Chipale chouma

Chipale chouma ndi malo ake osangalatsa

Zowonadi mudamvapo za madzi oundana. Ndi carbon dioxide yolimba, yozizira koopsa chifukwa cha mlengalenga pa kutentha kwa -78,5 ° C. Chikhalidwe chomwe chimapangitsa kuti chikhale chapadera kwambiri ndikuti "akasungunuka" amapita molunjika ku gaseous osasiya chinyezi chamtundu uliwonse. Chifukwa chake amadziwika kuti ayezi wouma.

Kodi mukufuna kudziwa za mawonekedwe ake ndi ntchito zake zosiyanasiyana?

Makhalidwe ndi katundu

Bubble louma louma

Ice louma limapezeka kuchokera ku gasi wopangidwa chifukwa cha njira zina za mafakitale. Madzi oundana amapangidwa muzomera zoyaka komanso poyatsira. Monga tanenera kale, ndi za carbon dioxide yozizira. Gasi wotentha kwambiri amatha kukhala olimba. Ikakhala yochepetsedwa siyimapanga madzi amtundu uliwonse, madzi kapena chinyezi.

Mpweyawu ukamadzichepetsera mumlengalenga wokhala ndi CO2, umachepetsa chinyezi m'chilengedwe. Izi zimapangitsa gasiyu kukhala wofunikira kugwiritsa ntchito poyesa kusunga zinthu zomwe zimazindikira chinyezi.

Kilogalamu iliyonse ya madzi oundana amapangira mphamvu 136 zamagetsi. Gasi amatentha -78,5 ° C ndipo amatulutsa ma frigories ena 16, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zitheke okwana 152 a frigories pa kilogalamu iliyonse ya madzi oundana.

Ubwino wa madzi oundana owuma pamadzi

Momwe mungapangire ayezi wopangira kunyumba

Mulingo wofanana, ayezi wouma amatha kuziziritsa 170% kuposa madzi oundana wamba. Izi ndizosangalatsa m'munda wa khitchini, chifukwa amatha kuziziritsa zinthu mwachangu kwambiri. Popeza kuchuluka kwa madzi oundana opitilira 1,5 kg / dm3 komanso kuchuluka kwa madzi oundana ndikofanana 0,95 Kg / dm3, zimapangitsa kuti kuchuluka kwa madzi oundana omwe agwiritsidwa ntchito, ayezi wouma amatha kuzirala mofanana ndi 270% poyerekeza ndi ayezi wachikhalidwe. Izi zimakhudza kwambiri madera omwe kuchuluka kwa madzi oundana ndikofunikira, ayezi wouma ndiye chisankho chabwino kugwiritsa ntchito danga lino.

Mphamvu yapadera

Ice louma silimangokhala ndi zinthu zapadera monga zomwe zatchulidwazi, komanso limadziwika kuti ndi bacteriostatic komanso fungistatic agent. Sublimation ikamachitika, kumapangidwa mpweya womwe ndende ya CO2 ndiyokwera kwambiri kotero kuti mankhwala opha tizilombo amachitika. Chifukwa chake, ndi mpweya wabwino kwambiri kuchepetsa kukula kwa mabakiteriya, nkhungu ndi yisiti ndikupanga malo okhala kwathunthu.

Mpweyawu umatha kusamutsa mpweya womwe ulipo mlengalenga, mkati mwazitsulo komanso m'makontena, zomwe zimathandizira kukonzanso malo omwe zinthu zina ziyenera kusungidwa ndi kusungidwa.

Ndi chiyani?

ayezi wouma omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuphika

Ice louma limagwiritsidwa ntchito pazithandizo zosiyanasiyana komanso zochita masiku ano. Zina mwazomwe amagwiritsa ntchito timapeza:

