Ugo Nebula

m16

Anyị maara na n'ụwa niile enwere ọtụtụ usoro kpakpando, ụyọkọ kpakpando na nebulae. Otu n'ime ndị a ka a na-akpọ ugo nebula ma mara nke ọma. Ọ dị afọ 6500 ìhè site na mbara ala anyị ma dị n'ime ìgwè kpakpando Sarpens. Ọ nwere atụmatụ pụrụ iche.

Ya mere, anyị ga-enyefe akụkọ a iji gwa gị ihe niile ịchọrọ ịma gbasara Eagle Nebula, njirimara ya, mmalite na ọtụtụ ndị ọzọ.

Nchọpụta nke ugo Nebula

ogidi okike

N'ịbụ nke dị n'ihe dị ka afọ 6.500 site n'ụwa n'ime ìgwè kpakpando Serpens, Eagle Nebula bụ akụkụ nke Messier Catalog, na aha ya bụ M16, ihe nke iri na isii nke interstellar nke ndị na-enyocha mbara igwe chọpụtara. Ugo Nebula bụ ụyọkọ kpakpando na-eto eto, uzuzu ụwa, na gas na-egbuke egbuke.. Ngwunye ihe a na-eme ka ọkpụkpụ azụ nke okike, dị ka site n'oge ruo n'oge na-amụ nwa na-ekpo ọkụ na-ekpo ọkụ, ndị ọzọ na-anwụkwa iji mepụta ndị ọhụrụ.

Hubble Space Telescope chọtara ya na 1995, naA na-ewere nke a dị ka otu n'ime mpaghara kachasị mma na ihe omimi nke okike kpakpando., na-akpụ ugo Nebula 2 akụkụ nke Ogidi Okike, ebe ọ bụ na e kwuru na a na-amụ ụyọkọ kpakpando si n'ebe ahụ.

Igwe teliskop ndị na-amu amu nwere ike ịhụ Nebula ugo a n'ihi na ọ bụghị n'ebe dị anya n'ụwa, ọ na-akpụkwa ọkụ ma na-amụnye gas ka ọ bụrụ nnukwu ogidi ọtụtụ afọ ọkụ n'ofe, ihe a na-ahụ anya.

Isi atụmatụ

atụmatụ nke ugo nebula

Ndị a bụ njirimara nke nebula:

  • Afọ ya dị n'agbata 1-2 nde afọ.
  • Nebula a bụ akụkụ nke Emission Nebula ma ọ bụ H II ma debanye aha ya dị ka IC 4703.
  • Ọ dị ihe dị ka puku afọ asaa dịpụrụ adịpụ na mpaghara na-emepụta kpakpando.
  • A na-ahụ agịga gas site n'akụkụ ugwu ọwụwa anyanwụ nke nebula, 9,5 ìhè afọ na dayameta nke ihe dị ka ijeri kilomita 90.
  • Nebula a nwere ihe dị ka kpakpando 8.100. kacha gbadoro anya na mpaghara ugwu ọwụwa anyanwụ nke Ogidi Okike.
  • Ọ bụ akụkụ nke ihe a na-akpọ Pillars of Creation, ebe ọ bụ na site n'oge ruo n'oge a na-amụ kpakpando ọhụrụ site na nnukwu ụlọ elu ya nke gas.
  • A na-eche na ọ nwere ụdị kpakpando 460 na-egbukepụ egbukepụ nke ukwuu 1 nde karịa ìhè anyanwụ.
  • Dị nnọọ ka a na-amụ kpakpando site na nnukwu ụlọ elu ya, Eagle Nebula na-ahụkwa ka ọtụtụ nde kpakpando nwụrụ ma ghọọ kpakpando ọhụrụ na-egbuke egbuke.

Ugo Nebula, nke nwere ike ịbụ na ọtụtụ teliskop sere onyinyo ya, bụ nke mbụ sere ya Hubble Space Telescope na 1995 na ebube nke Nebula-5 Eagle nke nebula a, na-egosi na a na-amụ kpakpando ọhụrụ site na ogidi ndị a, na mkpokọta gas a na-akpọ EGG.

Site na mgbe ahụ, a na-eji ya mee ihe ngosi nke ịma mma nke mbara igwe anyị. Ihe onyonyo ọzọ nke nebula bụ nke ESA Herschel Space Telescope sere. Nke a na-egosipụta n'ụzọ zuru ezu ogidi nke okike, gas na uzuzu nke kere nebula a.

