Chilumba chachikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi

chilumba chachikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi

Chodziwika bwino chomwe mungaganizire pachilumba ndi kuganiza kuti ali ndi kukula kochepa. Komabe, izi siziri choncho. Padziko lapansi pali zilumba zazikulu kwambiri zomwe zimakhala ndi anthu ambiri monga Japan. Anthu ambiri amadabwa kuti ndi chiyani chilumba chachikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi.

Pachifukwa ichi, tipereka nkhaniyi kuti tikuuzeni chomwe chiri chilumba chachikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi, makhalidwe ake ndi moyo wake.

Chilumba chachikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi

nthaka yobiriwira

Pali mitundu chikwi chimodzi cha zisumbu. Kukula kosiyanasiyana, mawonekedwe, zomera, nyama, nyengo ndi geography. Ndipo, ngakhale kuti zisumbu zambiri zimapangidwa mwachilengedwe, zina, monga Flevopolder ndi René-Levasseur Island, zidapangidwa ndi anthu, mwachitsanzo, zomangidwa ndi anthu.

Pali zilumba za mitsinje ndi nyanja, koma zilumba zazikulu kwambiri zili m'nyanja. Palinso akatswiri ena a malo amene amaona kuti Australia ndi chilumba ngakhale kuti n’chachikulu kuwirikiza kanayi kukula kwa Greenland. Ndiponso, n’kosatheka kudziŵa chiŵerengero chenicheni cha zisumbu zimene zili padzikoli. N’zosachita kufunsa kuti nyanjayi sinafufuzidwe bwinobwino. Masiku ano, zilumba 30 zokha zomwe zimadziwika kuti zilipo ndi malo oyambira 2.000 mpaka 2.499 masikweya kilomita.

Zilumba zisanu za Baffin Island, Madagascar Island, Borneo Island, New Guinea Island, ndi Greenland ndi osachepera 500.000 masikweya kilomita, kotero Top1 yathu ili pano.

Greenland ndiye chilumba chachikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi chomwe chili ndi malo opitilira ma kilomita miliyoni imodzi. Malo ake ndi 2,13 miliyoni masikweya kilomita, pafupifupi gawo limodzi mwa magawo anayi a kukula kwa dziko la Australia lomwe tatchula pamwambapa.

Chodziwika bwino chifukwa cha madzi oundana komanso tundra yayikulu, magawo atatu mwa anayi pachilumbachi ali ndi madzi oundana okhawo omwe alipo (mwachiyembekezo adzakhalako kwa zaka zambiri), komanso Antarctica. Likulu lake komanso mzinda waukulu kwambiri, Nuuk, ndi kwawo kwa pafupifupi gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu a anthu pachilumbachi.

Ndipo ziyenera kudziwidwa kuti dziko lino ndi dera lomwe lili ndi anthu ochepa kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi, ndipo ambiri mwa anthu aku Greenland ndi Inuit kapena Eskimo. Komabe, masiku ano pachilumbachi ndi malo otchuka oyendera alendo. Ndale ndi dera lodziyimira pawokha la Denmark, ngakhale limasunga ufulu wandale komanso kudzilamulira kolimba. Mwa anthu 56.000 omwe amakhala ku Greenland, 16.000 amakhala ku likulu la Nuuk, komwe Ili pamtunda wa makilomita 240 kuchokera pakati pa Arctic ndipo ndi likulu la kumpoto kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi.

Makamaka, New Guinea (chilumba chachiwiri chachikulu) ndi chilumba chachikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi pamtunda wa mamita 5.030 pamwamba pa nyanja ndipo ndi malo okwera kwambiri ku Oceania. Ndi theka lakumadzulo kwa New Guinea, Sumatra, Sulawesi, ndi Java, Indonesia ndi dziko la zilumba zazikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi.

Zilumba zina zazikulu kwambiri padziko lapansi

chilumba chachikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi

New Guinea

Chilumba cha New Guinea chili pamtunda wa makilomita 785.753 ndipo chili pachilumba chachiwiri pazilumba zazikulu padziko lonse lapansi. Ndale, chilumbachi chimagawidwa pawiri, gawo limodzi ndi dziko lodziimira palokha la Papua New Guinea ndipo ena onse amatchedwa Western New Guinea, yomwe ili m'chigawo cha Indonesia.

