Uaki kilokilo ʻo Prague

hōʻino o ka uaki hōkū ʻo Prague

E like me kā mākou e ʻike ai, nui nā kūlanakauhale i loaʻa i nā mea kiʻi kūikawā a kūikawā. Ma kēia hihia, e kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana Uaki hōkū ʻo Prague. ʻO ia ka hōʻailona o Prague a he hana hoihoi loa ia. Ua hana ʻia i ka makahiki 1410 a ʻōlelo lākou e lawe mai lākou i ka pōʻino ke pau ka hana.

Ma kēia ʻatikala e haʻi mākou iā ʻoe i ka hana ʻana o ka uaki astronomical Prague a me kekahi o kāna mau moʻolelo.

Uaki kilokilo ʻo Prague

uaki hōkū ʻo Prague

Pono kēia e ʻike inā e hele ana ʻoe i Prague. ʻO ka uaki hōkū o ke kūlanakauhale kekahi o nā wahi mākaʻikaʻi nui ma hope ona, ʻaʻole ia he mea liʻiliʻi. He moʻolelo koʻikoʻi kona (a me nā kuʻuna) i hiki ke hoʻololi ʻia i moʻolelo a kiʻiʻoniʻoni paha. Hoʻokomo ʻia i ka makahiki 1410 e Jan Ruze, ua hoʻopaʻa ʻia ʻo 605 mau makahiki mai ia manawa.

ʻO kāna moʻolelo, e like me kaʻu e ʻōlelo nei, he nui nā kikoʻī kupaianaha: ua makapō lākou i ka haku hana, pale iā ia mai ka hana hou ʻana i kahi wati e like me kēia, a kekahi e ʻike ai he talisman e mālama pono ai i ke kūlanakauhale ... hana i ka hala ʻana o nā makahiki a ke hoʻomau nei ka ʻenehana i nā wati analog a me nā ʻōnaehana hoihoi.

ʻO ka hana

wehe i ka uaki

Hōʻike ka Prague Astronomical Clock i kahi hoʻolālā astrolabe me kahi hoʻolālā ʻekolu ʻāpana hiki ke hōʻailona i ʻelima mau manawa i ka manawa like. Ma ka luna, ma waena o nā pani ʻelua, loaʻa iā mākou kahi hale keaka papeti o nā ʻAposetolo he ʻumikumamālua. Haʻalele kēlā me kēia o lākou i kēlā me kēia 60 mau minuke e hōʻike i ka manawa hea. ʻOi aku ka hou o nā helu ma mua o nā uaki a me nā lā mai ke kenekulia XNUMX.

Ma ka lalo he kalena me nā kiʻi o nā mahina a me nā kau, e hōʻike ana hoʻi i nā haipule no kēlā me kēia lā o ka makahiki. He waiwai a hoihoi nui nā ʻāpana ʻelua, akā ʻo ka momi o kēia wati aia i ke kino waena. Ua hoʻolālā mua ʻia kēia ʻāpana i ka makahiki 1410.

Hiki i ka wati ke haʻi i ka manawa i ʻelima mau ala like ʻole, a ʻo kāna ʻōnaehana o nā ʻāpana mechanical kekahi o nā mea hoihoi loa. Ma kekahi ʻaoʻao, loaʻa iā mākou ka lā gula e neʻe ana a puni ka pōʻai ecliptic, e hana ana i kahi neʻe elliptic. Hiki i kēia ʻāpana ke hōʻike iā mākou i ʻekolu hola i ka manawa: ʻO ke kūlana o nā lima gula ma nā helu Roma e hōʻike ana i ka manawa ma Prague. Ke hele nei ka lima i ka laina gula, hōʻike ia i nā hola i ka manawa like ʻole, a ʻo ka hope, ma ke apo o waho, nā hola ma hope o ka puka ʻana o ka lā e like me ka manawa Bohemian.

ʻO ka lua, hiki iā ia ke kuhikuhi i ka manawa ma waena o ka puka ʻana a me ka napoʻo ʻana o ka lā. Ma kahi ʻōnaehana i māhele ʻia i ʻumikumamālua "hola." Aia ka ʻōnaehana ma ka mamao ma waena o ka lā a me ke kikowaena o ka pōʻai. ʻOkoʻa nā ana e like me ka manawa o ka makahiki, ʻoiai ʻaʻole he ʻumikumamālua hola o ka mālamalama o ka lā, ʻaʻole hoʻi he ʻumikumamālua hola o ka pō. ʻOi aku ka mua i ke kauwela a ʻo ke kūʻē i ka hoʻoilo. ʻO ia ke kumu i hoʻohana ʻia ai nā kaha puanaʻi e kamaʻilio i nā hola ma kēia uaki waena.

