Ma alps aku Scandinavia

oundana m'mapiri

ndi alps aku Scandinavia Ofunika kwambiri ndi ochokera ku chilumba cha Scandinavia ndipo ali kumpoto chakum'mawa kwa Europe. Dera lonseli limapangidwa ndi Norway, Sweden komanso gawo lina la Finland. Mapiri a Scandinavia amadziwika bwino m'mbiri yonse nthawi iliyonse akamatchulidwa za mayiko a Nordic. Pafupifupi 25% ya chilumba chonsecho chili mkati mwa Arctic Circle. Ndi mapiri omwe amayenda kudera lonse la Scandinavia kuchokera kumpoto chakum'mawa mpaka kumwera chakumadzulo kwamakilomita 1700.

Munkhaniyi tikukuwuzani zikhalidwe zonse, magwero ndi ma geology aku Scandinavia Alps.

Makhalidwe apamwamba

vikings m'mapiri

Ndi mapiri omwe amayenda kudera lonse la Scandinavia ndipo ali ndi kutalika kwa makilomita 1700. Agawidwa m'magulu atatu kutengera zomwe mumasiyana. Kumbali imodzi, a Kiolen ali ndi udindo wopatulira Sweden ndi Norway, mapiri a Dofrines amagawaniza Norway ndi a Tulians omwe ali mdera lakumwera. Zonsezi ndi gawo la mapiri a Scandinavia omwe analipo zaka 400 miliyoni zapitazo. Mapiri amakono omwe amapanga mapiri a Scandinavia Alps adapangidwa chifukwa cha kuwombana pakati pa zigawo zaku North America ndi Baltic. Zonsezi zidachitika pafupifupi zaka 70 miliyoni zapitazo.

Mapiri a Scandinavia Alps sanawoneke chifukwa cha kutalika kwawo, koma chifukwa cha kukongola kwawo komanso kulemera kwawo pazachilengedwe. Malo okwera kwambiri ndi Mapiri a Glittertind, 2452 mita kutalika, ndi Galdhøpiggen, 2469 mita kutalika, onse kudera la Norway. Dzina la chilumbacho limachokera ku Scania lomwe ndi mawu akale omwe Aroma amagwiritsa ntchito m'makalata awo oyendera. Mawuwa amatanthauza mayiko aku Nordic. Ndi malo a 1850 km kuchokera kumpoto mpaka kummwera, 1320 m kuchokera kummawa mpaka kumadzulo ndi malo opitilira 750000 kilomita, Ili ndiye chilumba chachikulu kwambiri mdziko la Europe.

Scandinavia Alps ndi chilumba

alps aku Scandinavia

Chilumba chonsecho chazunguliridwa ndi madzi osiyanasiyana. Kumbali imodzi, tili ndi Nyanja ya Barents kumpoto, Nyanja Kumpoto kumwera chakumadzulo komwe zovuta za Kattegat ndi Skagerra zikuphatikizidwa. Kattegat adadziwika kwambiri chifukwa cha ma Vikings otchuka kwambiri. Kum'mawa kuli Nyanja ya Baltic yomwe imaphatikizapo Gulf of Bothnia ndipo kumadzulo ndi Nyanja ya Norway.

Dera lonselo lazunguliridwa ndi chilumba cha Gotland chomwe chili ndi zilumba zodziyimira zokha za Alland. Zakudya ndi zomwe zimapezeka pakati pa Sweden ndi Finland. Dera lonseli lili ndi chitsulo, titaniyamu ndi mkuwa, ndichifukwa chake lakhala lolemera kwambiri kuyambira nthawi zakale. M'mbali mwa Norway Mafuta ndi gasi wachuma apezekanso. Kukhalapo kwa madipozowa kumayenderana kwambiri ndi kapangidwe kakale ka mbale zamagetsi ndi magma omwe amatha kulowa pakati pa mbale.

