Paleozoic

kālaihonua

Ma loko o ka manawa kālaihonua hiki iā mākou ke hoʻokaʻawale i nā wā ʻokoʻa, nā eona a me nā manawa i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ai ka manawa e like me ka evolution geological, climatic and biodiversity evolution. ʻO kekahi o nā ʻanuʻu ʻekolu i māhele ʻia ai ka palapala Phanerozoic ka Paleozoic. He manawa hoʻololi kēia e hōʻailona i ka evolution ma waena o nā meaola kahiko i nā meaola i ulu i hiki ke lanakila i nā wahi ʻāina.

I kēia ʻatikala e haʻi aku mākou iā ʻoe i nā ʻano āpau, ka honua, ke aniau, nā pua a me nā holoholona o ka Paleozoic.

Nā kuhikuhi nui

paleozoic

Ua hana nā meaola multicellular i kahi moʻo o ka hoʻololi e ʻae iā lākou e hoʻopili i ke kaiapuni honua, ʻo ka mea nui ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā hua manu amniotic. Mai nā kuanaʻike o ke kālaihonua, biology a me ke aniau, kanalua ʻole ka Paleozoic he wā hoʻololi nui loa ma ka honua. Ma loko o ka manawa i hala, ua loli kekahi o nā hoʻololi, a ua kākau maikaʻi ʻia kekahi o lākou, ʻo kekahi ʻaʻole nui.

Ua hala ka Paleozoic mai 541 miliona mau makahiki i hala aku nei a ma kahi o 252 miliona mau makahiki. Ua hala ma kahi o 290 miliona mau makahiki. I kēia au, ua hōʻike nā ʻano ola multicellular o ke kai a me ka ʻāina i ka nui loa. ʻO ia kekahi o nā manawa i ka manawa i lilo ai nā meaola i mea like ʻole, hoʻonui loea, a hiki nō hoʻi ke haʻalele i nā wahi kai a lanakila i ka ʻāina.

I ka hopena o kēia au, ua hoʻokumu ʻia kahi supercontcent i kapa ʻia ʻo Pangea a mahele ʻia i loko o ka ʻāina i ʻike ʻia i kēia lā. Ma loko o ka Paleozoic, ua loli nui ka mahana wela. No kekahi manawa mau ka wela a me ka wela, ʻoiai e hoʻemi nui ʻia kekahi. Nui loa a nui nā ʻikena. Pēlā nō, i ka hopena o kēia au, ua hewa loa nā kūlana o ke kaiapuni kahi hanana luku nui i kapa ʻia he pau nui, kahi ma kahi o 95% o nā laha e noho ana i ka honua i nalowale.

ʻO Geology Paleozoic

Nā mōʻalihaku Paleozoic

Mai kahi manaʻo geological, ua loli nui ka Paleozoic. ʻO ka hanana kālaihonua nui nui i loko o kēia wā ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i ka supercontcent i ʻike ʻia ʻo Pangea 1. Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ʻo Pangea i mau ʻāina nui, e hāʻawi ana i ke ʻano o kahi mokupuni i hoʻopuni ʻia e nā kai pāpaʻu. Penei kēia mau mokupuni: ʻo Laurentia, Gondwana a me ʻAmelika Hema.

I loko nō o kēia kaʻawale ʻana, i loko o nā makahiki he mau kaukani i pili kokoke loa ai kēia mau mokupuni a lilo i supercontcent hou. Pangea II. Pēlā nō, i kēia manawa ʻelua mau hanana kālaihonua koʻikoʻi i hana ʻia no ka hoʻopakele ʻana o ka honua: ka orogeny Caledonian a me ka orogeny Hercynian.

I loko o nā 300 miliona mau makahiki i hala iho nei o ka Paleozoic, ua hana ʻia kahi moʻo o nā hoʻololi ʻāina ma muli o ka nui o ka ʻāina i kū i kēlā manawa. I ka Paleozoic mua, aia kahi nui o kēia mau ʻāina ma kahi kokoke i ka equator. Hui pū ʻo Laurentia, ke kai ʻo Baletika a me Siberia i nā ʻāina tropika. Ma hope, ua hoʻomaka ʻo Laurentia e neʻe i ka ʻākau.

