Ọdịda nke Gibraltar

igwu mmiri ahụ

El Ọdịda nke Gibraltar Ọ bụ ogwe aka nke oké osimiri na-ekewa Africa na Europe ma jikọta mmiri Atlantic na Mediterranean. Ọ dịkwa na mpaghara mmejọ dị n'etiti efere tectonic Eurasia na Africa. Ọ nwere nnukwu mkpa akụ na ụba na ịkụ azụ. Kemgbe ụwa, a mara ya nke ọma.

N'ihi nke a, anyị ga-enyefe akụkọ a ịgwa gị gbasara njirimara na mkpa nke Strait of Gibraltar.

Isi atụmatụ

Ọdịda nke Gibraltar

Omimi kacha omimi nke Strait nke Gibraltar bụ mita 90. Ebe dị n'etiti ebe abụọ kacha nso n'akụkụ abụọ nke strait (Punta de Oliveros na Spain na Punta Cires na Morocco) bụ 14,4 km.

Aha nke dị ugbu a na-ezo aka na Nkume Gibraltar, nke dị na Iberian Peninsula, ọ bụ ezie na n'okpuru ọchịchị Britain. Okwu Gibraltar sitere na ebe Arabik aha Djebel Tariq, nke putara "Ugwu Tariq", aha onye ndu ndi Alakụba nke dugara mmeri nke ala di n'ime ala na 711 AD.

N'oge ochie, a maara ebe a dị ka "Pillar Hercules" na akara njedebe nke ụwa ndị Gris oge ochie maara. A na-akpọkarị North Pillar dị ka Nkume Gibraltar (426 m), ebe South Pillar nwere ike ịbụ Ugwu Jacho (204 m) na Ceuta (Spain) ma ọ bụ Ugwu Moussa (851 m) na Morocco.

Enwere mba 3 na-achịkwa mpaghara nke strait: Spain, nke dị n'ụsọ oké osimiri nke ugwu, yana mpaghara Ceuta dị n'ụsọ oké osimiri ndịda; Morocco, nke na-achịkwa ụsọ oké osimiri ndịda, yana United Kingdom, nke nwere ókèala Gibraltar dị n'ụsọ oké osimiri ugwu.

Ihu igwe nke Strait nke Gibraltar

ọnọdụ nke strait nke gibraltar

Usoro ala nke Strait nke Gibraltar na-ekpebi ụfọdụ ihe dị iche iche nke ọnọdụ ihu igwe ya. Dabere na nhazi nke Köppen, mpaghara ahụ nwere ihu igwe na-ekpo ọkụ na-ekpo ọkụ (Csa), nke oge ọkọchị na-ekpo ọkụ na obere mmiri ozuzo na-egosi, karịsịa n'ụsọ oké osimiri ndịda (n'etiti 500 na 700 mm kwa afọ).

Okpomọkụ dị n'oge oyi na-adị n'etiti 8ºC na 12ºC; N'oge ọkọchị, ọ bụ ihe dịka 25-28 Celsius C. Nhazi nke ihe enyemaka na-enyere aka iduzi ifufe na axis ọwụwa anyanwụ-ọdịda anyanwụ, nke nwere ike ịfe n'otu ụzọ ma ọ bụ ọzọ. N'akụkụ etiti nke Strait nke Gibraltar, ifufe ndị a nwere ike iru 40 ruo 50 knots. Ihe dị ugbu a siri ike. N'elu ha, ha na-esi n'Oké Osimiri Atlantic na-asọga na Mediterenian, ebe n'ime mmiri dị omimi, mmegharị ahụ na-apụta.

Kemgbe ụwa, Oke Osimiri Gibraltar enweela nnukwu mkpa atụmatụ na azụmaahịa ma na-aga n'ihu ruo taa. Dị ka ebe a na-agafe n'etiti Oké Osimiri Mediterenian na Oké Osimiri Atlantic, Strait of Gibraltar bụ otu n'ime ụzọ ụgbọ mmiri na-ekwo ekwo n'ụwa, yana Suez Canal, Strait of Hormuz, Panama Canal na Strait of Malacca. Ụzọ mgbago ugwu na ndịda dịkwa mkpa, ya bụ, okporo ụzọ ụgbọ mmiri n'etiti Europe na Africa. Ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri kacha mkpa bụ:

  • N'ebe ugwu: Gibraltar (United Kingdom), Algeciras na Tarifa (Spain).
  • N'ebe ndịda mkpọda: Ceuta (Spain), Tangier na Mediterranean Tangier (Morocco).

Na mgbakwunye na nke a, Strait nke Gibraltar bụ otu n'ime ọwa mbata na ọpụpụ na-akwadoghị iwu na Europe, ya mere otu n'ime ihe ndị a na-ekwukarị.

