Mkuntho wa Hagibis

mvula yamkuntho 5

Tikudziwa kuti mikuntho yamkuntho imatha kukulira mwachangu. Ambiri aiwo ali ndimagulu 5 kapena ofanana. Mphepo yamkuntho ikafika mgululi imadziwika ndi dzina lamkuntho kapena mphepo yamkuntho. Ambiri mwa iwo amawonetsa diso laling'ono, lodziwika bwino lomwe limawonekera kwambiri, makamaka pazithunzi za satellite ndi radar. Nthawi zambiri zimakhala zomwe zimawonetsa mphamvu yamkuntho. Lero tikambirana Mkuntho wa Hagibis, popeza anali wapadera kwambiri potengera diso lake komanso kuphunzira kwake.

Munkhaniyi tikukuwuzani zonse zomwe muyenera kudziwa za Mkuntho wa Hagibis, mawonekedwe ake ndi kapangidwe kake.

Makhalidwe apamwamba

mkuntho hagibis

Ngati sitikunena za mphepo zamkuntho ndi mvula zamkuntho, izi ndizopangidwa ndi magawo atatu: diso, khoma lamaso ndi magulu amvula. Tikamayankhula za diso la mphepo yamkuntho, tikulankhula za pakati pa mphepo yamkuntho momwe dongosolo lonse likuzungulira. Pafupifupi, diso la mkuntho nthawi zambiri limakhala pafupifupi makilomita 30-70 m'mimba mwake. Nthawi zina imatha kufikira m'mimba mwake, ngakhale siyofala kwambiri. Ndi mphepo zamkuntho zazikulu zokha zomwe zimachita izi. Nthawi zina, tikhoza kukhala ndi diso lomwe limachepetsedwa kukhala laling'ono komanso locheperako. Mwachitsanzo, Mkuntho wa Carmen uyenera kukhala ndi diso la makilomita 370, pokhala waukulu kwambiri kuposa wina aliyense, pomwe Mphepo yamkuntho Wilma inali ndi diso limodzi lamakilomita 3.7.

Mphepo zamkuntho zamkuntho ndi mphepo zamkuntho zimapangitsa zomwe zimatchedwa diso lobwereka kapena diso lakumaso. Zimachitika pamene diso la chimphepo cham'malo otentha limakhala laling'ono kwambiri kuposa masiku onse. Izi ndi zomwe zidachitika ndi Mkuntho wa Hagibis mu 2019. Diso laling'ono limapangitsa kuti mphepo yamkuntho ikhale yamphamvu kwambiri pomwe chimphepo chozungulira diso chimathamanga kwambiri. Mphepo zamkuntho zamkuntho zomwe zimakhala ndi diso lobwereka nthawi zambiri zimapangitsa kusinthasintha kwamphamvu kwambiri chifukwa cha mphepo yawo.

Zina mwazikhalidwe za Mkuntho wa Hagibis timapeza kukula kwake kwa mesoscale. Izi zikutanthauza kuti ndi mphepo yamkuntho yomwe ndi yovuta kuneneratu motsatira njira komanso momwe mphepo ikuyendera. Chikhalidwe china cha Mkuntho wa Hagibis, kuwonjezera pa diso lake lamkuntho, ndi khoma lamaso ndi magulu ampweya omwe amayimira zinthu zonse zofunika mkuntho. Pomaliza, magulu amvula ndi mitambo yomwe ikupanga mikuntho yomwe ikuzungulira khoma la diso. Nthawi zambiri zimakhala zazitali makilomita mazana ambiri ndipo zimadalira kwambiri kukula kwa chimphepo chonse. Maguluwo amazungulira mozungulira nthawi zonse tikakhala kumpoto kwa dziko lapansi ndipo amakonda kukhala ndi mphepo mwamphamvu.