ʻO ke kolu, ma ka ʻaoʻao o waho o ka uaki, kākau mākou i nā helu ma ka palapala Schwabacher gula. Na lakou e kuhikuhi i ka manawa, e like me makou ma Bohemia. Hoʻomaka e hōʻailona ʻia i ka hola 1 o ke awakea. Ke neʻe nei ke apo i ka makahiki e like me ka manawa o ka lā.

ʻO nā mea nui o ka uaki astronomical Prague

A laila, loaʻa iā mākou ke apo zodiac nona ke kuleana no ka hōʻike ʻana i ke kūlana o ka lā ma ka ecliptic, ʻo ia ka pihi o ka honua "neʻe" a puni ka lā. Inā makemake ʻoe i ka zodiac, e ʻike ʻoe ʻo ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o kēia mau hōkū he kūʻē i ka uaki, akā aia ke kumu o kēia hoʻonohonoho.

ʻO ke kauoha o nā apo ma muli o ka hoʻohana ʻana i kahi stereoscopic projection o ka mokulele o ka ecliptic e pili ana i ka Pole ʻĀkau. He mea ʻē paha ia, akā aia nō kēia hoʻonohonoho i nā uaki hōkū ʻē aʻe.

Ma ka hopena, loaʻa iā mākou kahi mahina e hōʻike ana i nā pae o kā mākou mau satelite kūlohelohe. Ua like ka neʻe me ka wati master, akā ʻoi aku ka wikiwiki. E like me kāu e ʻike ai, aia nā puʻupuʻu a pau o kēia uaki hōkū i loko o kēia centrosome, ʻaʻole, ʻaʻole mākou i pau, no ka mea, aia kekahi mau mea hoʻokahi.

Aia ka wati i kahi diski paʻa i waenakonu a me ʻelua mau disc rotating kaʻawale: ke apo zodiac a me ka ʻaoʻao waho i kākau ʻia ma Schwabacher. I ka huli ʻana, ʻekolu mau lima: ʻo ka lima, ʻo ka lā e hele ai mai luna a lalo, e hana ana ma ke ʻano he lima lua, a ʻo ke kolu, he lima me nā kiko hōkū i pili i ka zodiac.

Poino o ka uaki

nā moʻolelo a me nā kaʻao

Wahi a ka moʻolelo, ʻo ke kamanā nāna ia i hana i ka makahiki 1410 i hana i kahi hana koʻikoʻi a makemake ka poʻe nāna i kauoha e hōʻoia ʻaʻole ʻo ia e hana hou i ka hana ʻokoʻa i ka honua, a ua makapō lākou iā ia.

I ka hoʻopaʻi ʻana, kau i ka wati a hooki i kāna mea hana mekini, i ka manawa like, me ka hana mana, ua pau ka puʻuwai o kona puʻuwai. Mai ia manawa mai, ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ka neʻe ʻana o kona mau lima a me ka hula ʻana o kāna mau helu i hōʻoia i ka hoʻomohala maikaʻi ʻana o ke kūlanakauhale, a ʻo ka pau ʻana o ka hana ʻana e lawe mai i ka pōʻino iā Prague.

I kēlā me kēia hola, ua hoʻopaʻa ʻia ka ʻike paʻakikī i ka hoʻāʻo e hoʻomaha i ka ʻuhane o nā kāne i loko o nā mahina a lākou e peʻe ai ma hope o ka tarp, a ua hoʻomau ʻia ka pīhoihoi o nā kānaka me kāna mau mīkini holomua. ʻO ke kumu koke a i ʻole coincidence ʻo ia wale nō ka manawa āu i hana ai ʻO ia i ka makahiki 2002 i ka wā i kahe ai ka muliwai ʻo Vltava a ua loaʻa i ke kūlanakauhale ka wai nui loa i kona mōʻaukala. No laila, i ka wā i hoʻoholo ai ka uaki o Ianuali e uhi i ka uaki no ka hoʻoponopono ʻana, aia ke ʻano o ka hopohopo (a me ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa ʻana mai ka poʻe kipa) i waena o kona mau hoa noho hoʻomanamana.

He kalena poai ka wati me na medallions e hoike ana i na malama o ka makahiki; ʻelua pōʻai -ʻo ka mea nui, ma waena; he quadrant astronomical i hoʻohana ʻia e ana i ka manawa i ka Middle Ages (a ʻo ia ka mea e hōʻailona ai i ka manawa ma Central Europe a me Babulona, ​​a me ke kūlana o nā hōkū) a he ʻano kona mau kala: ʻulaʻula ka wanaʻao a me ka napoʻo ʻana o ka lā; ka ʻeleʻele, ka pō; a ʻo ka uliuli, ka lā.

Lana koʻu manaʻo me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i ka uaki astronomia ʻo Prague a me kāna mau ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.