Kodi cenote ndi chiyani

chilengedwe ndi madzi

Ma cenotes ndi malo ofunika kwambiri okopa alendo ku Peninsula ya Yucatan ku Mexico ndipo pakapita nthawi amawayendera mobwerezabwereza, akukhala otchuka komanso okondedwa ndi onse omwe amawachezera. Komabe, anthu ambiri amapindulabe ndi maiwe okongola achilengedwewa. Ena sadziwa Kodi cenote ndi chiyani.

Pachifukwa ichi, tipereka nkhaniyi kuti tikuuzeni chomwe cenote ndi, makhalidwe ake ndi kukongola kwake.

Kodi cenote ndi chiyani

Kodi cenote ndi chiyani

Dzina lake limachokera ku Mayan "tz'onot" kutanthauza phanga ndi madzi. Akuti ma cenotes anapangidwa mbali ina chifukwa cha meteorite yomwe inapha ma dinosaur., popeza pamene adagunda adapanga mndandanda wa mapanga opanda kanthu, omwe amagwirizananso ndi nyengo yotsiriza ya ayezi.

Pamene chilumba cha Yucatan chinali miyala yamchere yamchere yomwe inaphimbidwa ndi nyanja, madzi a m'nyanja adatsika kwambiri kotero kuti adawonetsa matanthwe onse, ndikupangitsa kuti afe, ndikusiya nkhalango yamvula pakapita nthawi.

Pamene mvula imafika, imayamba kusanganikirana ndi mpweya wochuluka wa carbon dioxide umene unali m’mlengalenga panthawiyo, n’kupanga carbonic acid, yomwe imasintha asidi wake ikakhudza nthaka. Madzi abwino akasakanikirana ndi mchere wa m’nyanja, amayamba kugunda mwala wa laimu, kuusungunula pang’onopang’ono ndi kupanga mabowo. Patapita nthawi, mabowo anayamba kukulitsa gawo lawo, kupanga ngalande ndi madzi, ofanana ndi mitsinje pamwamba.

Mawu akuti cenotes kapena Xenotes amachokera ku dzonot ya Mayan, kutanthauza dzenje lamadzi. Kwa Amaya, malo amenewa anali opatulika chifukwa anali magwero okha a madzi abwino m’nkhalango. Ku Peninsula ya Yucatan akuti kuli ma cenotes otseguka ndi otsekedwa opitilira 15,000. Kumbali ina, ku Puerto Morelos, mphindi 20 kuchokera mumzinda wa Cancun pamsewu waukulu wopita ku Riviera Maya, ndi Ruta de los Cenotes wotchuka, wokhala ndi zochitika zingapo zosiyana malinga ndi mtundu wawo. M'malo ena mutha kuyenda panyanja kapena kayak ndikudabwa ndi malo okongola zomwe madzi a crystalline amapereka, pamene muli m'chipinda chosungiramo zinthu mungathe kuyeseza kutsika kapena kudumpha kwaulere kwa iwo omwe amafunafuna zokopa alendo.

Kodi ma cenotes adayambira bwanji ku Riviera Maya?

Mtsinje wa Mayan cenotes

Kwenikweni si chiyambi, cenote ilipo kale, funso lolondola ndilakuti, kodi cenote idapezeka liti? Cenote yaying'ono imadziwika ndi kukokoloka kwachilengedwe, cenote yokhala ndi khomo lotseguka imatanthawuza kuti ndi wamkulu, wavutika kwambiri ndi kukokoloka kwa nthaka ndipo wagwa.

Kawirikawiri, ma cenotes mu Riviera Maya amapangidwa ndi mtengo wotchedwa banyan, mtengo wa "parasitic" womwe umafunafuna madzi ochuluka pamene mizu yake ikukula, kotero kuti mizu yake imamira mu thanthwe ndipo mtengo umayamba kukula. amayamba kulemera kwambiri mpaka kukomoka ndipo dzenje lija linapangidwa ndi momwe cenote idayambira.

