mame ndi chiyani

mame ndi chiyani

Ndithu, mwawonapo nthawi zikwizikwi m'nyengo yozizira usiku wa magalimoto amatha kutenga pakati ndi madzi. Madontho amadzi amenewa amadziwika kuti mame. Anthu ambiri sadziwa mame ndi chiyani ndi momwe imapangidwira. Mu meteorology imadziwika kuti mame ndipo mawonekedwe ake amadalira momwe chilengedwe chimakhalira.

Pachifukwa ichi, tikupatulira nkhaniyi kuti tikuuzeni zonse zomwe muyenera kudziwa zokhudza mame, momwe amapangidwira komanso makhalidwe ake.

mame ndi chiyani

mame

Lingaliro la mame limatanthawuza nthawi yomwe mpweya wamadzi mumlengalenga umakhazikika ndipo umapangidwa kutengera kutentha, chisanu, chifunga kapena mame.

Mame nthawi zonse amakhala ndi nthunzi yamadzi mumlengalenga, kuchuluka kwake komwe kumakhudzana ndi kuchuluka kwa chinyezi. Chinyezi chikafika 100%, mpweya umakhala wodzaza ndikufika pa mame. Nkofunika kuzindikira kuti wachibale chinyezi ndi kugwirizana pakati pa kuchuluka kwa H2O nthunzi mu mlengalenga ndi kuchuluka kwa H2O komwe kungakhalepo pa kutentha komweko.

Mwachitsanzo, pamene chinyezi chapafupi chimanenedwa kukhala 72% pa 18ºC, mpweya wa madzi mumpweya ndi 72% wa kuchuluka kwa nthunzi wamadzi pa 18ºC. Ngati pa kutentha kumeneko 100% chinyezi wachibale wafika, mame kufika.

Choncho, mame amafika pamene chinyezi chikukwera pamene kutentha sikumasintha kapena kutentha kumachepa koma chinyezi chochepa chimakhalabe chimodzimodzi.

Makhalidwe apamwamba

mvula yamvula Kuwonjezera pa zonsezi, ndi bwino kudziwa mfundo zina zosangalatsa za mame, monga:

  • Mame abwino kwa anthu amaonedwa kuti ndi 10º.
  • Akatswiri odziwa zanyengo amati chinthuchi chingagwiritsidwe ntchito kudziwa momwe khungu limatenthera mosavuta kapena ngakhale mwamphamvu bwanji.
  • M'malo omwe amaganiziridwa kuti pali mame apamwamba, monga pamwamba pa 20º, zindikirani kuti kumverera kwa chinyezi ndi kutentha kumawonekera kwambiri. Zimenezi zikutanthauza kuti n’kovuta kuti thupi la munthu lituluke thukuta ndi kumva bwino.
  • Kuti mukhale ndi thanzi labwino, akuti mame ayenera kukhala pakati pa 8º ndi 13º, pomwe kulibe mphepo, kutentha kudzafika pakati pa 20º ndi 26º.

Makamaka, tebulo lamakono la mame ndi magulu awo ndi awa:

  • Mpweya wouma kwambiri: Mame amakhala pakati pa -5º ndi -1º.
  • Mpweya wouma: 0 ku 4o.
  • youma thanzi:5 ku 7.
  • Ubwino wambiri: 8 ku 13o.
  • Ubwino wonyowa. Munthawi imeneyi, mame amakhala pakati pa 14º ndi 16º.
  • kutentha konyowa: 17 ku 19o.
  • Kutentha kwachinyezi: 20 ku 24o.
  • Kutentha kosapirira ndi chinyezi chambiri: 25º kapena apamwamba mame.