Ili kumadzulo kwa nyanja ya Pacific, kumpoto kwa Australia, kotero akukhulupirira kuti New Guinea inali ya kontinentiyi kalekale. Chochititsa chidwi pachilumbachi n'chakuti pamakhala zamoyo zosiyanasiyana. titha kupeza kuchokera ku 5% mpaka 10% yazamoyo zonse padziko lapansi.

Borneo

Chaching'ono pang'ono kuposa New Guinea ndi Borneo, chilumba chachitatu padziko lonse lapansi chomwe chili pamtunda wa makilomita 748.168 komanso chilumba chokhacho ku Southeast Asia. Monga momwe zinalili m'mbuyomu, apa tikupezanso zamoyo zosiyanasiyana komanso mitundu yambiri ya zamoyo, ambiri a iwo pangoziMonga nyalugwe wamtambo. Chiwopsezo cha paradaiso wamng’ono ameneyu chimachokera ku kudulidwa koopsa kwa nkhalango kumene kwakhalako kuyambira m’ma 1970, popeza anthu okhala kuno alibe malo achonde kaamba ka ulimi wamwambo ndipo anafunikira kugwetsa nkhuni ndi kugulitsa.

Mayiko atatu osiyanasiyana amakhala pachilumba cha Borneo; Indonesia kumwera, Malaysia kumpoto ndi Brunei, sultanate yaing'ono yomwe, ngakhale ili pamtunda wa makilomita oposa 6.000, ndi dziko lolemera kwambiri pachilumbachi.

Madagascar

Mwina chilumba chodziwika bwino kwambiri, chifukwa cha makanema ojambula, Madagascar ndi chilumba chachinayi pazilumba zazikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi chokhala ndi masikweya kilomita 587.713. Ili ku Pacific Ocean, kufupi ndi gombe la Mozambique, losiyana ndi Africa ndi Mozambique Channel.

Anthu oposa 22 miliyoni amakhala mmenemo, makamaka olankhula Chimalagasi (chinenero chawochawo) ndi Chifalansa, chigawo cha dzikoli mpaka pamene dzikolo linalandira ufulu wodzilamulira mu 1960, ndipo akugwirizana nalo kwambiri mpaka pano.

Baffin

Kuti tipeze zomaliza pazilumba 5 zabwino kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi, tiyenera kubwerera komwe tidayambira, Greenland. Baffin Island, mbali ya Canada, ili pakati pa dzikolo ndi Greenland, ndi ili ndi anthu 11.000 pakukulitsa kwake ma kilomita 507.451.

Chilumbachi chakhala chikugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati malo ochitira nsomba kuyambira pomwe anthu aku Europe adapeza mu 1576, ndipo masiku ano ntchito zazikulu zachuma pachilumbachi ndi zokopa alendo, migodi ndi usodzi, zokopa alendo zimakokedwa ndi mawonekedwe akulu a Northern Lights.

Chifukwa chake Australia sichilumba chachikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi

australia pa mapu

Australia sichilumba chachikulu kwambiri, osati chifukwa chaching'ono, koma chifukwa cha malo si chilumba, koma kontinenti. Inde, pamtunda wapadziko lapansi ukhoza kuonedwa ngati chilumba chifukwa ndi malo a padziko lapansi ozunguliridwa ndi madzi, ndichifukwa chake ambiri amachiwona ngati chilumba. Komabe, ikagwa pa mbale yake ya tectonic imatengedwa ngati kontinenti. Komabe, ngati tikuchiwona ngati chilumba, Sichingakhale chachikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi, chifukwa Antarctica ndi kontinenti ina yayikulu pachilumba.

Monga mukuonera, mosiyana ndi zomwe mumaganiza nthawi zambiri, pali zilumba zomwe zimakhala ndi mizinda komanso anthu ambiri. Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za chilumba chachikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi ndi mawonekedwe ake.


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