Nebula a, nke a na-ahụkwa site na nlele X-ray na telescope ESA's XMM-Newton Space, na-ewebata anyị na kpakpando na-eto eto na-ekpo ọkụ na ọrụ ha n'ịkpụ ogidi ha.

Igwe onyonyo ndị ọzọ na-amụ nebula bụ European Southern Observatory's VTL na Paranal, Chile, nwere ọgụgụ infrared, yana igwe onyonyo Max Planck Gesellschaft dị mita 2,2 na mpaghara La Silla nke Chile. Igwe teliskop ndị a na-enye anyị ihe oyiyi kachasị mma ma na-ekpughere anyị ihe na-eme n'akụkụ a nke mbara igwe.

Otu esi ekiri ugo Nebula

ugo nebula

Iji hụ Messier 16 ị ga-enwerịrị teliskop dị mma, nwee ọnọdụ ihu igwe kachasị mma, n'ihi na nke a na mbara igwe ga-anọrịrị n'ebe kacha gbaa ọchịchịrị, pụọ na mmetọ ọkụ, nweekwa ebe nebula nọ. Nke a apụtaghị na ị gaghị enwe ihe ịsụ ngọngọ mgbe ị na-ekiri nebula.

Otu n'ime ụzọ kachasị mfe ịchọta M16 bụ ịchọta ìgwè kpakpando nke Eagle wee gaa n'ọdụ ya. Ebee ka kpakpando Akwịla nọ? Mgbe ị ruru ebe ahụ, ị ​​ga-aga ozugbo na igwe kpakpando Scuti. Na pintov a, naanị ị ga-aga na ndịda iji ruo kpakpando Gamma Scuti.

Mgbe ịchọtachara kpakpando Gamma Scuti, ị lelee ya. N'ebe ahụ, ị ​​​​ga-ahụ ụyọkọ kpakpando nke a maara dị ka Messier 16, nke nwere ọmarịcha priism binoculars yana ọnọdụ nke mbara igwe gị, ị ga-enwe ike ịhụ ígwé ojii ya, ma na nnukwu teliskop oghere ị ga-enwe ike ịhụ Eagle Nebula na ya. kacha mma.

Ụfọdụ akụkọ ihe mere eme

Onye Switzerland na-enyocha mbara igwe bụ Jean-Philippe Loys de Chéseaux bụ otu n'ime ndị mbụ tụlere ihe mgbagwoju anya Olbers. O mere ya afọ ole na ole tupu a mụọ Heinrich Olbers n'onwe ya, ma Paradox n'ikpeazụ butere aha nke ikpeazụ.

Ọ bụkwa onye mbụ na-ekiri Eagle Nebula, nke o mere na 1745. Ọ bụ ezie na Chéseaux ahụghị nebula n'ezie, ọ bụ naanị na ọ nwere ike ịmata ụyọkọ kpakpando na etiti ya: NGC 6611 (dị ka a maara ugbu a). Nke a bụ ntụaka mbụ e dekọrọ banyere Ugo Nebula.

Mana afọ ole na ole ka e mesịrị (1774), Charles Messier tinyere ụyọkọ ahụ na katalọgụ ya wee kewaa ya dị ka M16. Katalọgụ Messier bụ ndepụta nke nebulae 110 na ụyọkọ kpakpando nke ndị na-anụ ọkụ n'obi na-ahụ maka mbara igwe ka na-eji taa. O yikarịrị ka ọ bụ ndepụta aru eluigwe kachasị ama n'ụwa.

Ọtụtụ afọ ka e mesịrị, site na mmepe nke teliskop, ndị na-enyocha mbara igwe nwere ike ịhụ akụkụ nke nebula gburugburu NGC 6611 (ụyọkọ kpakpando). Ndị mmadụ amalitela ikwu banyere nebula, ma ebe ọ bụ na ha ahụghị ugo. Ha kpọrọ ya Queen of the Stars.

Ma ọbịbịa nke astrophotography bụ mgbanwe ọhụrụ, n'ihi na e nwere ọtụtụ nkọwa karịa ihe nyocha nke mbara igwe nwere ike nweta. Ọ na-apụta na nebula nwere mpaghara gbara ọchịchịrị, nnukwu mmanụ ọkụ, na ọdịdị na-echetara ugo. Ya mere nebula a malitere inwe aha ọhụrụ: Ugo Nebula.

Enwere m olileanya na site na ozi a ị nwere ike ịmụtakwu banyere Eagle Nebula na njirimara ya.


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  1. Rụ ọrụ maka data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
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