Ngati tibwerera ku zikhalidwe zakale, tinganene kuti ngati kutentha kumakhalabe pa 18ºC ndi chinyezi chapafupi kufika 100%; mame adzafika, kotero madzi mumlengalenga adzakhala conde. Chifukwa chake padzakhala madontho amadzi (chifunga) mumlengalenga ndi madontho amadzi (mame) pamwamba. Zowona, kuyimitsidwa kapena madontho amadzi pamtunda samanyowa ngati mvula (mvula).

miyeso ya mame

mame pa zomera

Kukhazikika mu mpweya wopanikizika kumakhala kovuta chifukwa kungayambitse kutsekeka kwa mapaipi, kulephera kwa makina, kuipitsidwa ndi kuzizira. Kuponderezana kwa mpweya kumawonjezera kuthamanga kwa nthunzi yamadzi, zomwe zimawonjezera mame. Izi ndizofunikira kukumbukira ngati mukudutsira mpweya kupita mumlengalenga musanapime. Mame pa malo oyezera adzakhala osiyana ndi mame mu ndondomekoyi, kutentha kwa mame mu mpweya woponderezedwa kumasiyanasiyana kutentha kwa chipinda ngakhalenso nthawi zapadera kufika -80 °C (-112 °F).

Makina a kompresa opanda mphamvu zowumitsa mpweya amatulutsa mpweya wokwanira wokwanira kutentha. Makina okhala ndi zowumitsira madzi amadutsa mpweya woponderezedwa kudzera mu chotenthetsera choziziritsa chomwe chimatulutsa madzi kuchokera mumtsinje. Makinawa nthawi zambiri amatulutsa mpweya wokhala ndi mame osachepera 5°C (41°F). Makina owumitsa a Desiccant amatenga mpweya wa madzi kuchokera mumtsinje wa mpweya ndipo amatha kutulutsa mpweya wokhala ndi mame -40 ° C (-40 ° F) ndi kuuma pakafunika.

Mgwirizano ndi chisanu ndi nkhungu

Palibe kukayika kuti zomera zonyowa zakhala zolimbikitsa kwa ojambula ambiri achilengedwe. Ndipo, ngakhale pang'ono, zitha kuwonekabe m'matauni ena omwe amakana kutsika kwa ma thermometers. Muzochitika zamwayi izi, mudzatha kuwona m'kuunika momwe masamba ndi ukonde wina wa akangaude amapezera mphamvu zatsopano m'chilengedwe. Ndi mame, mawu ochititsa chidwi a kuphatikiza madzi ndi zomera.

Mame ndi chodabwitsa pakati pa physics ndi meteorology chomwe chimachitika pamene mpweya wadzaza. Inde, ikadutsa mphamvu yake yayikulu yosunga madzi mu nthunzi. Izi zikadutsa, mpweya umakhala wodzaza ndipo madontho amadzi amayamba kupanga ndikukhazikika pamaziko a chilengedwe. Iyi ndiye njira yoyambira kupanga mame.

Kutentha kwapamtunda kungayambitsenso kuti madontho amadzi amtundu uwu apange ngati chinyezi chozungulira sichili chokwera kwambiri. Koma chinyontho chonse pansi chikasanduka nthunzi mwachindunji, timadontho ting’onoting’ono timeneti timapanga chifunga chodziwika bwino.

Zochitika za mame zimadziwika ndi thambo loyera, lopanda mphepo komanso mpweya wonyowa usiku, makamaka m'chilimwe ndi autumn.. Koma iyi ndi njira yomwe imafuna mikhalidwe yolimba ya chilengedwe. Ngati kutentha kuli pafupi ndi mame, kupanga mame kumakhala kotsimikizika pamene nthunzi yamadzi mumlengalenga iyamba kukhazikika, koma osati pamwamba kapena pansi pa mame. Koma ngati kutentha sikupitirira mame, n’kutheka kuti pamakhala chifunga. Potsirizira pake, pamene kutentha kumatsika pansi pa 0 ° C, chisanu chachikhalidwe chimapangika.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mwatha kuthetsa kukayikira kwanu konse kuti mame ndi chiyani, momwe amapangidwira komanso makhalidwe omwe ali nawo.


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