Papa hele mahana

papa hele wela

I ke kahua o ka botanical meteorology, ka papa hele wela e hoʻokaʻawale i nā kāʻei ʻokoʻa i wehewehe ʻia e ke kiʻekiʻe ma ka mauna kahi i loaʻa ai nā lauwili i ka mahana a me nā mea ʻē aʻe o ke aniau. ʻO ke kumu hoʻoholo climatic ke kiʻekiʻe ma luna o ka ʻilikai a me ka loli meteorological nui e hoʻopili ʻia e kēia ʻano.

I kēia ʻatikala e haʻi aku mākou iā ʻoe e pili ana i nā ʻano āpau a me nā mea nui o nā papahana wela.

Nā kuhikuhi nui

ʻano o nā papahana pumehana

Hoʻomaopopo ʻia nā papa pālolo e like me nā ʻano aniani i kū i nā wahi mauna. Hoʻopilikia ke kōkua i ka ua, no ka mea, kū ka makani me ke kuahiwi a piʻi i luna. ʻOi aku ka nui o ka mahalo o nā papa wela i ka mahele intertropical, ʻoiai i loko o nā kaona wela e wehewehe maikaʻi ʻole ʻia lākou. Loaʻa kēia i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka mahana i nā wahi wela a me nā anuanu e hoʻopili ʻia e nā ʻano makahiki i ka pā ʻana o ka lā.

Inā mākou e kālailai i ka pōʻaiapili, ʻike mākou aia he mau ʻano ʻokoʻa i ke kiʻekiʻe a ʻo lākou ka mea e wehewehe ai i nā ʻano nui o ka mahana. Pēlā e hoʻokumu ʻia ai he 5 mau papa mahana, ʻo ka mea haʻahaʻa ka papahele mahana a ma hope ka papaha, ke anuanu, ka moor a me nā papa hau. No kēlā me kēia papahele, ua hoʻoholo ʻia ka amplitude i ka lauwili o ke ana wela, a me nā ʻano ʻē aʻe e pili ana.

ʻO ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o nā papa wela i hoʻokumu kumu ʻia mai ka pae mahana i ʻike maopopo ʻia ma ka wahi intertropical. I ka maʻa temperate, hoʻemi ka mahana me ke kiʻekiʻe, akā ʻaʻole ia kahi hopena i kahakaha ʻia. ʻO kēia no ka mea ma nā ʻāpana ʻaʻano aia kekahi mau kumu e ʻoi aku ana ka hoʻoholo ʻana, e like me ka latitude. ʻO ka latitude kekahi o nā loli i hoʻohuli ʻia e ka radiation radiation e loaʻa iā ia ma muli o ke kaʻe o ka pali. Ma ka ʻāpana o nā tropika kokoke i kahi hōʻike o ka pāhawewe ʻana o ka lā i hiki mai a me nā hanana o ka makani a me ka ua.

Nā papahana mahana, ka mahana a me ke kiʻekiʻe

nā ʻano pua a me nā holoholona

ʻO ka mahana a me ka latitude nā mea nui e wehewehe i nā papa wela ʻokoʻa. Wela ka lewa ma muli o ke koho hou ʻana i hiki i ka honua a hoʻemi ke ea wela i ka ikaika, no laila, ʻoi aku ka māmā, piʻi aʻe ia. Hoʻoemi ka mahana maʻamau ma waena o 0.65 a me 1 kekelē no kēlā me kēia 100 mika e hoʻonui ai ke kiʻekiʻe.

Hoʻopili ka mauna a me ke kiʻekiʻe o kēlā me kēia mauna i ke ʻano o ka makani a me ka ua. Aia kēia ma muli o ke kuahiwi o ke kuahiwi i ke ala o ka makani i piha i ke anuanu, piʻi lākou a hoʻopau i ka piʻi ʻana i ka hapa kiʻekiʻe o ka mauna. Inā kiʻekiʻe ke kiʻekiʻe o ke kuahiwi, anuanu ka makani a hoʻoliʻiliʻi ka haʻahaʻa i ke kiʻekiʻe e hana i ka ua. I nā kuahiwi kiʻekiʻe, mālama pinepine nā hānai i ka hoʻoulu i ka ʻāpana makani a ma ka pali leeward ʻoi aku ka maloʻo.

