Yuav ua li cas xaiv ib qho chaw duav?

Newtonian tsom iav raj nrog equatorial mount

Thaum koj xav saib kev nthuav dav cov tsiaj thiab duab muaj nyob ib puag ncig peb, nws tuaj yeem xav tau a spotting tauCov. Tsis zoo li qhov peb xav, nws tsis xav tau kev tu xyuas uas nyuaj. Nws yog ib qho khoom siv uas peb tuaj yeem kawm thaum muaj lub sijhawm zoo.

Tab sis, Yuav ua li cas xaiv qhov zoo tshaj plaws? Nyob ntawm cov hluav taws xob uas peb yuav muab rau nws, peb yuav tau xaiv qhov zoo uas yuav zoo tshaj rau peb cov kev xav tau.

Kawm yuav ua li cas xaiv ib qho chaw tsis pom tseeb

Cov ntsiab lus tso cai

Tshuab ntsuas tsom iav

Txhua lub tsom iav raj ua los ntawm cov khoom sib txawv uas yog:

  • Kos: nws yog txheej ntawm peb ob txhais ceg uas feem ntau yog xim hlau. Ua tsaug rau lawv, lub tsom iav ntev tseem nyob ruaj khov.
  • Pem Roob: yog cov khoom siv tshuab uas koom nrog lub kos nrog cov raj ntsuas qhov muag. Lawv tuaj yeem yog phau ntawv (kev txav tau los ntawm tus kheej), kev siv lub tshuab (kev txav mus los ntawm lub cev muaj zog ntawm ib lossis ob txoj kab) lossis khoos phis tawj (nrog rau GoTo lossis GPS system). Nws muaj ob hom:
    • Altazimuthal: ua yeeb yam tav toj thiab ntsug.
      • Dobsonian: lawv raug teeb tsa rau ntawm lub platform uas tso cai rau kab rov tav thiab ntsug. Lawv tsis tas yuav muaj lub kos taw.
      • Tib caj npab thiab tib rab diav rawg: cov no yog cov uas tuav lub raj xa hluav taws xob zoo ib sab los ntawm ib lossis ob txhais caj npab.
    • Txoj Kev Tshaj Lij: ib qho ntawm nws txoj kab txiav, txoj cai Ascension lossis RA, tau muab sib txig sib luag rau lub axis ntawm kev sib hloov ntawm lub ntiaj teb.
  • Optical raj: nws yog ua los ntawm lo ntsiab muag los yog tsom iav thiab cov tsom iav qhov muag.
  • Tshawb cav: nws yog qhov khoom me me elongated uas tau muab tso rau ntawm lub raj uas tso cai rau peb tshawb fawb hauv kev nthuav dav rau yam peb xav pom.

Hom ntawm cov raj kho qhov muag

Ua raws li lub raj xa hluav taws xob, tseem muaj peb hom:

  • Reflector: Kuj hu ua Newtonians, lawv siv daim iav los ntes lub teeb. Nws yog qhov feem ntau siv hauv kev ua hnub qub.
  • Retro-tsom kwm: siv cov khoom sib xyaw tsom iav thiab kho qhov muag.
  • Refractor: lawv siv lub kaw lus converging lens hauv lub teeb uas refracted. Nws yog qhov nws siv rau kev soj ntsuam thaj av.

Vim li cas thiaj xaiv ib qho kev pom zoo hla ntawm binoculars?

Zoo, nrog ob qho koj tuaj yeem txaus siab ntau, tab sis muaj peb qhov sib txawv tseem ceeb ntawm ib qho thiab lwm qhov uas yog:

  • Optical raj taub: yog txoj kab uas hla ntawm daim iav. Qhov siab dua nws yog, qhov ntau lub teeb nws tuaj yeem ntes. Xws li cov khoom siv rau hauv qhov chaw, nws raug pom zoo tias nws yuav tsawg kawg 40mm. Daim tsom iav nrog qhov taub ntawd tau ua, tab sis lawv hnyav ntau (Kuv muaj txog 10 hli thiab thaum kuv tau ncig 30 feeb Kuv pib pom qhov kev qaug zog hauv kuv lub dab teg).
  • Focal nrug: yog qhov ntev ntawm lub raj. Nws tseem ntsuas hauv mm. Nws tuaj yeem yog 100 hli, 200 hli, thiab lwm yam. Ntev ntev npaum nws, nws yuav siv sijhawm ntev rau lub teeb kom ncav cuag daim iav. Nws tsis tas yuav ua kom ntev ntev los ua qhov ntsuas zoo. Qhov tseeb, qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws yuav tsum tau saib yog txoj kab uas hla ntawm lub raj.
  • Muaj ntau: yog lub magnification ntawm daim duab. Nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv ntawm spotting scopes, lawv kuj tuaj yeem suav nrog lub qhov muag zoom uas muaj peev xwm txuas ntxiv ua kom pom cov duab. Yog tias peb pom, piv txwv li, nws qhia 30-70x, peb tuaj yeem paub tias tus nqi ib txwm tau nce yog 30, tab sis nws tuaj yeem ncav cuag 70 los ntawm kev xoom.