Flora ndi zinyama

cenote ndi chiyani

Zomera ndi zinyama za cenote ndizopadera. ndi cenote yokha. Chifukwa zomera ndi zamoyo zomwe amakhalamo zimapangitsa kuti chilengedwe chikhale malo enieni a nkhalango ya Mayan. Guppies ndi catfish ndi nsomba zomwe zimawonedwa kwambiri mu cenotes.

Amakhulupirira kuti ma guppies mwina adasamutsidwa kupita kumadzi amderali chifukwa cha mphepo yamkuntho, kumene ali wamba, kuphatikizapo akazi ena ndi mazira, ndi mitundu amakhala cenotes angapo. Kufika kwa nsomba zam'madzi ndizodabwitsanso: amakhulupirira kuti zimachokera kunyanja, kudzera mumtsinje wapansi panthaka womwe umalumikizana ndi ma cenotes, komanso ma crustaceans ena am'madzi.

Ponena za zomera za cenotes, zimasiyana malinga ndi momwe zilili kutali ndi gombe. Ma cenotes a m'mphepete mwa nyanja akuzunguliridwa ndi mangroves, mitengo ya kanjedza ndi ferns, pamene cenotes guaya, kokonati, cocoa ndi mitengo ya rabara ndizofala kwambiri. M'mapanga, ndizofala kuti mizu yayitali ya mitengoyi igwirizane ndi malo a stalactites ndi stalagmites. Izi zimatsika kuchokera padenga lopindika mpaka kukafika kumadzi.

mitundu ya cenotes

Pamene madzi a m'nyanja akusintha, mapanga ena amakhala opanda kanthu, zomwe zimapangitsa madenga kugwa, momwemonso ma cenotes otseguka. Kotero tikhoza kunena kuti pali mitundu itatu ya cenotes:

Tsegulani

Nthawi zina, makoma ake ndi cylindrical kulola dzuwa, ngakhale kuti siziyenera kukhala zozungulira. Palinso ma cenotes ena otseguka omwe amawoneka ngati madambwe opanda makoma amtundu uliwonse, madzi oyera okha.

Ambiri mwa ma Cenotewa ali ndi kukongola kwachilengedwe popeza ali ndi nyama zomwe zimapatsa mtundu wakutchire kwambiri. Cenote Azul ndi chitsanzo chodziwikiratu cha cenote yotseguka, chifukwa imakhala yowonekera pamwamba ndipo kuwala kwadzuwa kumalowa m'madzi mokwanira.

chatsekedwa

Ma cenotes ndi "aang'ono kwambiri" chifukwa madzi ali ndi mapanga. Izi sizikutanthauza kuti madzi ake ndi obiriwira kapena obiriwira, mutha kuzindikira ngati pali kuwala kwamtundu uliwonse, kwachilengedwe kapena kwamagetsi. M'malo mwake, anthu ammudzi akwanitsa kukhazikitsa magetsi mkati mwa cenotes kuti alendo ndi anthu am'deralo azikhala otetezeka komanso odekha. Chitsanzo cha mtundu uwu wa cenote ndi wokongola Cenote Choo Ha, yemwe wakhala akuchezera kwambiri ndikukondedwa ndi zikwi za alendo.

theka lotseguka

Iwo sali aang’ono kapena achikulire chifukwa madzi sanawonedwebe ndi nyengo, koma mbali ina ya iwo lolani kuwala kulowe mwachindunji mu cenote ndipo mwina muwone kukongola kwakeZina mwa izo zimakhala ndi madzi abwino kwambiri moti mukhoza kuona zomera ndi zinyama zomwe zimakhalamo. Mwachitsanzo, Cenote Ik kil, mawonekedwe ake ndi ochititsa chidwi, kuchokera pakhomo mukhoza kuona momwe malowa alili okongola.

Monga mukuwonera, mutadziwa kuti cenote ndi chiyani, zinali kudutsa m'mutu mwanu ndikupita kumalo odabwitsa awa. Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za cenote, mawonekedwe ake ndi chiyambi.


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