Ma kahi o ka manawa Silurian, ua hui ka moku ʻo Continent i ʻike ʻia ma ke kai ʻo Baletika i Laurentia. ʻO ka ʻāina i hoʻokumu ʻia ma aneʻi, ua kapa ʻia ʻo Laurasia. ʻO ka hope loa, ua kūʻē ka supercontcent ma ʻApelika a me ʻAmelika Hema me Laurasia, e hana ana i kahi ʻāina i kapa ʻia ʻo Pangea.

aniau

ʻAʻole nui nā moʻolelo hilinaʻi o ke ʻano o ke aniau Paleozoic mua. Eia nō naʻe, manaʻo ka poʻe loea ma muli o ke kai nui, pono ke aniau a me ke kai. Ua pau ka Era Paleozoic Lalo me ka Ice Ice, ua heleleʻi ka mahana, a ua nui ka nui o nā laha i make. Ma hope he wā kūpaʻa ia o ka manawa, wela a wela ka wā, a aia he nui o ke kalapona kalapona i loaʻa i ka lewa.

Ke kū nei nā mea kanu i nā wahi terrestrial, hoʻonui ka oxygen i ka lewa, ʻoiai ke emi nei ke kalapona. Ke holo nei ke au, ke loli nei ke ʻano. I ka hopena o ka Permian, nā kūlana anilā i hana i ke ola ʻaneʻane unsustainable. ʻOiai ʻaʻole ʻike ʻia nā kumu o kēia mau loli (aia kekahi mau kuhiakau), ka mea i ʻike ʻia ua loli nā kūlana o ke kaiapuni a ua hoʻonui ka mahana i kekahi mau kekelē, i hoʻomehana i ka lewa.

ʻO Biodiversity Paleozoic

hoʻomohala biodiversity

Flora

I ka Paleozoic, ʻo nā mea kanu mua a meaola paha e like me nā limu a me nā fungi, i ulu i nā wahi wai. Ma hope, i ke kaʻina aʻe o ka mahele o ka wā, ʻike ʻia kēlā ua hoʻomaka ka ʻike o nā mea kanu ʻōmaʻomaʻo mua, ma muli o kā lākou ʻike chlorophyll, ka mea i hoʻomaka i ke kaʻina hana photosynthesis, nona ke kuleana nui no ka ʻike oxygen i ka lewa o ka Honua. Kūlohelohe loa kēia mau mea kanu a ʻaʻohe ona ipu conductive, no laila pono lākou e waiho ʻia i nā wahi me ka wela kiʻekiʻe.

Ma hope mai ua ʻike ʻia nā mea kanu vascular mua. Loaʻa kēia mau mea kanu i nā kīʻaha koko conductive (xylem a me phloem) e lawe i nā meaola a hoʻopuni i ka wai ma o nā aʻa. Ma hope iho, ua hoʻonui ka flora a ua nui a nui aʻe. Ua ʻike ʻia nā Ferns, nā mea kanu lulu a me nā kumulāʻau nui mua, a ua hauʻoli ka poʻe no ka genus Archeopteryx i kahi kūlana maikaʻi no ka mea ʻo lākou nā kumu lāʻau maoli i ʻike ʻia. Ua ʻike pū ʻia nā limu mua i ka Paleozoic Era.

Ua mau kēia ʻano mea kanu nunui a hiki i ka hopena o ka Permian, i ka manawa i kapa ʻia ʻo "make nui", ke aneane pau nā mea kanu āpau i noho i ka honua.

? aaoa

No nā holoholona, ​​he wā loli pū kekahi ka wā Paleozoic, no ka mea, i nā mahele ʻeono i hana i kēia au, ke ʻano nei ka hoʻololi ʻana a ka holoholona, ​​mai nā mea liʻiliʻi a i nā mea kolo nui, e hoʻomaka ana e hoʻomalu i ke kaiaola honua.

I ka wā mua o Paleozoic, ʻo nā holoholona mua i ʻike ʻia ka mea i kapa ʻia he trilobites, kekahi vertebrates, mollusks, a me nā chordates. Aia kekahi mau hakahaka a me nā brachiopods. Ma hope, ua lilo nā hui holoholona i mea like ʻole. ʻO kahi laʻana, ua ʻike ʻia nā cephalopod me nā pūpū, bivalves (holoholona me ʻelua pūpū) a me nā pākako. Eia kekahi, i kēia manawa, ua kū mai nā lunamakaʻāinana mua o ka Echinoderm phylum.

I ka wā Silurian, ua ʻikea ka iʻa mua. ʻO nā lunamakaʻāinana o kēia pūʻulu he iʻa aʻa a he iʻa aʻa ʻole. Pēlā nō, ua ʻike ʻia nā hiʻohiʻona o ka hui myriapods.

Lana koʻu manaʻo me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i ka Paleozoic a me kona ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

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  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
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