Dab tsi los saib ua ntej xaiv ib qho?

Tsom iav rau kev soj ntsuam hauv av

Dhau ntawm qhov peb tau sib tham txog tam sim no, nws tseem tsim nyog peb yuav tsum coj mus rau hauv tus lej teb ntawm saibCov. Qhov loj dua qhov loj dua, nws qhov me me ntawm qhov pom. Ntawm ib sab tes, cov duab yuav zoo li loj dua thiab ntuag, tab sis peb tsuas tuaj yeem saib ntawm cov ntsiab lus tsawg heev.

Koj kuj yuav tsum coj mus rau hauv tus account saib lub kaum ntse ntseCov. Kev soj ntsuam yuav tsum xis nyob, yog li nws pom zoo kom xaiv qhov qauv uas tsa lub qhov muag tsom qhov muag yog 45º. Yog li, lub tsom iav hluav taws xob tuaj yeem nyob ruaj khov, ib yam dab tsi tsim nyog rau hnub thaum cua tshuab.

Thaum kawg, thiab txawm hais tias lawv muaj tus nqi tsim nyog, nws tsim nyog saib (thiab yeej tsis hais zoo dua) ntawm ntxiv cov tsom iav qis dispersion lossis ED lo ntsiab muagCov. Cov lo ntsiab muag no tso cai kom muaj cov duab ntawm qhov zoo kawg nkaus, yog li ntawd cov teeb meem tshwm sim uas cov duab hluav taws xob tsis zoo tau daws: chromatism.

Lawv tuaj yeem siv rau qhov twg?

Cov av tsom iav raj lawv siv los pom xwmrau chaw noog, lossis tseem rau pom qee yam khoom ntawm ntug, zoo li lub hli lossis cov hnub qub (lub hnub tuaj yeem pom, tab sis tsuas yog nrog lim). Lwm qhov kev siv uas yog ua neeg nyiam heev yog digiscoping, uas yog hais, txuas lub koob yees duab rau lub raj hluav taws xob kom thaij duab zoo heev.

Pom cov khoom lossis tsiaj txhu pom deb heev?

Tus txiv neej saib los ntawm qhov kev pom meej

Duab - Alarconweb.com

Yog, tsis muaj teeb meemCov. Qhov tseeb, lawv tau siv rau qhov ntawd. Terrestrial telescopes yog cov cuab yeej pab tau "mus" deb heev yam tsis tau txav mus los ntawm thaj chaw. Peb tuaj yeem pom zoo li cas yuav yog ob peb mais kev deb.

Cov cai lij choj mais, lossis cov mais thoob ntiaj teb raws li qee zaum paub, yog chav tsev ntawm qhov ntev uas, txawm hais tias nws tsis yog siv dav, rau cov ncauj lus peb tab tom cuam tshuam nrog nws tuaj yeem muaj txiaj ntsig zoo. Tshaj li ntawm 1480m, ntawd yog, nws yuav zoo li nqis ib kauj ruam ntawm 73cm.

Nrog rau qhov no, peb tuaj yeem tau txais ib lub tswv yim ntawm yuav ua kom deb li cas peb pom yog.

Xaiv ntawm spotting scopes

Yog tias koj tseem ua xyem xyav txog qhov twg xav yuav, ces peb tawm ntawm koj nrog peb xaiv:

Nrog tripod

30-90 × 90 Tsom Ntsuam iav nrog Tripod

Tsom iav nrog tripod

Qhov no yeej tsis txaus ntseeg lub tsom iav zoo. Nrog lub qhov ntev ntawm 90 hli thiab nrog lub peev xwm los ua kom pom cov duab tau txog 90 lub sijhawm, koj tuaj yeem soj ntsuam qhov xwm xws li tsis tau ua dua. Ib qho ntxiv, nws yuav siv lub kos nrog, yog li koj tsis tas yuav yuav nws cais.

