula kuti ngati ndi mpweya wopanda mtundu kapena fungo, suwonekera mwachindunji ndi mphamvu, mosiyana ndi mitambo yomwe imapangidwa ndi madontho amadzi amadzimadzi ndichifukwa chake amatha kuwonekera. Ndiwo mpweya wochuluka wowonjezera kutentha mumlengalenga ndipo ndi wamphamvu kwambiri kuposa zonse chifukwa cha kapangidwe kake ka mankhwala. Kutentha kwa dziko lapansi, mpweya wamadzi wochulukirapo udalipo mlengalenga momwe kuchuluka kwamasamba kuchokera kunyanja, nyanja ndi madzi ena padziko lapansi zikuchulukirachulukira.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitso ichi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za nthunzi yamadzi ndi mawonekedwe ake.

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