Kulimbikitsidwa kwakukulu kwa Mkuntho wa Hagibis

mutu wa pini

Imodzi mwazinthu zofunikira kwambiri m'mbiri kuyambira pomwe mphepo zamkuntho ndi mphepo zamkuntho zalembedwa ndi Typhoon Hagibis. Ndi mkuntho wamphamvu womwe udadutsa kumpoto kwa Zilumba za Mariana zomwe zili kunyanja ya Pacific pa Okutobala 7, 2019. Idadutsa pazilumbazi ngati chigawo chamkuntho cham'magawo 5 chotsatizana ndi mphepo zamphamvu kwambiri zamakilomita 260 pa ola limodzi.

Chimene chinawonekera kwambiri pa chimphepochi chinali kukula kwake mwadzidzidzi. Ndipo ndikuti idakulitsidwa kwambiri pomwe ndi mphepo zamkuntho zochepa zomwe zakwaniritsa. Zidachitika m'maola 24 okha kuti mphepo za 96 km / h zikhale ndi mphepo za 260 km / h. Kuwonjezeka kwa liwiro ili mphepo yamphamvu kwambiri ndikulimbikitsa kosowa kwambiri komanso kwachangu.

Pakadali pano, NOAA's Hurricane Research Division yatchulapo mphepo yamkuntho imodzi ku Pacific Northwest yomwe idachita izi: Super Typhoon Forrest ya 1983. Masiku ano, imadziwika kuti ndi mkuntho wamphamvu kwambiri padziko lapansi. Chomwe chimadziwika kwambiri ndi kukula kwakukulu uku koma diso laling'ono lomwe limazungulira pakati ndikuzungulira diso lokulira ngati kuti latsekedwa mkati. Popita nthawi, kukula kwa diso la mkuntho kunayeza ma 5 nautical miles, pomwe diso lachiwiri linaigwira.

Diso la mphepo yamkuntho ndilo likulu la mphepo yamkuntho kuti pafupifupi sikhala yayikulu kwambiri, ndipo amatchedwa diso la mutu wamphuno. Patatha masiku angapo kuchokera pomwe adapangidwa, adakumana ndi chilumba chosakhalamo cha Anatahan ndikusamuka ku Micronesia. Idafooka pomwe idasunthira kumpoto, ndipo patadutsa sabata limodzi idasanduka mphepo yamtundu wa 1-2 itafika ku Japan. Dzinalo Hagibis limatanthauza kuthamanga mu Tagalog, chifukwa chake limakhala

Mkuntho Wamkuntho Hagibis

mkuntho wa hagibis wowopseza

Ankawona ngati chochitika choyipitsitsa padziko lapansi popeza patangopita maola ochepa kuchoka mkuntho wosatentha kwambiri kukhala mphepo yamkuntho ya 5. Ndikusintha kwachangu kwambiri kwanthawi zonse, ndipo chimodzi mwazinthu zamphamvu kwambiri chifukwa chakulimba kwake . Mwa kudalira pamutu wobwereka inapanga chimphepo chamkuntho chowopsa.

Kapangidwe kake, monga mphepo zamkuntho zina, zidachitika pakati pa nyanja. Tikudziwa kuti chifukwa chakutsika kwa mpweya, mpweya umakhala ukudzaza mpata womwe udatsalira chifukwa chotsika. Mphepo yamkuntho ikangodutsa m'nyanja ndikufika kumtunda, ilibenso njira yodzidyetsera yokha komanso zambiri, motero imatha mphamvu ikamalowa. Mkuntho wamkuntho wa Forrest wa 1983, ndipo ngakhale unali wothamanga mofanana, sunali wamphamvu chifukwa chosakhala ndi diso lomwelo.

Kusinthaku kwakhudzana kwambiri ndi mawonekedwe ake achilendo. Zithunzi za satellite zomwe zidapezedwa zidawonetsa kuti linali ndi diso laling'ono kwambiri mkati lalikulupo. Zonsezi zidaphatikizidwa ndikupanga diso lokulirapo ndikuwonjezera mphamvu yake. Mwambiri, mphepo zamkuntho zonse zili ndi diso lomwe kukula kwake kumadalira mphamvu yomwe ili nayo. Ngati yaying'ono ndiyowopsa.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitso ichi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za Mkuntho wa Hagibis ndi mawonekedwe ake.


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