Ifufe anyanwụ

anyanwụ oké ifufe na anyanwụ ifufe

N'ezie, ị nụtụla na otu n'ime njedebe ụwa nwere ike ịbụ nke ifufe anyanwụ kpatara. Ọ ifufe nke anwụ, dị ka aha ya na-egosi, na-eme n'anyanwụ anyị. O nwere ezigbo njirimara na mkpa dị n'ụwa nke ọtụtụ mmadụ na-amaghị.

Ya mere, n'isiokwu a, anyị ga-agwa gị ihe ifufe anyanwụ bụ, àgwà ya na otú o si emetụta ụwa anyị.

Ihe bụ

mmetụta magnetosphere

Ifufe anyanwụ bụ oke iyi nke chajịnụ, ọkachasị eletrọn na proton, nke Sun na-achụpụ ya n'akụkụ niile. Ụmụ irighiri ihe ndị a na-eme njem n'ọsọ dị elu site na mbara igwe, na-ebufe ike mgbe niile na oghere magnetik nke anyanwụ na-emepụta.

Ọ na-esite na corona anyanwụ, oyi akwa nke ikuku ikuku nke anyanwụ, ebe okpomọkụ dị oke elu. N'ihi oke okpomọkụ ndị a, ụmụ irighiri ihe ndị ahụ na-enweta ike zuru oke iji gbanarị ike ndọda anyanwụ wee banye na mbara igwe. Ka ụmụ irighiri ihe ndị a na-agbasa site na mbara igwe, ha nwere ike imekọrịta ihe na oghere magnetik na ikuku nke mbara ala na ihe ndị ọzọ dị na mbara igwe.

Ọ bụghị otu ma nwee ike ịdịgasị iche na ọsọ na njupụta. Mgbe ọrụ anyanwụ dị elu, dị ka n'oge oke anyanwụ, ikuku anyanwụ nwere ike ịdị ike karị, nke n'aka nke ya nwere ike imetụta ihe ndị dị na mbara igwe dị ka auroras na okporo osisi ụwa na nkwụsịtụ na nkwukọrịta na usoro ozi.

Otu n'ime ihe kpatara mkpa ikuku anyanwụ dị bụ nke ahụ na-arụ ọrụ dị mkpa n'ichepụta na mmezi nke heliosphere, mpaghara nke oghere na-achịkwa Sun na mmetụta ya. Nke a na-esi n'ikuku chajị pụta mgbe niile bụ ihe dị mkpa n'ịghọta physics nke oghere interplanetary yana otu o si emekọrịta ihe na ihe ndị dị na ya.

Otú o si emetụta Ụwa

ifufe nke anwụ

Ọkụkụ Quebec nke afọ 1989 gosipụtara mgbanwe n'ime ọmụmụ ihe mmetụta ikuku anyanwụ na-enwe n'ụwa. Otú ọ dị, anyị nwere ihe ndekọ na-enweghị atụ nke mmetụta ndị na-eku ume nke anyanwụ na-enwe na mbara ala anyị, ma karịsịa na usoro nkà na ụzụ.

N'okpuru, anyị na-akọwa usoro nka dị iche iche nke ifufe anyanwụ na-emetụta:

  • Usoro nkọwa nkọwa ala
  • netwọk voltaji dị elu
  • Mmanụ na gas pipeline
  • nzikọrịta ozi ogologo oge
  • usoro nrịbama ụgbọ oloko

A na-akọwa ụfọdụ n'ime usoro ndị a site na ọgbaghara ha na-ebute na oghere magnetik, ndị ọzọ site na mgbanwe ndị ha na-akpata. kwere na conductive ihe eji wu ha. Agbanyeghị, na mgbakwunye na teknụzụ niile dị n'elu, enwere teknụzụ ndị ọzọ na-emetụtakwa ngbanwe nke njupụta na oge nke ebili mmiri electromagnetic, dị ka usoro igodo na nkwukọrịta, nke nwere ike ibute njehie GPS.

Ma ụmụ irighiri anyanwụ ọ bụghị nanị na-emetụta elu, ikuku ụwa na magnetosphere na-echebe anyị pụọ na radieshon ha, Otú ọ dị, mgbe ndị na-agụ kpakpando si na oyi akwa a na-echebe, a na-ekpughere ha nnukwu ike ha, nke nwere ike ime ka mkpụrụ ndụ ihe nketa na DNA gbanwee.