Mapiri a Scandinavia Alps ndi chilumba chonsecho ali ndi gawo lamapiri mwabwino kwambiri. Theka la malowa linali ndi mapiri omwe anali a Baltic Shield yakale. Chikopa cha Baltic sichinangokhala thanthwe lomwe linapangidwa pafupifupi zaka 400 miliyoni zapitazo ndipo makamaka zinali zopangidwa ndi miyala ya crystalline metamorphic. Miyala iyi ya crystalline metamorphic idayamba chifukwa cha kuziziranso komwe kudachitika chifukwa cha magma omwe adathamangitsidwa m'm mbale. Ambiri mwa Andes aku Scandinavia ali ku Norway, pomwe ku Sweden madera onse amapiri ali kumadzulo kwa dzikolo. Mbali inayi, nsonga zaku Finnish ndizomwe zimakhala zazitali kwambiri.

Monga chidwi, chilumbachi chili ndi magawo osiyanasiyana omwe akuphatikizapo magombe, madzi oundana, nyanja ndi ma fjords. Ma fjords ndi ofanana ndi V chifukwa adalengedwa ndi kukokoloka kwa madzi oundana ndipo amakhala ndi mawonekedwe anyanja. Ma fjords aku Norway ndi omwe amadziwika kwambiri komanso omwe amatha kuwonekera pamndandanda wa Viking. Tikapita kumpoto chakumadzulo kwa derali, titha kuwona mapiri a Scandinavia omwe amatchedwanso mapiri kupitirira 2000 mita kutalika. Samadziwika kokha chifukwa cha kutalika kwawo, komanso monga zizindikilo zomwe zimayang'ana kumpoto kwa malire pakati pa Norway, Sweden ndi Finland.

Pali mapiri opitilira 130 opitilira mita 2.000 kutalika. Amagawidwa m'malo 7 omwe amadziwika kuti: Jotunheimen, Breheimen, Reinheimen, Dovrefjell, Rondane, Sarek ndi Kebnekaise. Mapiri ambiri amakhala ku Jotunheimen, ku South Norway.

Ma alps akulu aku Scandinavia

zamoyo zosiyanasiyana zam'mapiri a scandinavia

Tiyeni tiwone omwe ali mapiri a Scandinavia Alps malinga ndi gawoli.

Norway

Mapiri okwera kwambiri pachilumba chonse cha Scandinavia ali ku Norway. Pamenepo, mapiri khumi atali kwambiri ndipo amagawidwa pakati pa zigawo za Oppland ndi Song og Fjordane. Phiri la Galdhøpiggen, pamtunda wa mamita 2469, ndiye nsonga yayitali kwambiri ku Norway ndi ku Scandinavia Peninsula. Malo achiwiri amakhala ndi Mount Glittertind yokhala ndi 2465 m pamalo ake okwera kwambiri. Asanatchulidwe kuti ndiye malo okwezeka kwambiri, koma ndichifukwa choti miyezo yomwe idapangidwa imawerengedwa ndi madzi oundana omwe anali pamwamba pake. Kwa zaka zambiri glacier yasungunuka ndipo zakhala zikutheka kale kukhazikitsa miyezo ndikuwongolera bwino.

Suecia

Ku Sweden kuli nsonga 12 zomwe zimaposa mita 2000 kutalika. Ambiri mwa iwo amapezeka ku Sarek National Park komanso kumpoto kwa Kebnekaise akuwonetsa nsonga ya Kebnekaise ndi 2103 mita. Ndi nsonga yayitali kwambiri poganizira za madzi oundana onse omwe amaphimba. Ngati madzi oundana awa kulibe, nsonga yayikulu kwambiri ikadakhala Kebnekaise Nordtoppen

Finland

Tikapita kumapiri a Finland, pafupifupi onse ali pansi pa 1500 mita kutalika ndipo otchuka kwambiri ali ku Finnish Lapland. Izi zikuwonekera Phiri la Halti ndi lalitali mamita 1324 ndipo ndilo lalitali kwambiri. Ili ku Norway ndipo imagawana mapiri, Finland.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitso ichi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za Scandinavia Alps ndi mawonekedwe ake.

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