Nws hnyav 1850 grams thiab luv nqi ntawm 109 eurosCov. Koj xav tau nws? Huag clic aquí

Celestron Ncig Saib Xyuas Feem 70

Celestron hom tsom iav raj

Qhov koob yees duab tsom iav Celestron no ua tau zoo kawg. Koj tuaj yeem tsis tsuas yog siv nws rau qhov kev soj ntsuam thaj av, tab sis kuj tseem ceeb rau cov kev saib hnub qub ua tsaug rau nws 70mm aperture, nws qhov ntev 400 hli thiab qhov xaj.

Nws muaj qhov hnyav txog 1,5kg thiab ib qho nqi ntawm 84,91 euros. Tau txais tam sim no

USCAMEL Tsom Fwm Rau kev sim noog

Kev Saib Xyuas Nruab Nrab Noog

Yog tias koj tab tom nrhiav lub tsom iav tsom uas yog qhov zoo rau nqa, uas tuaj yeem mus yam tsis muaj kev pom, uas kuj yog dej thiab nrog uas koj tuaj yeem pom cov noog hauv kev nthuav dav ... koj tsis thov rau qhov tsis yooj yim sua 🙂. USCAMEL lub tsom iav raj uas peb pom zoo yog 20-60 x, yog ntsuab, thiab muaj ib qho chaw txawb.

Nws muaj qhov hnyav tsuas yog 640 grams, thiab nws cov nqi yog 159 eurosCov. Koj puas xav? Yuav nws lawm

Tsis muaj tripod

Celestron Ultima 65

Celestron Hom Kho Qhov Muag Zoo Tube

Yog tias koj tsis xav ua ntau dhau lawm tab sis koj xav kom cov duab yuav tsum ntse li sai tau, lub tsom iav no yog rau koj. Nws muaj 18-55x zoom thiab suav nrog nqa rooj plaub muag uas yuav kom koj tiv thaiv thaum nws.

Nws qhov hnyav yog 2kg, thiab nws tus nqi yog 149 euros. Tau nws ntawm no

Nikon Porstaff 5 82-A

Nikon spotting tau

Lub tshuab tsom iav no Nikon tsim tshwj xeeb rau kev saib yooj yim. Koj yuav tsis muaj teeb meem nrog huab lossis dej, yog tias los nag. Nrog rau 8,2cm txoj kab uas hla ntawm lub lens, saib cov noog yuav yog qhov kev paub tsis txaus ntseeg.

Nws muaj qhov hnyav ntawm 960 grams, thiab tus nqi ntawm 388 euros. Koj tuaj yeem tau nws ntawm no

Dab Neeg 4334500 Hais Lus

Lub looj tsom iav raj

Zoo meej rau kev mus ncig, ua si, thiab thaum kawg rau kev tawm mus sab nraum zoov. Koj tsis tas yuav muaj ib lub kos, raws li nws muaj qhov nce ntawm 15-45 × 60Cov. Zoo li qhov ntawd tsis txaus, nws suav nrog lub hnab thauj khoom kom nws yog qhov zoo rau nqa txhua qhov chaw koj mus.

Nws muaj qhov hnyav txog 1,1kg thiab ib qho nqi ntawm 94,64 eurosCov. Yog koj xav tau, yuav nws.

Nws puas tau nthuav rau koj?


Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

Yog thawj tus tuaj tawm tswv yim

Tso koj saib

Koj email chaw nyob yuav tsis tsum luam tawm. Yuav tsum tau teb cov cim nrog *

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  1. Lub luag haujlwm rau cov ntaub ntawv: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Lub hom phiaj ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Tswj SPAM, kev tswj xyuas tawm tswv yim.
  3. Sau raws cai: Koj kev tso cai
  4. Kev sib txuas lus ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsis raug xa mus rau lwm tus neeg thib peb tsuas yog los ntawm kev txiav txim siab raug cai.
  5. Cov ntaub ntawv khaws cia: Cov Ntaub Ntawv khaws tseg los ntawm Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Txoj Cai: Txhua lub sijhawm koj tuaj yeem txwv, rov qab thiab tshem tawm koj cov ntaub ntawv.