Geography na Geology nke Strait nke Gibraltar

oké osimiri na osimiri

Ọ bụ ihe mgbochi sitere n'okike n'etiti mba abụọ: Spain na Morocco; n'etiti kọntinent abụọ: Europe na Africa; n'etiti oké osimiri abụọ: Mediterranean na Atlantic; n'etiti okpukpe abụọ: Christianity na ndị Alakụba; n'etiti omenala abụọ: West na East. Ọbụlagodi na geologically, eriri ahụ na-anọchi anya mgbawa n'efere tectonic abụọ: efere Eurasia na efere Africa. Omimi nke etiti eriri ahụ dị mita 1400. Ọ dịghị ebe ọ bụla n'ụwa e nwere nnukwu ọdịiche dị n'ebe dị anya dị otú ahụ.

geographically, Oke mmiri na-amalite na ọdịda anyanwụ n'etiti Cape Trafalgar na Cape Spartel, Ókè ya n’ebe ọwụwa anyanwụ site n’Oké Nkume Gibraltar na Ugwu Hacho de Ceuta. Na Ribera Norte, a ga-akọwa obodo Gibraltar na akụkụ ndịda nke ógbè Cádiz, yana mpaghara Campo de Gibraltar na Lajanda, a ga-akpọkwa Cádiz dị ka isi obodo mpaghara ahụ.

N'ebe ndịda anyị ga-akọwa obodo Ceuta na Tangier-Tetouan dị n'ebe ugwu nke mpaghara Moroccan, yana Fnideq-Mdiq, Anyera, Fash Beni Maqada, Tangier-Asilah na ógbè Tetouan, na-ezo aka Lalash na Jon. ọ bụ ezie na tere aka n'ógbè ahụ, nwere ọtụtụ ihe jikọrọ ya na strait.

Oke Osimiri Gibraltar, nke kewapụrụ Europe na Africa, Ọ dị ihe karịrị kilomita iri, ogologo ntakịrị karịa Ugwu Everest, nke dị ihe dịka kilomita itoolu n'elu oke osimiri. Nke a bụ elu nke ụgbọ elu azụmahịa na-efe efe ma ya mere ọ bụ ebe kachasị anya site na ala maka ọtụtụ ndị mmadụ. Dị ka anyị niile maara, Ugwu Everest bụ ebe kachasị elu n'ụwa, ọ bụ ezie na ọ bụghị ugwu kachasị elu. Na Hawaii, ugwu Mauna Loa na-ebili ihe dị ka kilomita anọ n'elu oke osimiri, mana mkpọda ya na-adaba na ala nke oke osimiri na ngụkọta nke kilomita 9.

Enyemaka, flora na fauna

Oke mmiri nke Gibraltar bụ ebe nwere ọnọdụ ihu igwe na-enweghị atụ, nke gbatịrị ihe karịrị iri puku kilomita iri. Ihe enyemaka ndị ahụ na-eduzi ifufe n'akụkụ abụọ dị iche iche: ọdịda anyanwụ na ọwụwa anyanwụ, ya bụ, ihu ala ma ọ bụ ọzọ. mee ngwa ngwa n'ike, na-akụ 40 na 50 ọkpọ n'akụkụ nkume. Agbanyeghị, ọ nwere ike ma ọ bụ enweghị ike ịtọpụ tupu ma ọ bụ mgbe 20 kilomita gachara. Ịgafe mmiri ahụ abụghị atụmatụ dị mkpa karịsịa, mana ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri ga-atụ anya mgbanwe mberede n'akụkụ ikuku ka ọ ghara ịla oge.

O nwere okporo ụzọ kacha elu na Europe na mita 3.478 karịa oke osimiri na Ndagwurugwu Guadalquivir (nke pụtara nnukwu ndagwurugwu na Arabic), osimiri nke na-aga site n'ọwụwa anyanwụ ruo ọdịda anyanwụ, ebe obodo Seville na Cordoba na-ezute.

Estuary bụ ogige anụ ọhịa kacha ewu ewu na Europe (Doñana), ebe ị nwere ike ịmasị ụdị ikpeazụ nke Iberian lynx, ugo ọla edo, mgbada, anụ ọhịa na ọtụtụ nnụnụ nwere oke nha na njem ha si Africa gaa Europe. Ha na-akwụ akwụ na ogige ntụrụndụ n'oge njem ahụ.

Ọdịdị ọwara mmiri nke Strait nke Gibraltar na oke osimiri dị n'akụkụ abụọ nke Strait na-ebutekarị oke ifufe. Nke a eritela uru na mmepe nke ike ikuku ma mee ka ọhịa na-adịghị agwụ agwụ nke ikuku igwe na ikuku ifufe. Tarifa, nke dị na nsọtụ ndịda Spain, akwadola ọtụtụ asọmpi mba ụwa.

Enwere m olileanya na site na ozi a, ị ga-amụtakwu gbasara Strait of Gibraltar na njirimara ya.


Ọdịnaya nke isiokwu agbaso ụkpụrụ anyị nke ụkpụrụ nduzi. Kpesa mmejọ pịa ebe a.

Nkwupụta, hapụ nke gị

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  1.   Cesar dijo

    Isiokwu ndị ị nyere aka na-atọ ụtọ ma na-eme ka ihe ọmụma bara ụba… Ekele