ʻO Petrogenesis

petrogenesis

I kēia lā e kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana i kekahi o nā lālā o ke kālaihonua e kālele ana i ke aʻo ʻana i nā pōhaku, ke kumu, ka haku ʻana a me nā kino a me nā waiwai kemika a me ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i ka pupa honua. Kapa ʻia kēia lālā o ke kālaihonua petr petrology. ʻO ka huaʻōlelo petrology mai ka petro pono hana he aha ka manaʻo o ka pōhaku a mai nā ʻōuli he aha ke ʻano o ke aʻo ʻana. Aia nā ʻokoʻa me ka lithology e kālele ana i ka haku pōhaku o kahi i hāʻawi ʻia. I ka petrology ka petrogenesis. Pili ia i ke kumu o nā pōhaku.

I kēia ʻatikala e haʻi aku mākou iā ʻoe i nā ʻano āpau, nā kumu a me nā aʻo ʻana o petrogenesis.

Nā kuhikuhi nui

petrology a me nā haʻawina

Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ʻo Petrology i mau wahi loea e kaukaʻi ʻia i ke ʻano o ka pōhaku e aʻo ʻia. No laila, aia ʻelua mau lālā o ka mahele o nā noiʻi i ʻo ia ka petrology o nā pōhaku sedimentary a me ka petrology o nā pōhaku igneous a me ka metamorphic. ʻIke ʻia ka mea mua e ka inoa o exogenous petrology a ʻo ka lua i ka inoa o endogenous petrology. Aia kekahi mau lālā ʻē aʻe i ʻokoʻa e like me ka pahuhopu i noi ʻia no ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā pōhaku. Aia kekahi ʻano petrography no ka wehewehe ʻana o nā pōhaku a me ka petrogenesis e hoʻoholo ai i ko lākou kumu.

ʻO Petrogenesis kahi mea nui ʻoiai ʻo ia ka hoʻokumu a me ke kumu o nā pōhaku. E like me aia kekahi petrology noi ʻē aʻe e kia ana i nā meaola o nā pōhaku. Pono e noʻonoʻo ʻia e hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia ka ʻike maikaʻi o nā mea ola o nā pōhaku i nā wahi he nui pū kekahi, e like me ke kūkulu ʻana a me ka unuhi ʻana i nā kumuwaiwai no nā kānaka.

No laila, he mea nui kēia lālā ʻepekema mai ka wā mai ʻo ka pōhaku ke kākoʻo paʻa o nā hanana kino kanaka āpau. He mea nui ia e ʻike i ke ʻano, ke kumu a me ka haku ʻana o nā pōhaku a mākou e waiho ai a kūkulu ai i kā mākou mau ʻoihana. Ma mua o ka hoʻokō ʻana i kekahi ʻano o ke kūkulu ʻana i nā hale, nā hana, etc. ʻO kahi noiʻi ma mua o nā ʻano o nā pōhaku e kū nei ma ke kumu o ke kūkulu ʻana e pono e mālama ʻia e pale aku ai i ke kūlou ʻana, nā kaiāulu, nā pōpilikia, nā pae ʻāina, a pēlā wale aku. ʻO nā Pōhaku kekahi mea waiwai nui no ka hapa nui o ka hana ʻoihana kanaka.

Ke kumu o ka petrology a me ka petrogenesis

petrology

ʻO ka hoihoi i nā pōhaku aia mau i ke kanaka. He mea mau ia i ka nohona kūlohelohe i hoʻomohala i nā ʻenehana mai nā wā prehistoric. ʻO nā mea hana mua kanaka i hana ʻia i ka pōhaku a hāpai i kahi makahiki holoʻokoʻa. ʻIke ʻia ʻo ka Pōhaku Manawa. ʻO nā hāʻawi e hiki ai ke ʻike i nā hoʻohana o nā pōhaku i holomua ma Kina, Helene a me ka moʻomeheu Arab. Hōʻike ka honua komohana i nā palapala a Aristotle kahi a lākou e kamaʻilio ai e pili ana i kā lākou pono.

Eia nō naʻe, ʻoiai ua hana mua nā kānaka me ka honua mai ka wā prehistoric, ʻo ke kumu o ka petrology ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema e pili loa i ke kumu o ke kālaihonua. ʻO Geology ka ʻepekema makuahine a ua hoʻohui ʻia ia i ka XNUMX kenekulia i ka wā i hoʻomaka ai kāna mau loina āpau e hoʻokumu. ʻO Petrology no a mai kahi paio ʻepekema i ulu ma waena o ke kumu o nā pōhaku. Me kēia hoʻopaʻapaʻa, ua puka mai he ʻelua mau kahua hoʻomoana i ʻike ʻia ʻo Neptunists a me Plutonists.