ʻO ka Latitude ke kūlana o kahi e pili ana i ka Equator a pili i nā papa wela i ka hanana o ka pāhawewe lā i loko o ka makahiki. Mai ka latitu ʻike mākou i ke ala o ka hopena o ka pāhawewe ʻana o ka lā e like ai. ʻAʻole ia he mea ma ke ʻano hea ia a puni ka lā, ʻoiai ke loaʻa mau nei ka radiation i kāna wahi. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, loaʻa iā mākou ia mea, ma nā latitude kiʻekiʻe, ʻaʻole hiki kēia. Ma muli o ka ʻiʻini o ke koʻi o ka honua i kū mai nā kukuna o ka lā I kahi ala kukū a ʻaʻole hoʻololi ka kiʻekiʻe i ka mahana, no ka mea, ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka pā ʻana o ka lā.

Nā ʻano o nā papahele pumehana

mea kanu o ʻEulopa

Aia ma kahi o 5-6 mau ʻano o nā papa wela i loko o ka kaona waena. ʻO ka ʻokoʻa nui o kēia mau papa i ka mahana. E nānā pehea nā ʻano ʻokoʻa e ola nei:

Papahele pumehana pumehana

ʻO ia kahi e hōʻike ai i nā mahana kiʻekiʻe i ka laulā o 28 kekelē ma ka awelika ma kona palena haʻahaʻa a me 24 kekelē ma kahi kiʻekiʻe o 900-1000 mika ma luna o ka pae kai. I loko o kēia pāhana wela e hōʻike ʻia nā kaiaolaola o ka ululāʻau nahelehele, nā ululāʻau deciduous, savannas a me kekahi o nā wahi maloʻo a me hapa o ka honua. Ma ka ʻaoʻao haʻahaʻa o nā wahi ma Ecuador, loaʻa nā ua nui ma muli o ka ʻaha kūkā o nā makani ʻūlū mai nā hemispheres ʻelua.

Papahele wela Premontane

ʻIke ʻia ia e ka inoa o ka papahele semi-mehana me nā wahi i loaʻa ma waena o 900-1700 mau mika ma luna o ka pae kai. Hiki i nā mahana mahana o 18-24 kekelē. Eia nā ululāʻau ao mauna haʻahaʻa a kū ka ua orographic. Aia kēia ua ma muli o ka piʻi ʻana o ka ea i ka nui o ka ea e hoʻoulu ana i ke ao a me ka ua.

Papa hele mahana wela

ʻIke ʻia ia e ka inoa o mesothermal. ʻO nā wahi o ma waena o 1000-2000 mau mika ma luna o ka pae kai. ʻO kona mahana mahana ma kahi o 15-18 kekelē, e piʻi ana i nā kekelē 24 ma kekahi mau wahi. I kēia mau latitude i hoʻokumu ʻia ai ka nahele kiʻekiʻe o ke ao a ma nā latitude subtropical nā ulu lāʻau coniferous. Eia pū kekahi ke ʻano o ka ua orographic i nā ua ākea.

Papakū mahana anu

ʻIke ʻia ia e ka inoa o microthermal. ʻO ka papahele kahi e kiʻekiʻe ai nā mahana haʻahaʻa, ma ka awelika ma kahi o 15-17 a 8 mau kekelē. Aia lākou ma kahi kiʻekiʻe ma waena o 2000-3400 mau mika ma luna o kaʻilikai. Eia ka palena o nā kumulāʻau e kiʻi ʻia, no laila ke kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe loa no kēia ʻano ola e hoʻomohala. ʻO nā laha wale nō i kūpono i kēia aniau ke hoʻomohala.

Papa Moor

ʻO kēlā kaha wela i waena o 3400-3800 mau mika ma luna o kaʻilikai a hāʻule nā ​​mahana mai 12-8 a i 0 kekelē. Hiki ke aniani i nā anu i ka pō a hiki i ka ua i kēia manawa ke ʻano o ka hau. I kekahi mau hihia ua lawa ka ua, akā i ka hapanui o ka loaʻa ʻana o ka wai he palena.

Kū pinepine ia i nā wahi kiʻekiʻe a me nā wahi maloʻo loa mai ka hōʻea ʻana mai o ka makani i hiki mai i ko lākou momona i ke ala.

Papahele hau

Aia ia ma waena o 4.000-4.800 mau mika ma luna o ka pae kai a kūlike i ka ʻāpana o ka hau mau. Eia nā piʻi ma ke ʻano o ka hau a me nā mahana haʻahaʻa e pale ai i ko lākou hoʻoheheʻe ʻana, e hōʻino ana i ka ʻāpana o ka lā i ka nui.

Lana koʻu manaʻo me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i nā papainahana a me ko lākou ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.