Magnetosphere na anyanwụ ifufe

kedu ka ifufe anyanwụ si emetụta

The magnetosphere bụ otu n'ime ọtụtụ n'ígwé na gburugburu ụwa. N'okwu a, anyị na-ekwu maka oyi akwa kachasị elu na nke kachasị ukwuu nke mejupụtara ikuku ụwa. ibido kilomita 500 n'elu elu wee gbatịa oghere ruo ihe karịrị 60.000 kilomita. N'ezie, ọ bụghị ihe ọ bụla karịa oghere magnetik emepụtara n'ime Ụwa. Ụwa anyị nwere isi ígwè na-ekpo ọkụ nke ukwuu nke na-eme dị ka dynamo ka Ụwa na-agbagharị, na-eme ka ọ ghọọ nnukwu magnet nke nwere oghere magnetik na okporo osisi.

Nke a abụghị ihe pụrụ iche n'ụwa, n'ezie, mbara ala ndị ọzọ dị n'otu usoro anyị dị ka Saturn, Jupiter, Neptune na Uranus nwere ya, Otú ọ dị, ike nke Ụwa bụ nke kasị sie ike, na-egbochi ọtụtụ n'ime ifufe nke anyanwụ na-agafe na ya.

Ifufe anyanwụ na oké ifufe nke anyanwụ

Ifufe anyanwụ na oke ifufe nke anyanwụ nwere njikọ, mana ihe dị iche iche na-eme n'ihi ọrụ anyanwụ.

  • ifufe anyanwụ: Ọ bụ iyi mgbe niile nke ụmụ irighiri ihe ebubo na-esite na anyanwụ n'akụkụ niile. Ifufe anyanwụ bụ ihe na-adịgide adịgide nke na-adịgasị iche n'ịdị ike n'ihi ọrụ anyanwụ, dị ka ebe anwụ na-acha na mpụ nke coronal mass ejections.
  • Oké ifufe anyanwụ: Ọ bụ ihe na-agbawa agbawa na-eme mgbe a na-ewepụta nnukwu ihe onwunwe anyanwụ site na corona banye mbara igwe na oke ọsọ. Oké ifufe nke anyanwụ bụ ihe omume pụrụ iche na ọ dịghị eme mgbe nile dị ka ifufe anyanwụ.

Mmekọrịta dị n'etiti ifufe anyanwụ na auroras polar

Aurora bụ otu n'ime ihe nkiri kachasị dị egwu na nke magburu onwe ya a na-ahụ site na Ụwa, ihe omume na-adọrọ mmasị ụmụ mmadụ kemgbe oge ochie. Ha bụ ọkụ ma ọ bụ ọkụ oyi na-apụta na mbara igwe na okporo osisi ma ọ bụ mpaghara dị nso n'abalị. Mgbe ha pụtara na mpaghara ndịda a na-akpọ ha aurora australis, ebe n'ebe ugwu ha na-akpọ aurora borealis.

Anyị ga-atụle auroras n'ihi na ha nwere njikọ chiri anya na geomagnetism, ikuku anyanwụ, na echiche niile anyị tụlere n'isiokwu a dum. A na-emepụta auroras site na ụmụ irighiri ihe anwụ na-ebupụta: ifufe, nkukota anyanwụ na site na magnetosphere. A na-echekwa irighiri ihe ndị a n'ime oghere magnetik, mgbe ike a na-agbanwe agbanwe, a na-emepụta ya n'ụdị radieshon electromagnetic, n'ikpeazụ na-ebute mmetụta ọkụ ndị a na-acha.

Auroras anaghị adị otu mgbe niile, mana ha na-adịgasị iche ma nwee ike inwe agba, ụdị na ihe dị iche iche. Ya mere, ị nwere ike ịhụ ọtụtụ ọdịiche, Otú ọ dị, a ahụkarị aurora borealis na-adịkarị ka nke a:

  • N'abalị, aak elongated pụtara na mbara igwe, na-emekarị site n'ebe ọwụwa anyanwụ ruo n'ebe ọdịda anyanwụ.
  • N'etiti abalị, ọkụ arc na-esiwanye ike ma na-akpụ akpụ n'akụkụ arc ahụ, na-agbatị ìhè ahụ.
  • Igwe na-amalite iji ụzarị ndị a, spirals na ụdọ ọkụ na-aga n'akụkụ mbara igwe kpuchie mbara igwe dum.
  • Ọ na-adịkarị site na nkeji ole na ole ruo awa ole na ole, na-enweghị oge a kara aka.
  • Ka chi na-abịa, ọkụ ndị a na-apụ n'anya, na-ahapụ naanị akụkụ nke mbara igwe.

Enwere m olileanya na site na ozi a, ị nwere ike ịmụtakwu banyere ifufe anyanwụ na àgwà ya.


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