  • Kafukufuku wamankhwala ndi sayansi: Kuti tisunge ziwalo zopitilira kapena kuphunzira, tikulimbikitsidwa kuti mugwiritse ntchito ayezi wouma, chifukwa mphamvu yake yayikulu ya firiji imasunga bwino. Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito pakufufuza kwasayansi kuti zinthu zachilengedwe zizikhala ndi kutentha pang'ono, kuziziritsa kozizira koopsa komanso kuzizira kwama cell, ma virus, mabakiteriya ndi ma virus.
  • Kubwezeretsa: Pazakudya zabwino, ayezi wouma amagwiritsidwa ntchito kutsegulira dziko lonse la mwayi wopanga mbale zosowa zapamwamba kwambiri komanso mtengo. Chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa madzi oundana awa, zotsatira zosangalatsa komanso zosangalatsa zimatha kupezeka kwa kasitomala. Ophika otsogola kwambiri amatha kufotokoza zambiri kuchokera pamawonedwe oyambilira mpaka zonunkhira zonunkhira, infusions ozizira, mawonekedwe ndi kusiyanasiyana kwa mousses ndi foie gras, slushies, ayisikilimu, thovu ndi mafuta, kapena kupanga zotsatira zochititsa chidwi ndi utsi mu zosakaniza ndi ma cocktails okonzedwa bwino.
  • Makampani: M'makampani ntchitoyi imagwiritsidwa ntchito kuthandizira kusonkhanitsa ndikusintha kwa zidutswa zazing'ono. Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito popera cryogenic ndikupanga pulasitiki ndi ma rubbers.
  • Zakudya zaulimi: M'chigawochi amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuziziritsa mtanda muubowola popota ndi kusakaniza nyama, kuzizira kwambiri kwa chakudya ndi kutentha. Kugwiritsa ntchito ayezi wouma poyendera kumatsimikizira kukonzanso unyolo wozizira.
  • Kugawa kwakukulu: Amagwiritsidwa ntchito pakakonzedwa mwachangu ngati zida zina za mufiriji zaduka ndikusungabe kuzizira.
  • Kuyeretsa kwa cryogenic: madzi oundana owuma amatha kubayidwa mwamphamvu kuti atsuke malo onse omwe asinthidwa ndi madzi, monga momwe amathandizira pamagetsi ena.
  • Agriculture: Amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi zotsatira zabwino zowononga tizirombo monga makoswe, timadontho ndi tizirombo.
  • Makompyuta ndi zamagetsi: Ndi njira yabwino kwambiri kuziziritsira zamagetsi ndikuwongolera magwiridwe antchito, kupititsa patsogolo kutumizirana kwa magetsi.
  • Yomanga: Amagwiritsidwa ntchito pozizira pansi ndi mapaipi kuti apange pulagi isanakonzedwe.

Momwe mungapangire ayezi wouma kunyumba

zotsatira za phwando lokhala ndi ayezi wouma

Ngati mukufuna kuwona zovuta zakumadzi oundana kunyumba, muyenera kukhala ndi zida zotsatirazi:

  • CO2 - carbon dioxide (titha kuyipeza kuchokera kuzimitsa moto)
  • Chikwama kapena nsalu
  • Adapter yolimbikitsira mawilo a njinga

Muyenera kuyika chikwama chansalu (ndikofunikira kuti chikhale ndi ma pores kotero kuti chimalola mpweya pang'ono kuthawa) mozungulira mphuno ya chozimitsira kapena botolo la CO2 lomwe tikugwiritsa ntchito. Tikayika chikwama cha nsalu, timalola mpweya kuti utuluke mchikwama. Mpweyawo ukatuluka, kukakamira mkati mwake kumapangitsa kuti zizizire zokha ndipo tidzakhala ndi ayezi wouma. Madzi oundana owumawa atha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kupatsa chidwi ndi zakumwa zoziziritsa kukhosi ndi zakumwa, chifukwa zikagwirizana ndi madzi zimachepetsa ndikupanga mpweya wonyezimira.

Monga mukuwonera, ayezi wouma amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri m'magulu ambiri ndipo zotsatira zake sizimatidabwitsa. Tsopano popeza mukudziwa katundu wake, yesetsani kuzigwiritsa ntchito kunyumba ndikudabwitsa anzanu.


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  1.   jorge rivera anati

    Pokonzekera ayezi wouma kunyumba, amatchula adaputala kuti ayikitse matayala a njinga.Kodi izi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito liti pokonza ayezi wouma?

  2.   Diana anati

    Kodi ayezi wouma amatchedwa chiyani?