ʻO ka poʻe Neptunist ka poʻe e hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei he kumu pōhaku ma o ka sedimentation o sediment a me ka crystallization o nā minelala mai ke kai kahiko i uhi i ka honua holoʻokoʻa. No kēia kumu, ʻike ʻia lākou e ka inoa o nā Neptunists, e pili ana i ke Akua Roma o nā moana Neptune. Ma ka lima ʻē aʻe he Plutonists kā mākou. Manaʻo lākou e hoʻomaka ke kumu o nā pōhaku mai ka magma i nā papa hohonu o kā mākou honua i hoʻokumu ʻia e nā mahana wela. ʻO ka inoa o nā Plutonists mai ke Akua Roma o ka lalo honua ʻo Pluto.

ʻO ka ʻike hou loa a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ka ʻenehana i ʻae iā mākou e hoʻomaopopo he hiki i nā kūlana ʻelua ke wehewehe e pili ana i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo. A ʻo ia nā pōhaku sedimentary e ala aʻe ma o nā hana e pili ana i nā intuitions a nā Neptunists i hana ai, ʻoiai ʻo ka lua pele, nā pōhaku igneous plutonic a me nā pōhaku metamorphic i hoʻomaka i nā kaʻina hana i kūlike me nā paio a nā plutonists.

Haʻawina Petrology

I ka manawa e ʻike ai mākou i ke kumu a me nā kūlana ʻokoʻa o ka petrology, e ʻike ana mākou i ke ʻano o nā pahuhopu hoʻopaʻa haʻawina. Uhi ʻia ke kumu holoʻokoʻa o nā pōhaku a me nā mea āpau e pili ana i kā lākou kūkulu. Hoʻopili lākou i ke kumu, nā hana e hana ai iā ia, kahi i ka lithosfer kahi i hana ʻia ai a me ko lākou makahiki. ʻO ia ke kuleana no ke aʻo ʻana i nā mea a me nā kino a me nā waiwai kemika o nā pōhaku. ʻO ka ʻāpana hope loa o ka nui o ka noi ʻana ka hoʻokaʻawale a me ka petrogenesis o nā pōhaku i ka iwi honua.

Ma loko o petrology, aʻo ʻia ka petrogenesis o nā pōhaku extraterrestrial. ʻO lākou kēlā mau pōhaku āpau mai kahi ākea. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ke aʻo ʻia nei nā pōhaku mai nā meteorite a me ka mahina.

Nā ʻano petrogenesis

petrogenesis hopena

E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma mua, nui nā lālā o kēia ʻepekema a hoʻokaʻawale ʻia lākou i 3 mau hana petrogenesis e piʻi ai nā pōhaku: nā pōhaku sedimentary, igneous a me metamorphic. No laila, kaukaʻi ʻia i ka wahi o ke kumu o kēlā me kēia ʻano pōhaku, aia ʻelua mau lālā o petrology:

  • Exogenous: ʻo ia ke kuleana o ke aʻo ʻana i kēlā mau pōhaku e kū mai ana i nā papa papaʻu o ka honua. ʻO ia ke kuleana no ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā pōhaku sedimentary. Hoʻokumu ʻia kēia mau ʻano pōhaku mai ke kaomi ʻana o nā sediment ma hope o kā lākou waiho ʻana a lawe ʻia e nā ʻāhua hulihonua e like me ka ua a me ka makani. Hoʻokomo ʻia kēia mau sediment ma loko o nā makahiki he mau miliona. Ma luna o nā mea āpau, puka ia i nā pae kiʻekiʻe haʻahaʻa e like me nā loko a me nā moana. A ʻo ia nā ʻāpana e haki ana, kaomi ʻana i nā sediment i loko o nā makahiki he mau miliona.
  • Endogenous: ʻO ia ka mea e mālama i ke aʻo ʻana i nā ʻano pōhaku i hana ʻia i nā papa hohonu o ka pā a me ka ʻahu o ka honua. Eia mākou he mau pōhaku igneous lua pele a plutonic, pōhaku metamorphic. I ka hihia o nā pōhaku igneous, piʻi lākou ma muli o ke kaomi kūloko ma o nā māwae a me nā anuanu, e hana ana i nā pōhaku. Inā lākou e hele mai i ka ʻilikai o nā luaipele he pōhaku luaipele lākou. Inā hana ʻia lākou i loko kahi pōhaku plutonic. No nā pōhaku metamorphic mai nā pōhaku igneous a sedimentary paha i hoʻoili ʻia i nā kaomi a me nā mahana nui. He pōhaku lākou o nā ʻano ʻelua i hana ʻia i ka hohonu hohonu. Hoʻopili kēia mau ʻano āpau i nā loli i kāna hanana a me kāna haku ʻana.

Lana koʻu manaʻo me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i ka petrogenesis a me kona ʻano.

ʻAʻohe o kāu kahua aniani i kēia manawa?
Inā makemake nui ʻoe i ka honua o ka meteorology, e kiʻi i kekahi o nā kikowaena manawa a mākou e paipai ai a hoʻohana i nā makana i loaʻa.
Nā keʻena Meteorological

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.